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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCiona intestinalis (Linnaeus, 1767) 
AphiaID: 103732

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata (Phylum) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTunicata (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidiacea (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhlebobranchia (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCionidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCiona (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCiona Fleming, 1822
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia canina Mueller, 1776 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia corrugata Mueller, 1776 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia diaphanea Quoy & Gaimard, 1834 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia intestinalis Linnaeus, 1767 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia membranosa Renier, 1807 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia ocellata Agassiz, 1850 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia pulchella Alder, 1863 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia tenella Stimpson, 1852 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia virens Fabricius, 1779 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia virescens Pennant, 1812 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia viridiscens Brugiere, 1792 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCiona canina (Mueller, 1776) (new combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCiona diaphanea (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) (new combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCiona ocellata (Agassiz, 1850) (new combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCiona pulchella (Alder, 1863) (new combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCiona robusta Hoshino & Tokioka, 1967 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCiona sociabilis (Gunnerus, 1765) (new combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCiona tenella (Stimpson, 1852) (new combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhallusia intestinalis (Linnaeus, 1767) (new combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTethyum sociabile Gunnerus, 1765 (original combination)
Sources  original description Linnaeus, C. (1767). Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae. 12th ed. v. 1 (pt 2): 533-1327, available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details] [full text]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordoorschijnende zakpijp  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoryellow sea squirtUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsea vase  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcioneUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorascidie jaune  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSchlauch-SeescheideUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgelbe Seescheide  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΛευκόφουσκα  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrønnsekkdyr  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrønsekkdyr  [details]
Environment marine
Distribution 
From editor or global species database
Brazil
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSao Paulo (introduced: alien[details]
From regional or thematic species database
Argentina
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorArgentina (introduced: alien[details]
Australia
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorAustralia (introduced: alien[details]
Bay of Fundy
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorCanadian part of the Bay of Fundy (introduced: alien[details]
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorFundy Bay (introduced: alien[details]
Brazil
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorBrazil (introduced: alien[details]
Canada
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorCanada (introduced: alien[details]
Celtic Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorCeltic Sea (introduced: alien[details]
Chile
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorChile (introduced: alien[details]
China
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorChina (introduced: alien[details]
Coastal Waters of Southeast Alaska and British Columbia
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorCoastal Waters of Southeast Alaska and British Columbia (introduced: alien[details]
France
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorFrance (introduced: alien[details]
Great Australian Bight
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorGreat Australian Bight (introduced: alien[details]
Gulf of Alaska
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorAlaskan part of the Gulf of Alaska (introduced: alien[details]
Gulf of California
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorGulf of California (introduced: alien[details]
Gulf of Guinea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorGulf of Guinea (introduced: alien[details]
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorGulf of St. Lawrence (introduced: alien[details]
Japan
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorJapan (introduced: alien[details]
New Zealand
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorNew Zealand (introduced: alien[details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorNorth Atlantic (introduced: alien[details]
North Pacific Ocean
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorNorth Pacific (introduced: alien[details]
North Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorNorth Sea (introduced: alien[details]
Peru
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorPeru (introduced: alien[details]
Portugal
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorPortugal (introduced: alien[details]
Sea of Japan
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorJapanese Sea (introduced: alien[details]
South Africa
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorSouth Africa (country) (introduced: alien[details]
South Korea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorSouth Korea (introduced: alien[details]
South Pacific Ocean
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorSouth Pacific (introduced: alien[details]
Spain
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorSpain (introduced: alien[details]
United States
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorCalifornia (introduced: alien[details]
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorUnited States (introduced: alien[details]
From other sources
Bay of Fundy
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCobscook Bay [details]
Canada
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCanada [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDeer Island [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKerkennah Islands [details]
Netherlands
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGrevelingen [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorZeeland [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]
South Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSaldanha Bay (introduced: alien[details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
United States
