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Porifera taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia Nardo, 1833 
AphiaID: 131751

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDictyoceratida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrciniidae (Family)
Status accepted
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (type by subsequent designation)
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrciniidae Gray, 1867
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDysidicinia Lendenfeld, 1889 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuricinia Lendenfeld, 1889 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFilifera Lieberkühn, 1859 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFilifera (Hircinia) Schmidt, 1862 (genus transfer)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinella Lendenfeld, 1889 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia Nardo, 1834 (unjustified emendation)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia (Dysidicinia) Lendenfeld, 1889 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia (Euricinia) Lendenfeld, 1889 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia (Hircinella) Lendenfeld, 1889 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolytherses Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStematumenia Bowerbank, 1845 (junior synonym)
Sources  original description Nardo, G.D. 1833. Auszug aus einem neuen System der Spongiarien,wonach bereits die Aufstellung in der Universitäts-Sammlung zu Padua gemacht ist. Pp. 519-523. In: Isis, oder Encyclopädische Zeitung Coll.(Oken: Jena). [details] [full text]

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Direct child
taxa (102)

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 Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia akaroa Cook & Bergquist, 1999
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia anomala (Dendy, 1905)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia arbuscula (Hyatt, 1877)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia aruensis (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia arundinacea (Carter, 1880)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia atrovirens (Keller, 1889)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia aucklandensis Cook & Bergquist, 1999
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia cactiformis (Rao, 1941)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia cactus (Lendenfeld, 1889)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia caliculata (Lendenfeld, 1888)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia campana (Lamarck, 1814)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia chevreuxi (Topsent, 1894)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia clavata (Thiele, 1905)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia collectrix (Poléjaeff, 1884)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia condensa (Topsent, 1894)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia conulosa (Ridley, 1884)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia cuspidata (Wilson, 1902)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia cylindracea Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia dendroides (Schmidt, 1862)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia dendroides (Polejaeff, 1884)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia dickinsoni (de Laubenfels, 1936)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia digitata (Topsent, 1894)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia echinata (Keller, 1889)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia ectofibrosa (George & Wilson, 1919)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia favosa (Lieberkühn, 1859)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia felix (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia filamentosa (Lamarck, 1814)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia fistulosa Cook & Bergquist, 1999
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia flagelliformis (Carter, 1886)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia friabilis (Polejaeff, 1884)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia fusca (Carter, 1880)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia hummelincki van Soest, 1978
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia intertexta (Hyatt, 1877)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia irregularis (Poléjaeff, 1884)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia lendenfeldi de Laubenfels, 1948
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia marginalis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia microconulosa Pulitzer-Finali, 1982
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia mutans (Wilson, 1925)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia novaezealandiae Bergquist, 1961
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia oligoceras (Poléjaeff, 1884)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia oros (Schmidt, 1864)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia pauciarenaria Boury-Esnault, 1973
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia paucifilamentosa Vacelet, 1961
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia paupera (Thiele, 1905)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia pellita (Rao, 1941)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia pilosa Pulitzer-Finali, 1982
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia pinna (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia procumbens (Polejaeff, 1884)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia ramodigitata (Burton, 1934)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia ramosa (Keller, 1889)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia rectilinea (Hyatt, 1877)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia reteplana (Topsent, 1923)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia retidermata Pulitzer-Finali & Pronzato, 1981
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia rubra (Lendenfeld, 1889)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia schulzei (Dendy, 1905)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia selaginea (Lamarck, 1814)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia solida (Esper, 1794)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia solida (Carter, 1885)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia spiculosa (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia stipitata (Topsent, 1894)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia subaspera Cook & Bergquist, 1999
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia tintinnabula (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia tristis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia truncata (Topsent, 1894)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia tuberosa (Dendy, 1905)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia turrita Cook & Bergquist, 1999
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia undulans Cook & Bergquist, 1999
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia vallata (Dendy, 1887)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia verrucosa (Ferrer-Hernandez, 1914)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia vestibulata (Szymanski, 1904)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia wistarii Wilkinson, 1978

