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Polychaeta taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas Kinberg, 1866

325863  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:325863)

accepted
Genus
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas verax Kinberg, 1866 (type by monotypy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaploscoloplos Monro, 1933 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) (Kinberg, 1866) (superseded subsequent subgeneric combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Kinberg, J. G. H. 1865 [1866?]. Annulata Nova. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm 22(4): 239-258., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/253/mode/1up
page(s): 252 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Blake (2017: 49) suggests the name could be...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Blake (2017: 49) suggests the name could be "formed from Leo, Greek for lion, and dama, Latin for deer [as it] seems likely that Kinberg noticed the branches of the thoracic notopodial lamellae and compared them with antlers of a deer, hence the name." This is not credible (where does the lion fit in?). Rather Kinberg can safely be assumed to have chosen Leodamas as another historic Greek personal name, as was his practice. He may have been working through a Greek dictionary as he also uses Leonnatus and Leocrates in the same work, and many other such names. In Greek history there is Leodamas of Thasos (c. 380 BC), Leocrates was a leading Athenian general of the First Peloponnesian War, and Leonnatus was a Macedonian officer of Alexander the Great. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Blake (2000) treated Leodamas as a full genus...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Blake (2000) treated Leodamas as a full genus because of its heavy thoracic neuropodial spines, which differ from the narrow spines of Scoloplos. A morphology-based cladistic analysis indicated this was justified. See Scoloplos (Leodamas) for a number of Leodamas species yet to be transferred here. Blake (2017) extended the number of species in Leodamas with several new combinations and three new species. [details]
Read, G. (2017). Leodamas Kinberg, 1866. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=325863 on 2017-12-12

Date
action
by
2008-03-14 12:50:56Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2013-01-11 00:49:33Z
changed
2017-01-13 08:36:42Z
changed

original description Kinberg, J. G. H. 1865 [1866?]. Annulata Nova. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm 22(4): 239-258., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/253/mode/1up
page(s): 252 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaploscoloplos Monro, 1933) Monro, Charles C. A. 1933. On a collection of Polychaeta from Dry Tortugas, Florida. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Ser. 10, 12(69): 244-269.
page(s): 261 [details]   

taxonomy source Blake, James A. (2017). Polychaeta Orbiniidae from Antarctica, the Southern Ocean, the Abyssal Pacific Ocean, and off South America. Zootaxa. 4218(1): 1-145 [monograph]., available online at http://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4218.1.1/25653
page(s): 48; note: description of characters and list of species [details]   

status source Blake, James A. (2000). A new genus and species of polychaete worm (Family Orbiniidae) from methane seeps in the Gulf of Mexico, with a review of the systematics and phylogenetic interrelationships of the genera of Orbiniidae. Cahiers de Biologie Marine. 41(4): 435-450., available online at http://application.sb-roscoff.fr/cbm/
page(s): 448 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source Dean, Harlan K.; Blake, James A. (2015). The Orbiniidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) of Pacific Costa Rica. Zootaxa. 3956(2): 183-198., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3956.2.2
note: remarks on Leodamas as full genus [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaploscoloplos Monro, 1933) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaploscoloplos Monro, 1933) Day, John H. (1977). A review of the Australian and New Zealand Orbiniidae (Annelida: Polychaeta). 217-246. In: Reish, Donald J.; Fauchald, Kristian (Eds.). Essays on polychaetous annelids in memory of Dr. Olga Hartman. The Allan Hancock Foundation, University of Southern California.
page(s): 218; note: synonymised to Scoloplos [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaploscoloplos Monro, 1933) Blake, James A. (2017). Polychaeta Orbiniidae from Antarctica, the Southern Ocean, the Abyssal Pacific Ocean, and off South America. Zootaxa. 4218(1): 1-145 [monograph]., available online at http://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4218.1.1/25653
page(s): 50; note: places Scoloplos cylindrifer, type of Haploscoloplos, as a Leodamas. This logically makes Haploscoloplos a synonym of Leodamas, not of Scoloplos [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) (Kinberg, 1866)) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) (Kinberg, 1866)) Clarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review. 41: 47-114. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis According to Blake (2017) Leodamas of Blake Group A (including type species L. verax) have large, conspicuous spines in thoracic neuropodia, in several (3 or more) rows, with few or no accompanying capillaries, and branchiae usually from setigers 4–6. Leodamas of Blake Group B have (less conspicuous) thoracic neuropodial uncini in only 1–2 rows, with similar number of capillaries as unicini, and branchiae from posterior thoracic or anterior abdominal setigers. Abdominal neuropodial aciculae tend to be projecting in Leodamas species. Whereas Scoloplos species have few uncini, not conspicuous, not in rows, and abdominal neuropodial aciculae tend to be small and imbedded. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Blake (2017: 49) suggests the name could be "formed from Leo, Greek for lion, and dama, Latin for deer [as it] seems likely that Kinberg noticed the branches of the thoracic notopodial lamellae and compared them with antlers of a deer, hence the name." This is not credible (where does the lion fit in?). Rather Kinberg can safely be assumed to have chosen Leodamas as another historic Greek personal name, as was his practice. He may have been working through a Greek dictionary as he also uses Leonnatus and Leocrates in the same work, and many other such names. In Greek history there is Leodamas of Thasos (c. 380 BC), Leocrates was a leading Athenian general of the First Peloponnesian War, and Leonnatus was a Macedonian officer of Alexander the Great. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrammatical gender Not stated but assumed masculine as Leodamas is a male personal name. Past authors have treated Leodamas as masculine. The type species-group name is not helpful as it is assumed to be from the Latin adjective 'verax' (truthful or speaking truly), which has unchanged ending whether masculine, feminine, or neuter, although Blake (2017: 49) assumes it could only be masculine. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Blake (2000) treated Leodamas as a full genus because of its heavy thoracic neuropodial spines, which differ from the narrow spines of Scoloplos. A morphology-based cladistic analysis indicated this was justified. See Scoloplos (Leodamas) for a number of Leodamas species yet to be transferred here. Blake (2017) extended the number of species in Leodamas with several new combinations and three new species. [details]