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Porifera source details

Lendenfeld, R. Von 1889a. A Monograph of the Horny Sponges.(Trübner and Co.: London): iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50.
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Systematics, Taxonomy
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Antheroplax Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Thorecta Lendenfeld, 1888 (original description)
Aplysilla Schulze, 1878 (additional source)
Aplysilla compressa (Carter, 1882) accepted as Verongula gigantea (Hyatt, 1875) (new combination reference)
Aplysilla glacialis (Merejkowski, 1878) (misapplication)
Aplysilla pallida Lendenfeld, 1889 (original description)
Aplysilla rosea (Barrois, 1876) (additional source)
Aplysilla sulfurea Schulze, 1878 (additional source)
Aplysilla violacea Lendenfeld, 1883 accepted as Chelonaplysilla violacea (Lendenfeld, 1883) (basis of record)
Aplysina Nardo, 1834 (basis of record)
Aplysina aerophoba (Nardo, 1833) (additional source)
Aplysina archeri (Higgin, 1875) (additional source)
Aplysina capensis Carter, 1875 (additional source)
Aplysina carnosa Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Aplysina aerophoba (Nardo, 1833) (additional source)
Aplysina cauliformis (Carter, 1882) (additional source)
Aplysina cellulosa Hyatt, 1875 (additional source)
Aplysina crassa (Hyatt, 1877) accepted as Aiolochroia crassa (Hyatt, 1875) (basis of record)
Aplysina fistularis (Pallas, 1766) (additional source)
Aplysina flagelliformis Carter, 1882 accepted as Aplysina fulva (Pallas, 1766) (additional source)
Aplysina gigantea Hyatt, 1875 accepted as Verongula gigantea (Hyatt, 1875) (additional source)
Aplysina grisea Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Dictyodendrilla caespitosa (Carter, 1886) (original description)
Aplysina higginsii Lendenfeld, 1889 (original description)
Aplysina hirsuta (Hyatt, 1875) (additional source)
Aplysina holda Lendenfeld, 1889 (original description)
Aplysina inflata Carter, 1881 (additional source)
Aplysina massa Carter, 1886 accepted as Dictyodendrilla massa (Carter, 1886) (additional source)
Aplysina meandrina Lendenfeld, 1889 (original description)
Aplysina minuta Lendenfeld, 1889 (original description)
Aplysina procumbens Lendenfeld, 1889 (original description)
Aplysina ramosa Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Lendenfeldia ramosa (Lendenfeld, 1889) (original description)
Aplysina regularis Ridley, 1881 accepted as Spongionella regularis (Ridley, 1881) (additional source)
Aplysina reticulata Lendenfeld, 1889 (original description)
Aplysina spengelii Lendenfeld, 1889 (original description)
Aplysina spiculifera Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Dysidea spiculifera (Lendenfeld, 1888) (additional source)
Aplysina zetlandica (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Spongionella pulchella (Sowerby, 1804) (additional source)
Aplysinopsis Lendenfeld, 1888 (basis of record)
Aplysinopsis digitata Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Aplysinopsis elegans Lendenfeld, 1888 (basis of record)
Aplysinopsis elegans Lendenfeld, 1888 (basis of record)
Aplysinopsis pedunculata Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Aplysinopsis elegans Lendenfeld, 1888 (original description)
Bajalus Lendenfeld, 1885 accepted as Halisarca Johnston, 1842 (additional source)
Bajalus laxus Lendenfeld, 1885 accepted as Halisarca laxus (Lendenfeld, 1885) (basis of record)
Cacospongia dendroides var. dura Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Ircinia dendroides var. dura (Lendenfeld, 1889) (original description)
Cacospongia mollior sensu Ridley, 1884 accepted as Spongia (Spongia) hispida Lamarck, 1814 (source of synonymy)
Carteriospongia vermicularis (Lendenfeld, 1889) (original description)
Chalinopsilla arborea var. macropora Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Dactylia varia (Gray, 1843) (basis of record)
Chalinopsilla arborea var. massa Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Dactylia varia (Gray, 1843) (original description)
