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Polychaeta source details

Schmarda, L. K. (1861). Neue Wirbellose Thiere: Beobachted und Gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erdr 1853 bis 1857. In Turbellarien, Rotatorien und Anneliden. Leipzig, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann. Erster Band, Zweite Hälfte.
51749
Schmarda, L. K.
1861
Neue Wirbellose Thiere: Beobachted und Gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erdr 1853 bis 1857
In Turbellarien, Rotatorien und Anneliden. Leipzig, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann
Erster Band, Zweite Hälfte
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
action
by
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
created
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2013-06-22 04:15:38Z
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2017-08-23 06:57:02Z
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Amphinome encopochaeta Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Eurythoe encopochaeta (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Amphinome indica Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Eurythoe indica (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Amphinome jamaicensis Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Eurythoe complanata (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Amphinome latissima Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Amphinome longicirra Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Eurythoe longicirra (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Amphinome macrotricha Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Eurythoe complanata (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Amphinome sanguinea Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Hermodice sanguinea (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Amphinome smaragdina Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Hermodice smaragdina (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Anthostoma Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Naineris Blainville, 1828 (original description)
Anthostoma hexaphyllum Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Naineris laevigata (Grube, 1855) (original description)
Anthostoma ramosum Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Nainereis laevigata (Grube, 1855) accepted as Naineris laevigata (Grube, 1855) (original description)
Aracoda Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Arabella Grube, 1850 (original description)
Aracoda caerulea Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Arabella iricolor caerulea (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Aracoda heterochaeta Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Lumbrineris heterochaeta (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Aricia glossobranchia Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Bhawania Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Bhawania myrialepis Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Branchoscolex Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Dasybranchus Grube, 1850 (original description)
Branchoscolex craspidochaetus Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Dasybranchus bipartitus (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Branchoscolex oligobranchus Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Dasybranchus bipartitus (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Branchoscolex sphaerochaetus Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Dasybranchus bipartitus (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Chaetopterus hamatus Schmarda, 1961 accepted as Chaetopterus variopedatus (Renier, 1804) (original description)
Chaetopterus macropus Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Chloeia viridis Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Cirratulus anchylochaetus Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Timarete anchylochaeta (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Cirratulus capensis Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Cirriformia capensis (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Cirratulus cylindricus Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Timarete anchylochaeta (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Cirratulus miniatus Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Cirratulus polytrichus Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Timarete polytricha (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Cirrosyllis Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Cirrosyllis ceylanica Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Cirrosyllis didymocera Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Oxydromus didymocerus (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Cirrosyllis incerta Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Schistomeringos incerta (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Cirrosyllis picta Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Amblyosyllis lineolata (A. Costa, 1864) (original description)
Cirrosyllis tuberculata Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Autolytus tuberculatus (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Cirrosyllis vittata Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Clymene lyrocephala Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Isocirrus lyrocephalus (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Clymene microcephala Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Nicomache lumbricalis (Fabricius, 1780) (original description)
Colobranchus Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Malacoceros Quatrefages, 1843 (original description)
Colobranchus tetracerus Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Malacoceros tetracerus (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Conconia Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Sthenelais Kinberg, 1856 (original description)
Conconia caerulea Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Sthenelais caerulea (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Cymospira polycera Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Spirobranchus polycerus (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Didymobranchus Schmarda, 1861 (additional source)
Didymobranchus cryptocephalus Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Didymobranchus microcephalus Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Dinophilus sphaerocephalus Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Diopatra phyllocirra Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Heptaceras phyllocirra (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Eteone aurantiaca Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Eteone tetraophthalma Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Eulalia capensis Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Steggoa capensis (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Eulalia lobocephala Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Eulalia microphylla Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Eunice adriatica Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Palola siciliensis (Grube, 1840) (original description)
Eunice capensis Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Marphysa capensis (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Eunice depressa Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Marphysa depressa (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Eunice hamata Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Marphysa hamata (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Eunice macrochaeta Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Eunice nigricans Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Eunice macrobranchia (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Eunice schemacephala Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Eunice teretiuscula Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Marphysa teretiuscula (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Euphrosine polybranchia Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Euphrosine capensis Kinberg, 1857 (original description)
Eupomatus dipoma Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Hydroides dipoma (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Galeoloria accepted as Galeolaria Lamarck, 1818 (basis of record)
Gastrolepidia Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Gastrolepidia clavigera Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Glycera diodon Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Hemipodia simplex (Grube, 1857) (original description)
Glycera lancadivae Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Glycera macrorhiza Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Hemipodia simplex (Grube, 1857) (original description)
Glycera microdonta Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Glycera micrognatha Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Glycera micrognatha Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Glycera monodon Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Hemipodia simplex (Grube, 1857) (original description)
Glycera ovigera Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Glycera sphyrabrancha Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Glycera tridactyla Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Gnathosyllis Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Syllis Lamarck, 1818 (original description)
Gnathosyllis diplodonta Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Hemilepidia Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Hemilepidia erythrotaenia Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Hemilepidia tuberculata Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Hermella bicornis Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Idanthyrsus bicornis (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Hermella capensis Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Gunnarea gaimardi (Quatrefages, 1848) (original description)
Hermella macropalea Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Idanthyrsus macropaleus (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Hermella quadricornis Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Paraidanthyrsus quadricornis (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Hesione proctochona Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Hesione picta Müller in Grube, 1858 (original description)
Heteronereis australis Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Platynereis australis (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Heteronereis fasciata Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Nereis riisei Grube, 1857 (original description)
Hyboscolex Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Hyboscolex dicranochaetus (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Hyboscolex homochaetus (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Hyboscolex longiseta Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Lepadorhynchus erythrophyllus Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Phyllodoce erythrophylla (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Lepidonotus polychromus Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Leucodore socialis Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Dipolydora socialis (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Lysidice atra Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Lysidice natalensis Kinberg, 1865 (original description)
Lysidice brachycera Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Lysidice ninetta Audouin & H Milne Edwards, 1833 (original description)
Macrophyllum leucopterum Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Notophyllum splendens (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Macrophyllum splendens Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Notophyllum splendens (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Mastigonereis Schmarda, 1861 (original description)
Mastigonereis cuprea Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Nereis cuprea (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Holotype, locality Port Jackson, identified as Oncoscolex dicranochaetus Schmarda, 1861
Holotype NHMW 611, locality Cape of Good Hope, identified as Syllis crassicornis Schmarda, 1861
Cotype NHMW 613, locality Cape of Good Hope, identified as Syllis gracilis Schmarda, 1861
 Depth range

