WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)

140264 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140264)
accepted
Species

Forma Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis f. abbreviata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Forma Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis f. conoidea Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Forma Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis f. elongata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Forma Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis f. minor Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis groenlandica (Menke, 1830) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Subspecies Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis jugosa Montagu, 1803 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Subspecies Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis nigrolineata Gray, 1839 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis patula Thorpe, 1844 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina arcana Hannaford-Ellis, 1978
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis rudis (Maton, 1797) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis scotia Graham, 1988 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis tenebrosa (Montagu, 1803) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. cinerea Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina compressa Jeffreys, 1865
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. clarilineata Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. flammulata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. fulva Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. fusca Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. gascae Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. groenlandica (Menke, 1830) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. hieroglyphica Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Jouin, 1961 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. interrupta Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Jouin, 1961 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. lagunae Barnes, 1993 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. lineata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. lugubris Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. miniata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina compressa Jeffreys, 1865
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. nigra Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. nojensis Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. rubra Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. rubrolineata Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Delmas, 1967 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. rudis (Maton, 1797) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. salvati Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Delmas, 1967 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. sanguinea Coen, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. sellensis Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. tractibus Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Jouin, 1961 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. trifasciata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
marine
Olivi G. (1792). Zoologia Adriatica, ossia catalogo ragionato degli animali del golfo e della lagune di Venezia. Bassano [G. Remondini e fl.]. [ix] + 334 + xxxii pp., 9 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/123881 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbo saxatilis Olivi, 1792) Olivi G. (1792). Zoologia Adriatica, ossia catalogo ragionato degli animali del golfo e della lagune di Venezia. Bassano [G. Remondini e fl.]. [ix] + 334 + xxxii pp., 9 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/123881
page(s): 172; pl. 5 fig. 3 a-c [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic seas to Cape May, New Jersey; Arctic...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic seas to Cape May, New Jersey; Arctic seas to Puget sound [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy The Littorina saxatilis complex has a great...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy The Littorina saxatilis complex has a great variability; the nomenclature and the systematics are very controversial.
L. rudis is a junior synonym of Littorina saxatilis according to Raffaelli (1982).
L. tenebrosa is a brackish form of Littorina saxatilis according to Janson & Ward (1985) [details]
Gofas, S. (2004). Littorina saxatilis. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140264 on 2017-11-25