Chalinopsilla arborea var. micropora Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Dactylia varia (Gray, 1843) (basis of record)
Chalinopsilla arborea var. ramosa (Marshall, 1880) accepted as Psammoclema ramosum Marshall, 1880 (additional source)
Chalinopsilla australis Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Dactylia australis (Lendenfeld, 1888) (original description)
Chalinopsilla australis var. reticulata Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Dactylia australis (Lendenfeld, 1888) (original description)
Chalinopsilla candelabrum Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Dactylia candelabrum (Lendenfeld, 1889) (original description)
Chalinopsilla clavata Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Dactylia clavata (Lendenfeld, 1889) (original description)
Chalinopsilla impar (Carter, 1885) accepted as Dactylia impar Carter, 1885 (additional source)
Chalinopsilla paraspongia Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Paraspongia laxa Carter, 1885 (original description)
Chalinopsilla radix Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Dactylia radix (Lendenfeld, 1888) (original description)
Coscinoderma Carter, 1883 (basis of record)
Coscinoderma confragosum Poléjaeff, 1884 (additional source)
Coscinoderma lanuginosum Carter, 1883 accepted as Coscinoderma pesleonis (Lamarck, 1813) (basis of record)
Coscinoderma mathewsi (Lendenfeld, 1886) (source of synonymy)
Coscinoderma polygonum Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Thorecta polygonum (Lendenfeld, 1889) (additional source)
Coscinoderma pyriforme Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Coscinoderma pesleonis (Lamarck, 1813) (additional source)
Dactylia candelabrum (Lendenfeld, 1889) (original description)
Dactylia clavata (Lendenfeld, 1889) (original description)
Dactylochalina candelabrum Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) ramosa (Gray, 1843) (original description)
Darwinella Müller, 1865 (additional source)
Darwinella aurea Müller, 1865 accepted as Darwinella muelleri (Schultze, 1865) (basis of record)
Darwinella aurea sensu Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Darwinella dalmatica Topsent, 1905 (original description)
Darwinella australiensis Carter, 1885 (basis of record)
Dendrilla Lendenfeld, 1883 (basis of record)
Dendrilla aerophoba Lendenfeld, 1883 accepted as Ianthella aerophoba (Lendenfeld, 1883) (additional source)
Dendrilla caespitosa (Carter, 1886) accepted as Dictyodendrilla caespitosa (Carter, 1886) (basis of record)
Dendrilla cavernosa Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Dictyodendrilla cavernosa (Lendenfeld, 1888) (basis of record)
Dendrilla elegans Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Suberea elegans (Lendenfeld, 1888) (original description)
Dendrilla ianthelliformis Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Suberea ianthelliformis (Lendenfeld, 1888) (original description)
Dendrilla membranosa (Pallas, 1766) (additional source)
Dendrilla rosea Lendenfeld, 1883 (basis of record)
Dendrilla rosea var. digitata Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Dendrilla rosea Lendenfeld, 1883 (original description)
Dendrilla rosea var. typica Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Dendrilla rosea Lendenfeld, 1883 (basis of record)
Druinella Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Pseudoceratina Carter, 1885 (additional source)
Druinella rotunda Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Pseudoceratina durissima Carter, 1885 (original description)
Dysideopsis Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Hyrtios Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 (original description)
Dysideopsis alta (Poléjaeff, 1884) accepted as Hyrtios altus (Poléjaeff, 1884) (basis of record)
Dysideopsis compacta Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Hyrtios digitatus (Lendenfeld, 1888) (original description)
Dysideopsis digitata Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Hyrtios digitatus (Lendenfeld, 1888) (original description)