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia formosana Shen, Lo, Lin, Khalil, Kuo & Shih, 2006 (nomen nudum)

Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia (Sarcotragus) Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSarcotragus Schmidt, 1862
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia acuta (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia aligera (Burton, 1928) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSarcotragus aliger (Burton, 1928)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia arbuscula (Lendenfeld, 1889) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSarcotragus australis (Lendenfeld, 1888)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia clathrata (Carter, 1881) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyattella intestinalis (Lamarck, 1814)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia fasciculata (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSarcotragus fasciculatus (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia fasciculata sensu Vacelet, 1959 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia fistularis (Verrill, 1907) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia felix (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia flavescens (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia foetida (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSarcotragus spinosulus Schmidt, 1862
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia funiculata Pulitzer-Finali, 1982 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsammocinia vesiculifera (Poléjaeff, 1884)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia gigantea (Lendenfeld, 1889) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia irregularis (Poléjaeff, 1884)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia hebes (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia hirsuta (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia hospitum Nardo, 1833 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia jacksoniana Bergquist, 1980 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia lendenfeldi de Laubenfels, 1948
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia lingua (Schmidt, 1868) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia linguiformis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia longispina (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia muscarum (Schmidt, 1864) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSarcotragus foetidus Schmidt, 1862
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia panicea (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia pipetta (Schmidt, 1868) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSarcotragus pipetta (Schmidt, 1868)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia rigida Nardo, 1833 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia spinosula (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSarcotragus spinosulus Schmidt, 1862
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia spongiastrum Nardo, 1833 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia tenax Nardo, 1833 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia typica (Nardo, 1847) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia verrucosa (Lieberkühn, 1869) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From regional or thematic species database
Indian Ocean
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIndian Ocean [details]
Mozambique Channel
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorInhaca Island [details]
From other sources
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMalindi [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAnakao [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Mozambique Channel
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorQuirimba Archipelago [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]

Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Sponge Barcoding Database (Ircinia sp. 1244) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Sponge Barcoding Database (Ircinia sp. 1244) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Sponge Barcoding Database (Ircinia sp. 1244) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Sponge Barcoding Database (Ircinia sp. 2828) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Sponge Barcoding Database (Ircinia sp. 3173) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Sponge Barcoding Database (Ircinia sp. 3173) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Sponge Barcoding Database (Ircinia sp. 3304) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Sponge Barcoding Database (Ircinia sp. 3304) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Sponge Barcoding Database (Ircinia sp. 3313) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Sponge Barcoding Database (Ircinia sp. 3313) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Sponge Barcoding Database (Ircinia sp. 3325) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Sponge Barcoding Database (Ircinia sp. 3353) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Sponge Barcoding Database (Ircinia sp. 3810) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Sponge Barcoding Database (Ircinia sp. 3810) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Attribute Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFunctional group benthos » Stage adult (inherited from Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFunctional group plankton » Stage larva (inherited from Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera) [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFeedingtype filter feeder (inherited from Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera) [details]
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy All Nardo's 1833 Ircinia names are nomina nuda. Pronzato et al. (2004) proposed to indicate Ircinia spongiastrum as type species. This is very likely a growth form of the common Adriatic species Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862). This type species designation counteracts earlier attempts at type species designation by a.o. De Laubenfels (1948) and Cook & Bergquist (2002) which involved species not originally included in Ircinia when Nardo erected the genus. [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131751
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van Soest, Rob
2008-04-18 08:09:46Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2011-07-25 12:16:09Z  changed  Boury-Esnault, Nicole
  
[Taxonomic tree] [Google] [Google scholar] [Google images]
  Citation: Boury-Esnault, N.; van Soest, R. (2014). Ircinia Nardo, 1833. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Cristina Díaz, M.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database. Accessed through: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Cristina Díaz, M.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database at http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=131751 on 2014-07-29
  


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