WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCiona intestinalis (Linnaeus, 1767)

103732

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:103732

accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia canina Mueller, 1776 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia corrugata Mueller, 1776 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia membranosa Renier, 1807 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia ocellata Agassiz, 1850 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia pulchella Alder, 1863 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia tenella Stimpson, 1852 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia virens Fabricius, 1779 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia virescens Pennant, 1812 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTethyum sociabile Gunnerus, 1765 (original combination)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Linnaeus C. (1767). Caroli Linnaei...Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio duodecima. 1. Regnum Animale. 1 & 2 Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia intestinalis Linnaeus, 1767) Linnaeus C. (1767). Caroli Linnaei...Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio duodecima. 1. Regnum Animale. 1 & 2 Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution semi-cosmopolitan  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution semi-cosmopolitan [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic to Rhode Island  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic to Rhode Island [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Order: Enterogona, Suborder: Phlebobrachia,...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Order: Enterogona, Suborder: Phlebobrachia, according to Trott (2004). [details]
Shenkar, N.; Sanamyan, K.; Monniot, C. (2010). Ciona intestinalis. In: Shenkar, N.; Gittenberger, A.; Lambert, G.; Rius, M.; Moreira Da Rocha, R.; Swalla, B.J.; Turon, X. (2017). Ascidiacea World Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=103732 on 2017-11-19

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-12-05 12:32:01Z
checked
2010-10-12 17:40:44Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Linnaeus C. (1767). Caroli Linnaei...Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio duodecima. 1. Regnum Animale. 1 & 2 Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia canina Mueller, 1776) Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus: seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis. 1-274., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia intestinalis Linnaeus, 1767) Linnaeus C. (1767). Caroli Linnaei...Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio duodecima. 1. Regnum Animale. 1 & 2 Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia ocellata Agassiz, 1850) Agassiz, L. (1850). On the embryology of Ascidia and the characteristis of new species from the shores of Massachusetts. Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci. 2: 157-159. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia pulchella Alder, 1863) Alder, J. (1863). Observations on the British Tunicata with descriptions of several new species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser.3. 11: 153-173. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia tenella Stimpson, 1852) Stimpson, W. (1852). Several new ascidians from the coast of the United States. Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 4: 228-232. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTethyum sociabile Gunnerus, 1765) Gunnerus, J. E. (1765). Søe-Pungen, (Tethyum Sociabile,) fuldstændig beskreven. Skr. Selsk. Trondhjem. 3: 81-102. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia membranosa Renier, 1807) Renier, S. A. (1807). Tavola per servire alla classificazione e connoscenza degli animale. Padua. 8: tables. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia virescens Pennant, 1812) Pennant, Thomas. (1812). British Zoology. A new edition in four volumes. vol IV. Class V. Crustacea. Class VI. Vermes. Wilkie & Robinson. London. xvi+379 pp. 95 pls., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34933712 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia diaphanea Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) Quoy J.R.C. & Gaimard J.P. (1832-1835). Voyage de découvertes de l'"Astrolabe" exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826-1829, sous le commandement de M. J. Dumont d'Urville. Zoologie. Paris: Tastu. 1: I-L 1-264; 2(1): 1-321 [1832]; 2(2): 321-686 [1833]; 3(1): 1-366 [1834]; 3(2): 367-954 [1835]; Atlas (Mollusques): pls 1-93 [1833]. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/2132 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia corrugata Mueller, 1776) Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus: seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis. 1-274., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia virens Fabricius, 1779) Fabricius, J. C. (1779). Reise nach Norwegen mit Bemerkungen aus der Naturhistorie und Oekonomie. Hamburg. Carl Ernst Bohn. 388pp. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia viridiscens Brugière, 1792) Bruguière, J. G. (1789). Histoire Naturelle des Vers. In: Encyclopedie Methodique. Paris and Liège: Panckoucke. Vol. 1. pp. 23-24, 26, 141-157, 178-188. [details]   

basis of record Monniot, C. (2001). Ascidiacea & Sorberacea. In: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 352-355. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Gosner, K. L. (1971). Guide to identification of marine and estuarine invertebrates: Cape Hatteras to the Bay of Fundy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 693 p. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68: p. [details]   

additional source Meinkoth, N.A. 1981. Field guide to North American seashore creatures. The Audubon Society. Alfred A. Knopf. New York. 799 p. [details]   

additional source Thomas, M.L.H. (ed.). 1983. Marine and coastal systems of the Quoddy Region, New Brunswick. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64. 306 p. [details]   

additional source Millar, R. H. (1962). Further descriptions of South African ascidians. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 46(7): 113-221. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Van Name, W. G. (1945). The North and South American ascidians. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 84: 1-476., available online at http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/dspace/handle/2246/1186 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Kott, P.; Bradford-Grieve, J.; Esnal, G.; Murdoch, R.C. (2009). Phylum Tunicata: sea squirts, salps, appendicularians, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 409-430. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Rocha, R. M.; Bonnet, N. Y. K. (2009). Ascídias (Tunicata, Ascidiacea) introduzidas no Arquipélago de Alcatrazes, São Paulo. Iheringia, Sér. Zool. 99(1):27-35. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Gosner, K. L. (1978). A field guide to the Atlantic seashore. Boston : Houghton Mifflin. 329p. [details]   

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Lutaenko, K.A.; Furota, T.; Nakayama; S.; Shin, K.; Xu, J. (2013). Atlas of Marine Invasive Species in the NOWPAP Region. Beijing: NOWPAP DINRAC (Northwest Pacific Action Plan, Data and Information Network Regional Center). 189 pp. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Brunetti, R.; Gissi, C.; Pennati, R.; Caicci, F.; Gasparini, F.; Manni, L. (2015). Morphological evidence that the molecularly determined Ciona intestinalis type A and type B are different species: Ciona robusta and Ciona intestinalis. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research. 53(3): 186-193., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/jzs.12101 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]   

