WoRMS taxon details

Astrea Lamarck, 1801

517592  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:517592)

accepted
Genus
Astraea Lamarck, 1801 · unaccepted > misspelling
Species Astrea annuligera Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849
Species Astrea curta Dana, 1846
Species Astrea devantieri (Veron, 2000)
Species Astrea rotulosa (Ellis & Solander, 1786)

Subgenus Astrea (Dipsastraea) Blainvile, 1830 accepted as Dipsastraea Blainville, 1830 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
Subgenus Astrea (Favia) Blainville, 1820 accepted as Favia De Blainville, 1820 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  » Species Astrea (Favia) hombroni (Rousseau, 1854) accepted as Goniastrea stelligera (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  » Species Astrea (Favia) rudis Verrill, 1866 accepted as Dipsastraea speciosa (Dana, 1846) (synonymy)
  » Species Astrea (Favia) ordinata Verrill, 1866 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
Species Astrea ananas (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Favia fragum (Esper, 1793) (synonymy)
Species Astrea annularis (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Orbicella annularis (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (previous combination)
Species Astrea argus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Montastraea cavernosa (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonymy)
Species Astrea burdigalensis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Heliastraea rochetteana (Michelin, 1842) † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Astrea calicularis Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Goniopora calicularis (Lamarck, 1816) (basionym, changed combination)
Species Astrea cavernosa (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Montastraea cavernosa (Linnaeus, 1767) (changed combination)
Species Astrea conferta Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Montastraea cavernosa (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonymy)
Species Astrea crispata Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Oulastrea crispata (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
Species Astrea deformis Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Favites pentagona (Esper, 1790) (synonym)
Species Astrea diffluens Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Pavona diffluens (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
Species Astrea echinata Dana, 1846 accepted as Acanthastrea echinata (Dana, 1846) (changed combination)
Species Astrea forskaliana Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Echinopora forskaliana (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) (new combination, basionym)
Species Astrea fuscoviridis Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Favites abdita (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Astrea galaxea (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Siderastrea radians (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Astrea halicora (Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Favites halicora (Ehrenberg, 1834) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
Species Astrea heliopora Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Diploastrea heliopora (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
Species Astrea intersepta (Esper, 1795) accepted as Stephanocoenia intersepta (Esper, 1795) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
Species Astrea lamarckiana Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Astrea curta Dana, 1846 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Astrea magnifica Blainville, 1830 accepted as Favites abdita (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Astrea microphthalma Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Cyphastrea microphthalma (Lamarck, 1816) (original combination, basionym)
Species Astrea myriophthalma Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Astreopora myriophthalma (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
Species Astrea palifera Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Isopora palifera (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
Species Astrea patula (Dana, 1846) accepted as Diploastrea heliopora (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Astrea pleiades Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Orbicella pleiades (Lamarck, 1816) † (basionym, changed combination)
Species Astrea porcata (Esper, 1794) accepted as Dichocoenia stokesii (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) (synonymy)
Species Astrea pulchra Dana, 1846 accepted as Leptastrea purpurea (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Astrea pulvinaria Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Astreopora myriophthalma (Lamarck, 1816) (synonymy)
Species Astrea radiata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Montastraea cavernosa (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonymy)
Species Astrea retiformis Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Goniastrea retiformis (Lamarck, 1816) (new combination)
Species Astrea rigida Dana, 1846 accepted as Isophyllia rigida (Dana, 1846) (basionym, amended spelling of genus name)
Species Astrea rudis Verrill, 1866 accepted as Dipsastraea speciosa (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Astrea sidera (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Siderastrea siderea (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
Species Astrea stellulata Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Turbinaria stellulata (Lamarck, 1816) (original combination, basionym)
Species Astrea tesserifera Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Favites complanata (Ehrenberg, 1834) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Astrea uva (Esper, 1790) accepted as Dipsastraea favus (Forskål, 1775) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Astrea versipora Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Plesiastrea versipora (Lamarck, 1816) (original combination, basionym)
Species Astrea viridis Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Goniopora viridis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (basionym, changed combination)

Species Astrea amboinensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
Species Astrea detrita (Esper, 1790) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
Species Astrea dichotoma Le Sueur, 1817 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
Species Astrea dipsacea Lamarck, 1816 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
Species Astrea gigas Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
Species Astrea globosa (Blainville, 1849) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
Species Astrea obliqua Lamarck, 1816 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
Species Astrea reticularis Lamarck, 1816 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Lamarck, J. B. (1801). Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République. Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719 [details]   
Description 'Polypier pierreux, crustacé, en masse glomérulée ou en expansion lobée subfoliacée, ayant sa surface supérieure...  
Description 'Polypier pierreux, crustacé, en masse glomérulée ou en expansion lobée subfoliacée, ayant sa surface supérieure parsemée d'étoiles lamelleuses et sessiles.' (Lamarck, 1801: 371) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Astrea Lamarck, 1801. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=517592 on 2022-06-29
Date
action
by
2010-09-13 19:30:34Z
created
2014-05-25 07:31:03Z
changed
2018-08-12 08:36:09Z
changed
2021-04-28 05:39:27Z
changed
2022-05-12 06:27:03Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Lamarck, J. B. (1801). Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République. Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719 [details]   

basis of record Huang D, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Budd AF (2014) Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 277–355. [details]   

additional source Khalil HM, Fathy MS, Al Sawy SM. (2021). Quaternary corals (Scleractinia: Merulinidae) from the Egyptian and Saudi Arabian Red Sea Coast. <em>Geological Journal.</em> , available online at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/gj.4145?af=R [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