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Olivi G. (1792). Zoologia Adriatica, ossia catalogo ragionato degli animali del golfo e della lagune di Venezia. Bassano [G. Remondini e fl.]. [ix] + 334 + xxxii pp., 9 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/123881 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina sulcata Menke, 1830) Menke, K. T. (1830). Synopsis methodica molluscorum generum omnium et specierum earum, quae in Museo Menkeano adservantur; cum synonymia critica et novarum specierum diagnosibus. Editio altera, auctior et emdatior. Georg Uslar, Pyrmont. xvi + 168 [+ 1, errata] pp. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13107961
page(s): 45 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina groenlandica Menke, 1830) Menke, K. T. (1830). Synopsis methodica molluscorum generum omnium et specierum earum, quae in Museo Menkeano adservantur; cum synonymia critica et novarum specierum diagnosibus. Editio altera, auctior et emdatior. Georg Uslar, Pyrmont. xvi + 168 [+ 1, errata] pp. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13107961
page(s): 45 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina castanea Deshayes in Deshayes & Milne Edwards, 1843) Deshayes G. P. (1835-1845). [in] Lamarck, Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. 2ed. par G. P. Deshayes e H. Milne-Edwards.
page(s): 206-207 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina zonaria Bean, 1844) Thorpe C. (1844). British marine conchology. E. Lumley, London LX + 267 p.:
page(s): 266 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. lineata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Dautzenberg P. & Fischer H. (1912). Mollusques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice dans les Mers du Nord. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques Accomplies sur son Yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco, 37. Imprimerie de Monaco: Monaco. 629 pp., 11 pl. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/61117 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis var. globosa Jeffreys, 1865) Jeffreys J. G. (1862-1869). British Conchology. London, van Voorst : Vol. 1: pp. CXIV + 341 [1862]. Vol. 2: pp. 479 [1864] Il frontrespizio reca la data 1863 ma in effetti pubblicato nel 1864. Vol. 3: pp. 394 [1865]. Vol. 4: pp. 487 [1867]. Vol. 5: pp. 259 [1869], available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55187
page(s): vol. 3, p. 365-366 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina danieli Locard, 1886) Locard A. (1886). Prodrome de malacologie française. Catalogue général des mollusques vivants de France. Mollusque marins. Lyon, H. Georg & Paris, Baillière : pp. X + 778, available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/40914#page/13/mode/1up
page(s): 253578-580 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina nervillei Dautzenberg, 1893) Dautzenberg, Ph. (1893). Description d'une nouvelle espèce du genre Littorina provenant des côtes de la Tunisie. J. conchyliol. XLI: 35-36, plate I (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 35-36; pl. 1 fig. 4, 4a, 4b [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis var. albida Dautzenberg, 1887) Dautzenberg, Ph. (1887). Une excursion malacologique à Saint-Lunaire (Ille-et-Vilaine) et aux environs de cette localité. Bull. Soc. Etudes Scient. Paris 9: 1-27 (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis var. aurantia Dautzenberg, 1887) Dautzenberg, Ph. (1887). Une excursion malacologique à Saint-Lunaire (Ille-et-Vilaine) et aux environs de cette localité. Bull. Soc. Etudes Scient. Paris 9: 1-27 (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. fusca Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Dautzenberg P. & Fischer H. (1912). Mollusques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice dans les Mers du Nord. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques Accomplies sur son Yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco, 37. Imprimerie de Monaco: Monaco. 629 pp., 11 pl. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/61117 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. trifasciata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Dautzenberg P. & Fischer H. (1912). Mollusques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice dans les Mers du Nord. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques Accomplies sur son Yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco, 37. Imprimerie de Monaco: Monaco. 629 pp., 11 pl. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/61117 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. flammulata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Dautzenberg P. & Fischer H. (1912). Mollusques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice dans les Mers du Nord. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques Accomplies sur son Yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco, 37. Imprimerie de Monaco: Monaco. 629 pp., 11 pl. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/61117 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina patula Thorpe, 1844) Thorpe C. (1844). British marine conchology. E. Lumley, London LX + 267 p.:
page(s): 259; fig. 7 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbo albocinctus Link, 1807) Link, D. H. F. (1807-1808). Beschreibung der Naturalien-Sammlung der Universität zu Rostock. Rostock, Adlers Erben. 1 Abt. [Part 1], pp. 1-50; 2 Abt. [Part 2], pp. 51-100; 3 Abt. [Part 3], pp. 101-165; Abt. 4 [Part 4],pp. 1-30; Abt. 5 [Part 5], pp. 1-38 [1808]; Abt. 6 [Part 6], pp. 1-38., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/de/dms/load/toc/?PPN=PPN616091923
page(s): 134 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbo davidis Röding, 1798) Röding P. F. (1798). Museum Boltenianum sive Catalogus cimeliorum e tribus regnis naturae quae olim collegerat Joa. Fried. Bolten M. D. p. d. Pars secunda continens Conchylia sive Testacea univalvia, bivalvia et multivalvia., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/41571
