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Deichmann, E. (1948). The Holothurian fauna of South Africa. Annals of the Natal Museum 11 (2): 325-376
6020
Deichmann, E.
1948
The Holothurian fauna of South Africa
Annals of the Natal Museum
11(2): 325-376
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Aslia spyridophora (H.L. Clark, 1923) (basis of record)
Cladolabes aciculus (Semper, 1867) (additional source)
Cladolabes bifurcatus (Deichmann, 1944) (additional source)
Colochirus Troschel, 1846 (additional source)
Cucumaria Jägeri Krauss in Lampert, 1885 accepted as Pseudocnella sykion (Lampert, 1885) (source of synonymy)
Cucumaria sykion (Lampert, 1885) accepted as Pseudocnella sykion (Lampert, 1885) (source of synonymy)
Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) fuscorubra Théel, 1886 (basis of record)
Holothuria lagoena Haacke, 1880 accepted as Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835) (source of synonymy)
Holothuria vagabunda Selenka, 1867 accepted as Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835) (source of synonymy)
Leptosynapta chela Mortensen, 1926 (basis of record)
Neostichopus Deichmann, 1948 (original description)
Ocnus capensis (Théel, 1886) (basis of record)
Ohshimella ehrenbergii (Selenka, 1868) (additional source)
Pentamera Ayres, 1852 (additional source)
Pseudocnella sykion (Lampert, 1885) (basis of record)
Psolus Jaeger, 1833 accepted as Psolus Oken, 1815 (additional source)
Psolus agulhasicus Ludwig & Heding, 1935 (basis of record)
Psolus capensis Ludwig & Heding, 1935 (basis of record)
Psolus imperfectus Clark, 1923 accepted as Psolidium imperfectus (Clark, 1923) (basis of record)
Rhopalodinopsis Heding, 1937 (basis of record)
Rhopalodinopsis capensis Heding, 1937 (basis of record)
Roweia frauenfeldi (Ludwig, 1882) represented as Roweia frauenfeldi frauenfeldi (Ludwig, 1882) (additional source)
Roweia stephensoni (John, 1939) (basis of record)
Sclerothyone velligera (Ludwig & Heding, 1935) (basis of record)
Stichopus (Gymnochirota) leucospilota Brandt, 1835 accepted as Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835) (source of synonymy)
Temparena chuni (Ludwig & Heding, 1935) (basis of record)
Thyone articulata Vaney, 1908 accepted as Thyonina articulata (Vaney, 1908) (source of synonymy)
Thyone proceracorona Cherbonnier, 1952 accepted as Thyone aurea (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) (source of synonymy)
Thyone turrissolida Cherbonnier, 1954 accepted as Thyone aurea (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) (source of synonymy)
Thyone venustella Ludwig & Heding, 1935 (basis of record)
Trachythyone crucifera (Semper, 1869) accepted as Trachasina crucifera (Semper, 1869) (additional source)
Trachythyone improvisa (Ludwig, 1875) (basis of record)
Agulhas for Psolus agulhasicus Ludwig & Heding, 1935 
Agulhas for Thyone venustella Ludwig & Heding, 1935 
Agulhas Bank for Psolus capensis Ludwig & Heding, 1935 
Algoa Bay for Cucumaria sykion (Lampert, 1885) 
Cape Agulhas for Psolus imperfectus Clark, 1923 
Cape of Good Hope for Cucumaria capensis Théel, 1886 
Cape of Good Hope for Pentamera chuni (Ludwig & Heding, 1935) 
Cape of Good Hope for Pentamera velligera (Ludwig & Heding, 1935) 
False Bay (South Shetland Islands) for Cucumaria stephensoni John, 1939 
Gulf of Aden for Cucumaria crucifera Semper, 1869 
Kalk Bay for Rhopalodinopsis capensis Heding, 1937 
Mauritius for Urodemas aciculum (Semper) 
Mossel bay for Cucumaria spyridophora Clark, 1923 
Mozambique for Afrocucumis africana (Semper, 1867) 
Mozambique for Holothuria (Semperothuria) cinerascens (Brandt, 1835) 
Mozambique for Psolidium ornatum (Perrier, 1893) 
Red Sea for Urodemella ehrenbergii (Selenka, 1868) 
Red Sea for Xenia macrospiculata Gohar, 1940 
South Africa (country) for Afrocucumis africana (Semper, 1867)  (inaccurate)
South Africa (country) for Cucumaria capensis Théel, 1886 
South Africa (country) for Cucumaria crucifera Semper, 1869 
South Africa (country) for Cucumaria insolens Théel, 1886 
South Africa (country) for Cucumaria Jägeri Krauss in Lampert, 1885 
South Africa (country) for Cucumaria spyridophora Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Cucumaria stephensoni John, 1939 
South Africa (country) for Cucumaria sykion (Lampert, 1885) 
South Africa (country) for Cucumaria tetracentriophora Heding, 1938 
South Africa (country) for Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835) 
South Africa (country) for Holothuria (Selenkothuria) parva Krauss in Lampert, 1885 
South Africa (country) for Holothuria (Semperothuria) cinerascens (Brandt, 1835) 
South Africa (country) for Neostichopus grammatus (H.L. Clark, 1923) 
South Africa (country) for Pentacta doliolum (Pallas, 1766) 
South Africa (country) for Pentamera chuni (Ludwig & Heding, 1935) 
South Africa (country) for Pentamera velligera (Ludwig & Heding, 1935) 
South Africa (country) for Psolus agulhasicus Ludwig & Heding, 1935 
South Africa (country) for Psolus capensis Ludwig & Heding, 1935 
South Africa (country) for Psolus imperfectus Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Rhopalodinopsis capensis Heding, 1937 
South Africa (country) for Thyone aurea (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) 
South Africa (country) for Thyone venustella Ludwig & Heding, 1935 
South Africa (country) for Urodemas bifurcatum Deichmann, 1944 
South Africa (country) for Urodemella ehrenbergii (Selenka, 1868) 
South Africa (country) for Xenia macrospiculata Gohar, 1940 
Tanzania for Afrocucumis africana (Semper, 1867) 
Tanzania for Cucumaria crucifera Semper, 1869 
Tanzania for Holothuria (Selenkothuria) parva Krauss in Lampert, 1885 
Tanzania for Holothuria (Semperothuria) cinerascens (Brandt, 1835) 
Tanzania for Urodemella ehrenbergii (Selenka, 1868) 
Tanzania for Xenia macrospiculata Gohar, 1940 
Umtwalumi for Urodemas bifurcatum Deichmann, 1944 
 Description

