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Polychaeta taxon details

Nephtys Cuvier, 1817

129370  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129370)

accepted
Genus
Aonis Savigny, 1822 (subjective synonym)
Dentinephtys Imajima, 1987 (subjective synonym)
Nephthys [auctt.] (variant spelling)
Subgenus Nephtys (Aglaophamus)
  » Species Nephtys (Aglaophamus) inermis Ehlers, 1887 accepted as Inermonephtys inermis (Ehlers, 1887) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Nephtys (Aglaophamus) munamaorii Gibbs, 1971 accepted as Aglaophamus munamaorii (Gibbs, 1971) (superseded original combination)
Species Nephtys abranchiata Ehlers, 1913
Species Nephtys acrochaeta Hartman, 1950
Species Nephtys assignis Hartman, 1950
Species Nephtys assimilis Örsted, 1843
Species Nephtys bangladeshi Hossain & Hutchings, 2016
Species Nephtys bilobatus Kudenov, 1975
Species Nephtys brachycephala Moore, 1903
Species Nephtys brevibranchis Hartmann-Schröder, 1959
Species Nephtys bruuni Kirkegaard, 1995
Species Nephtys bucera Ehlers, 1868
Species Nephtys caeca (Fabricius, 1780)
Species Nephtys caecoides Hartman, 1938
Species Nephtys californiensis Hartman, 1938
Species Nephtys capensis Day
Species Nephtys chemulpoensis Jung & Hong, 1997
Species Nephtys ciliata (Müller, 1788)
Species Nephtys cirrosa Ehlers, 1868
Species Nephtys cryptomma Harper, 1986
Species Nephtys cuvieri Quatrefages, 1866
Species Nephtys discors Ehlers, 1868
Species Nephtys dussumieri Quatrefages, 1866
Species Nephtys ectopa Chamberlin, 1919
Species Nephtys ferruginea Hartman, 1940
Species Nephtys fluviatilis Monro, 1937
Species Nephtys furcifera Hartmann-Schröder, 1959
Species Nephtys glabra Hartman, 1950
Species Nephtys glossophylla Schmarda, 1861
Species Nephtys gravieri Augener, 1913
Species Nephtys hombergii Savigny in Lamarck, 1818
Species Nephtys hudsonica Chamberlin, 1920
Species Nephtys hystricis McIntosh, 1900
Species Nephtys imbricata Grube, 1857
Species Nephtys impressa Baird, 1873
Species Nephtys incisa Malmgren, 1865
Species Nephtys inornata Rainer & Hutchings, 1977
Species Nephtys kersivalensis McIntosh, 1908
Species Nephtys longipes Stimpson, 1856
Species Nephtys longosetosa Örsted, 1842
Species Nephtys magellanica Augener, 1912
Species Nephtys mesobranchia Rainer & Hutchings, 1977
Species Nephtys monroi Hartman, 1950
Species Nephtys multicirrata Hartmann-Schröder, 1960
Species Nephtys neopolybranchia Imajima & Takeda, 1987
Species Nephtys oculata Hartmann-Schröder, 1959
Species Nephtys palatii Gravier, 1904
Species Nephtys panamensis Monro, 1928
Species Nephtys paradoxa Malm, 1874
Species Nephtys pente Rainer, 1984
Species Nephtys phasuki Nateewathana & Hylleberg, 1986
Species Nephtys phyllocirra Ehlers, 1887
Species Nephtys picta Ehlers, 1868
Species Nephtys polybranchia Southern, 1921
Species Nephtys punctata Hartman, 1938
Species Nephtys quatrefagesi (Kinberg, 1866)
Species Nephtys rickettsi Hartman, 1938
Species Nephtys sachalinensis Alalykina & Dnestrovskaya, 2015
Species Nephtys schmitti Hartman, 1938
Species Nephtys semiverrucosa Rainer & Hutchings, 1977
Species Nephtys serrata Imajima & Takeda, 1987
Species Nephtys simoni Perkins, 1980
Species Nephtys sinensis Fauvel, 1932
Species Nephtys singularis Hartman, 1950
Species Nephtys spiribranchis Ehlers, 1918
Species Nephtys squamosa Ehlers, 1887
Species Nephtys sukumoensis Kitamori, 1960
Species Nephtys triangula Dixon-Bridges, Gladstone & Hutchings, 2014
Species Nephtys tulearensis Fauvel, 1919
Species Nephtys yuryi Dnestrovskaya, 2017
Species Nephtys zatsepini Jirkov, 1986

