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Polychaeta taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite cirrata Müller, 1776

131474 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131474)
accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiro cirrata (Müller, 1776) (superseded subsequent combination in McIntosh, 1922)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite palmata Moore, 1906 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite radiata Moore, 1908 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis cirrosa Linnaeus, 1767 (objective synonym, senior but unused)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSabella cirrata (Müller, 1776) (superseded subsequent combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio cirrata König [pre-Linnaean] (objective synonym, pre-Linnaean)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella cirrata (Müller, 1776) (superseded subsequent combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella cirrhata [auct. misspelling] (misspelling in Montagu, 1819)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella montagui Quatrefages, 1866 (objective synonym as superfluous replacement name for a usage of A. cirrata)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTeredo arenaria Forskål, 1775 (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus: seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis. 1-274., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550
page(s): 216; note: Almost listing only but has three word diagnosis (cincinnis utrinque tribus) and refers back to Müller, 1771:188 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella montagui Quatrefages, 1866) Quatrefages, Armand de. (1866 [imprint date 1865]). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d'eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. Volume 2.. Première partie. 1-336. Deuxième Partie. 337-794. Explication des planches p.1-24. planches 1-20. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=M_xNAAAAcAAJ
page(s): 361; note: unnecessary replacement name for Terebella cirrhata misspelling of Montagu, 1819 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Gulf of St. Lawrence (unspecified region),...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Gulf of St. Lawrence (unspecified region), southern Gaspe waters (Baie des Chaleurs, Gaspe Bay to American, Orphan and Bradelle banks; eastern boundary: eastern Bradelle Valley), downstream part of middle St. Lawrence estuary, lower St. Lawrence estuary, Prince Edward Island (from the northern tip of Miscou Island, N.B. to Cape Breton Island south of Cheticamp, including the Northumberland Strait and Georges Bay to the Canso Strait causeway); lower North Shore; Cobscook Bay to Cape Hatteras [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature Strictly the name should be "Amphitrite...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature Strictly the name should be "Amphitrite cirrosa (Linnaeus, 1767). However, prevailing usage almost ever since Müller introduced the name has accepted and preferred to use Amphitrite cirrata Müller. Code Article 23.9, reversing precedence has not been invoked by an author as far as is known, but would likely apply (retaining A. cirrata Müller). Noting that the 1788 13th edition of Systema Naturae does not mention either name for species of Amphitrite. There are no "Amphitrite cirrosa" true records (but some false ones) indexed by BHL or ION at this time [G. Read comment, March 2015] [details]
Read, G.; Londoño Mesa, Mario H.; Bellan, G. (2016). Amphitrite cirrata Müller, 1776. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131474 on 2017-11-23

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2014-12-16 15:41:30Z
changed
2016-03-07 23:21:57Z
changed


original description Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus: seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis. 1-274., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550
page(s): 216; note: Almost listing only but has three word diagnosis (cincinnis utrinque tribus) and refers back to Müller, 1771:188 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite radiata Moore, 1908) Moore, J.P. (1908). Some polychaetous annelids of the northern Pacific coast of North America. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 60: 321-364., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30138#page/345/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis cirrosa Linnaeus, 1767) Linnaeus C. (1767). Caroli Linnaei...Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio duodecima. 1. Regnum Animale. 1 & 2 Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTeredo arenaria Forskål, 1775) Forsskål, P.; Niebuhr, C. (1775). Descriptiones animalium, avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium / quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris Rubri geographica. Hauniæ [Copenhagen]:ex officina Mölleri. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18564#page/9/mode/1up
page(s): 99 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite palmata Moore, 1906) Moore, J.P. (1906). New species of Ampharetidae and Terebellidae from the North Pacific. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 57: 846-860, plate XLVI., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30015#page/934/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite palmata Moore, 1906) Malmgren, A. J. (1866). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm. 22(5): 355-410., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/369/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella montagui Quatrefages, 1866) Quatrefages, Armand de. (1866 [imprint date 1865]). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d'eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. Volume 2.. Première partie. 1-336. Deuxième Partie. 337-794. Explication des planches p.1-24. planches 1-20. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=M_xNAAAAcAAJ
page(s): 361; note: unnecessary replacement name for Terebella cirrhata misspelling of Montagu, 1819 [details]   

taxonomy source Hessle, C. (1917). Zur Kenntnis der terebellomorphen Polychaeten. Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala. 5: 39-258, plates I-V., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/120026#page/51/mode/1up
page(s): 185 [details]   