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUSA [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAtlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCanadian Exclusive Economic Zone [Arctic part] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNew Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSwedish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Feedingtype  suspension feeder [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClavelina lepadiformis (Müller, 1776) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidicola rosea Thorell, 1859 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplostoma eruca (Norman, 1869) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBotachus cylindratus Thorell, 1859 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDoropygus pulex Thorell, 1859 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotodelphys allmani Thorell, 1859 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotodelphys canui Roland, 1963 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotodelphys elegans Thorell, 1859 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotodelphys prasina Thorell, 1859 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotodelphys tenera Thorell, 1859 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotopterophorus auritus (Thorell, 1859) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotopterophorus dimitus Illg & Dudley, 1961 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachypygus gibber (Thorell, 1859) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaophonte serrata (Claus, 1863) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLichomolgus canui Sars G.O., 1917 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLichomolgus forficula Thorell, 1859 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLichomolgus furcillatus Thorell, 1859 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLichomolgus marginatus Thorell, 1859 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDoropygus albidus Hesse, 1866 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDoropygus elegans Ooishi, 1963 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDoropygus gibbosus Hesse, 1866 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotodelphyopsis falciferus Schellenberg, 1922 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBotachus fulvus Hesse, 1870 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDoropygus cristatus Hesse, 1871 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDoropygus gibber Thorell, 1859 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDoropygus postremoglobosus Hesse, 1871 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotodelphys ascidicola Allman, 1847 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotopterophorus bombyx Hesse, 1865 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotodelphys agilis villosus Ooishi, 1962 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGastrodes viridis Hesse, 1866 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplostoma eruca (Norman, 1869) [via synonym] (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBIOTIC 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEncyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (129 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (500 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Dyntaxa 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (1248304 nucleotides; 16337 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Chordata Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGenetic nomenclature abbreviation Ciinte [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species abundance in Canada (Nation) : Common to dominant [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species abundance in Canada (Nation) : Rare to common [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species abundance in Canadian part of the Bay of Fundy (Marine Region) : Common to dominant [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species abundance in Canada (Nation) : Monoculture [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in South Africa (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Spain (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in United States (Nation) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Canada (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Canada (Nation) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Chile (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Japan (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in New Zealand (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In Australia (Nation) : This paper does not represent a new record but establishes the invasiveness of the species at this location. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In Chile (Nation) : Fouling of cultured shellfish by C. intestinalis has been reported in Chile (Castilla et al. 2005). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In United States (Nation) : Studies in San Francisco Bay, CA have found that it can strongly compete with other native and introduced fouling organisms (Blum et al. 2007). Diversity within fouling communities was negatively correlated with C. intestinalis abundance and experimental removal of C. intestinalis resulted in increased diversity (Blum et al. 2007). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In Spain (Nation) : Fouling of cultured shellfish has been reported in the Ebro Delta, Spain (Perrera et al. 1990, cited by da Rocha et al. 2009). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In Japan (Nation) : Fouling of cultured oysters (Crassostrea gigas) has been reported in Hiroshima Bay (Arakawa et al. 1990, cited by da Rocha et al. 2009). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In New Zealand (Nation) : Fouling of cultured shellfish by C. intestinalis has been reported in New Zealand (da Rocha et al. 2009). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In South Africa (Nation) : Its most serious economic impacts have been on shellfish aquaculture in Nova Scotia, Canada (Carver et al. 2003; Ramsay et al. 2008) and South Africa (Robinson et al. 2005) where C. intestinalis overgrows mussel crop, ropes and equipment.  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Canada (Nation) : Little Bay is located within Mortier Bay, an area of high vessel traffic and the possible introduction source of C. intestinalis. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in New Zealand (Nation) : Ships: general
It commonly fouls ships and docks and was likely transported around the globe by shipping.  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Chile (Nation) : Ships: general
It commonly fouls ships and docks and was likely transported around the globe by shipping.  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Australia (Nation) : Ships: general
It commonly fouls ships and docks and was likely transported around the globe by shipping.  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in South Africa (Nation) : Ships: general
It commonly fouls ships and docks and was likely transported around the globe by shipping.  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Sea of Japan (IHO Sea Area) : Ships: general
It commonly fouls ships and docks and was likely transported around the globe by shipping.  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Peru (Nation) : Ships: general
It commonly fouls ships and docks and was likely transported around the globe by shipping.  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Australia (Nation) : Ships: accidental as attached or free-living fouling organisms
Limited planktonic dispersal and extensive distance between the Burin Peninsula population and other Atlantic Canadian populations of this species suggests vessel traffic was the likely transmission vector. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Spain (Nation) : Ships: general
It commonly fouls ships and docks and was likely transported around the globe by shipping.  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Canada (Nation) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet plankton feeder [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic to Rhode Island [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution semi-cosmopolitan [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat bathyal of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction hermaphroditic; eggs shed and fertilized in the water [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Order: Enterogona, Suborder: Phlebobrachia, according to Trott (2004). [details]
ImageChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Ciona intestinalis  Ascidiella sp  Tricellaria ino
Ciona intestinalis As...

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show all]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:103732
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Monniot, Claude
2007-12-05 12:32:01Z  checked  Sanamyan, Karen
2010-10-12 17:40:44Z  changed  Shenkar, Noa
  
[Taxonomic tree] [Occurrence map] [Google] [Google scholar] [Google images]
  Citation: Shenkar, N.; Sanamyan, K. (2014). Ciona intestinalis (Linnaeus, 1767). In: Shenkar, N.; Gittenberger, A.; Lambert, G.; Rius, M.; Moreira Da Rocha, R.; Swalla, B.J.; Turon, X. (2014) Ascidiacea World Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=103732 on 2014-10-24
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License