Species Nephtys australiensis Fauchald, 1965 accepted as Aglaophamus australiensis (Fauchald, 1965) (superseded original combination)
Species Nephtys bononensis Quatrefages, 1850 accepted as Nephtys caeca (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
Species Nephtys borealis Örsted, 1843 accepted as Nephtys ciliata (Müller, 1788)
Species Nephtys cornuta Berkeley & Berkeley, 1945 accepted as Bipalponephtys cornuta (Berkeley & Berkeley, 1945) (superseded original combination )
Species Nephtys danida Nateewathana & Hylleberg, 1986 accepted as Bipalponephtys danida (Nateewathana & Hylleberg, 1986) (superseded original combination)
Species Nephtys dibranchis Grube, 1877 accepted as Aglaophamus dibranchis (Grube, 1877) (superseded original combination)
Species Nephtys elamellata Eliason, 1951 accepted as Aglaophamus elamellatus (Eliason, 1951) (superseded original combination)
Species Nephtys inermis Ehlers, 1887 accepted as Inermonephtys inermis (Ehlers, 1887) (superseded original combination)
Species Nephtys lyrochaeta Fauvel, 1902 accepted as Aglaophamus lyrochaeta (Fauvel, 1902) (synonym via genus original spelling)
Species Nephtys malmgreni Théel, 1879 accepted as Aglaophamus malmgreni (Théel, 1879) (synonym)
Species Nephtys minuta (Théel, 1879) accepted as Micronephthys minuta (Théel, 1879) (superseded recombination (strictly a subsequent generic spelling))
Species Nephtys mirocirris Fauchald, 1965 accepted as Nephtys gravieri Augener, 1913 (subjective synonym)
Species Nephtys neotena (Noyes, 1980) accepted as Bipalponephtys neotena (Noyes, 1980) (superseded recombination)
Species Nephtys oligobranchia Southern, 1921 accepted as Micronephthys oligobranchia (Southern, 1921) (superseded original combination (Southern's genus spelling Nephthys))
Species Nephtys parva Clark & Jones, 1955 accepted as Nephtys cornuta Berkeley & Berkeley, 1945 accepted as Bipalponephtys cornuta (Berkeley & Berkeley, 1945) (subjective synonym)
Species Nephtys pulchra Rainer, 1991 accepted as Aglaophamus pulcher (Rainer, 1991) (superseded original combination)
Species Nephtys rubella Michaelsen, 1897 accepted as Aglaophamus agilis (Langerhans, 1880) (corrected spelling (originally as Nephthys) and subsequent subjective synonym)
Species Nephtys serratifolia Ehlers, 1897 accepted as Nephtys imbricata Grube, 1857 (subjective synonym)
Species Nephtys serratus Hartman, 1953 accepted as Nephtys imbricata Grube, 1857 (subjective synonym)
Species Nephtys signifera Hilbig, 1992 accepted as Nephtys ferruginea Hartman, 1940 (subjective synonym)
Species Nephtys sphaerocirrata (Wesenberg-Lund, 1949) accepted as Micronephthys sphaerocirrata (Wesenberg-Lund, 1949) (superseded combination)
Species Nephtys vikingensis Paxton, 1974 accepted as Nephtys longipes Stimpson, 1856 (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Cuvier, Georges L., 1817. Le règne animal distribué d'après son organisation : pour servir de base a l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction a l'anatomie comparée. VOLUME 4. Les Zoophytes, les Tables, et les Planches. Deterville, Paris., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/17709
page(s): Additions & Corrections p.173 [details]   
Note Type species generally said to be Nephtys...  
From editor or global species database
Type species Type species generally said to be Nephtys hombergii Savigny MS in Lamarck (1818). Savigny (1822) as finally published refers to "Nephthys Hombergii. Cuv. Collect. et Règn; anim. tom. IV, pag. 173". However, N. hombergii is not mentioned at all by Cuvier (1817). Cuvier (1817) introduced in "especes de Nephtys" the following six species listed as their original names in Nereis. (Nereis ciliata [Muller, 1776 = Nephtys], Nereis stellifera [Muller, 1788 = Sigalion], Nereis alba [Muller 1776 = Glycera], Nereis maculata [Linnaeus, 1767 = Phyllodoce], Nereis crassa [Gmelin in Linnaeus, 1788 = Nereis], and 'peut-etre aussi' Nereis punctata [Müller, 1788 = Nereimyra]). Thus N. hombergii was not originally included and cannot be the type species (ICZN Art.67.2) unless it is a synonym of one of the originally included species. Only Nephtys ciliata seems eligible for type species status.
 [details]
Etymology If Cuvier and Lamarck derived 'Nephtys' from the mythological 'Nephthys', the spelling used by some taxonomists,...  
Etymology If Cuvier and Lamarck derived 'Nephtys' from the mythological 'Nephthys', the spelling used by some taxonomists, influentially including Savigny in "Description de l'Égypte ..." (finally published 1822), then they used a variant spelling of the name adopted in Greek for an Egyptian goddess, transliterated from heiroglyphs as Nebet-het, sister of Isis and Osiris, and companion of Set (see e.g., Wikipedia on Nephthys ).  [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Nephtys Cuvier, 1817. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129370 on 2018-04-24
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2008-07-16 08:06:51Z
changed
2012-10-25 00:07:53Z
changed
2017-09-05 01:53:38Z
changed

