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Polychaeta taxon details

Scoloplos Blainville, 1828

129425  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129425)

accepted
Genus
Alcandra Kinberg, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Branchethus Chamberlin, 1919 (subjective synonym)
Labotas Kinberg, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Scolaricia Eisig, 1914 (subjective synonym)
Scoloplos (Scoloplos) Blainville, 1828· accepted, alternate representation (superseded nominal subgenus)
Species Scoloplos acutissimus Hartmann-Schröder, 1991
Species Scoloplos acutus (Verrill, 1873)
Species Scoloplos agrestis Nonato & Luna, 1970
Species Scoloplos armiger (Müller, 1776)
Species Scoloplos bathytatus Blake, 2017
Species Scoloplos brevithorax Eibye-Jacobsen, 2002
Species Scoloplos chrysochaeta Wu, 1962
Species Scoloplos cryptospinigerus Dean & Blake, 2015
Species Scoloplos dayi Hartmann-Schröder, 1980
Species Scoloplos depoorteri Jeldes & Lefevre, 1959
Species Scoloplos intermedius (Hartman, 1965)
Species Scoloplos juanfernandezensis Rozbaczylo, Díaz-Díaz & Cataldo, 2017
Species Scoloplos normalis (Day, 1977)
Species Scoloplos novaehollandiae (Kinberg, 1866)
Species Scoloplos pseudosimplex Eibye-Jacobsen, 2002
Species Scoloplos robustus Rullier, 1964
Species Scoloplos sagarensis Misra, 1999
Species Scoloplos similis Mackie, 1987
Species Scoloplos simplex (Hutchings, 1974)
Species Scoloplos suroestense Blake, 2017
Species Scoloplos tumidus Mackie, 1991
Species Scoloplos typicus (Eisig, 1914)
Species Scoloplos uschakovi Wu, 1962

Subgenus Scoloplos (Scoloplos) Blainville, 1828 represented as Scoloplos Blainville, 1828 (superseded nominal subgenus)
  » Species Scoloplos (Scoloplos) acmeceps Chamberlin, 1919
  » Species Scoloplos (Scoloplos) capensis (Day, 1961)
  » Species Scoloplos (Scoloplos) ehlersi Blake, 1985
  » Species Scoloplos (Scoloplos) marsupialis (Southern, 1921)
  » Species Scoloplos (Scoloplos) spinigerus Gallardo, 1968
  » Species Scoloplos (Scoloplos) texana (Maciolek & Holland, 1978)
  » Species Scoloplos (Scoloplos) acutissimus Hartmann-Schröder, 1991 accepted as Scoloplos acutissimus Hartmann-Schröder, 1991 (original alternate representation)
  » Species Scoloplos (Scoloplos) armiger (Müller, 1776) accepted as Scoloplos armiger (Müller, 1776) (superseded nominal subgenus)
  » Species Scoloplos (Scoloplos) dayi Hartmann-Schröder, 1980 accepted as Scoloplos dayi Hartmann-Schröder, 1980 (original alternate representation)
  » Species Scoloplos (Scoloplos) dayi Pettibone, 1957 accepted as Scolaricia dubia (Day, 1955) (objective synonym)
  » Species Scoloplos (Scoloplos) difficilis Day, 1977 accepted as Scoloplos simplex (Hutchings, 1974) (subjective synonym)
  » Species Scoloplos (Scoloplos) pugettensis Pettibone, 1957 accepted as Leitoscoloplos pugettensis (Pettibone, 1957) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Scoloplos (Scoloplos) riseri Pettibone, 1957 accepted as Orbinia riseri (Pettibone, 1957) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Scoloplos (Scoloplos) schmitti Pettibone, 1957 accepted as Califia schmitti (Pettibone, 1957) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Scoloplos (Scoloplos) simplex (Hutchings, 1974) accepted as Scoloplos simplex (Hutchings, 1974) (unaccepted alternate representation)
Species Scoloplos acmeceps Chamberlin, 1919 represented as Scoloplos (Scoloplos) acmeceps Chamberlin, 1919 (superseded original combination)
Species Scoloplos capensis Day represented as Scoloplos (Scoloplos) capensis (Day, 1961)
Species Scoloplos chevalieri (Fauvel, 1901) represented as Scoloplos (Leodamas) chevalieri (Fauvel, 1902)
Species Scoloplos johnstonei Day, 1934 represented as Scoloplos (Leodamas) johnstonei (Day, 1934) (superseded original combination)
Species Scoloplos madagascariensis Fauvel, 1919 represented as Scoloplos (Leodamas) madagascariensis (Fauvel, 1919)
Species Scoloplos marsupialis Southern, 1921 represented as Scoloplos (Scoloplos) marsupialis (Southern, 1921) (superseded original combination)
Species Scoloplos rubra (Webster, 1879) represented as Scoloplos (Leodamas) rubra (Webster, 1879)
Species Scoloplos texana Maciolek & Holland, 1978 represented as Scoloplos (Scoloplos) texana (Maciolek & Holland, 1978) (superseded original combination)
Species Scoloplos thalassae Amoureux, 1982 represented as Scoloplos (Leodamas) thalassae Amoureux, 1982