page(s): 88 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbo diminutus Link, 1807) Link, D. H. F. (1807-1808). Beschreibung der Naturalien-Sammlung der Universität zu Rostock. Rostock, Adlers Erben. 1 Abt. [Part 1], pp. 1-50; 2 Abt. [Part 2], pp. 51-100; 3 Abt. [Part 3], pp. 101-165; Abt. 4 [Part 4],pp. 1-30; Abt. 5 [Part 5], pp. 1-38 [1808]; Abt. 6 [Part 6], pp. 1-38., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/de/dms/load/toc/?PPN=PPN616091923
page(s): 134 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbo groenlandicus Röding, 1798) Röding P. F. (1798). Museum Boltenianum sive Catalogus cimeliorum e tribus regnis naturae quae olim collegerat Joa. Fried. Bolten M. D. p. d. Pars secunda continens Conchylia sive Testacea univalvia, bivalvia et multivalvia., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/41571
page(s): vol. 2, p. 88 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbo jugosus Montagu, 1803) Montagu, George. (1803). Testacea Britannica or Natural History of British Shells, Marine, Land, and Fresh-Water, Including the Most Minute: Systematically Arranged and Embellished with Figures. J. White, London, Vol. 1, xxxvii + 291 pp. and Vol. 2, 293–606., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/78694
page(s): 586-588 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbo saxatilis Olivi, 1792) Olivi G. (1792). Zoologia Adriatica, ossia catalogo ragionato degli animali del golfo e della lagune di Venezia. Bassano [G. Remondini e fl.]. [ix] + 334 + xxxii pp., 9 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/123881
page(s): 172; pl. 5 fig. 3 a-c [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbo tenebrosus Montagu, 1803) Montagu, George. (1803). Testacea Britannica or Natural History of British Shells, Marine, Land, and Fresh-Water, Including the Most Minute: Systematically Arranged and Embellished with Figures. J. White, London, Vol. 1, xxxvii + 291 pp. and Vol. 2, 293–606., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/78694
page(s): 303-304 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina tenebrosa var. intermedia Forbes & Hanley, 1850) Forbes E.; Hanley S.C. (1848-1853). A history of British Mollusca and their shells. London, van Voorst. Vol. 1: i-lxxx [1853], 1-486 [1848], pl. A-W, AA-ZZ, AAA-ZZZ [dates uncertain]; Vol. 2: 1-480 [1 dec. 1849], 481-557 [1850]; Vol. 3: 1-320 [1850], 321-616 [1851]; Vol. 4: 1-300 [1852], pl. 1-114F [dates uncertain]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/16341
page(s): 41; pl. 83 fig. 4 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. intermedia Forbes & Hanley, 1850) Forbes E.; Hanley S.C. (1848-1853). A history of British Mollusca and their shells. London, van Voorst. Vol. 1: i-lxxx [1853], 1-486 [1848], pl. A-W, AA-ZZ, AAA-ZZZ [dates uncertain]; Vol. 2: 1-480 [1 dec. 1849], 481-557 [1850]; Vol. 3: 1-320 [1850], 321-616 [1851]; Vol. 4: 1-300 [1852], pl. 1-114F [dates uncertain]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/16341
page(s): 41; pl. 83 fig. 4 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. similis Jeffreys, 1865) Jeffreys J. G. (1862-1869). British Conchology. London, van Voorst : Vol. 1: pp. CXIV + 341 [1862]. Vol. 2: pp. 479 [1864] Il frontrespizio reca la data 1863 ma in effetti pubblicato nel 1864. Vol. 3: pp. 394 [1865]. Vol. 4: pp. 487 [1867]. Vol. 5: pp. 259 [1869], available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55187
page(s): vol. 3, p. 365-366 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. laevis Jeffreys, 1865) Jeffreys J. G. (1862-1869). British Conchology. London, van Voorst : Vol. 1: pp. CXIV + 341 [1862]. Vol. 2: pp. 479 [1864] Il frontrespizio reca la data 1863 ma in effetti pubblicato nel 1864. Vol. 3: pp. 394 [1865]. Vol. 4: pp. 487 [1867]. Vol. 5: pp. 259 [1869], available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55187
page(s): vol. 3, p. 365-366 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. tessellata Dautzenberg, 1893) Dautzenberg, Ph. (1893). Liste des Mollusques marins recueillis à Granville et à Saint-Pair. J. conchyliol. XLI: 16-30 (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. sanguinea Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1900) Dautzenberg, Ph.; Durouchoux, P. (1900). Faunule malacologique des environs de Saint-Malo. Feuille jeunes nat. 30: 39-62 (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. lutea Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1900) Dautzenberg, Ph.; Durouchoux, P. (1900). Faunule malacologique des environs de Saint-Malo. Feuille jeunes nat. 30: 39-62 (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. bynei Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1912) Dautzenberg P. & Fischer H. (1912). Mollusques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice dans les Mers du Nord. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques Accomplies sur son Yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco, 37. Imprimerie de Monaco: Monaco. 629 pp., 11 pl. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/61117 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. elata Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1912) Dautzenberg P. & Fischer H. (1912). Mollusques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice dans les Mers du Nord. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques Accomplies sur son Yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco, 37. Imprimerie de Monaco: Monaco. 629 pp., 11 pl. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/61117 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. matoni Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1912) Dautzenberg P. & Fischer H. (1912). Mollusques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice dans les Mers du Nord. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques Accomplies sur son Yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco, 37. Imprimerie de Monaco: Monaco. 629 pp., 11 pl. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/61117 [details]   

