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Polychaeta source details

Licher, Frank 2000 (1999), Revision der Gattung Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (Polychaeta: Syllidae). Morphologie, Taxonomie und Phylogenie. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 551:1-336
23045
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyD). Issue date 1999, but published early 2000.
The genus Typosyllis (Langerhans, 1879) (Polychaeta: Syllidae: Syllinae) is revised for the first time. All distinct species of this taxon are described in detail and synonyms listed. Altogether, more than 1850 specimens representing 213 taxa were examined. Twenty-three taxa, previously assigned to Syllis, Langerhansia, Ehlersia or Pionosyllis, are transferred to the genus Typosyllis. Eight species previously assigned to Typosyllis or Syllis are transfered to other syllid taxa. One junior homonym is renamed. The following four species are described as new to science: T. hyllebergi sp. nov., T. mauretanica sp. nov., T. silkeae sp. nov. and T. taiwanensis sp. nov. Three names are treated as Syllinae incertae sedis. Fifty-five names are regarded as younger synonyms of previously described Typosyllis-species. Fifty-seven names are considered nomina dubia. Nine names are considered nomina nuda. The names Syllis atlantico and S. atlantica lineata originally erected as nomina nova have to be eliminated. According to this revision the genus Typosyllis comprises 107 distinct species. A key for identification of all species is provided. Four lectotypes and several paralectotypes are designated: Typosyllis vittata (Grube, 1840) (MPW 673), T. valida Grube, 1857 (ZMUC 881; ZMUC 890), T. neglecta (Grube, 1870) comb. nov. (ZMB Verm. 843 (LT); ZMB Verm. 11074 (PLT)) und T. violacea (Grube, 1870) comb. nov. (ZMB Verm. 844; ZMB 11073). For two species neotypes are designated: Typosyllis cornuta (Rathke, 1843) (NTNU) und T. prolifera (Krohn, 1852) (NHMG Inve-21334). In the computer-based, cladistic analysis of Typosyllis revealed 3 large monophyletic groups of complexes: the complex-group cornuta (22 species, 6 species-groups), the complex-group prolifera (49 species, 8 species-groups) and the complex-group armillaris (25 species, 4 species-groups). Eleven species cannot be assigned with certainty to any of these 18 species-groups. It is shown that the taxa previously assigned to the genus Langerhansia (species with falcigerous and pseudospinigerous chaetae) probably form a monophylum, whereas the taxa previously assigned to the genus Typosyllis (species with falcigerous chaetae only) form a paraphylum. Nevertheless, the taxa Langerhansia is eliminated by referring the respective species to the genus Typosyllis, since the distinction of these two groups is based only on slight, gradual differences in some characters, providing no sound reasoning for a correct assignment of some species to Typosyllis or to Langerhansia.
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Amblyosyllis formosa (Claparède, 1863) (additional source)
Branchiosyllis bathyalis (Kirkegaard, 1995) (basis of record)
Branchiosyllis exilis (Gravier, 1900) (additional source)
Branchiosyllis maculata (Imajima, 1966) (basis of record)
Branchiosyllis salina (Hartmann-Schröder, 1959) (basis of record)
Branchiosyllis verruculosa (Augener, 1913) (basis of record)
Chaetosyllis oerstedi Malmgren, 1867 (status source)
Dentatisyllis inflata (Marenzeller, 1879) accepted as Megasyllis inflata (Marenzeller, 1879) (basis of record)
Dentatisyllis kiaorensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1992) (new combination reference)
Ehlersia (Syllis) cornuta (Rathke, 1843) accepted as Syllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Ehlersia (Syllis) rosea Langerhans, 1879 accepted as Syllis rosea (Langerhans, 1879) (new combination reference)
Ehlersia (Syllis) simplex Langerhans, 1879 accepted as Syllis amica Quatrefages, 1866 (source of synonymy)
Ehlersia beneliahui (Campoy & Alquézar, 1982) accepted as Syllis beneliahuae (Campoy & Alquézar, 1982) (source of synonymy)
Ehlersia cornuta (Rathke, 1843) accepted as Syllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Ehlersia ferrugina Langerhans, 1881 accepted as Paraehlersia ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Ehlersia ferruginea Langerhans, 1881 accepted as Paraehlersia ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Ehlersia garciai (Campoy, 1982) accepted as Syllis garciai (Campoy, 1982) (source of synonymy)
Ehlersia nepiotoca Caullery & Mesnil, 1916 (status source)
Ehlersia rosea Langerhans, 1879 accepted as Syllis rosea (Langerhans, 1879) (source of synonymy)
Ehlersia rosea magna Westheide, 1974 accepted as Typosyllis magna (Westheide, 1974) (new combination reference)