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pollock, L.W. (1998). A practical guide to the marine animals of northeastern North America. Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick, New Jersey & London. 367 pp., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=i1AmT31cuR4C  [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Hartman, O. (1948). The polychaetous annelids of Alaska. Pacific Science. 2(1): 3-58., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/10125/8890 [details]   

additional source Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Dewarumez, Jean-Marie (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source McIntosh, W.C. 1923. A monograph of the British marine annelids. Polychaeta, Sabellidae to Serpulidae. With additions to the British marine Polychaeta during the publication of the monograph. Ray Society of London, 4(2): 251-538. [details]   

additional source Müller, Otto Friedrich. 1771. Von Würmern des süssen und salzigen Wassers. 1-200. H. Mumme and Faber. Copenhagen., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/item/50349#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 188; note: here Müller mentions Spio cirrata, but it is not an available name [details]   

additional source Okuda, Shiro. (1937). Annelida Polychaeta in Onagawa Bay and its vicinity. I. Polychaeta Sedentaria. Science Reports of the Tohoku Imperial University. Fourth Series Biology. 12(1): 45-69, plate 2.
page(s): 58; note: Further record for Japan with brief diagnosis. ION reports this record indexed under 'Amphitrite cirrosa' but Okuda uses the accepted A. cirrata spelling [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Holthe, T. (1986). Evolution, systematics, and distribution of the Polychaeta Terebellomorpha, with a catalogue of the taxa and a bibliography. Gunneria. 55: 1-236., available online at http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:331918/FULLTEXT01.pdf [details]   

