WoRMS taxon details

Prymnesium polylepis (Manton & Parke) Edvardsen, Eikrem & Probert, 2011

670030  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:670030)

accepted
Species
marine
(of Chrysochromulina polylepis Manton & Parke, 1962) Manton I. & Parke M. 1962. Preliminary observations on scales and their mode of origin in <i>Chrysochromulina polylepis</i> sp. nov. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 42: 565-578. [details]   
Type locality contained in North Sea  
type locality contained in North Sea [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Description Although here included in the genus Prymnesium this species differs markedly form other species of Prymnesium, in the...  
Description Although here included in the genus Prymnesium this species differs markedly form other species of Prymnesium, in the list. Cells are ovoid-pear shaped (6–12 μm long and 5–9 μm wide). The two flagella are 2-3 times cell length and the stiff, uncoiling haptonema is 1-1½ cell length when fully extended. Cells are covered with four types of organic scales, which are species characteristic. For critical identification to species level, the scales need to be examined, using transmission electron microscopy. In preserved samples, scales scales may have been shed, in which case molecular sequencing is required for identification. [details]

LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:103755  
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:103755 [details]

Distribution The known distribution is rather patchy: Britain, Northern Europe, the Black Sea, Tasmania and the Southern Ocean.  
Distribution The known distribution is rather patchy: Britain, Northern Europe, the Black Sea, Tasmania and the Southern Ocean. [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2024). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Prymnesium polylepis (Manton & Parke) Edvardsen, Eikrem & Probert, 2011. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=670030 on 2024-03-01
Date
action
by
2012-09-05 09:21:21Z
created
2013-12-12 12:40:11Z
changed
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed

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original description  (of Chrysochromulina polylepis Manton & Parke, 1962) Manton I. & Parke M. 1962. Preliminary observations on scales and their mode of origin in <i>Chrysochromulina polylepis</i> sp. nov. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 42: 565-578. [details]   

basis of record Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2023). AlgaeBase. <em>World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.</em> searched on YYYY-MM-DD., available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

ecology source Leles, S. G.; Mitra, A.; Flynn, K. J.; Tillmann, U.; Stoecker, D.; Jeong, H. J.; Burkholder, J.; Hansen, P. J.; Caron, D. A.; Glibert, P. M.; Hallegraeff, G.; Raven, J. A.; Sanders, R. W.; Zubkov, M. (2019). Sampling bias misrepresents the biogeographical significance of constitutive mixotrophs across global oceans. <em>Global Ecology and Biogeography.</em> 28(4): 418-428., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12853 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

ecology source Mitra, A.; Caron, D. A.; Faure, E.; Flynn, K. J.; Leles, S. G.; Hansen, P. J.; McManus, G. B.; Not, F.; Do Rosario Gomes, H.; Santoferrara, L. F.; Stoecker, D. K.; Tillmann, U. (2023). The Mixoplankton Database (MDB): Diversity of photo‐phago‐trophic plankton in form, function, and distribution across the global ocean. <em>Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology.</em> 70(4)., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/jeu.12972 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

ecology source Nygaard, K.; Tobiesen, A. (1993). Bacterivory in algae: A survival strategy during nutrient limitation. <em>Limnology and Oceanography.</em> 38(2): 273-279., available online at https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.1993.38.2.0273 [details]   
 
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

From editor or global species database
Description Although here included in the genus Prymnesium this species differs markedly form other species of Prymnesium, in the list. Cells are ovoid-pear shaped (6–12 μm long and 5–9 μm wide). The two flagella are 2-3 times cell length and the stiff, uncoiling haptonema is 1-1½ cell length when fully extended. Cells are covered with four types of organic scales, which are species characteristic. For critical identification to species level, the scales need to be examined, using transmission electron microscopy. In preserved samples, scales scales may have been shed, in which case molecular sequencing is required for identification. [details]

LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:103755 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Distribution The known distribution is rather patchy: Britain, Northern Europe, the Black Sea, Tasmania and the Southern Ocean. [details]

Editor's comment This species, usually known as Chrysochromulina polylepis, has recently been transferred to Prymnesium, based on some molecular data [details]

Harmful effect Serious fishkills took place in Scandinavia in 1988, but the toxic principle has not been determined [details]

Identification P. polylepis, also known as Chrysochromulina polylepis, is characterized by a rather short haptonema, which reaches 1-1.5 times cell length and is capable of coiling. The cell is covered with four types of organic scales, all of which are characteristic of this species. They are visible in the electron microscope only.. Cells with a slightly different complement of scales are sometimes observed,. which are part of the life cycle. Such cells have three types of scales only, one of them with a spiine, while spined scales are absent in the main cell type. [details]