Ehlersia simplex Langerhans, 1879 accepted as Syllis amica Quatrefages, 1866 (source of synonymy)
Haplosyllis (Syllis) [auct.] accepted as Haplosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (source of synonymy)
Haplosyllis (Syllis) hamata (Claparède, 1868) accepted as Haplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Haplosyllis bisetosa Hartmann-Schröder, 1960 accepted as Alcyonosyllis bisetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) (additional source)
Haplosyllis cephalata Verrill, 1900 (additional source)
Haplosyllis chamaeleon Laubier, 1960 (additional source)
Haplosyllis cratericola (Buzhinskaja, 1990) (basis of record)
Haplosyllis hamata (Claparède, 1868) accepted as Haplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Haplosyllis oligochaeta accepted as Haplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Haplosyllis oligochaeta pontica Czerniavsky, 1881 (status source)
Haplosyllis oligochaeta pontica Czerniavsky, 1881 (basis of record)
Haplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (additional source)
Haplosyllis spongiphila (Verrill, 1885) (basis of record)
Ioida macrophthalma Johnston, 1840 accepted as Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Ioida macrophthalmus [auct. misspelling] accepted as Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Ioida pontica Czerniavsky, 1881 accepted as Syllis pontica (Czerniavsky, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Isosyllis Ehlers, 1864 accepted as Syllis Lamarck, 1818 (source of synonymy)
Isosyllis armoricana (Claparède, 1863) accepted as Syllis variegata Grube, 1860 (source of synonymy)
Langerhansia beneliahui Campoy & Alquézar, 1982 accepted as Syllis beneliahuae (Campoy & Alquézar, 1982) (source of synonymy)
Langerhansia cornuta (Rathke, 1843) accepted as Syllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Langerhansia japonica Imajima, 1966 (source of synonymy)
Lycastis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) accepted as Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Nereis incisa O. Fabricius, 1780 accepted as Syllis incisa (O. Fabricius, 1780) (source of synonymy)
Odontosyllis corruscans (Haswell, 1886) accepted as Megasyllis corruscans (Haswell, 1886) (basis of record)
Odontosyllis cucullata (McIntosh, 1908) (additional source)
Odontosyllis glandulosa Augener, 1913 accepted as Megasyllis glandulosa (Augener, 1913) (basis of record)
Pionosyllis aciculigrossa San Martín, 1990 accepted as Syllis aciculigrossa (San Martín, 1990) (new combination reference)
Pionosyllis alternosetosa (Saint Joseph, 1886) accepted as Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Pionosyllis hyalina (Grube, 1863) accepted as Syllis hyalina Grube, 1863 (source of synonymy)
Pionosyllis longisetosa Hartmann-Schröder, 1965 accepted as Perkinsyllis longisetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1965) (basis of record)
Pionosyllis longisetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1990) (basis of record)
Pionosyllis lucida Chamberlin, 1919 (status source)
Pionosyllis prolifera (Krohn, 1852) accepted as Syllis prolifera Krohn, 1852 (source of synonymy)
Pionosyllis riojai San Martín, 1990 accepted as Syllis riojai (San Martín, 1990) (new combination reference)
Pionosyllis typica Moore, 1909 accepted as Typosyllis typica (Moore, 1909) (source of synonymy)
Syllides longicirrata (Örsted, 1845) accepted as Syllides longocirratus (Örsted, 1845) (status source)
Syllides longocirratus (Örsted, 1845) (additional source)
Syllis (Ehlersia) cornuta Rathke, 1843 accepted as Syllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Ehlersia) ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) accepted as Paraehlersia ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Ehlersia) heterochaeta Moore, 1909 accepted as Syllis heterochaeta Moore, 1909 (new combination reference)
Syllis (Ehlersia) hyperioni Dorsey & Phillips, 1987 (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Ehlersia) simplex (Langerhans, 1879) accepted as Syllis amica Quatrefages, 1866 (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Haplosyllis) Langerhans, 1879 accepted as Haplosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Haplosyllis) cratericola Buzhinskaya, 1990 accepted as Haplosyllis cratericola (Buzhinskaja, 1990) (new combination reference)
Syllis (Haplosyllis) hamata Claparède, 1868 accepted as Haplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Haplosyllis) spongicola Grube, 1855 accepted as Haplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Langerhansia) Czerniavsky, 1881 accepted as Syllis Lamarck, 1818 (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Langerhansia) cornuta Rathke, 1843 accepted as Syllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Langerhansia) ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) accepted as Paraehlersia ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Langerhansia) ferruginosa (Langerhans, 1881) accepted as Paraehlersia ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Syllis) gracilis Grube, 1840 accepted as Syllis gracilis Grube, 1840 (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) alternata kabilica Ben-Eliahu, 1977 accepted as Syllis kabilica Ben-Eliahu, 1977 (basis of record)