Known from the type specimen only (Deichmann, 1948). [details]

 Description

Only known from the types; specimens were washd up on the shore after a storm (Deichmann, 1948). [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: around Cape of Good Hope. [details]

 Distribution

Also a finding-spot in Aden (Jemen) and around Island Changu (?) (Lampert, 1896). Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: from East London to Angola (Deichmann, 1948); East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: ranges from Umtwalumi, near Durban, to Mossel Bay (Deichmann, 1948). [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: from Qolora River to False Bay (Deichmann, 1948). [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: known from the type locality only (Deichmann, 1948). [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: known from the type locality only (Deichmann, 1948). [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: Off Agulhas and Cape of Good Hope [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: known from the type locality only (Deichmann, 1948). [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: known from the type locality only (Deichmann, 1948). [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: known from the type locality only (Deichmann, 1948). [details]

 Ecology

Ecology: benthic, inshore, detritus feeder, deposit feeder. General distribution: tropical, Indo-west Pacific, ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Colochirus quadrangularis Troschel, 1846 by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type species of Roweia (Thandar, 1991). Type locality: Cape of Good Hope, South Africa (Deichmann, 1948). [details]

 Remark

In Subgenus (Mertensiothuria) Deichmann, 1958. Holotype Natural History Museum, London (England) 1886.10.2.173. ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Holothuria grammata H.L. Clark, 1923 by original designation (Deichmann, 1948). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Pentamera pulcherrima Ayres. [details]

 Remark

Type species: Rhopalodinopsis capensis Heding. [details]

 Synonymy

In contrast to Cherbonnier, Thandar follows Panning's revision of the genera of the Cucumariidae [details]

 Synonymy

According to Deichmann (1948) <234> Holothuria fuscorubra is a junior synonym of Holothuria leucospilota (brandt, 1835) [details]

 Type locality

Cape of Good Hope. [details]

 Type locality

Aden (Deichmann, 1948). [details]

 Type locality

Algoa Bay. Deichmann assumes a mistake in labelling has been made; the locality of the single specimen for this ... [details]

 Type locality

Mossel Bay, Cape Province (Deichmann, 1948). [details]

 Type locality

False Bay, South Africa (Deichmann, 1948). [details]

 Type locality

Algoa Bay [details]

 Type locality

Cape of Good Hope (Deichmann, 1948). [details]

 Type locality

Cape of Good Hope (Deichmann, 1948). [details]

 Type locality

Agulhas bank, South Africa (Deichmann, 1948). [details]

 Type locality

South of Cape Agulhas, 36°40'S, 21°26'E (Deichmann, 1948). [details]

 Type locality

Kalk Bay, Cape Peninsula, South Africa (Deichmann, 1948). [details]

 Type locality

Agulhas, 155 m (Deichmann, 1948). [details]

 Type locality

Umtwalumi, south of Durban, South Africa. [details]