WoRMS taxon details

Plexaurella dichotoma (Esper, 1788)

290812  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:290812)

Eunicea anceps Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Gorgonia dichotoma Esper, 1791 · unaccepted > superseded combination (original combination)
Plexaura dichotoma (Esper, 1791) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Sympodium ochraceum Ehrenberg, 1834 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym


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marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(of Gorgonia dichotoma Esper, 1791) Esper, E.J.C. (1794). Die Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet, nebst Beschreibungen. Zweyter Theil. (Raspe: Nürnberg): 1-303. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/50841660
page(s): 59-60 [details]   
McFadden, C.S.; Cordeiro, R.; Williams, G.; van Ofwegen, L. (2023). World List of Octocorallia. Plexaurella dichotoma (Esper, 1788). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=290812 on 2023-12-06
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
2010-09-17 06:17:46Z
2021-11-08 19:39:22Z

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

original description  (of Gorgonia dichotoma Esper, 1791) Esper, E.J.C. (1794). Die Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet, nebst Beschreibungen. Zweyter Theil. (Raspe: Nürnberg): 1-303. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/50841660
page(s): 59-60 [details]   

original description  (of Eunicea anceps Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) Duchassaing P, Michelotti J. (1860). Mémoire sur les coralliaires des Antilles. <em>Mémoires de l'Academie des Sciences de Turin, séries 2.</em> 19: 279-365, pls 1-10., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12140332
page(s): 301 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Sympodium ochraceum Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29725862
page(s): 286; note: not sure if this is the original description, or if it should be Esper [details]   

context source (Bermuda) Sterrer, W. (1986). Marine fauna and flora of Bermuda: a systematic guide to the identification of marine organisms. <em>Wiley-Interscience Publication. Wiley.</em> 742 pp (Nemertini part). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record van Ofwegen, L.P., S.D. Cairns & J. van der Land (eds). (2000-2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., and Bayer, F.M., 2009. Octocorallia (Cnidaria) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 321–331 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Alcolado, P. M. (1985). Sinonimia de Plexaurella fusifera Künze, 1916, con P. dichotoma (Esper, 1791) (Coelenterata: Gorgonacea). <em>Poeyana.</em> 294: 1-3.
page(s): 1-3 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Kükenthal, W. (1924). Coelenterata: Gorgonaria. in: Das Tierreich (Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen). 47. 478 pp.
page(s): 103-104 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bayer, F.M. (1961). The shallow-water Octocorallia of the West Indian region. A manual for marine biologists. <em>Studies on the Fauna of Curacao and Other Caribbean Islands.</em> 12:1-373, pls. 1-23., available online at https://repository.naturalis.nl/pub/506065
page(s): 5, 131, 169, 170-172, 242, 325, 328, 329, 332, 333, 338, 356, Pl. VI, XXIII-XXV [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bayer, F.M. (1957). Additional records of Western Atlantic octocorals. <em>Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences.</em> 47(11): 379-390., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/39753773
page(s): 389 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bayer, F. M. (1954). Anthozoa: Alcyonaria. <em>Fisheries Bulletin of the Fish and Wildlife Service (U.S.).</em> 89: 279-284.
page(s): 280 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Lasker, H. R.; Coffroth, M. (1983). Octocoral distributions at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 13, 21-28
page(s): 23, 25 [details]   

additional source Wirshing, H. H.; Messing, C. G.; Douady, C. J.; Reed, J. K.; Stanhope, M. J. (2005). Molecular evidence for multiple lineages in the gorgonian family Plexauridae (Anthozoa: Octocorallia). Marine Biology, 147, 497-508
page(s): 500, 503, 505, 506 [details]   

additional source Sánchez, J. A.; Wirshing, H. H. (2005). A field key to the identification of tropical western Atlantic zooxanthellate octocorals (Octocorallia: Cnidaria). Caribbean Journal of Science, 41(3): 508-522
page(s): 514, 518, 520 [details]   

additional source Amaral, F. D.; Ramos, C. A. C.; Leão, Z. M. A. N.; Kikuchi, R. K. P.; Lima, K. K. M.; Longo, L.; Cordeiro, R. T. S.; Lira, S. M. A.; Vasconcelos, S. L. (2009). Checklist and morphometry of benthic cnidarians from the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Brazil. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 50, 277-290
page(s): 282 [details]   

status source Cordeiro, R. T. S.; McFadden, C. S.; Sánchez, J. A.; Pérez, C. D. (2021). Revision of the genus Plexaurella Kölliker, 1865 (Anthozoa: Octocorallia) and resurrection of Plexaurellidae Verrill, 1912 new rank. <em>Invertebrate Systematics.</em> 35(8) 892-921., available online at https://www.publish.csiro.au/IS/IS21003 [details]   
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 

English slit-pore sea roddouble-forked plexaurella  [details]