Syllis (Typosyllis) alternosetosa Saint Joseph, 1887 accepted as Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) amica Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Syllis amica Quatrefages, 1866 (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) accepted as Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) bouvieri Gravier, 1900 accepted as Syllis prolifera Krohn, 1852 (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) capensis McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Syllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) cirropunctata Michel, 1909 accepted as Branchiosyllis cirropunctata (Michel, 1909) (status source)
Syllis (Typosyllis) corallicoides Augener, 1922 accepted as Syllis corallicola Verrill, 1900 (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) corallicola Verrill, 1900 accepted as Syllis corallicola Verrill, 1900 (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) cornuta Rathke, 1843 accepted as Syllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) corruscans (Haswell, 1886) accepted as Megasyllis corruscans (Haswell, 1886) (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) fasciata Malmgren, 1867 accepted as Syllis fasciata Malmgren, 1867 (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) filiformis Rullier, 1972 (additional source)
Syllis (Typosyllis) gerlachi (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) accepted as Syllis gerlachi (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) golfonovensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1962) accepted as Syllis golfonovensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1962) (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) hyalina Grube, 1863 accepted as Syllis hyalina Grube, 1863 (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) krohni Ehlers, 1864 accepted as Syllis krohnii Ehlers, 1864 (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) krohnii Ehlers, 1864 accepted as Syllis krohnii Ehlers, 1864 (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) lunaroides Ben-Eliahu, 1977 accepted as Syllis lutea (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) plessisi Rullier, 1972 accepted as Branchiosyllis exilis (Gravier, 1900) (additional source)
Syllis (Typosyllis) pulvinata (Langerhans, 1881) accepted as Syllis pulvinata (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) safrieli Ben-Eliahu, 1977 accepted as Syllis lutea (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) truncata cryptica Ben-Eliahu, 1977 accepted as Syllis gerlachi (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) truncata mediterranea Ben-Eliahu, 1977 accepted as Syllis pulvinata (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) variegata Grube, 1860 accepted as Syllis variegata Grube, 1860 (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) variegata variegata Cognetti, 1954 accepted as Syllis variegata Grube, 1860 (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) verruculosa Augener, 1913 accepted as Branchiosyllis verruculosa (Augener, 1913) (new combination reference)
Syllis (Typosyllis) vittata Grube, 1840 accepted as Syllis vittata Grube, 1840 (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) vivipara Krohn, 1869 accepted as Syllis vivipara Krohn, 1869 (source of synonymy)
Holotype ZMH 14654, locality Red Sea, identified as Typosyllis dentata Hartmann-Schröder, 1960
Holotype USNM 19422, locality Marshall Islands, identified as Odontosyllis atypica Chamberlin, 1919
Holotype SMF 7392, locality Mauritania, identified as Typosyllis mauretanica Licher, 1999
Paratype SMF 7393, identified as Typosyllis mauretanica Licher, 1999
Holotype MPW No. 397, locality Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone, identified as Syllis nigrescens Grube, 1878
Paratype ZMH P-14655, locality Red Sea, identified as Typosyllis dentata Hartmann-Schröder, 1960
Holotype ZMUC Pol-851, locality Red Sea, identified as Typosyllis hyllebergi Licher, 1999
Holotype AHF Poly 888, locality North West Atlantic, identified as Typosyllis parateinopterona Licher, 1999
Holotype ZMH V-4733, identified as Syllis (Ehlersia) anops Ehlers, 1897
Nontype ZMB Verm. 5303, locality Shark Bay, identified as Syllis cerina Grube, 1878
Holotype ASIZP W-197, locality Taiwan Strait, identified as Typosyllis silkeae Licher, 1999
 Depth range