basis of record Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

additional source Reid D.G. (1989) The comparative morphology, phylogeny and evolution of the gastropod family Littorinidae. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 324: 1-110. [details]   

additional source Zenetos, A., M.E. Çinar, M.A. Pancucci-Papadopoulou, J.G. Harmelin, G. Furnari, F. Andaloro, N. Bellou, N. Streftaris & H. Zibrowius. (2005). Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species. Mediterranean Marine Science 6(2):63-118. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Mediterranean Marine Science. 11(2): 381-493., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.87 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Janson K. 1985. A morphologic and genetic analysis of Littorina saxatilis (Prosobranchia) from Venice, and on the problem of saxatilis-rudis nomenclature. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 24(1): 51-59. [details]   

additional source Marchini, A.; Ferrario, J.; Sfriso, A.; Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A. (2015). Current status and trends of biological invasions in the Lagoon of Venice, a hotspot of marine NIS introductions in the Mediterranean Sea. Biological Invasions. , available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-015-0922-3 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis (Maton, 1797)) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxoides Nardo, 1847) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

basis of record  (ofUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina tenebrosa (Montagu, 1803)) Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. rudis (Maton, 1797)) Harms, J. (1993). Check list of species (algae, invertebrates and vertebrates) found in the vicinity of the island of Helgoland (North Sea, German Bight): a review of recent records. Helgoländer Meeresunters. 47: 1-34. [p. 25, tab. 3: Gastrosaccus spinifer, Mysis relicta, Praunus inermis, Schistomysis kervillei, Schistomysis spiritus. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis tenebrosa (Montagu, 1803)) BODC. (2009). Species list from the British Oceanographic Data Centre.  [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. groenlandica (Menke, 1830)) BODC. (2009). Species list from the British Oceanographic Data Centre.  [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatile La Roque, 1953) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatile saxatile La Roque, 1953) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis rudis (Maton, 1797)) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbo obligatus Say, 1822) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbo rudis Maton, 1797) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina zonaria Bean, 1844) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina incarnata Philippi, 1846) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis f. elatior Middendorff, 1849) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina tenebrosa f. elatior Middendorff, 1849) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina tenebrosa var. costulata Middendorff, 1849) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina tenebrosa var. rubidus Middendorff, 1849) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina tenebrosa var. grisolacteus Middendorff, 1849) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina tenebrosa var. tessellatus Middendorff, 1849) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina tenebrosa var. zonatus Middendorff, 1849) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina tenebrosa var. densecostulata Middendorff, 1849) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina tenebrosa var. intermedia Forbes & Hanley, 1850) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina simplex Reeve, 1857) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina castanea Deshayes in Deshayes & Milne Edwards, 1843) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina groenlandica Menke, 1830) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina sulcata Menke, 1830) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina nigrolineata Gray, 1839) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina marmorata L. Pfeiffer, 1839) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis Johnston, 1842) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis var. conoidea Schlesch, 1916) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis var. alticola Dacie, 1917) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina palliata var. turritella Schlesch, 1916) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina nervillei var. major Pallary in Seurat, 1924) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis groenlandica (Menke, 1830)) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis groenlandica var. sculpta Schlesch, 1931) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. sanguinea Coen, 1933) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. interrupta Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Jouin, 1961) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. tractibus Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Jouin, 1961) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. hieroglyphica Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Jouin, 1961) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis tenebrosa var. biinterrupta Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1963) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis tenebrosa var. maculata Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1963) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis tenebrosa var. bizonaria James, 1963) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. nojensis Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1964) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. sellensis Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1964) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. rubrolineata Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Delmas, 1967) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. salvati Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Delmas, 1967) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis jugosa var. tenuis James, 1968) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis rudis var. rudissimoides James, 1968) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. rubra Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. gascae Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. clarilineata Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. nigra Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis var. scotia S. M. Smith, 1979) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. lagunae Barnes, 1993) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis scotia Graham, 1988) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbo rudissimus Johnston, 1842) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNerita rustica Nardo, 1847) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina neglecta Bean, 1844) Reid D.G. (1989) The comparative morphology, phylogeny and evolution of the gastropod family Littorinidae. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 324: 1-110. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina marmorata Pfeiffer, 1839) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina patula Thorpe, 1844) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. matoni Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1912) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. elata Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1912) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. bynei Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1912) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. lutea Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1900) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. sanguinea Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1900) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. tessellata Dautzenberg, 1893) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. laevis Jeffreys, 1865) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. similis Jeffreys, 1865) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. intermedia Forbes & Hanley, 1850) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbo vestitus Say, 1822) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina tenebrosa (Montagu, 1803)) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina tenebrosa var. intermedia Forbes & Hanley, 1850) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbo tenebrosus Montagu, 1803) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbo saxatilis Olivi, 1792) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbo jugosus Montagu, 1803) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbo groenlandicus Röding, 1798) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbo diminutus Link, 1807) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbo davidis Röding, 1798) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbo albocinctus Link, 1807) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. lineata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. flammulata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. fulva Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. trifasciata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis var. fasciata Dautzenberg, 1887) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis var. tessellata Dautzenberg, 1893) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis var. aurantia Dautzenberg, 1887) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina nervillei Dautzenberg, 1893) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis var. tenebrosapallida L. E. Adams, 1896) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis var. sulcata Martel, 1901) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis var. globosa Martel, 1901) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. lugubris Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis tenebrosa var. elata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis jugosa var. bynei Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis var. major Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis f. minor Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis f. abbreviata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis f. conoidea Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis f. elongata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis var. fusca Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina danieli Locard, 1886) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis var. brevis Dautzenberg, 1887) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis var. albida Dautzenberg, 1887) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis var. globosa Jeffreys, 1865) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis var. similis Jeffreys, 1865) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis var. laevis Jeffreys, 1865) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis zonata Daniel, 1883) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis var. rubescens Monterosato, 1878) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina rudis var. finmarchia Herzenstein, 1885) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. BioInvasions Records. 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Schelde) van Eck, G. Th. M.; Holzhauer, H. (2007). Monitoring van de effecten van de verruiming 48'/43': MOVE eindrapport 2006 (Rapport 10). Rapport RIKZ = Report RIKZ, 2007.003. RIKZ: Middelburg. 64 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Italian part of the Adriatic Sea (Marine Region) : Shipping [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDimensions maximum size of 6 to 15 mm [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic seas to Cape May, New Jersey; Arctic seas to Puget sound [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat supralittoral, intertidal, bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy The Littorina saxatilis complex has a great variability; the nomenclature and the systematics are very controversial.
L. rudis is a junior synonym of Littorina saxatilis according to Raffaelli (1982).
L. tenebrosa is a brackish form of Littorina saxatilis according to Janson & Ward (1985) [details]
 

Feeding Type
deposit feeder: subsurface [details]
grazer [details]
LanguageName 
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorungefødende strandsnegl [from synonym]  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorvergeten alikruikUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorvale alikruikUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorruwe alikruikUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorechte ruwe alikruik [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordonkere alikruikUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbrakwateralikruik [from synonym]  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrough periwinkleUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorblack-lined periwinkle  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorlittorine rugueuseUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorlittorine des rochers  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrauher StrandschneckeUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkleine Strandschnecke [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordunkle Strandschnecke  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsteinsnegl  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsteinsnigel  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorvivipar strandsnäcka  [details]