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Polychaeta source details

Licher, Frank 2000 (1999), Revision der Gattung Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (Polychaeta: Syllidae). Morphologie, Taxonomie und Phylogenie. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 551:1-336
23045
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyD). Issue date 1999, but published early 2000.
The genus Typosyllis (Langerhans, 1879) (Polychaeta: Syllidae: Syllinae) is revised for the first time. All distinct species of this taxon are described in detail and synonyms listed. Altogether, more than 1850 specimens representing 213 taxa were examined. Twenty-three taxa, previously assigned to Syllis, Langerhansia, Ehlersia or Pionosyllis, are transferred to the genus Typosyllis. Eight species previously assigned to Typosyllis or Syllis are transfered to other syllid taxa. One junior homonym is renamed. The following four species are described as new to science: T. hyllebergi sp. nov., T. mauretanica sp. nov., T. silkeae sp. nov. and T. taiwanensis sp. nov. Three names are treated as Syllinae incertae sedis. Fifty-five names are regarded as younger synonyms of previously described Typosyllis-species. Fifty-seven names are considered nomina dubia. Nine names are considered nomina nuda. The names Syllis atlantico and S. atlantica lineata originally erected as nomina nova have to be eliminated. According to this revision the genus Typosyllis comprises 107 distinct species. A key for identification of all species is provided. Four lectotypes and several paralectotypes are designated: Typosyllis vittata (Grube, 1840) (MPW 673), T. valida Grube, 1857 (ZMUC 881; ZMUC 890), T. neglecta (Grube, 1870) comb. nov. (ZMB Verm. 843 (LT); ZMB Verm. 11074 (PLT)) und T. violacea (Grube, 1870) comb. nov. (ZMB Verm. 844; ZMB 11073). For two species neotypes are designated: Typosyllis cornuta (Rathke, 1843) (NTNU) und T. prolifera (Krohn, 1852) (NHMG Inve-21334). In the computer-based, cladistic analysis of Typosyllis revealed 3 large monophyletic groups of complexes: the complex-group cornuta (22 species, 6 species-groups), the complex-group prolifera (49 species, 8 species-groups) and the complex-group armillaris (25 species, 4 species-groups). Eleven species cannot be assigned with certainty to any of these 18 species-groups. It is shown that the taxa previously assigned to the genus Langerhansia (species with falcigerous and pseudospinigerous chaetae) probably form a monophylum, whereas the taxa previously assigned to the genus Typosyllis (species with falcigerous chaetae only) form a paraphylum. Nevertheless, the taxa Langerhansia is eliminated by referring the respective species to the genus Typosyllis, since the distinction of these two groups is based only on slight, gradual differences in some characters, providing no sound reasoning for a correct assignment of some species to Typosyllis or to Langerhansia.
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmblyosyllis formosa (Claparède, 1863) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiosyllis bathyalis (Kirkegaard, 1995) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiosyllis exilis (Gravier, 1900) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiosyllis maculata (Imajima, 1966) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiosyllis salina (Hartmann-Schröder, 1959) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiosyllis verruculosa (Augener, 1913) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChaetosyllis oerstedi Malmgren, 1867 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDentatisyllis inflata (Marenzeller, 1879) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMegasyllis inflata (Marenzeller, 1879) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDentatisyllis kiaorensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1992) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia (Syllis) cornuta (Rathke, 1843) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia (Syllis) rosea Langerhans, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis rosea (Langerhans, 1879) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia (Syllis) simplex Langerhans, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis amica Quatrefages, 1866 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia beneliahui (Campoy & Alquézar, 1982) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis beneliahuae (Campoy & Alquézar, 1982) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia cornuta (Rathke, 1843) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia ferrugina Langerhans, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaehlersia ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia ferruginea Langerhans, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaehlersia ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia garciai (Campoy, 1982) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis garciai (Campoy, 1982) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia nepiotoca Caullery & Mesnil, 1916 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia rosea Langerhans, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis rosea (Langerhans, 1879) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia rosea magna Westheide, 1974 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTyposyllis magna (Westheide, 1974) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEhlersia simplex Langerhans, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis amica Quatrefages, 1866 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis (Syllis) [auct.] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis (Syllis) hamata (Claparède, 1868) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis bisetosa Hartmann-Schröder, 1960 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonosyllis bisetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis cephalata Verrill, 1900 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis chamaeleon Laubier, 1960 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis cratericola (Buzhinskaja, 1990) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis hamata (Claparède, 1868) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis oligochaeta accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis oligochaeta pontica Czerniavsky, 1881 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis oligochaeta pontica Czerniavsky, 1881 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis spongiphila (Verrill, 1885) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIoida macrophthalma Johnston, 1840 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIoida macrophthalmus [auct. misspelling] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIoida pontica Czerniavsky, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis pontica (Czerniavsky, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsosyllis Ehlers, 1864 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis Lamarck, 1818 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsosyllis armoricana (Claparède, 1863) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis variegata Grube, 1860 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLangerhansia beneliahui Campoy & Alquézar, 1982 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis beneliahuae (Campoy & Alquézar, 1982) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLangerhansia cornuta (Rathke, 1843) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLangerhansia japonica Imajima, 1966 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLycastis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis incisa O. Fabricius, 1780 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis incisa (O. Fabricius, 1780) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontosyllis corruscans (Haswell, 1886) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMegasyllis corruscans (Haswell, 1886) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontosyllis cucullata (McIntosh, 1908) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontosyllis glandulosa Augener, 1913 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMegasyllis glandulosa (Augener, 1913) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPionosyllis aciculigrossa San Martín, 1990 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis aciculigrossa (San Martín, 1990) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPionosyllis alternosetosa (Saint Joseph, 1886) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPionosyllis hyalina (Grube, 1863) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis hyalina Grube, 1863 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPionosyllis longisetosa Hartmann-Schröder, 1965 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerkinsyllis longisetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1965) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPionosyllis longisetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1990) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPionosyllis lucida Chamberlin, 1919 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPionosyllis prolifera (Krohn, 1852) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis prolifera Krohn, 1852 