From editor or global species database
Comparison Astrea rotulosa has not been been placed on the molecular phylogeny, but it is most similar to A. devantieri. Each macromorphological character examined is the same state for both species, except for the more compact columellae in the type specimen of the former. Spongy columellae can however be found in Favia rotulosa specimens studied by Ehrenberg, 1834: 319 (ZMB Cni 739II) and Wijsman-Best, 1974: 258, pl. 4, fig. 4 (ZMA Coel. 8888), collected from the Red Sea and Indonesia respectively. Consequently, we hypothesize that Astrea devantieri, thus far recorded only from Socotra (type locality), Madagascar and Mayotte (Veron, 2002; Benzoni et al., 2011), is a sister species to Astrea rotulosa. While we have limited data to place all Astrea spp. on the tree concomitantly, we infer that Astrea annuligera Milne Edwards and Haime, 1849, vol. 12: 103 and Astrea curta Dana, 1846: 209 are closely related based on morphology. As this genus is represented only by A. curta on the molecular tree, no synapomorphies are diagnosed—absence of intracalicular budding and weak abortive septa are autapomorphies. On the morphological phylogeny, however, these features are synapomorphies. Goniastrea australensis has been recovered as the sister taxon to Astrea curta + Favites russelli in one instance (Huang et al., 2011; but see Arrigoni et al., 2012). Morphologically, G. australensis is very distinct from Astrea as it lacks extracalicular budding, has uniserial corallites, fused walls, confluent costosepta, evenly thick costosepta and narrow distance between septum center clusters (< 0.3 mm). Most of these characters, except uniserial corallites and confluent costosepta, and many others, also separate the Goniastrea proper from this genus. Favites russelli is the sister taxon to Astrea on the molecular tree, but it buds intracalicularly and does not have abortive septa to be considered in the latter genus. [details]

Description 'Polypier pierreux, crustacé, en masse glomérulée ou en expansion lobée subfoliacée, ayant sa surface supérieure parsemée d'étoiles lamelleuses et sessiles.' (Lamarck, 1801: 371) [details]

Diagnosis Colonial, with extracalicular budding; no intracalicular budding. Corallites monomorphic and discrete (1–3 centers); monticules absent. Coenosteum costate, moderate amount (< corallite diameter). Calice width medium (4–15 mm), with medium relief (3–6 mm). Costosepta not confluent. Septa in 3 cycles (24–36 septa). Free septa present, may be regular or irregular. Septa spaced 6–11 septa per 5 mm. Costosepta unequal in relative thickness. Columellae trabecular and spongy (> 3 threads), < 1/4 of calice width. Paliform (uniaxial) lobes well developed. Epitheca well developed and endotheca low-moderate (tabular). Tooth base at mid-calice circular. Tooth tip at mid-calice irregular; tip orientation perpendicular to septum. Tooth height low to medium (≤ 0.6 mm) and tooth spacing medium (0.3–1 mm), with > 6 teeth per septum. Granules scattered on septal face; irregular in shape. Interarea palisade. Walls formed by dominant paratheca and partial septotheca; abortive septa weak. Thickening deposits fibrous. Costa center clusters weak; 0.3–0.6 mm between clusters; medial lines weak. Septum center clusters weak; 0.3–0.5 mm between clusters; medial lines weak. Transverse crosses absent. Columella centers clustered. [details]

Remark Astrea Lamarck, 1801: 371 is the oldest genus in Merulinidae, and was first established as part of a class of animals possessing polyps, Polypes Lamarck, 1801: 357. Sixteen of the genera were in the subdivision described as 'Polypier solide, entièrement pierreux et calcaire' (Lamarck, 1801: 369)—having polyps that are solid, completely stony and calcareous—resulting in the redistribution of species of the only stony coral genus prior to 1801, Madrepora Linnaeus, 1758: 793 (see Vaughan and Wells, 1943: 2–3). Subsequent works, including Lamarck, 1816: 257, de Blainville, 1830: 332, and Dana, 1846: 200 attributed as many as 61 species to Astrea before the establishment of additional genera by Milne Edwards and Haime, 1848, vol. 27: 494–496. Astrea was then split into several genera, and also assigned Astrea argus Lamarck, 1816: 259 as the type species (Milne Edwards and Haime, 1848, vol. 27: 494), instead of Astrea rotulosa (Ellis and Solander 1786: 166). Curiously, 'Astrea rotulosa et ananas, Lamarck' was ascribed to be the type of Parastrea Milne Edwards and Haime, 1848, vol. 27: 495, which is a synonym of Dichocoenia Milne Edwards and Haime, 1848, vol. 27: 469 (see Gregory, 1895: 270). The genus was synonymized by Matthai, 1914: 84, 115, as Favia after recognizing types of both Madrepora rotulosa Ellis and Solander, 1786: 166 and Astrea rotulosa Lamarck, 1801: 371 to be part of Favia. Matthai, 1914: 115 also compared Ellis and Solander's, 1786: 166 type of Madrepora rotulosa, with Orbicella annularis, a Caribbean species. This specimen, not Astrea rotulosa Lamarck, 1801: 371 or Favia rotulosa Ehrenberg, 1834: 319, is clearly the original designated type of Astrea. However, this specimen bears the closest resemblance to Plesiastrea devantieri Veron, 2000, vol. 3: 228, especially given their well-developed paliform lobes that are absent among the Orbicella species defined in this study. This genus was thus revived to include Madrepora rotulosa, Plesiastrea devantieri, as well as species that have been found to be closely related genetically and morphologically (Huang et al., 2014). [details]
LanguageName 
Japanese マルキクメイシ属  [details]