WoRMS source details

Baird, William. (1865). Contributions towards a monograph of the species of Annelides belonging to the Aphroditacea, containing a list of the known species, and a description of some new species contained in the National Collection of the British Museum. The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology. 8(31-32): 172-202.
10.1111/j.1096-3642.1865.tb02438.x [view]
Baird, William
Contributions towards a monograph of the species of <i>Annelides</i> belonging to the <i>Aphroditacea</i>, containing a list of the known species, and a description of some new species contained in the National Collection of the British Museum.
The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology
8(31-32): 172-202
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
[Introduction as follows:]
"Animalium molluscorum in mari degentium vix centesimam partem bene novimus. Tanta autem est Naturae in eorum forma et fabrica varietas, et tanta non modo inter genus et genus, sed inter generum extremas quoque species plerumque discrepantia, ut vel exercitatissimi in his saepe dubii haereant quonam hoc vel illud noviter repertum ex hac classe animal referant, quove nomine adpellent." — Pallas. Miscell. Zool. p. 72.
Amongst the Aphroditacea are several Annelides which are remarkable for their size and beauty. The genus Aphrodita, from which the family derives its name, was created by Linnaeus to contain the brilliantly shining and splendidly iridescent-haired worm, commonly known by the name of the Sea-Mouse, and several other allied species which now form the types of distinct genera. Of these MM. Audouin and Milne-Edwards enumerate 6, and Grrube 7; but later authors have so increased the number of species belonging to these, that Kinberg, a Swedish naturalist, and one of the most receut writers on the subject of the Annelides, has found it convenient to form almost each of the older genera into distinct families. In this paper I propose adopting his arrangement, as well as his terminology.
MM. Audouin and Milne-Edwards, and most succeeding authors, describe the animals belonging to the Aphroditacea as possessing five antennae — one, single, in the centre, which they call the median antenna, or antenne impaire, two others (one on each side) which they denominate the intermediate, and two others, which they call the external. In addition to these organs connected with the head, are a pair of antenna-like organs which terminate the first pair of feet, instead of a fascicle of bristles, and which they describe by the name of the ventral cirri of the first pair of feet. Kinberg looks upon the single antenna in the centre as being a tentacle or feeler; the intermediate antennae he considers the true antennae; and the external ones he calls palpi; whilst the ventral cirri of the first pair of feet are denominated the buccal cirri.
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2018-11-05 15:55:38Z