original description Cuvier, Georges L., 1817. Le règne animal distribué d'après son organisation : pour servir de base a l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction a l'anatomie comparée. VOLUME 4. Les Zoophytes, les Tables, et les Planches. Deterville, Paris., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/17709
page(s): Additions & Corrections p.173 [details]   

original description  (ofDentinephtys Imajima, 1987) Imajima, Minoru and Takeda, Yasuyo 1987. Nephtyidae (Polychaeta) from Japan. II. The genera Dentinephtys and Nephtys. Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Tokyo, Ser. A (Zoology), 13(2): 41-77.
page(s): 43 [details]   

original description  (ofAonis Savigny, 1822) Savigny, Jules-César. (1822). Système des annélides, principalement de celles des côtes de l'Égypte et de la Syrie, offrant les caractères tant distinctifs que naturels des Ordres, Familles et Genres, avec la Description des Espèces. Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des Observations et des Recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'Expédition de l'Armée Française, publié par les Ordres de sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand, Histoire Naturelle, Paris. 1(3):1–128., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41329897
page(s): 45 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

identification resource Dixon-Bridges, Kylie; Gladstone, William; Hutchings, Pat A. (2014). One new species of Micronephthys Friedrich, 1939 and one new species of Nephtys Cuvier, 1817 (Polychaeta: Phyllodocida: Nephtyidae) from eastern Australia with notes on Aglaophamus australiensis (Fauchald, 1965) and a key to all Australian species. Zootaxa. 3872(5): 513-540., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3872.5.5
page(s): 531 [tabulation of Australian and Indo-pacific species of Nephtys]] [details]   

identification resource Hossain, M. Belal; Hutchings, Pat. (2016). Nephtys bangladeshi n. sp., a new species of Nephtyidae (Annelida: Phyllodocida) from Bangladesh coastal waters. Zootaxa. 4079(1): 41-52., available online at http://biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4079.1.3
page(s): 48; note: Table of Indo-Pacific Nephtys species [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofDentinephtys Imajima, 1987) Ravara, Ascensão; Wiklund, Helena; Cunha, Marina R. ; Pleijel, Fredrik. 2010: Phylogenetic relationships within Nephtyidae (Polychaeta, Annelida). Zoologica Scripta 39(4): 394-405.
page(s): 63 [details]   

basis of record  (ofNephthys [auctt.]) Savigny, Jules-César. (1822). Système des annélides, principalement de celles des côtes de l'Égypte et de la Syrie, offrant les caractères tant distinctifs que naturels des Ordres, Familles et Genres, avec la Description des Espèces. Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des Observations et des Recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'Expédition de l'Armée Française, publié par les Ordres de sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand, Histoire Naturelle, Paris. 1(3):1–128., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41329897
page(s): 34 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 

From editor or global species database
Etymology If Cuvier and Lamarck derived 'Nephtys' from the mythological 'Nephthys', the spelling used by some taxonomists, influentially including Savigny in "Description de l'Égypte ..." (finally published 1822), then they used a variant spelling of the name adopted in Greek for an Egyptian goddess, transliterated from heiroglyphs as Nebet-het, sister of Isis and Osiris, and companion of Set (see e.g., Wikipedia on Nephthys ).  [details]

Habitat Open softshore beaches, but also offshore to deepsea [details]

Spelling Cuvier first edition "Le Règne Animal ..." (1817 vol.4, p.173) introduces Nephtys, and Lamarck (1818:314) follows that spelling, whether or not it is the same as in Savigny's MS, whereas subsequent 1830 and 1836 editions of Cuvier use the spelling Nephthys as in the Greek form of the name. As finally published Savigny's "Description de l'Égypte ..." (1822) has the Nephthys form. The spelling Nephtys as first published must be followed, and for example Quatrefages (1866:420) adheres to that spelling. But others did not. Prevailing usage today follows the original spelling. [details]

Type species Type species generally said to be Nephtys hombergii Savigny MS in Lamarck (1818). Savigny (1822) as finally published refers to "Nephthys Hombergii. Cuv. Collect. et Règn; anim. tom. IV, pag. 173". However, N. hombergii is not mentioned at all by Cuvier (1817). Cuvier (1817) introduced in "especes de Nephtys" the following six species listed as their original names in Nereis. (Nereis ciliata [Muller, 1776 = Nephtys], Nereis stellifera [Muller, 1788 = Sigalion], Nereis alba [Muller 1776 = Glycera], Nereis maculata [Linnaeus, 1767 = Phyllodoce], Nereis crassa [Gmelin in Linnaeus, 1788 = Nereis], and 'peut-etre aussi' Nereis punctata [Müller, 1788 = Nereimyra]). Thus N. hombergii was not originally included and cannot be the type species (ICZN Art.67.2) unless it is a synonym of one of the originally included species. Only Nephtys ciliata seems eligible for type species status.
 [details]