11-16 m. [details]

 Depth range

Continental shelf and shallow to deep slope depths, 97-2900 m. [details]

 Depth range

Eulittoral to sublittoral. Between 2-3 m at the type locality.  [details]

 Depth range

Eulittoral.  [details]

 Depth range

Eulittoral.  [details]

 Depth range

Eulittoral.  [details]

 Depth range

Shallow water and 53-115 m.  [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean: continental slope off New England (USA); continental shelves of Guiana and Brazil (off Pernambuco). [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Queensland; South Australia; Western Australia (Shark Bay and Albany District). Indonesia. Eastern Africa: ... [details]

 Distribution

Mauritania, Banc d'Arguin.  [details]

 Distribution

Pacific Ocean: Hawaiian Islands.  [details]

 Distribution

Pacific Ocean: Hawaiian Islands; Polynesia; NW Australia. [details]

 Distribution

Philippine Islands (Bohol); Western Australia (Shark Bay).  [details]

 Distribution

Red Sea, Gulf of Aqaba and Suez Canal.  [details]

 Distribution

Red Sea: Egypt (Hurghada). Indian Ocean: Mozambique (Xai Xai). Mediterranean Sea.  [details]

 Distribution

Red Sea: Saudi Arabia (Sarso Island). Circumtropical to subtropical.  [details]

 Distribution

Red Sea; Mediterranean Sea; Indian Ocean; Caribbean Sea; Gulf of Mexico.  [details]

 Distribution

See note for Syllis truncata [details]

 Distribution

South Africa; Argentina; Chile; Antarctic Ocean; Kerguelen; New Zealand; Australia; South China.  [details]

 Distribution

Taiwan.  [details]

 Editor's comment

Day (1954) did not state explicitly which of the 46 stations where the new species was collected was the type ... [details]

 Editor's comment

Licher (1999: 307-308) revised the type material deposited at the MPW, considering it to be a nomen dubium due to ... [details]

 Editor's comment

The description of the species Syllis brevis Schmarda, 1861 seems to indicate a specimen belonging to the genus ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is dedicated to the wife of the author, Silke.  [details]

 Etymology

The species is dedicated to Dr. Jørgen Hylleberg, from the University of Århus, Denmark, who collected the type ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet mauretanica refers to the type locality of the species, Mauritania.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet nigricirris refers to the dorsal black cirri that characterizes the species.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet lutea, feminine form of the Latin word luteus, meaning 'yellowish' or 'sallow', refers to the ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet parteinopterona refers to the great length of the blades, being composed by the old Greek ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet hawaiiensis refers to the type locality of the species, the Hawaiian Islands.  [details]