Dysideopsis elegans Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Hyrtios elegans (Lendenfeld, 1888) (original description)
Dysideopsis fusca (Ridley, 1884) accepted as Hyrtios erectus (Keller, 1889) (basis of record)
Dysideopsis gumminea (Ridley, 1884) accepted as Dysidea gumminea Ridley, 1884 (basis of record)
Dysideopsis marshalli Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Dysidea marshalli (Lendenfeld, 1889) (original description)
Dysideopsis oligoceras (Poléjaeff, 1884) accepted as Ircinia oligoceras (Poléjaeff, 1884) (basis of record)
Dysideopsis solida sensu Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Fenestraspongia intertexta (Carter, 1885) (original description)
Dysidicinia Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Ircinia Nardo, 1833 (original description)
Dysidicinia longispina (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Ircinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Euricinia Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Ircinia Nardo, 1833 (original description)
Euricinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (source of synonymy)
Euspongia bailyi Lendenfeld, 1886 accepted as Spongia (Spongia) bailyi (Lendenfeld, 1886) (basis of record)
Euspongia denticulata (Poléjaeff, 1884) accepted as Coscinoderma denticulatum Poléjaeff, 1884 (basis of record)
Euspongia excavata Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Spongia (Spongia) excavata (Lendenfeld, 1889) (original description)
Euspongia fistulosa Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Spongia (Spongia) fistulosa (Lendenfeld, 1889) (original description)
Euspongia hospes Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Spongia (Spongia) hospes (Lendenfeld, 1889) (original description)
Euspongia irregularis Lendenfeld, 1886 accepted as Spongia (Spongia) hispida Lamarck, 1814 (basis of record)
Euspongia irregularis var. dura Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Spongia (Spongia) hispida Lamarck, 1814 (original description)
Adriatic Sea for Darwinella aurea sensu Lendenfeld, 1889  (inaccurate)
Adriatic Sea for Hircinia (Euricinia) variabilis var. galea Lendenfeld, 1889 
Agulhas Bank for Phyllospongia (Antheroplax) schulzei Lendenfeld, 1889 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Stelospongia reticulata Lendenfeld, 1889 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Thorecta donar Lendenfeld, 1889 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Thorecta exemplum var. secunda (Lendenfeld, 1888) 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Dactylia candelabrum (Lendenfeld, 1889) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Euspongia excavata Lendenfeld, 1889 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Hyattella obscura Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bahamian for Hippospongia canaliculata var. cylindrica Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bahamian for Hippospongia canaliculata var. typica Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bahamian for Stelospongia cavernosa var. pyriformis Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bahamian for Stelospongia chaliniformis Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bahamian for Stelospongia retiformis Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bahamian for Thorecta dendroides Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bassian for Coscinoderma polygonum Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bassian for Coscinoderma pyriforme Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bassian for Dendrilla cavernosa Lendenfeld, 1888 
Bassian for Dendrilla rosea var. digitata Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bassian for Dysidea spiculifera (Lendenfeld, 1888) 
Bassian for Dysideopsis marshalli Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bassian for Dysideopsis solida sensu Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bassian for Halme irregularis var. lamellosa Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bassian for Halme irregularis var. micropora Lendenfeld, 1886 