Intertidal.  [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in original description. [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in original description.  [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in original description.  [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in original description.  [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in the original description.  [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in the original description.  [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in the original description.  [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in the original description. [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in the original description. [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in the original description.  [details]

 Diagnosis

"Maxillae nullae. Oculi nulli. Setarum fasciculi corporis latitudinem 2 1/2 - 3 superantes. Tubercula setigera ... [details]

 Diagnosis

"Tentacula tria, cirri tentaculares et branchiae moniliformes. Maxillae duae, dentibus duobus" (Schmarda, 1861: 69).  [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Schmarda (1861: 41): "Corpus flavo-rubescens. Branchiae cephalicae pallidiores, breves; ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Schmarda (1861: 43): "Corpus viride-griseum. Branchiae cephalicae griseae, laterales laete ... [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean. Further details concerning the location not known.  [details]

 Distribution

Coasts of New Zealand.  [details]

 Distribution

New Zealand (widespread). [details]

 Distribution

South Africa: Cape of Good Hope.  [details]

 Distribution

South Africa: Cape of Good Hope. [details]

 Distribution

South Africa: Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope. [details]

 Distribution

South Africa: Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope. [details]

 Distribution

South Africa: Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope. [details]

 Distribution

South Africa: Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope. [details]

 Distribution

South Africa: Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope. Japan, Australia, New Zealand, New Caledonia, Indian Ocean, and Red Sea ... [details]

 Distribution

South Africa: Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope. [details]

 Distribution

South Africa: Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope.  [details]

 Distribution

South Africa: Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope. [details]

 Editor's comment

Need to find the usage source that recorded this. It was not Imajima & ten Hove (1984) who used Serpula (Hydroides) ... [details]

 Editor's comment

The description and drawings of Syllis fusicornis provided by Schmarda (1861: 71), together with the small size of ... [details]

 Editor's comment

The species seems to be a member of the family Hesionidae Grube, 1850.  [details]

 Etymology

Bhawani, eine Hindugottheit die Gattin Siwas" [Bhawani, Hindu deity, wife(?) of Siwas]. Presumably referring to the ... [details]

 Etymology

not stated, but apparently from Greek Hybos, a hump, and Scolex a worm. Both words are masculine. [details]

 Etymology

Not stated, but in the description for Eupomatus dipoma Schmarda (1861: 29, plate 21) describes in Latin "Operculum ... [details]

 Etymology

Schmarda named 'tilosaula' from Greek words meaning tube and fibrous (thus fibrous tube), and the Latin diagnosis ... [details]

 Etymology

The name Trichosyllis is formed by the prefix tricho- derived from the Greek word thríks, meaning 'hair' and used ... [details]