 Habitat

AEulittoral, among seagrasses.  [details]

 Habitat

Among eulittoral algae.  [details]

 Habitat

Continental shelf and slope. Further information lacking.  [details]

 Habitat

Eulittoral, in sand with coral rubble.  [details]

 Habitat

Eulittoral.  [details]

 Homonymy

New name for Langerhansia anoculata Hartman & Fauchald, 1971 nec Hartmann-Schroder, 1962. With the move of ... [details]

 Homonymy

With the move of the species to the genus Typosyllis performed by Licher (1999) the species became a secondary ... [details]

 Neotype

Dorsey & Phillips (1987) searched unsuccessfully for the holotype of Syllis (Ehlersia) heterochaeta at the ... [details]

 Nomenclature

According to Licher (1999: 264, footnote) the correct latinization of the specific epithet is heterocirrata, ... [details]

 Nomenclature

According to Licher (1999: 264, footnote) the correct latinization of the specific epithet is heterocirrata, ... [details]

 Nomenclature

Licher (1999: 205, footnote) corrects the specific epithet from krohnii to krohni, evoking article 31.1.2. of the ... [details]

 Nomenclature

Licher (1999: 54-57) revised the type material of Syllis gracilis Schmarda, 1861, and determined that it was a ... [details]

 Nomenclature

Licher (1999: 54-57) revised the type material of Syllis gracilis Schmarda, 1861, and determined that it was a ... [details]

 Nomenclature

The specific epithet was corrected by Licher (1999: 131) from the original hawaiensis to the current hawaiiensis.  [details]

 Nomenclature

The specific epithet was corrected by Licher (1999: 131) from hawaiensis to hawaiiensis.  [details]

 Status

Hartman (1959: 225) considered that the species belonged to the genus Syllis, being however indeterminable to ... [details]

 Status

The species was considered to be a nomen dubium by Licher (1999: 304).  [details]

 Status

The species was considered to be a nomen dubium by Licher (1999: 304).  [details]

 Synonymy

The species was synonymized with Syllis variegata Grube, 1860 (as Typosyllis) by Licher (1999: 108).  [details]

 Taxonomic remark

According to Licher et al. (1995) and Licher (1999), the paratypes USNM 75308 and USNM 75312 of Syllis ortizi San ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

According to Licher et al. (1995) and Licher (1999), the paratypes USNM 75308 and USNM 75312 of Syllis ortizi San ... [details]

 Taxonomy

According to Licher (1999: 307) the species is not a syllid, being the holotype an epitoke form with hypertrophied ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Current taxon junior synonym of species listed. According to Licher (1999: 306) the species should be considered as ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Current taxon was considered as a junior synonym of Syllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 by Carus (1885: 228), Soulier ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Current taxon was generally considered as a junior synonym of Haplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855), but was ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Hartman (1959: 227), considered Syllis macroura as being possibly Opisthosyllis australis Augener, 1913. In the ... [details]

 Taxonomy

In the absence of type material Licher (1999: 304) considered the species to be a nomen dubium.  [details]

 Taxonomy

Licher (1999) and San Martín (2003) erroneously considered Syllis cirropunctata as a synonym of Branchiosyllis ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Licher (1999) considered the species as a nomen dubium, as the type material did not enable a redescription.  [details]

 Taxonomy

Licher (1999) considered the species as nomen dubium. The holotype is in poor condition, with the soft tissues ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Licher (1999: 305) in the absence of type material considered the species to be a nomen dubium.  [details]

 Taxonomy

Moved to genus Typosyllis by Licher (1999), and Syllis in Amaral & Rossi-Wongtschowski (2004).  [details]

 Taxonomy

Moved to genus Typosyllis by Hartman (1959: 217, 234). Considered as a nomen dubium by Licher (1999: 304)  [details]

