WoRMS taxon details

Sympodium Ehrenberg, 1834

204328  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:204328)

Massarella Gray, 1869 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym


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  1. Species Sympodium arbusculum Benayahu, Ekins & McFadden, 2021
  2. Species Sympodium caeruleum Ehrenberg, 1834
  3. Species Sympodium epiphytum Benayahu, Ekins & McFadden, 2021
  4. Species Sympodium gibbaeum Benayahu, Ekins & McFadden, 2021
  5. Species Sympodium hexagonotus Benayahu, Ekins & McFadden, 2021
  6. Species Sympodium subtilis Benayahu, Ekins & McFadden, 2021
  7. Species Sympodium tamatavense Cohn, 1907
  8. Species Sympodium vegrandis Benayahu, Ekins & McFadden, 2021
  9. Species Sympodium yonaguniensis Benayahu, Ekins & McFadden, 2021
  10. Species Sympodium armatum Wright & Studer, 1889 accepted as Anthothela pacifica (Kükenthal, 1913) (synonym)
  11. Species Sympodium coeruleum Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Sympodium caeruleum Ehrenberg, 1834 (misspelling)
  12. Species Sympodium coralloides (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Alcyonium coralloides (Pallas, 1766) (changed combination)
  13. Species Sympodium decipiens Thomson & Henderson, 1906 accepted as Clavularia decipiens (Thomson & Henderson, 1906) (original combination)
  14. Species Sympodium fuliginosum Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Anthelia fuliginosa (Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Anthelia glauca Lamarck, 1816 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  15. Species Sympodium fulvum (Forskål, 1775) accepted as Rhytisma fulvum (Forskål, 1775) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  16. Species Sympodium fuscum Thomson & Henderson, 1906 accepted as Rhytisma fuscum (Thomson & Henderson, 1906) (original combination)
  17. Species Sympodium granulosum Thomson & Henderson, 1906 accepted as Clavularia granulosum (Thomson & Henderson, 1906) (original combination)
  18. Species Sympodium incrustans Thomson & Henderson, 1906 accepted as Clavularia incrustans (Thomson & Henderson, 1906) (original combination)
  19. Species Sympodium indicum Thomson & Henderson, 1906 accepted as Clavularia indicum (Thomson & Henderson, 1906) (original combination)
  20. Species Sympodium margaritaceum Grieg, 1888 accepted as Clavularia margaritaceum (Grieg, 1888) (original combination, basionym)
  21. Species Sympodium norvegicum Koren & Danielssen, 1883 accepted as Parerythropodium norvegicum (Koren & Danielssen, 1883) accepted as Alcyonium norvegicum (Koren & Danielssen, 1883) (original combination)
  22. Species Sympodium ochraceum Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Plexaurella dichotoma (Esper, 1788) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  23. Species Sympodium pacifica Verrill, 1866 accepted as Callipodium pacificum (Verrill, 1866) (original combination)
  24. Species Sympodium pulchrum Thomson & Henderson, 1906 accepted as Clavularia pulchrum (Thomson & Henderson, 1906) (original combination, now a secondary homonym of Clavularia pulchra Thomson & Henderson, 1906)
  25. Species Sympodium punctatum May, 1898 accepted as Parerythropodium punctatum (May, 1898) (original combination)
  26. Species Sympodium purpurascens (Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Anthelia glauca Lamarck, 1816 (synonym)
  27. Species Sympodium salomonense Thomson & Mackinnon, 1910 accepted as Corallium salomonense (Thomson & Mackinnon, 1910) (original combination)
  28. Species Sympodium tenue Thomson & Henderson, 1906 accepted as Clavularia tenue (Thomson & Henderson, 1906) (original combination)
  29. Species Sympodium verum Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Erythropodium caribaeorum (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  30. Species Sympodium abyssorum Danielssen, 1887 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, Gersemia sp.)
  31. Species Sympodium antarcticum Gravier, 1913 (uncertain)
  32. Species Sympodium glomeratum Wright & Studer, 1889 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, ?Clavularia sp.)
  33. Species Sympodium hyalinum Grieg, 1887 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, Clavularia sp.)
  34. Species Sympodium massa Ehrenberg, 1834 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, Alcyonium sp.)
  35. Species Sympodium poriferum Verrill, 1863 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  36. Species Sympodium roseum Ehrenberg, 1834 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  37. Species Sympodium splendens Thomson & Henderson, 1906 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, ?Parerythropodium sp. )
  38. Species Sympodium verrilli Wright & Studer, 1889 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, ?Clavularia sp.)
marine, terrestrial
Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29725862
page(s): 285 [details]   
McFadden, C.S.; Cordeiro, R.; Williams, G.; van Ofwegen, L. (2024). World List of Octocorallia. Sympodium Ehrenberg, 1834. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=204328 on 2024-04-19
1997-09-01 14:43:33Z
2010-09-16 09:11:12Z