Subgenus Scoloplos (Leodamas) (Kinberg, 1866) accepted as Leodamas Kinberg, 1866 (superseded subsequent subgeneric combination)
  » Species Scoloplos (Leodamas) chevalieri (Fauvel, 1902)
  » Species Scoloplos (Leodamas) dendrobranchus Hartman, 1957
  » Species Scoloplos (Leodamas) dendrocirris Day, 1977
  » Species Scoloplos (Leodamas) fimbriatus Hartman, 1957
  » Species Scoloplos (Leodamas) gracilis Pillai, 1961
  » Species Scoloplos (Leodamas) johnstonei (Day, 1934)
  » Species Scoloplos (Leodamas) latum (Chamberlin, 1919)
  » Species Scoloplos (Leodamas) madagascariensis (Fauvel, 1919)
  » Species Scoloplos (Leodamas) mazatlanensis Fauchald, 1972
  » Species Scoloplos (Leodamas) naumovi Averincev, 1982
  » Species Scoloplos (Leodamas) rubra (Webster, 1879)
  » Species Scoloplos (Leodamas) thalassae Amoureux, 1982
  » Species Scoloplos (Leodamas) tribulosus (Ehlers, 1897)
  » Species Scoloplos (Leodamas) uniramus Day, 1961
  » Species Scoloplos (Leodamas) cirratus (Ehlers, 1897) accepted as Leodamas cirratus (Ehlers, 1897) (superseded subsequent combination)
  » Species Scoloplos (Leodamas) marginatus (Ehlers, 1897) accepted as Leodamas marginatus (Ehlers, 1897) (rank upgrade to genus)
  » Species Scoloplos (Leodamas) ohlini (Ehlers, 1901) accepted as Leodamas cirratus (Ehlers, 1897) (superseded subsequent combination of subjective synonym)
  » Species Scoloplos (Leodamas) robustus (Kinberg, 1866) accepted as Leodamas robustus (Kinberg, 1866) (rank upgrade to genus)
  » Species Scoloplos (Leodamas) verax (Kinberg, 1866) accepted as Leodamas verax Kinberg, 1866 (superseded subsequent combination)
Subgenus Scoloplos (Naidonereis) [auct. misspelling for Naineris] accepted as Naineris Blainville, 1828 (superseded subsequent rank change of misspelling)
  » Species Scoloplos (Naidonereis) dubius Augener, 1914 accepted as Paraonis dubius (Augener, 1914) (superseded original combination)
Species Scoloplos bustorus Eisig, 1914 accepted as Leitoscoloplos robustus (Verrill, 1873) (subjective synonym)
Species Scoloplos canadensis McIntosh, 1901 accepted as Scoloplos armiger (Müller, 1776) (subjective synonym)
Species Scoloplos cylindrifer Ehlers, 1904 accepted as Leodamas cylindrifer (Ehlers, 1904) (superseded original combination)
Species Scoloplos dubia Tebble, 1955 accepted as Leodamas dubia (Tebble, 1955) (superseded original combination)
Species Scoloplos elongata Johnson, 1901 accepted as Leitoscoloplos pugettensis (Pettibone, 1957) (replaced primary homonym; incorrect gender suffix ending)
Species Scoloplos elongatus Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Scoloplos armiger (Müller, 1776) (subjective synonym)
Species Scoloplos fragilis (Verrill, 1873) accepted as Leitoscoloplos fragilis (Verrill, 1873) (superseded recombination)
Species Scoloplos grubei Gravier, 1908 accepted as Naineris grubei (Gravier, 1908) (superseded original combination)
Species Scoloplos jeffreysii McIntosh, 1905 accepted as Scoloplos armiger (Müller, 1776) (subjective synonym)
Species Scoloplos kerguelensis McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) (superseded original combination)
Species Scoloplos madagascarensis Fauvel, 1919 accepted as Scoloplos (Leodamas) madagascariensis (Fauvel, 1919) (superseded original combination)
Species Scoloplos marginatus (Ehlers, 1897) accepted as Leodamas marginatus (Ehlers, 1897) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Scoloplos mawsoni Benham, 1921 accepted as Leitoscoloplos mawsoni (Benham, 1921) (superseded original combination)
Species Scoloplos minor Örsted, 1842 accepted as Naineris quadricuspida (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
Species Scoloplos robustus (Verrill, 1873) accepted as Leitoscoloplos robustus (Verrill, 1873) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Scoloplos rufa Treadwell, 1941 accepted as Leitoscoloplos robustus (Verrill, 1873) (subjective synonym)
Species Scoloplos treadwelli Eisig, 1914 accepted as Leodamas treadwelli (Eisig, 1914) (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
masculine
Blainville, H. de. (1828). Mollusques, Vers et Zoophytes. <em>In: Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles, F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris.</em> Volume 57., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81595#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 493 [details]   
Etymology Not stated in the original description. The generic name Scoloplos is from the Greek, a masculine word referring to...  
Etymology Not stated in the original description. The generic name Scoloplos is from the Greek, a masculine word referring to anything pointed, or a thorn, and might thus refer either to the characteristic pointed head, or to the spiny bristles referred in the original decription: ''Appendices [...] des dix-sept premiers [segments] formés probablement de deux soies épineuses de chaque côté'' (Blainville, 1828: 493). [details]