Bassian for Hippospongia galea (Lendenfeld, 1886) 
Bassian for Hircinia (Psammocinia) vallata Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bassian for Hircinia (Sarcotragus) arbuscula Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bassian for Leiosella caliculata Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bassian for Phoriospongia chaliniformis sensu Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bassian for Psammopemma commune (Carter, 1885) 
Bassian for Psammopemma densum Marshall, 1880 
Bassian for Psammopemma fuliginosum (Carter, 1885) 
Bassian for Psammopemma marshalli Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bassian for Psammopemma tuberculatum Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bassian for Sigmatella corticata var. elegans Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bassian for Sigmatella corticata var. flabellum Lendenfeld, 1888 
Bassian for Sigmatella corticata var. mammillaris Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bassian for Sigmatella corticata var. serrata Lendenfeld, 1888 
Bassian for Sigmatella flabellipalmata (Carter, 1885) 
Bassian for Sigmatella turbo (Carter, 1885) 
Bassian for Spongelia elastica var. stellidermata (Carter, 1885) 
Bassian for Spongelia gracilis Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bassian for Spongelia laxa Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bassian for Stelospongia australis var. conulata Lendenfeld, 1888 
Bassian for Stelospongia australis var. levis (Poléjaeff, 1884)  (inaccurate)
Bassian for Stelospongia crassa Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bassian for Thorecta carteri Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bassian for Thorecta exemplum var. prima (Lendenfeld, 1885) 
Bassian for Thorecta exemplum var. secunda (Lendenfeld, 1888) 
Bassian for Thorecta exemplum var. tertia (Lendenfeld, 1888) 
Bassian for Thorecta radiatus Lendenfeld, 1889 
Bermuda for Spongia (Spongia) osculosa (Lendenfeld, 1889) 
Cape Howe for Dactylia candelabrum (Lendenfeld, 1889) 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Dysideopsis compacta Lendenfeld, 1888 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Dysideopsis elegans Lendenfeld, 1888 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Euspongia irregularis var. tenuis Lendenfeld, 1886 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Hippospongia equina var. elastica Lendenfeld, 1889 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Spongelia fragilis var. implexa (Ridley, 1884) 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Stelospongia implexa Lendenfeld, 1889 
Central New Zealand for Haastia navicularis Lendenfeld, 1888 
Central New Zealand for Hippospongia canaliculata var. microtuba Lendenfeld, 1889 
East African Coral Coast for Euspongia hospes Lendenfeld, 1889 
East Central Australian Shelf for Hippospongia galea (Lendenfeld, 1886) 
Floridian for Stelospongia caliculata Lendenfeld, 1889 
Floridian for Thorecta exemplum var. tertia (Lendenfeld, 1888)  (inaccurate)
Greater Antilles for Aplysina spengelii Lendenfeld, 1889 
Greater Antilles for Thorecta exemplum var. tertia (Lendenfeld, 1888)  (inaccurate)
Gulf of Aden for Hyattella tubaria Lendenfeld, 1889 
Houtman for Phyllospongia (Spongionella) arbuscula Lendenfeld, 1889 
Houtman for Phyllospongia (Spongionella) fissurata Lendenfeld, 1889 
Indian Ocean for Hippospongia densa Lendenfeld, 1889 
Indian Ocean for Hippospongia equina var. micropora Lendenfeld, 1889 
Indian Ocean for Hyattella meander Lendenfeld, 1889 
Indian Ocean for Thorecta murrayella Lendenfeld, 1889 
Leeuwin for Euspongia osculata Lendenfeld, 1889 
Leeuwin for Hippospongia cerebrum Lendenfeld, 1889 
Leeuwin for Hippospongia mollissima (Lendenfeld, 1889) 
Leeuwin for Leiosella elegans Lendenfeld, 1889 
Leeuwin for Leiosella flabellum Lendenfeld, 1889 
Leeuwin for Lendenfeldia plicata (Esper, 1794) 
Leeuwin for Phyllospongia (Antheroplax) dendyi Lendenfeld, 1889 
Leeuwin for Phyllospongia (Antheroplax) dendyi var. digitata Lendenfeld, 1889 
Leeuwin for Phyllospongia (Carteriospongia) vermicularis Lendenfeld, 1889 