 Taxonomy

Moved to genus Typosyllis by Licher (1999) but considered nowadays to belong to Syllis.  [details]

 Taxonomy

Moved to genus Typosyllis by Hartman (1959: 235).
Licher (1999: 307) considered the species as nomen dubium, due ... [details]

 Taxonomy

San Martín (1992) first and Licher (1999) later revised the type material and considered the species to be synonym ... [details]

 Taxonomy

San Martín (1992) first and Licher (1999) later revised the type material and considered the species to be synonym ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Species uncertain. Augener (1913) stated that Syllis solida was very similar to Branchiosyllis exilis (Gravier, ... [details]

 Taxonomy

The species was considered as a possible synonym of Syllis variegata Grube, 1860 by Augener (1913: 190-192; 1922: ... [details]

 Taxonomy

The species was moved to genus Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879 by Hartman (1959: 230, 234), in spite of the fact that ... [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, northwestern section, deep slope off New England, Atlantic coast of the USA (39º43.6'N, 70º37.4'W).  [details]

 Type locality

Egypt (marine), Dahab, El Kura Bay (geocoordinates not provided, but estimated with gazetteer to be approximately ... [details]

 Type locality

Mauritania (marine), Banc d' Arguin, about 100 km south of the city of Nouadhibou (geocoordinates not provided, but ... [details]

 Type locality

Pacific Ocean, Japan. The species was described with base on specimens from several different localities in Japan. ... [details]

 Type locality

Pacific Ocean: Tern Island, French Frigate Shoals (Northwestern Hawaiian Islands).  [details]

 Type locality

Philippine Islands. Grube (1878: VII) comments that probably Syllis nigrescens was collected in Singapore, but ... [details]

 Type locality

Taiwan (marine), Liu-chiu-yu (22º20'30"N, 120º22'00"E).  [details]

 Type material

Grube (1878) refers the collection of 4 specimens from Aibuhit (maybe Aimellik?; Palau Islands) and Camiguin ... [details]

 Type material

Holotype (CASIZ 019427) incomplete.  [details]

 Type material

Holotype deposited at the MPW (No. 397), in two fragments.  [details]

 Type material

Holotype deposited at the MPW (No. 393). The specimen dried (Wiktor, 1980), and Licher (1999) considered the ... [details]

 Type material

Licher (1999) did not find the type material, it might have been lost.  [details]

 Type material

Licher (1999) was not able to locate the type material.  [details]

 Type material

Not found by Licher (1999), probably lost.  [details]

 Type material

Paratypes USNM 75308 and USNM 75312 of Syllis ortizi San Martín, 1992 were considered as being Typosyllis ... [details]

 Type material

Syntype deposited at the MPW (No. 398), in two fragments.  [details]

 Type material

Syntypes (2) deposited at the Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien, Austria: NHMW 618.  [details]

 Type material

The species was described with base on specimens from 3 different locations: Veli Lošinj (Lussin Grande), Nerezine ... [details]

 Type material

The type material includes only the holotype, mounted in a slide. It was initially deposited at the collections of ... [details]

 Type material

The type material was not studied or located by Licher (1999: 300).  [details]

 Type material

The type material was not located by Licher (1999: 45). However, the NHM, Wien, holds 6 specimens (NHMW 668) ... [details]

 Type material

The type material was not found by Licher (1999: 304).  [details]

 Type material

Type material not found by Licher (1999: 305), who considered it to be probably lost. [details]

 Type material

Type material not found by Licher (1999: 304), who considered it to be probably lost.  [details]

 Type material

Type material not found by Licher (1999: 306).  [details]

 Type material

Type material unavailable, probably lost, not located by Licher (1999: 304). [details]

 Validity

Nomen nudum et dubium (Possibly synonym of S. hyalina). [details]

 Validity

Nomen nudum et dubium (Possibly synonym of S. variegata) [details]