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Porifera taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) 
AphiaID: 132362

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDictyoceratida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrciniidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Typetaxon of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia Nardo, 1833
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia Nardo, 1833
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuricinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (genus transfer)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia (Euricinia) variabilis Schmidt, 1862 (genus transfer)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia flavescens Schmidt, 1862 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia hebes Schmidt, 1862 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia hirsuta Schmidt, 1862 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia lingua Schmidt, 1868 (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia mammillaris Schmidt, 1868 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia panicea Schmidt, 1862 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia typica Nardo, 1847 (nomen nudum)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia variabilis Schmidt, 1862 (genus name correction)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia variabilis var. fistulata Szymanski, 1904 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia variabilis var. galea Lendenfeld, 1889 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia variabilis var. hirsuta Schmidt, 1862 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia variabilis var. mammillaris Schmidt, 1868 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia variabilis var. typica Nardo, 1847 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia fasciculata sensu Vacelet, 1959 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia flavescens (Schmidt, 1862) (genus transfer)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia hebes (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia hirsuta (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia hospitum Nardo, 1833 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia lingua (Schmidt, 1868) (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia panicea (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia rigida Nardo, 1833 (nomen nudum)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia spongiastrum Nardo, 1833 (nomen nudum)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia tenax Nardo, 1833 (nomen nudum)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia typica (Nardo, 1847) (nomen nudum)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis var. typica Nardo, 1847 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia cavernosa sensu Nardo, 1833 (genus transfer)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia licheniformis var. gamma Lamarck, 1814 (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Sources  original description Schmidt, O. 1862. Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7. [details] [full text]

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Direct child
taxa (2)

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Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis var. dendroides (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia dendroides (Schmidt, 1862)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis var. typica Nardo, 1847 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From editor or global species database
Adriatic Sea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdriatic Sea [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdriatic Sea [details]
Aegean Sea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAegean Sea [details]
Alboran Sea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlboran Sea [details]
Algeria
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlgeria [details]
Azores Canaries Madeira
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAzores Canaries Madeira [details]
Cape Verde
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCape Verde [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Croatia
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCroatia [details]
Greece
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGreece [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Gulf of Guinea West
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Guinea West [details]
Gulf of Mexico
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico (inaccurate[details]
Levantine Sea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLevantine Sea [details]
Mediterranean Sea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCanary Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
South European Atlantic Shelf
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSouth European Atlantic Shelf [details]
Southwestern Caribbean
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSouthwestern Caribbean (inaccurate[details]
Western Mediterranean
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorWestern Mediterranean [details]
(no group)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsraeli Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Mediterranean [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
From regional or thematic species database
Alboran Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorAlboran Island [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Cape Verde
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorCape Verde [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Mediterranean Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorMediterranean Sea [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
(no group)
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorWest Africa [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
From other sources
Mediterranean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorItalian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKerkennah Islands [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]

Specimens 

[show all]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (7 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (12 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (14 nucleotides; 7 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Porifera Collection 
Attribute Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFunctional group benthos » Stage adult (inherited from Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFunctional group plankton » Stage larva (inherited from Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera) [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFeedingtype filter feeder (inherited from Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera) [details]
Note 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy The assignment of Hircinia variabilis Schmidt as type species of the genus Ircinia is controversial. It is proposed by Pronzato et al. (2004) to name Ircinia spongiastrum Nardo, 1833 as type species. This is a nomen nudum and as such not available as a name for a valid (type) species. Subsequently these authors assign I. spongiastrum to the synonymy of Hircinia variabilis Schmidt, 1862 by which act this would become the type species of Ircinia. Previously, authors have attempted to assign Spongia fasciculata Pallas, 1766, as type of Ircinia, but that is not possible because this was not among the species mentioned by Nardo, 1833 under Ircinia. For Hircinia variabilis Schmidt to become type species 'officially', a verdict from the Committee of the ICZN appears necessary. [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:132362
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van Soest, Rob
2005-09-09 16:45:37Z  changed  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2006-09-04 18:27:42Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2006-11-07 19:57:12Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2006-11-08 10:20:37Z  changed  Vanhoorne, Bart
2010-05-06 19:18:19Z  checked  van Soest, Rob
  
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  Citation: van Soest, R. (2014). Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862). In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Cristina Díaz, M.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database. Accessed through: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Cristina Díaz, M.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database at http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=132362 on 2014-07-26
  


Website and databases developed and hosted by VLIZ · Page generated 2014-07-26 · contact: Rob van Soest