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Polychaeta taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas Kinberg, 1866 
AphiaID: 325863

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSedentaria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolecida (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbiniidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas verax Kinberg, 1866 (type by monotypy)
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbiniidae Hartman, 1942
Orig. name Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas Kinberg, 1866
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaploscoloplos Monro, 1933 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) (Kinberg, 1866) (superseded subsequent subgeneric combination)
Sources  original description Kinberg, J. G. H. 1865 [1866?]. Annulata Nova. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm 22(4): 239-258., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/253/mode/1up
page(s): 252 [details]

status source Dean, Harlan K.; Blake, James A. (2015). The Orbiniidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) of Pacific Costa Rica. Zootaxa. 3956(2): 183-198., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3956.2.2
note: remarks on Leodamas as full genus [details]

status source Blake, James A. (2000). A new genus and species of polychaete worm (Family Orbiniidae) from methane seeps in the Gulf of Mexico, with a review of the systematics and phylogenetic interrelationships of the genera of Orbiniidae. Cahiers de Biologie Marine. 41(4): 435-450., available online at http://application.sb-roscoff.fr/cbm/
page(s): 448 [details]

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taxa (15)

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 Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas cirratus (Ehlers, 1897)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas cochleatus (Ehlers, 1900)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas cylindrifer (Ehlers, 1904)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas dubia (Tebble, 1955)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas hamatus Dean & Blake, 2015
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas hyphalos Blake, 2017
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas maciolekae Blake, 2017
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas marginatus (Ehlers, 1897)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas minutus Lopez, Cladera & San Martín, 2003
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas perissobranchiatus Blake, 2017
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas playthoracicus Lopez, Cladera & San Martín, 2003
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas robustus (Kinberg, 1866)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas treadwelli (Eisig, 1914)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas tribulosus (Ehlers, 1897)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas verax Kinberg, 1866
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From other sources
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Spain
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Link Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis According to Blake (2017) Leodamas of Blake Group A (including type species L. verax) have large, conspicuous spines in thoracic neuropodia, in several (3 or more) rows, with few or no accompanying capillaries, and branchiae usually from setigers 4–6. Leodamas of Blake Group B have (less conspicuous) thoracic neuropodial uncini in only 1–2 rows, with similar number of capillaries as unicini, and branchiae from posterior thoracic or anterior abdominal setigers. Abdominal neuropodial aciculae tend to be projecting in Leodamas species. Whereas Scoloplos species have few uncini, not conspicuous, not in rows, and abdominal neuropodial aciculae tend to be small and imbedded. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Blake (2017: 49) suggests the name could be "formed from Leo, Greek for lion, and dama, Latin for deer [as it] seems likely that Kinberg noticed the branches of the thoracic notopodial lamellae and compared them with antlers of a deer, hence the name." This is not credible (where does the lion fit in?). Rather Kinberg can safely be assumed to have chosen Leodamas as another historic Greek personal name, as was his practice. He may have been working through a Greek dictionary as he also uses Leonnatus and Leocrates in the same work, and many other such names. In Greek history there is Leodamas of Thasos (c. 380 BC), Leocrates was a leading Athenian general of the First Peloponnesian War, and Leonnatus was a Macedonian officer of Alexander the Great. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrammatical gender Not stated but assumed masculine as Leodamas is a male personal name. Past authors have treated Leodamas as masculine. The type species-group name is not helpful as it is assumed to be from the Latin adjective 'verax' (truthful or speaking truly), which has unchanged ending whether masculine, feminine, or neuter, although Blake (2017: 49) assumes it could only be masculine. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Blake (2000) treated Leodamas as a full genus because of its heavy thoracic neuropodial spines, which differ from the narrow spines of Scoloplos. A morphology-based cladistic analysis indicated this was justified. See Scoloplos (Leodamas) for a number of Leodamas species yet to be transferred here. Blake (2017) extended the number of species in Leodamas with several new combinations and three new species. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:325863
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2008-03-14 12:50:56Z  created  Fauchald, Kristian
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2013-01-11 00:49:33Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
2017-01-13 08:36:42Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
  
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  Citation: Read, G. (2017). Leodamas Kinberg, 1866. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=325863 on 2017-05-23