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Marchini, A.; Ferrario, J.; Sfriso, A.; Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A. (2015). Current status and trends of biological invasions in the Lagoon of Venice, a hotspot of marine NIS introductions in the Mediterranean Sea. Biological Invasions.
198222
10.1007/s10530-015-0922-3 [view]
Marchini, A.; Ferrario, J.; Sfriso, A.; Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A.
2015
Current status and trends of biological invasions in the Lagoon of Venice, a hotspot of marine NIS introductions in the Mediterranean Sea
Biological Invasions
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This paper provides an updated account of the occurrence and abundance of non-indigenous species (NIS) in an area of high risk of introduction: the Lagoon of Venice (Italy). This site is a known hotspot of NIS introductions within the Mediterranean Sea, hosting all the most important vectors of introduction of marine NIS—shipping, recreational boating, shellfish culture and live seafood trade. The recent literature demonstrates that the number of NIS in Venice is continuously changing, because new species are being introduced or identified, and new evidence shows either an exotic origin of species previously believed to be native, or a native origin of formerly believed “aliens”, or demonstrates the cryptogenic nature of others. The number of NIS introduced in the Venetian lagoon currently totals 71, out of which 55 are established. This number exceeds those displayed by some nations like Finland, Portugal or Libya. Macroalgae are the taxonomic group with the highest number of introduced species (41 % of NIS): the most likely vector for their introduction is shellfish culture. The source region of NIS introduced to Venice is mainly represented by other Mediterranean or European sites (76 %). The Lagoon of Venice represents a sink but also a source of NIS in the Mediterranean Sea, as it is the site of first record of several NIS, which have since further spread elsewhere.
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Acartia tonsa Dana, 1849 represented as Acartia (Acanthacartia) tonsa Dana, 1849 (additional source)
Agardhiella subulata (C.Agardh) Kraft & M.J.Wynne, 1979 (additional source)
Aglaothamnion feldmanniae Halos, 1965 (additional source)
Ammothea hilgendorfi (Böhm, 1879) (additional source)
Amphibalanus eburneus (Gould, 1841) (additional source)
Anadara transversa (Say, 1822) (additional source)
Antithamnion pectinatum (Montagne) Brauner, 1994 (additional source)
Antithamnionella elegans (Berthold) J.H.Price & D.M.John, 1986 (additional source)
Antithamnionella spirographidis (Schiffner) E.M.Wollaston, 1968 (additional source)
Arcuatula senhousia (Benson, 1842) (additional source)
Bonnemaisonia hamifera Hariot, 1891 (additional source)
Botrylloides violaceus Oka, 1927 (additional source)
Botrytella parva (Takamatsu) H.S.Kim, 1996 (additional source)
Bursatella leachii Blainville, 1817 (additional source)
Callinectes danae Smith, 1869 (additional source)
Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, 1896 (additional source)
Caprella scaura Templeton, 1836 (additional source)
Celleporella carolinensis Ryland, 1979 (additional source)
Charybdis (Charybdis) lucifera (Fabricius, 1798) (additional source)
Codium fragile subsp. fragile (Suringar) Hariot, 1889 represented as Codium fragile (Suringar) Hariot, 1889 (additional source)
Colaconema codicola (Børgesen) H.Stegenga, J.J.Bolton & R.J.Anderson, 1997 (additional source)
Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg, 1793) represented as Magallana gigas (Thunberg, 1793) (additional source)
Cuthona perca (Er. Marcus, 1958) (additional source)
Diadumene cincta Stephenson, 1925 (additional source)
Diadumene lineata (Verrill, 1869) (additional source)
Didemnum vexillum Kott, 2002 (additional source)
Dyspanopeus sayi (Smith, 1869) (additional source)
Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards, 1853 (additional source)
Ficopomatus enigmaticus (Fauvel, 1923) (additional source)
Garveia franciscana (Torrey, 1902) (additional source)
Gracilaria vermiculophylla (Ohmi) Papenfuss, 1967 (additional source)
Grateloupia doryphora (Montagne) M.A.Howe, 1914 (additional source)
Grateloupia yinggehaiensis H.W.Wang & R.X.Luan, 2012 (additional source)
Halothrix lumbricalis (Kützing) Reinke, 1888 (additional source)
Heterosiphonia japonica Yendo, 1920 accepted as Dasysiphonia japonica (Yendo) H.-S.Kim, 2012 (additional source)
Hydroides dianthus (Verrill, 1873) (additional source)
Hydroides elegans (Haswell, 1883) [nomen protectum] (additional source)
Hypnea flexicaulis Y.Yamagishi & M.Masuda, 2000 (additional source)
Ianiropsis serricaudis Gurjanova, 1936 (additional source)
Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne, 1842 (additional source)
Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (additional source)
Lomentaria hakodatensis Yendo, 1920 (additional source)
Neosiphonia harveyi (Bailey) M.-S.Kim, H.-G.Choi, Guiry & G.W.Saunders, 2001 accepted as Melanothamnus harveyi (Bailey) Díaz-Tapia & Maggs, 2017 (additional source)
Ophryotrocha japonica Paxton & Åkesson, 2010 (additional source)
Palaemon macrodactylus Rathbun, 1902 (additional source)
Paracerceis sculpta (Holmes, 1904) (additional source)
Paranthura japonica Richardson, 1909 (additional source)
Pelagia benovici Piraino, Aglieri, Scorrano & Boero, 2014 represented as Mawia benovici (Piraino, Aglieri, Scorrano & Boero, 2014) (additional source)
Perophora viridis Verrill, 1871 (additional source)
Polycera hedgpethi Er. Marcus, 1964 (additional source)
Polysiphonia morrowii Harvey, 1857 (additional source)
Pyropia yezoensis (Ueda) M.S.Hwang & H.G.Choi, 2011 (additional source)
Rapana venosa (Valenciennes, 1846) (additional source)
Rhithropanopeus harrisii (Gould, 1841) (additional source)
Saccostrea commercialis (Iredale & Roughley, 1933) accepted as Saccostrea glomerata (Gould, 1850) (additional source)
Sargassum muticum (Yendo) Fensholt, 1955 (additional source)
Scytosiphon dotyi M.J.Wynne, 1969 (additional source)
Solieria filiformis (Kützing) P.W.Gabrielson, 1985 (additional source)
Spermothamnion cymosum (Harvey) De Toni, 1903 (additional source)
Styela plicata (Lesueur, 1823) (additional source)
Tapes philippinarum (Adams & Reeve, 1850) accepted as Ruditapes philippinarum (Adams & Reeve, 1850) (additional source)
Tricellaria inopinata d'Hondt & Occhipinti Ambrogi, 1985 (additional source)
Ulva californica Wille, 1899 (additional source)
Ulva pertusa Kjellman, 1897 accepted as Ulva australis Areschoug, 1854 (additional source)
Ulvaria obscura (Kützing) P.Gayral ex C.Bliding, 1969 (additional source)
Undaria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar, 1873 (additional source)
Uronema marinum Womersley, 1984 (additional source)
Xenostrobus securis (Lamarck, 1819) (additional source)
Zoobotryon verticillatum (Delle Chiaje, 1822) accepted as Amathia verticillata (delle Chiaje, 1822) (additional source)