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCiona canina (Mueller, 1776)) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCiona diaphanea (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834)) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCiona ocellata (Agassiz, 1850)) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCiona pulchella (Alder, 1863)) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCiona sociabilis (Gunnerus, 1765)) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCiona tenella (Stimpson, 1852)) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhallusia intestinalis (Linnaeus, 1767)) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (Introduced species) Fofonoff, P.W.; Ruiz, G.M.; Steves, B.; Carlton, J.T. (2014). National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System (NEMESIS), available online at http://invasions.si.edu/nemesis [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Lam KKY. (2003). Epibenthic community development on an experimental pulverised ful ash (PFA) artifical reef. In: Morton B, editor. Asian Marine Biology 18.Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. pp 71-90. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGenetic nomenclature abbreviation Ciinte [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species abundance in Canadian part of the Bay of Fundy (Marine Region) : Common to dominant [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species abundance in Canada (Nation) : Common to dominant [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species abundance in Canadian part of the North Atlantic Ocean (Marine Region) : Rare to common [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species abundance in Canada (Nation) : Monoculture [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Canada (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Canada (Nation) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Spanish part of the Balearic Sea (Marine Region) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Japan (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in United States part of the North Pacific Ocean (Marine Region) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in South Africa (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Chile (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In Australia (Nation) : This paper does not represent a new record but establishes the invasiveness of the species at this location. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In Spanish part of the Balearic Sea (Marine Region) : Fouling of cultured shellfish has been reported in the Ebro Delta, Spain (Perrera et al. 1990, cited by da Rocha et al. 2009). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In Chile (Nation) : Fouling of cultured shellfish by C. intestinalis has been reported in Chile (Castilla et al. 2005). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In United States part of the North Pacific Ocean (Marine Region) : Studies in San Francisco Bay, CA have found that it can strongly compete with other native and introduced fouling organisms (Blum et al. 2007). Diversity within fouling communities was negatively correlated with C. intestinalis abundance and experimental removal of C. intestinalis resulted in increased diversity (Blum et al. 2007). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In Japan (Nation) : Fouling of cultured oysters (Crassostrea gigas) has been reported in Hiroshima Bay (Arakawa et al. 1990, cited by da Rocha et al. 2009). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Chile (Nation) : Ships: general
It commonly fouls ships and docks and was likely transported around the globe by shipping.  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Canadian part of the North Atlantic Ocean (Marine Region) : Little Bay is located within Mortier Bay, an area of high vessel traffic and the possible introduction source of C. intestinalis. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Sea of Japan (IHO Sea Area) : Ships: general
It commonly fouls ships and docks and was likely transported around the globe by shipping.  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Peruvian part of the South Pacific Ocean : Ships: general
It commonly fouls ships and docks and was likely transported around the globe by shipping.  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Australian part of the Tasman Sea (Marine Region- : Ships: general
It commonly fouls ships and docks and was likely transported around the globe by shipping.  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Canada (Nation) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Spanish part of the Balearic Sea (Marine Region) : Ships: general
It commonly fouls ships and docks and was likely transported around the globe by shipping.  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Australia (Nation) : Ships: accidental as attached or free-living fouling organisms
Limited planktonic dispersal and extensive distance between the Burin Peninsula population and other Atlantic Canadian populations of this species suggests vessel traffic was the likely transmission vector. [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet plankton feeder [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution semi-cosmopolitan [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic to Rhode Island [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat bathyal of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction hermaphroditic; eggs shed and fertilized in the water [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Order: Enterogona, Suborder: Phlebobrachia, according to Trott (2004). [details]
 

Feeding Type
suspension feeder [details]
Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidicola rosea Thorell, 1859 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBotachus cylindratus Thorell, 1859 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBotachus fulvus Hesse, 1870 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClavelina lepadiformis (Müller, 1776) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDoropygus albidus Hesse, 1866 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDoropygus cristatus Hesse, 1871 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDoropygus elegans Ooishi, 1963 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDoropygus gibber Thorell, 1859 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDoropygus gibbosus Hesse, 1866 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDoropygus postremoglobosus Hesse, 1871 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDoropygus pulex Thorell, 1859 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGastrodes viridis Hesse, 1866 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplostoma eruca (Norman, 1869) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplostoma eruca (Norman, 1869) [via synonym] (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaophonte serrata (Claus, 1863) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLichomolgus canui Sars G.O., 1917 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLichomolgus forficula Thorell, 1859 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLichomolgus furcillatus Thorell, 1859 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLichomolgus marginatus Thorell, 1859 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotodelphyopsis falciferus Schellenberg, 1922 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotodelphys agilis villosus Ooishi, 1962 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotodelphys allmani Thorell, 1859 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotodelphys ascidicola Allman, 1847 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotodelphys canui Roland, 1963 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotodelphys elegans Thorell, 1859 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotodelphys prasina Thorell, 1859 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotodelphys tenera Thorell, 1859 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotopterophorus auritus (Thorell, 1859) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotopterophorus bombyx Hesse, 1865 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotopterophorus dimitus Illg & Dudley, 1961 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachypygus gibber (Thorell, 1859) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
LanguageName 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordoorschijnende zakpijp  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoryellow sea squirtUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsea vase  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcioneUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorascidie jaune  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSchlauch-SeescheideUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgelbe Seescheide  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorカタユウレイボヤ  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΛευκόφουσκα  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrønnsekkdyr  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrønsekkdyr  [details]