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Polychaeta name details

Anthostoma Schmarda, 1861

325697  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:325697)

 unaccepted (subjective synonym, junior homonym)
Genus

Species Anthostoma acutum Verrill, 1873 accepted as Scoloplos acutus (Verrill, 1873) (superseded original combination)
Species Anthostoma dendriticum Kinberg, 1866 accepted as Naineris dendritica (Kinberg, 1866) (superseded original combination)
Species Anthostoma fragile Verrill, 1873 accepted as Leitoscoloplos fragilis (Verrill, 1873) (superseded original combination)
Species Anthostoma hexaphyllum Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Naineris laevigata (Grube, 1855) (subjective synonym)
Species Anthostoma latacapitata Treadwell, 1901 accepted as Naineris setosa (Verrill, 1900) (subjective synonym)
Species Anthostoma ramosum Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Nainereis laevigata (Grube, 1855) accepted as Naineris laevigata (Grube, 1855) (subjective synonym)
Species Anthostoma robustum Verrill, 1873 accepted as Leitoscoloplos robustus (Verrill, 1873) (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
neuter
Schmarda, L. K. (1861). Neue Wirbellose Thiere: Beobachted und Gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erdr 1853 bis 1857. <em>In Turbellarien, Rotatorien und Anneliden. Leipzig, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.</em> Erster Band, Zweite Hälfte., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/neuewirbelloseth21861schm
page(s): 61 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Note Type species appears to be first selected by...  
From editor or global species database
Type species Type species appears to be first selected by Pettibone (1957:160) as Anthostoma ramosum. Anthostoma hexaphyllum was described by Schmarda at the same time. [details]
Homonymy Apparently a junior homonym to Anthostoma Rafinesque,1815 in Platyhelminthes, but that name was a replacement for...  
Homonymy Apparently a junior homonym to Anthostoma Rafinesque,1815 in Platyhelminthes, but that name was a replacement for Chariophyllus Bloch, 1782, an unavailable name, as the work by Bloch was not consistently binominal. It is somewhat debatable if an unavailable name can be simply replaced as such. However, while Pettibone (1957) noted it was pre-occupied by the Rafinesque usage, Anthostoma Schmarda, 1861 is in any case junior to Naineris Blainville, 1828, as Pettibone would have also considered. Pettibone included Anthostoma in the synonymy of her new Naineris subgenus, Polynaineris, currently disused (Blake 2017) [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Anthostoma Schmarda, 1861. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=325697 on 2018-12-11
Date
action
by
2008-03-14 12:50:56Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2010-04-07 22:27:04Z
changed
2018-09-10 23:33:19Z
changed

original description Schmarda, L. K. (1861). Neue Wirbellose Thiere: Beobachted und Gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erdr 1853 bis 1857. <em>In Turbellarien, Rotatorien und Anneliden. Leipzig, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.</em> Erster Band, Zweite Hälfte., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/neuewirbelloseth21861schm
page(s): 61 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. <em>Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper.</em> 23: 1-628.
page(s): 361, 365 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy Pettibone, Marian H. (1957). North American genera of the family Orbiniidae (Annelida: Polychaeta), with descriptions of new species. <em>Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences.</em> 47(5): 159-167., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/39753529
page(s): 160 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
From editor or global species database
Grammatical gender Neuter. Stoma is neuter [details]

Homonymy Apparently a junior homonym to Anthostoma Rafinesque,1815 in Platyhelminthes, but that name was a replacement for Chariophyllus Bloch, 1782, an unavailable name, as the work by Bloch was not consistently binominal. It is somewhat debatable if an unavailable name can be simply replaced as such. However, while Pettibone (1957) noted it was pre-occupied by the Rafinesque usage, Anthostoma Schmarda, 1861 is in any case junior to Naineris Blainville, 1828, as Pettibone would have also considered. Pettibone included Anthostoma in the synonymy of her new Naineris subgenus, Polynaineris, currently disused (Blake 2017) [details]

Type species Type species appears to be first selected by Pettibone (1957:160) as Anthostoma ramosum. Anthostoma hexaphyllum was described by Schmarda at the same time. [details]