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

original description Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29725862
page(s): 285 [details]   

original description  (of Massarella Gray, 1869) Gray, J.E. (1869). Notes on the fleshy alcyonoid corals (Alcyonium, Linn., or Zoophytaria carnosa). <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History, ser. 4.</em> 3(13-18): 117-131., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/24740479
page(s): 119 [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Benayahu, Y (1993). Corals of the South-west Indian Ocean. I. Alcyonacea from Sodwana Bay, South Africa. Oceanographic Research Institute, Investigational Report No. 67. 16 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Alderslade, P. (2001). Six new genera and six new species of soft coral, and some proposed familial and subfamilial changes within the Alcyonacea. <em>Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington.</em> 10:15-65.
page(s): 63 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Alderslade, P. (2003). A new genus and species of soft coral (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea: Alcyoniidae) from Lord Howe Island, Australia. <em>Zoologische Verhandelingen.</em> 345: 19-30., available online at https://repository.naturalis.nl/pub/220290
page(s): 20 [details]   

additional source Weinberg, S. (1977). Revision of the common Octocorallia of the Mediterranean circalittoral II. Alcyonacea. <em>Beaufortia.</em> 25(326): 131-166., available online at https://repository.naturalis.nl/pub/505058
page(s): 144 [details]   

additional source Utinomi, H. (1960). Noteworthy octocorals collected off the southwest coast of Kii Peninsula, Middle Japan. Part I. Stolonifera and Alcyonacea. <em>Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory.</em> 8(1): 1-26, plates 1-2., available online at https://repository.kulib.kyoto-u.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2433/174706/1/fia0081_001.pdf
page(s): 4 [details]   

additional source Utinomi, H. (1971). Port Phillip Bay Survey 2. Octocorallia. <em>Mem. Nat. Mus. Vic.</em> 32: 7-18.
page(s): 10 [details]   

additional source May, W. (1899). Beitrage zur Systematik und Chorologie der Alcyonaceen. <em>Jenaische Zeitschrift fur Naturwissenschaft.</em> 33: 1-180.
page(s): 47-51 [details]   

additional source Roxas, H.A. (1933). Philippine Alcyonaria. The families Cornulariidae and Xeniidae. <em>The Philippine Journal of Science.</em> 50: 49-110.
page(s): 107 [details]   

additional source Kükenthal, W. (1916). Die Gorgonarien Westindiens. Kap. 1, Die Scleraxonier; Kap. 2, Über den Venusfächer; Kap. 3, Die Gattung Xiphigorgia. <em>Zoologische Jahrbucher.</em> Suppl. 11: 443-504, plate 23., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14178786
page(s): 452-456 [details]   

additional source Hickson, S.J. (1930). Some Alcyonarians from the Eastern Pacific Ocean. <em>Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 1930(14): 209-227, plates 1-3.
page(s): 209, 210, 214 [details]   

additional source Deichmann, E. (1936). The Alcyonaria of the western part of the Atlantic Ocean. <em>Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard College.</em> 53: 1-317, plates 1-37., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/4363633
page(s): 31 [details]   

additional source Benayahu, Y.; Ekins, M.; McFadden, C.S. (2021). Overview of the genus Sympodium (Ehrenberg, 1834) (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea, Xeniidae), with the description of new species, revealing regional endemism. <em>Zootaxa 5072(4): 324-350.</em> , available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5072.4.2 [details]   

additional source Fabricius, K.; Alderslade, P. (2001). Soft Corals and Sea Fans: A Comprehensive Guide to the Shallow-water Genera of the Central-West Pacific, the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville.</em> pp. 264.
page(s): iv, 45, 46, 54, 136, 148-149 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1989). A review of recent research on the sublittoral coral reefs of northern Natal with a provisional assessment of findings regarding the distribution of octocorals on Two-Mile Reef, Sodwana Bay. South African Journal of Science, 85, 140-141
page(s): 140 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1993). Coral Reef Octocorals: An Illustrated Guide to the Soft Corals, Sea Fans and Sea Pens Inhabiting the Coral Reefs of Northern Natal. Durban Natural Science Museum. Durban., pp. 63.
page(s): 12 [details]   

additional source Gohar, H. A. F. (1940). The development of some Xeniidae (Alcyonaria) (with some ecological aspects). Publications of the Marine Biological Station Al Ghardaqa (Red Sea), 3, 27-78, plates I-V
page(s): 58, 62, 67 [details]   

additional source Verrill, A. E. (1922). The Alcyonaria of the Canadian Arctic Expedition, 1913-1918, with a revision of some other Canadian genera and species. Report on the Canadian Arctic Expedition 1913-1918, 8, G, G3-G87, available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/38351360
page(s): 7 [details]   

additional source Hwang, S. J.; Song, J. I. (2007). Reproductive biology and larval development of the temperate soft coral Dendronephthya gigantea (Alcyonacea: Nephtheidae). Marine Biology, 152, 273-284
page(s): 274 [details]   
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
Japanese チヂミウミアザミ属  [details]