WoRMS taxon details

Acropora pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860)

207059  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207059)

accepted
Species
Acropora (Acropora) pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Acropora (Eumadrepora) pharaonis (Lamarck, 1816) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Acropora arabica (Milne Edwards, 1860) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Acropora ehrenbergii (Milne Edwards, 1860) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Acropora ehrenbergii var. scandens (Klunzinger, 1879) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Acropora pustulosa (Milne Edwards, 1860) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Acropora scandens (Klunzinger, 1879) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Acropora subtilis (Klunzinger, 1879) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Madrepora (Eumadrepora) ehrenbergi Milne Edwards, 1860 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Madrepora (Eumadrepora) pharaonis Milne Edwards, 1860 · unaccepted > superseded combination
Madrepora (Odonthocyathus) arabica Milne Edwards, 1860 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Madrepora (Odonthocyathus) subtilis Klunzinger, 1879 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Madrepora arabica Milne Edwards, 1860 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Madrepora ehrenbergi Milne Edwards, 1860 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Madrepora ehrenbergi var. scandens Klunzinger, 1879 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Madrepora ehrenbergii Milne Edwards, 1860 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (misspelling)
Madrepora microcyathus Klunzinger, 1879 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Madrepora pharaonis Milne Edwards, 1860 · unaccepted > superseded combination (basionym)
Madrepora pustulosa Milne Edwards, 1860 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Madrepora scandens Klunzinger, 1879 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Madrepora spinulosa Klunzinger, 1879 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Madrepora subtilis Klunzinger, 1879 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym

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marine, fresh, terrestrial
(of Madrepora pharaonis Milne Edwards, 1860) Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   
Neotype  (of Acropora (Acropora) pharaonis (Milne...  
Neotype (of Acropora (Acropora) pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860)) MTQ G54717, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Description Large, arborescent colonies with a unique shape, reaching 2 m tall and 1 m wide. A single stem, or multiple intertwining...  
Description Large, arborescent colonies with a unique shape, reaching 2 m tall and 1 m wide. A single stem, or multiple intertwining stems, rise vertically from the substrate. Repeated branching of the stem gives rise to a mass of branches which flare upwards. Stems of large colonies may exceed 20 cm diameter, and there is a continual, steady tapering of branch diameter from stem to branchlet tips. Coenosteum is rough, and radial calices are tubular. Branch tips are very similar to those from the tabular Acropora cytherea from which it can only be distinguished by colony shape. Acropora pharaonis is most common in sheltered, lagoonal conditions, preferably amongst sand patches (Sheppard, 1998). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2024). World List of Scleractinia. Acropora pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207059 on 2024-06-18
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 14:17:27Z
created
2000-09-28 07:24:50Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-09-17 08:12:59Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Madrepora subtilis Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger CB. (1879). Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres, 2. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Erster Abschnitt: Die Madreporaceen und Oculinaceen. <em>Gutmann, Berlin.</em> pp. 1-88, pls. 1-10. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Madrepora pharaonis Milne Edwards, 1860) Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (of Madrepora ehrenbergi Milne Edwards, 1860) Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (of Madrepora pustulosa Milne Edwards, 1860) Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (of Madrepora arabica Milne Edwards, 1860) Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (of Madrepora microcyathus Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger CB. (1879). Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres, 2. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Erster Abschnitt: Die Madreporaceen und Oculinaceen. <em>Gutmann, Berlin.</em> pp. 1-88, pls. 1-10. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Madrepora spinulosa Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger CB. (1879). Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres, 2. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Erster Abschnitt: Die Madreporaceen und Oculinaceen. <em>Gutmann, Berlin.</em> pp. 1-88, pls. 1-10. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Madrepora (Eumadrepora) ehrenbergi Milne Edwards, 1860) Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (of Madrepora ehrenbergi var. scandens Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger CB. (1879). Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres, 2. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Erster Abschnitt: Die Madreporaceen und Oculinaceen. <em>Gutmann, Berlin.</em> pp. 1-88, pls. 1-10. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Madrepora (Odonthocyathus) arabica Milne Edwards, 1860) Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (of Madrepora scandens Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger CB. (1879). Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres, 2. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Erster Abschnitt: Die Madreporaceen und Oculinaceen. <em>Gutmann, Berlin.</em> pp. 1-88, pls. 1-10. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Sheppard CRC. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 307: 1-32., available online at http:// https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00775630.307.1 [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C.R.C. (1998). Corals of the Indian Ocean: a taxonomic and distribution database for coral reef ecologists [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., B.W. Hoeksema & J. van der Land. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 15 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., B.W. Hoeksema & J. van der Land. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2002). New species described in Corals of the World. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series.</em> 11: 1-209.
page(s): 56, 57 [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG, Scheer G (1976) Report on the stony corals from the Maldive Archipelago. Results of the Xarifa Expedition 1957/58. Zoologica, Stuttgart 43 (126): 1-83, pls. 1-32. [details]   

