WoRMS taxon details

Iphione Kinberg, 1856

206125  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:206125)

accepted
Genus
Polynoe muricata Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Iphione muricata (Lamarck, 1818) (type by subsequent designation)
Norepa [auct. misspelling for Norepea] (misspelling of Norepea Baird, 1865)
Norepea Baird, 1865 (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Kinberg, J.G.H. (1856). Nya slägten och arter af Annelider, Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhhandlingar Stockholm, 12 (9-10), 381-388 [read 1855; printed 1856]., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15970133
page(s): 383 [details]   
Note Type species Polynoe muricata 'Savigny 1818'...  
Type species Type species Polynoe muricata 'Savigny 1818' [=Lamarck] in Fauchald (1977), but Iphione ovata Kinberg in Hartman (1959). Pettibone (1986:2) concluded that Baird (1865) had subsequently assigned the type species status to Polynoe muricata in a statement that the 'typical species' is the Polynoe muricata of Savigny (referring to Savigny's later more detailed description than in Lamarck). However, in Article 67.5 the ICZN Code explicitly rules out such designations based on the word 'typical'. Thus Baird (1865) did not designate the type species of Iphione. A type species concept for a genus was introduced by the Strickland code (1878). Thus subsequent designations of the type of a genus earlier than 1878 are unlikely. It is possible Hartman (1959) is the first to designate a type (as Iphione ovata), but it is unknown why she did this when I. ovata was often treated as a synonym of the more often reported I. muricata, and it is equally possible she was simply repeating an earlier usage. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2021). World Polychaeta Database. Iphione Kinberg, 1856. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=206125 on 2021-07-26
Date
action
by
1997-08-26 11:57:53Z
created
2000-08-01 09:52:29Z
changed
Vermaercke, Sigrid
2006-08-12 14:17:32Z
changed
2007-01-23 08:53:40Z
changed
2007-02-01 10:44:13Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2014-06-30 22:32:35Z
changed
2020-08-14 09:22:19Z
changed

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original description Kinberg, J.G.H. (1856). Nya slägten och arter af Annelider, Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhhandlingar Stockholm, 12 (9-10), 381-388 [read 1855; printed 1856]., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15970133
page(s): 383 [details]   

original description  (of Norepea Baird, 1865) Baird, William. (1865). Contributions towards a monograph of the species of <i>Annelides</i> belonging to the <i>Aphroditacea</i>, containing a list of the known species, and a description of some new species contained in the National Collection of the British Museum. <em>The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology.</em> 8(31-32): 172-202., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/31601914
page(s): 200; note: for Polynoe peronea Schmarda, 1861 from Ceylon. Said to be similar to Polynoe {Iphione) muricata of Savigny [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Baird, William. (1865). Contributions towards a monograph of the species of <i>Annelides</i> belonging to the <i>Aphroditacea</i>, containing a list of the known species, and a description of some new species contained in the National Collection of the British Museum. <em>The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology.</em> 8(31-32): 172-202., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/31601914 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

identification resource Piotrowski, Christina 2014. A new scaleworm, Iphione malifera (Polychaeta: Iphionidae) from a coral reef in the Philippine Islands. The Coral Triangle: The 2011 Hearst Philippine Biodiversity Expedition. Williams, G.C.; Gosliner, T.M. eds. California Academy of Sciences. p. 155-164 , available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/izg/Hearst%20Biodiversity%20vol%20XWeb%20fileLRComp.pdf
page(s): 162 key to valid species [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Type species Type species Polynoe muricata 'Savigny 1818' [=Lamarck] in Fauchald (1977), but Iphione ovata Kinberg in Hartman (1959). Pettibone (1986:2) concluded that Baird (1865) had subsequently assigned the type species status to Polynoe muricata in a statement that the 'typical species' is the Polynoe muricata of Savigny (referring to Savigny's later more detailed description than in Lamarck). However, in Article 67.5 the ICZN Code explicitly rules out such designations based on the word 'typical'. Thus Baird (1865) did not designate the type species of Iphione. A type species concept for a genus was introduced by the Strickland code (1878). Thus subsequent designations of the type of a genus earlier than 1878 are unlikely. It is possible Hartman (1959) is the first to designate a type (as Iphione ovata), but it is unknown why she did this when I. ovata was often treated as a synonym of the more often reported I. muricata, and it is equally possible she was simply repeating an earlier usage. [details]