Antinoe exanthema (Grube, 1856) accepted as Harmothoe exanthema (Grube, 1856) (source of synonymy)
Antinoe fasciculosa (Blanchard in Gay, 1849) accepted as Polynoe fasciculosa Blanchard in Gay, 1849 (new combination reference)
Antinoe granulosa (Rathke, 1837) accepted as Harmothoe reticulata (Claparède, 1870) (source of synonymy)
Antinoe impar (Johnston, 1839) accepted as Harmothoe impar (Johnston, 1839) (source of synonymy)
Antinoe longisetis (Grube, 1863) accepted as Harmothoe longisetis (Grube, 1863) (source of synonymy)
Antinoe macrolepidota (Schmarda, 1861) accepted as Harmothoe macrolepidota (Schmarda, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Antinoe marginata (Grube, 1856) accepted as Halosydna marginata (Grube, 1856) (source of synonymy)
Antinoe pellucida (Dyster in Johnston, 1865) accepted as Lepidonotus pellucidus Dyster in Johnston, 1865 (new combination reference)
Antinoe polytricha (Schmarda, 1861) accepted as Harmothoe crucis (Grube, 1856) (source of synonymy)
Antinoe spinifera (Ehlers, 1864) accepted as Harmothoe spinifera (Ehlers, 1864) (source of synonymy)
Antinoe tenuisetis (Grube, 1856) accepted as Polynoe tenuisetis Grube, 1856 (source of synonymy)
Antinoe violacea (Schmarda, 1861) accepted as Polynoe violacea Schmarda, 1861 (source of synonymy)
Aphrodita australis Baird, 1865 (original description)
Aphrodite australis Baird, 1865 accepted as Aphrodita australis Baird, 1865 (original description)
Halosydna fragilis (Baird, 1863) accepted as Arctonoe fragilis (Baird, 1863) (source of synonymy)
Halosydna grubei (Baird, 1863) (new combination reference)
Halosydna virens (Blanchard in Gay, 1849) accepted as Lepidasthenia virens (Blanchard in Gay, 1849) (source of synonymy)
Harmothoe areolata (Grube, 1860) (additional source)
Harmothoe assimilis (Örsted, 1843) (basis of record)
Harmothoe fasciculosa (Grube, 1840) accepted as Polynoe fasciculosa Grube, 1840 (new combination reference)
Harmothoe nodosa (M. Sars, 1861) accepted as Eunoe nodosa (M. Sars, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Harmothoe plumosa (Grube, 1840) accepted as Harmothoe extenuata (Grube, 1840) (source of synonymy)
Harmothoe rarispina (M. Sars, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Harmothoe setosissima (Lamarck, 1818) (source of synonymy)
Harmothoe unicolor Baird, 1865 accepted as Harmothoe imbricata (Linnaeus, 1767) (original description)
Hermadion extenuata (Grube, 1840) accepted as Harmothoe extenuata (Grube, 1840) (source of synonymy)
Hermadion ferox Baird, 1865 accepted as Antarctinoe ferox (Baird, 1865) (original description)
Hermadion fuligineum Baird, 1865 accepted as Harmothoe spinosa Kinberg, 1856 (original description)
Hermadion trochiscophora (Schmarda, 1861) accepted as Lepidonotus semitectus (Stimpson, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Hermione chrysocoma Baird, 1865 accepted as Pontogenia chrysocoma (Baird, 1865) (original description)
Iphione Kinberg, 1856 (additional source)
Iphionidae Kinberg, 1856 (status source)
Laetmatonice [auctt.] accepted as Laetmonice Kinberg, 1856 (basis of record)
Laetmatonice kinbergi Baird, 1865 accepted as Laetmonice filicornis Kinberg, 1856 (original description)
Lepidonote assimilis Örsted, 1843 accepted as Harmothoe assimilis (Örsted, 1843) (source of synonymy)
Lepidonotus bowerbanki Baird, 1865 (original description)
Lepidonotus fusicirrus (Schmarda, 1861) (basis of record)
Lepidonotus oculatus Baird, 1865 (original description)
Lepidonotus sinclairi Baird, 1865 accepted as Lepidonotus polychromus Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Lepidonotus squamatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Lepidonotus stellatus Baird, 1865 accepted as Lepidonotus glaucus (Peters, 1854) (original description)
Norepea Baird, 1865 accepted as Iphione Kinberg, 1856 (original description)
Norepea peronea (Schmarda, 1861) accepted as Iphione muricata (Lamarck, 1818) (new combination reference)
Polinoe scutellata Risso, 1826 accepted as Lepidonotus squamatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Polynoe areolata Grube, 1860 accepted as Harmothoe areolata (Grube, 1860) (source of synonymy)
Polynoe fusicirra Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Lepidonotus fusicirrus (Schmarda, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Thormora Baird, 1865 (original description)
Thormora jukesii Baird, 1865 (original description)
Holotype NHMUK 1845.9.26.4, geounit Mediterranean Sea, identified as Hermione chrysocoma Baird, 1865
Holotype NHMUK 1863.9.23.4, geounit Australia, identified as Lepidonotus stellatus Baird, 1865
Syntype NHMUK 1865.12.23.2, geounit South Australian Gulfs, identified as Aphrodita australis Baird, 1865

Baird 1865: "Bases of antennae produced from the anterior margin of the cephalic lobe ; elytra 12 pairs, not ... [details]


Lepidonotus oculatus name derivation is obliquely stated by Baird via the comment that elytra are "near the centre ... [details]


Possibly the first creation of Laetmatonice as a misspelling of Laetmonice is in Baird (1865: 179). Baird presents ... [details]


Questionably recombined in Harmothoe by Baird (1865:195) but is indeterminable according to Barnich & Fiege (2009) [details]


Baird (1865: 192) transferred many names to Antinoe, and included Lepidonotus pellucidus among them [details]

 Type locality

Port Lincoln, South Australia, 34°44'S 135°52'E [details]

 Type locality

Esquimalt Harbour, Vancouver Island, Canada, Pacific coast [details]

 Type locality

Australia, unspecified. Baird did not know the collection location. It was collected by Bowerbank "from the seas of ... [details]

 Type locality

New Zealand, not further specified. [details]

 Type locality

Baird did not know the type locality. He wrote: "we are indebted to Mr. Jukes, who collected it during the voyage ... [details]