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Polychaeta taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus giganteus (Pallas, 1766) 
AphiaID: 209944

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSedentaria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCanalipalpata (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSabellida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSerpulidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus Blainville, 1818
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCymospira bicornis Abildgaard, 1789 in Blainville, 1828
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCymospira cervina Quatrefages, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCymospira gigantea Pallas, 1766 in Blainville, 1828
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCymospira megasoma Quatrefages, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCymospira rubus Quatrefages, 1866
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOlga elegantissima Jones, 1962 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenicillum marinum Seba, 1758 (pre Linnaean name)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPomatoceros oerstedi Voss & Voss, 1955 (nomen nudum, subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSerpula (Cymospira) gigantea Pallas, 1766 (superseded original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSerpula (Galeolaria) gigantea (Pallas, 1776) (superseded recombination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSerpula bicornis (Abildgaard, 1789) (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSerpula gigantea Pallas, 1766 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus (Cymospira) giganteus (Pallas, 1776) (superseded recombination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus giganteus giganteus (Pallas, 1766)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus giganteus microceras Mörch, 1863 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus giganteus tricornis Mörch, 1863 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus megasoma (Quatrefages, 1866)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus tricornis Mörch, 1863 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella bicornis Abildgaard, 1789 (subjective synonym)
Sources 
source of synonymy Hartman, Olga 1959. Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Occasional Papers of the Allan Hancock Foundation, 23: 628 pp. [details]

redescription Hove, Harry A. ten 1970. Serpulinae (Polychaeta) from the Caribbean: I - the genus Spirobranchus. Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands, 32: 1-57. [details]

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Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus giganteus arabica Monro, 1937 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus arabicus Monro, 1937
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus giganteus corniculatus (Grube, 1862) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus corniculatus (Grube, 1862)
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus giganteus coutierei Gravier, 1908 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus tetraceros (Schmarda, 1861)
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus giganteus giganteus (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus giganteus (Pallas, 1766)
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus giganteus microceras Mörch, 1863 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus giganteus (Pallas, 1766)
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus giganteus tricornis Mörch, 1863 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus giganteus (Pallas, 1766)
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus giganteus turbinatus Pixell, 1913 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirobranchus corniculatus (Grube, 1862)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From editor or global species database
Caribbean Sea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaribbean Sea [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAruba [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBonaire [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCaribbean Sea [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCuraçao [details]
Colombia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorColombia [details]
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [details]
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest Indian Ocean [details]
Mediterranean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea (non native[details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHispaniola [details]

Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSerpuliphilus tenax Humes & Stock, 1973 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (26 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Annelid Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEditor's comment In 1970, ten Hove split up the "circumtropical" Spirobranchus of authors in three what he at that time thought to be subspecies, in the meantime all recognized as species-complexes by themselves, totalling some 10 different species, see Fiege & ten Hove (1999 fig.4) for a graphic overview. There is a lot of confusion in the existing identifications of circumtropical "Sp. giganteus", but the use of the latter binomen should be restricted to the specimens from the Caribbean. All non-Caribbean records should be re-identified, some nominal "S. giganteus" even more likely belong to S. tetraceros. [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
ImagesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Spirobranchus giganteus
Spirobranchus giganteus
Spirobranchus giganteus
Spirobranchus giganteus
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:209944
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1997-09-01 14:43:33Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2008-11-04 07:12:01Z  changed  ten Hove, Harry
  
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  Citation: ten Hove, H. (2014). Spirobranchus giganteus (Pallas, 1766). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=209944 on 2014-04-23