additional source Wallace CC, Done BJ, Muir PR (2012) Revision and catalogue of worldwide staghorn corals Acropora and Isopora (Scleractinia: Acroporidae) in the Museum of Tropical Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum – Nature 57: 1-255. [details]   

additional source Pichon, M.; Benzoni, F. (2007). Taxonomic re-appraisal of zooxanthellate Scleractinian Corals in the Maldive Archipelago. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 1441: 21–33.
page(s): 24, 28 [details]   

additional source Scheer G (1967). Korallen von den Sarso-Inseln im Roten Meer. Senckenbergiana Biologica 48: 421-436. [details]   

additional source Verrill AE. (1902). Notes on corals of the genus Acropora (Madrepora Lam.) with new descriptions and figures of types, and of several new species. <em>Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.</em> 11: 207-266, pls. 36, 36A-F.
page(s): 217 [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG. (1972). Stony corals of the seas around India. <em>Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Corals and Coral Reefs, 1969. Marine Biological Association of India Symposium.</em> 5: 191-216.
page(s): 198 [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume I: Family Acroporidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 1, pp. 463.
page(s): 296-297 [details]   

additional source Laborel, J. (1970). Les peuplements de madréporaires des côtes tropicales du Brésil. Annales de l'Université d'Abidjan, 2, E, (3): 7-261
page(s): 184 [details]   

additional source Reinicke, G. B.; Schuhmacher, H. (1996). Significance of different traits of soft-coral assemblages (Octocorallia, Alcyoniina) in benthic reef communities of the Red Sea. Göttinger Arbeiten zur Geologie Paläontologie, Sb2, 77-84
page(s): 80 [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 61, 73, 112 [details]   

new combination reference Marenzeller, E. von. (1907). Riffkorallen. In: Expeditionen S.M. "Pola" in das Rote Meer. Nördliche und Südliche Hälfte 1895/96 – 1897/98. <em>Zoologische Ergebnisse XXVI. Berichte der Kommission für Ozeanographische Forschungen. Denkschrift Akademischer Wissenschaften.</em> 80: 27-97, pls. 1-29. [details]   
 
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

Neotype (of Acropora (Acropora) pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860)) MTQ G54717, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Madrepora (Eumadrepora) ehrenbergi Milne Edwards, 1860) BMNH 78.3.18.1, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Madrepora (Eumadrepora) ehrenbergi Milne Edwards, 1860) BMNH 92.1.13.1, geounit Qatari Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Madrepora (Eumadrepora) pharaonis Milne Edwards, 1860) BMNH 84.2.16.50, geounit Cocos Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Madrepora (Eumadrepora) pharaonis Milne Edwards, 1860) BMNH 84.2.16.51, geounit Cocos Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Madrepora (Odonthocyathus) arabica Milne Edwards, 1860) BMNH 82.10.17.146, geounit Seychellois Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Madrepora (Odonthocyathus) arabica Milne Edwards, 1860) BMNH 82.10.17.159, geounit Seychellois Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Madrepora (Odonthocyathus) subtilis Klunzinger, 1879) BMNH 55.12.7.150, geounit Solomon Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Acropora (Acropora) pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860)) MTQ G41155, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Acropora (Acropora) pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860)) MTQ G54714, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Acropora (Acropora) pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860)) MTQ G54715, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Acropora (Acropora) pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860)) MTQ G54716, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Acropora (Acropora) pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860)) MTQ G54718, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Acropora (Acropora) pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860)) MTQ G54719, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Acropora (Acropora) pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860)) MTQ G54720, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Acropora (Acropora) pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860)) MTQ G54721, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Acropora (Acropora) pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860)) MTQ G54722, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Acropora (Acropora) pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860)) MTQ G54723, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Acropora (Acropora) pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860)) MTQ G54724, geounit Egyptian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Acropora (Acropora) pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860)) MTQ G54725, geounit Sudanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Acropora (Acropora) pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860)) MTQ G54726, geounit Sudanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Acropora (Acropora) pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860)) MTQ G54827, geounit Yemeni Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Acropora (Acropora) pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860)) MTQ G55188, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Acropora (Acropora) pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860)) MTQ G55189, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Madrepora ehrenbergi Milne Edwards, 1860) BMNH, geounit Vietnamese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8517, geounit Yemeni Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8519, geounit Yemeni Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From other sources
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

Description Large, arborescent colonies with a unique shape, reaching 2 m tall and 1 m wide. A single stem, or multiple intertwining stems, rise vertically from the substrate. Repeated branching of the stem gives rise to a mass of branches which flare upwards. Stems of large colonies may exceed 20 cm diameter, and there is a continual, steady tapering of branch diameter from stem to branchlet tips. Coenosteum is rough, and radial calices are tubular. Branch tips are very similar to those from the tabular Acropora cytherea from which it can only be distinguished by colony shape. Acropora pharaonis is most common in sheltered, lagoonal conditions, preferably amongst sand patches (Sheppard, 1998). [details]
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