description ORBINIINAE with pointed prostomium and branchiae first present from setiger 5 or later. Accessory papillae never exceeding...  
description ORBINIINAE with pointed prostomium and branchiae first present from setiger 5 or later. Accessory papillae never exceeding four, including both ventral and parapodial kinds. Thoracic neurosetae include blunt hooks and crenulated capillaries (may be absent). Abdominal notosetae include crenulated capillaries, furcate setae and spines. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Scoloplos Blainville, 1828. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129425 on 2018-11-14
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-07-17 10:41:03Z
changed
2008-03-05 09:00:37Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2017-01-11 21:25:40Z
changed
2018-09-11 23:23:04Z
changed

original description Blainville, H. de. (1828). Mollusques, Vers et Zoophytes. <em>In: Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles, F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris.</em> Volume 57., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81595#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 493 [details]   

original description  (ofScolaricia Eisig, 1914) Eisig, Hugo. (1914). Zur Systematik, Anatomie und Morphologie der Ariciiden nebst Beiträgen zur generellen Systematik. <em>Mitteilungen aus der Zoologischen Station zu Neapel.</em> 21(6): 153-600, plates 10-27., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/181156#page/179/mode/1up
page(s): 426 [details]   

original description  (ofAlcandra Kinberg, 1866) Kinberg, J. G. H. (1866). Annulata Nova. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(4): 239-258., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/253/mode/1up
page(s): 251 [details]   

original description  (ofBranchethus Chamberlin, 1919) Chamberlin, Ralph V. 1919. The Annelida Polychaeta [Albatross Expeditions]. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 48: 1-514., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/memoirsofmuseumo4801harv
page(s): 357 [details]   

original description  (ofLabotas Kinberg, 1866) Kinberg, J. G. H. (1866). Annulata Nova. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(4): 239-258., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/253/mode/1up
page(s): 252 [details]   

taxonomy source Blake, James A. (2017). Polychaeta Orbiniidae from Antarctica, the Southern Ocean, the Abyssal Pacific Ocean, and off South America. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4218(1): 1-145 [monograph]., available online at http://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4218.1.1/25653
page(s): 43; note: genus restricted to species having only inconspicuous spines in thoracic neuropodia accompanied with numerous capillaries, and branchiae from setiger 8–26 [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Original diagnosis by Blainville (1828: 493): ''Corps alongé, cylindrique, atténué aux extrémités, et composé d'un grand nombre d'articulations. Bouche et anus terminaux à l'extrémité de segmens non modifiés. Appendices dissemblables. Ceux des dix-sept premiers formés probablement de deux soies épineuses de chaque côté, les autres composés: 1.° D'une sorte de renflement costiforme, proéminent et terminé inférieurement par une verrue bifide; 2.° D'une soie simple et courte; 3.° D'une lamelle lancéolée et arquée.''
 [details]

Etymology Not stated in the original description. The generic name Scoloplos is from the Greek, a masculine word referring to anything pointed, or a thorn, and might thus refer either to the characteristic pointed head, or to the spiny bristles referred in the original decription: ''Appendices [...] des dix-sept premiers [segments] formés probablement de deux soies épineuses de chaque côté'' (Blainville, 1828: 493). [details]

Grammatical gender Masculine. Scoloplos is masculine in Greek and most authors have used masculine adjectives with it. [details]

From other sources
description ORBINIINAE with pointed prostomium and branchiae first present from setiger 5 or later. Accessory papillae never exceeding four, including both ventral and parapodial kinds. Thoracic neurosetae include blunt hooks and crenulated capillaries (may be absent). Abdominal notosetae include crenulated capillaries, furcate setae and spines. [details]