 Etymology

The name of the genus Gnathosyllis is composed by the Greek prefix gnatho-, meaning 'jaw', and the name of the ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet craspidochaetus refers probably to the limbate chaetae of the species.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet oligobranchus refers probably to the reduced number of branchiae of the species.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet sphaerochaetus refers to the knobbed tips of some of the chaetae of the species.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet diplodonta is composed by the Greek prefix diplo-, meaning 'double', and the Greek word donta, ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet clavigera, is a Latin adjective, inflection of claviger, formed by clava ('club' or 'cudgel') ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet gracilis is the Latin adjective for 'slender', 'slim' or 'thin', and refers to the body of the ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet macroura is composed by the Greek prefix makrós, meaning 'long', and the Greek noun oura, ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet brachychaeta is composed by the Greek prefix brachy-, meaning 'short', and the Latin noun of ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet fusicornis is composed by the words fusi, the genitive of the Latin noun fusus and meaning ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet brevis is a Latin adjective meaning 'brief' or 'short', and refers to the relatively short ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet lineata, feminine of the Latin adjective lineatus and meaning 'lined', refers to the middle ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet sylliformis is composed by the name of the type genus of the family, Syllis Lamarck, 1818, and ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet crassicornis is composed by the Latin adjective crassi, plural of crassus and meaning 'dense', ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet closterobranchia is composed by the prefix clostero- derived from the Greek word kloster and ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet polycera is composed by the Greek prefix poly-, meaning 'many' or 'much', and the Greek word ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet plagiostoma is composed by the Greek adjective plagios, meaning 'oblique', and the Greek noun ... [details]

 Grammatical gender

female, as named after a goddess [details]

 Grammatical gender

Hyboscolex is a masculine compound noun, therefore adjectival species-group names should be masculine in agreement. ... [details]

 Habitat

Not stated in original description. [details]

 Habitat

Not stated in original description.  [details]

 Habitat

Not stated in the original description.  [details]

 Habitat

Not stated in the original description.  [details]

 Habitat

Not stated in the original description. [details]

 Habitat

Not stated in the original description. [details]

 Habitat

On and between stones.  [details]

 Habitat

On stones.  [details]

 Habitat

On stones.  [details]

 Habitat

Under rocks, in the tidal limits.  [details]

 Habitat

Under stones.  [details]

 Homonymy

Syllis gracilis Schmarda, 1861 is a junior primary homonym of Syllis gracilis Grube, 1840, a species valid and in use. [details]

 Taxonomy

Schmarda's Colobranchus tetracerus (from "Küste der Bretagne, im Sande") is figured with prominent prostomial ... [details]

 Type locality

"Trinkomalie and der Ostküste von Ceylon auf Steinen" [Trincomalee on the east coast of Ceylon], Sri Lanka, ... [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean [unspecified] [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean: "Atlantisches Meer, unter Steinen an der Grenze der Ebbe (Schmarda, 1861: 69). A more detailed ... [details]

 Type locality

Auckland Harbour, North Island, New Zealand [details]

 Type locality

Australia, New South Wales, Port Jackson, in sand. [details]

 Type locality

Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, in sand at the limits of the tide.  [details]

 Type locality

Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. [details]

 Type locality

Cape of Good Hope, South Africa.  [details]

 Type locality

Coast of Chile, eastern Pacific. As usual Schmarda gives no geographic location other than the country. [details]

 Type locality

Coasts of New Zealand, on stones. Further information not provided.  [details]

 Type locality

Original type locality: New Zealand ("Neu-Seeland"). Neotype from Papanui Inlet, Otago Peninsula, Dunedin, South ... [details]

 Type locality

Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia [details]

 Type locality

Port Royal, Jamaica [details]

 Type locality

South Africa, Cape of Good Hope, Table Bay (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be ... [details]

 Type locality

South Africa, Cape of Good Hope (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be approximately lat. ... [details]

 Type locality

South Africa, Cape of Good Hope, Table Bay (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be ... [details]

 Type locality

South Africa, Cape of Good Hope (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be approximately lat. ... [details]

 Type locality

South Africa, Cape of Good Hope, Table Bay (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be ... [details]

 Type locality

South Africa, Cape of Good Hope, Table Bay (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be ... [details]

 Type locality

South Africa, Cape of Good Hope, Table Bay (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be ... [details]

 Type locality

South Africa, Cape of Good Hope, Table Bay (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be ... [details]

 Type locality

South Africa, Cape of Good Hope, Table Bay (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be ... [details]

 Type locality

South Africa, Cape of Good Hope (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be approximately lat. ... [details]

 Type locality

Table Bay, Atlantic coast of South Africa, near the Cape of Good Hope.  [details]

 Type material

Not found by Licher (1999), probably lost.  [details]

 Type material

Type material not found by Licher (1999: 306).  [details]

 Type material

Type material not found by Licher (1999: 304), who considered it to be probably lost.  [details]

 Type material

Type material not found by Licher (1999: 285).  [details]