Leeuwin for Sigmatella corticata var. elegans Lendenfeld, 1889 
Leeuwin for Stelospongia australis var. levis (Poléjaeff, 1884)  (inaccurate)
Leeuwin for Stelospongia cycni Lendenfeld, 1889 
Leeuwin for Thorecta gracillimus Lendenfeld, 1888 
Leeuwin for Thorecta meandrinus Lendenfeld, 1889 
Leeuwin for Thorecta pumilus Lendenfeld, 1889 
Madeiran Exclusive Economic Zone for Hyattella obscura Lendenfeld, 1889 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Aplysilla compressa (Carter, 1882)  (inaccurate)
Manning-Hawkesbury for Aplysilla glacialis (Merejkowski, 1878)  (inaccurate)
Manning-Hawkesbury for Aplysilla pallida Lendenfeld, 1889 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Aplysilla rosea (Barrois, 1876)  (inaccurate)
Manning-Hawkesbury for Aplysilla sulfurea Schulze, 1878  (inaccurate)
Manning-Hawkesbury for Aplysilla violacea Lendenfeld, 1883 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Aplysina meandrina Lendenfeld, 1889 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Aplysina ramosa Lendenfeld, 1889 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Aplysinopsis pedunculata Lendenfeld, 1889 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Chalinopsilla arborea var. massa Lendenfeld, 1888 
Lectotype BMNH, identified as Thorecta galeiformis Lendenfeld, 1889
Syntype BMNH 1844.9.13.3, locality Manning-Hawkesbury, identified as Thorecta radiatus Lendenfeld, 1889
Syntype BMNH 1859.3.7.2, locality Shark Bay, identified as Hippospongia equina var. massa Lendenfeld, 1889
Syntype BMNH 1869.4.21.3, locality Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef, identified as Hippospongia mollissima Lendenfeld, 1889
Holotype BMNH 1886.12.15.290, locality Bassian, identified as Thorecta carteri Lendenfeld, 1889
Lectotype BMNH 1886.12.15.317, locality Bassian, identified as Psammopemma tuberculatum Lendenfeld, 1889
Lectotype BMNH 1886.12.15.490, locality Bassian, identified as Halme irregularis var. lamellosa Lendenfeld, 1889
Syntype BMNH 1886.7.8.1, locality Manning-Hawkesbury, identified as Dendrilla elegans Lendenfeld, 1888
Holotype BMNH 1886.8.27, locality Manning-Hawkesbury, identified as Aplysina ramosa Lendenfeld, 1889
Lectotype BMNH 1886.8.27.129, locality Manning-Hawkesbury, identified as Thorecta meandrinus Lendenfeld, 1889
Lectotype BMNH 1886.8.27.219, locality Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef, identified as Thorecta freija Lendenfeld, 1889
Holotype BMNH 1886.8.27.221, locality Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria, identified as Thorecta wuotan Lendenfeld, 1889
Lectotype BMNH 1886.8.27.242, locality Manning-Hawkesbury, identified as Phoriospongia lamella var. osculata Lendenfeld, 1888
Holotype BMNH 1886.8.27.258, locality Manning-Hawkesbury, identified as Dysideopsis digitata Lendenfeld, 1888
Syntype BMNH 1886.8.27.297, locality Manning-Hawkesbury, identified as Phoriospongia lamella var. panis Lendenfeld, 1888
Lectotype BMNH 1886.8.27.3, locality Manning-Hawkesbury, identified as Aplysinopsis elegans Lendenfeld, 1888
Syntype BMNH 1886.8.27.376, locality Bassian, identified as Hircinia (Sarcotragus) arbuscula Lendenfeld, 1889
Lectotype BMNH 1908.2.4.1, locality Manning-Hawkesbury, identified as Hippospongia equina var. massa Lendenfeld, 1889
Lectotype BMNH 1931.5.21.1, locality Leeuwin, identified as Hippospongia cerebrum Lendenfeld, 1889
Holotype AM G8897, locality Manning-Hawkesbury, identified as Psammopemma rugosum Lendenfeld, 1888
Holotype AM Z663, locality Manning-Hawkesbury, identified as Sigmatella carcinophila Lendenfeld, 1889
 Distribution

"Australian Seas" [details]

 Distribution

"geographical and vertical distribution unknown" Lendenfeld, 1889 p 178 [details]

 Distribution

Indian Ocean without precise locality given. [details]

 Taxonomy

A comparative study of Brazilian and Australian specimens are needed, to be sure that it is the same species [details]

 Taxonomy

considered as "incertae sedis" by Hooper & Wiedenmayer, 1994, p 246 [details]



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