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite radiata Moore, 1908) Moore, J.P. (1908). Some polychaetous annelids of the northern Pacific coast of North America. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 60: 321-364., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30138#page/345/mode/1up [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis cirrosa Linnaeus, 1767) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628.
page(s): 256; note: Hartman attributes N. cirrosa to Fabricius, 1780 page 285, but this is simply not correct. On that page Fabricius used Amphitrite cirrata, listing Nereis cirrosa from Syst.nat p.1085 as a junior synon... [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella cirrhata [auct. misspelling]) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella cirrhata [auct. misspelling]) McIntosh, W.C. 1922. A monograph of the British marine annelids. Polychaeta: Hermellidae to Sabellidae. London, Ray Society Vol. 4(1) pp.1-250. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/115340#page/9/mode/1up
page(s): 107; note: to Amphitrite cirrata [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella cirrhata [auct. misspelling]) Montagu, George. (1819). Descriptions of five British species of the genus Terebella. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. 12 (2): 340-344, pl. 11-13., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/758907
page(s): 342; note: Misspelling as 'cirrhata', description and body figure [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella montagui Quatrefages, 1866) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628.
note: placed as perhaps Amphitrite cirrata [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSabella cirrata (Müller, 1776)) Montagu, George. (1803). Testacea Britannica or Natural History of British Shells, Marine, Land, and Fresh-Water, Including the Most Minute: Systematically Arranged and Embellished with Figures. J. White, London, Vol. 1, xxxvii + 291 pp. and Vol. 2, 293–606., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/78694
page(s): 550; note: Text description. Sabella cirrata is mostly a reference to the tube, and Montagu was well aware the worm builder was Terebella cirrata [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite palmata Moore, 1906) Hartman, O. (1948). The polychaetous annelids of Alaska. Pacific Science. 2(1): 3-58., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/10125/8890 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite palmata Moore, 1906) Hessle, C. (1917). Zur Kenntnis der terebellomorphen Polychaeten. Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala. 5: 39-258, plates I-V., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/120026#page/51/mode/1up [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella cirrata (Müller, 1776)) Gmelin, J.F., 1788-1793. In: Linné, C., Systema naturae, Edit. 13 aucta et reformata cura J.F. Gmelin. 10 vols, Lipsiae. 1788-1793 et Lugduni, 1789-1796. -1,6, available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83098#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): tome 1(6): 3112; note: combination in Terebella based on Amphitrite cirrata Müller, 1776 (preferred over Linnaeus's Nereis cirrosa) [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio cirrata König [pre-Linnaean]) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628.
page(s): 390; note: Hartman refers the name to Amphitrite cirrata [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio cirrata König [pre-Linnaean]) Müller, Otto Friedrich. 1771. Von Würmern des süssen und salzigen Wassers. 1-200. H. Mumme and Faber. Copenhagen., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/item/50349#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 188; note: cited by Müller as the basis for Müller's Amphitrite [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio cirrata König [pre-Linnaean]) Quatrefages, Armand de. (1866 [imprint date 1865]). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d'eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. Volume 2.. Première partie. 1-336. Deuxième Partie. 337-794. Explication des planches p.1-24. planches 1-20. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=M_xNAAAAcAAJ
page(s): 363; note: mentioned by Quatrefages in the synonymy of his record of "Terebella cirrata", but elsewhere suggested to be a pre-Linnaean name, possibly unpublished [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiro cirrata (Müller, 1776)) McIntosh, W.C. 1922. A monograph of the British marine annelids. Polychaeta: Hermellidae to Sabellidae. London, Ray Society Vol. 4(1) pp.1-250. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/115340#page/9/mode/1up
page(s): 107, 108; note: a reference to "Montagu. MS. Linn. Soc., pi. xxviii, fig. 1", 108 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiro cirrata (Müller, 1776)) Montagu, George. (1808 unpublished MS). Unknown. MS, Linnean Society Library. cited by W McIntosh, A monograph of the British marine annelids. 1915 Vol 3(2):1915:112,133, 1922 Vol 4(1):107,115, etc. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite radiata Moore, 1908) Hartman, O. (1948). The polychaetous annelids of Alaska. Pacific Science. 2(1): 3-58., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/10125/8890 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTeredo arenaria Forskål, 1775) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Gulf of St. Lawrence (unspecified region), southern Gaspe waters (Baie des Chaleurs, Gaspe Bay to American, Orphan and Bradelle banks; eastern boundary: eastern Bradelle Valley), downstream part of middle St. Lawrence estuary, lower St. Lawrence estuary, Prince Edward Island (from the northern tip of Miscou Island, N.B. to Cape Breton Island south of Cheticamp, including the Northumberland Strait and Georges Bay to the Canso Strait causeway); lower North Shore; Cobscook Bay to Cape Hatteras [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEditor's comment McIntosh (1922) discussed unpublished plate figures of Montagu (reported by McIntosh as named Amphiro cirrata and Amphiro foetida) in relation to Amphitrite cirrata, with Amphiro cirrata listed in the synonymy. These names are treated as nomina dubia here and cannot be linked to A. cirrata formal synonymy. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature Strictly the name should be "Amphitrite cirrosa (Linnaeus, 1767). However, prevailing usage almost ever since Müller introduced the name has accepted and preferred to use Amphitrite cirrata Müller. Code Article 23.9, reversing precedence has not been invoked by an author as far as is known, but would likely apply (retaining A. cirrata Müller). Noting that the 1788 13th edition of Systema Naturae does not mention either name for species of Amphitrite. There are no "Amphitrite cirrosa" true records (but some false ones) indexed by BHL or ION at this time [G. Read comment, March 2015] [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPublication date In 1776 Müller uses the name and gives a three word diagnosis (cincinnis utrinque tribus). He refers back to Müller, 1771:188, but strictly Müller doesn't make the name available there. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSynonymy Amphitrite cirrata has been in prevailing usage since late 1700s at least (see Fabricius, 1780:285, although strictly "Nereis cirrosa" of Linnaeus, 1767:1085 is the senior objective synonym. Both names were apparently derived in relation to a pre-Linnaean name, Spio cirrata König, about which no further information seems available. Linnaeus appears to have changed the epithet spelling, whereas Müller retained the spelling of König, but also mentioned Linnaeus's usage. Many subsequent authors were aware of the Linnaeus spelling, but still used the Müller spelling with Linnaeus's name as a synonym. See also the code interpretation of A. cirrata at AnimalBase [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]
 

Feeding Type
deposit feeder: surface [details]
interface feeder [details]
suspension feeder: facultative [details]