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPionosyllis riojai San Martín, 1990 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis riojai (San Martín, 1990) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPionosyllis typica Moore, 1909 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTyposyllis typica (Moore, 1909) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllides longicirrata (Örsted, 1845) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllides longocirratus (Örsted, 1845) (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllides longocirratus (Örsted, 1845) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Ehlersia) cornuta Rathke, 1843 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Ehlersia) ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaehlersia ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Ehlersia) heterochaeta Moore, 1909 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis heterochaeta Moore, 1909 (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Ehlersia) hyperioni Dorsey & Phillips, 1987 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Ehlersia) simplex (Langerhans, 1879) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis amica Quatrefages, 1866 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Haplosyllis) Langerhans, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Haplosyllis) cratericola Buzhinskaya, 1990 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis cratericola (Buzhinskaja, 1990) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Haplosyllis) hamata Claparède, 1868 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Haplosyllis) spongicola Grube, 1855 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Langerhansia) Czerniavsky, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis Lamarck, 1818 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Langerhansia) cornuta Rathke, 1843 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Langerhansia) ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaehlersia ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Langerhansia) ferruginosa (Langerhans, 1881) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaehlersia ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Syllis) gracilis Grube, 1840 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis gracilis Grube, 1840 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) alternata kabilica Ben-Eliahu, 1977 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis kabilica Ben-Eliahu, 1977 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) alternosetosa Saint Joseph, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) amica Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis amica Quatrefages, 1866 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) bouvieri Gravier, 1900 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis prolifera Krohn, 1852 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) capensis McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis armillaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) cirropunctata Michel, 1909 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiosyllis cirropunctata (Michel, 1909) (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) corallicoides Augener, 1922 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis corallicola Verrill, 1900 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) corallicola Verrill, 1900 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis corallicola Verrill, 1900 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) cornuta Rathke, 1843 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) corruscans (Haswell, 1886) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMegasyllis corruscans (Haswell, 1886) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) fasciata Malmgren, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis fasciata Malmgren, 1867 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) filiformis Rullier, 1972 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) gerlachi (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis gerlachi (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) golfonovensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1962) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis golfonovensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1962) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) hyalina Grube, 1863 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis hyalina Grube, 1863 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) krohni Ehlers, 1864 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis krohnii Ehlers, 1864 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) krohnii Ehlers, 1864 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis krohnii Ehlers, 1864 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) lunaroides Ben-Eliahu, 1977 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis lutea (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) plessisi Rullier, 1972 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiosyllis exilis (Gravier, 1900) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) pulvinata (Langerhans, 1881) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis pulvinata (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) safrieli Ben-Eliahu, 1977 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis lutea (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) truncata cryptica Ben-Eliahu, 1977 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis gerlachi (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) truncata mediterranea Ben-Eliahu, 1977 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis pulvinata (Langerhans, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) variegata Grube, 1860 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis variegata Grube, 1860 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) variegata variegata Cognetti, 1954 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis variegata Grube, 1860 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) verruculosa Augener, 1913 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiosyllis verruculosa (Augener, 1913) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) vittata Grube, 1840 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis vittata Grube, 1840 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis (Typosyllis) vivipara Krohn, 1869 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllis vivipara Krohn, 1869 (source of synonymy)
Holotype ZMH 14654, locality Red Sea, identified as Typosyllis dentata Hartmann-Schröder, 1960
Holotype USNM 19422, locality Marshall Islands, identified as Odontosyllis atypica Chamberlin, 1919
Holotype SMF 7392, locality Mauritania, identified as Typosyllis mauretanica Licher, 1999
Paratype SMF 7393, identified as Typosyllis mauretanica Licher, 1999
Holotype MPW No. 397, locality Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone, identified as Syllis nigrescens Grube, 1878
Paratype ZMH P-14655, locality Red Sea, identified as Typosyllis dentata Hartmann-Schröder, 1960
Holotype ZMUC Pol-851, locality Red Sea, identified as Typosyllis hyllebergi Licher, 1999
Holotype AHF Poly 888, locality North West Atlantic, identified as Typosyllis parateinopterona Licher, 1999
Holotype ZMH V-4733, identified as Syllis (Ehlersia) anops Ehlers, 1897
Nontype ZMB Verm. 5303, locality Shark Bay, identified as Syllis cerina Grube, 1878
Holotype ASIZP W-197, locality Taiwan Strait, identified as Typosyllis silkeae Licher, 1999
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

11-16 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

Continental shelf and shallow to deep slope depths, 97-2900 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

Eulittoral to sublittoral. Between 2-3 m at the type locality.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

Eulittoral.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

Eulittoral.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

Eulittoral.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

Shallow water and 53-115 m.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Atlantic Ocean: continental slope off New England (USA); continental shelves of Guiana and Brazil (off Pernambuco). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Australia: Queensland; South Australia; Western Australia (Shark Bay and Albany District). Indonesia. Eastern Africa: ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Mauritania, Banc d'Arguin.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Pacific Ocean: Hawaiian Islands.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Pacific Ocean: Hawaiian Islands; Polynesia; NW Australia. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Philippine Islands (Bohol); Western Australia (Shark Bay).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Red Sea, Gulf of Aqaba and Suez Canal.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Red Sea: Egypt (Hurghada). Indian Ocean: Mozambique (Xai Xai). Mediterranean Sea.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Red Sea: Saudi Arabia (Sarso Island). Circumtropical to subtropical.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Red Sea; Mediterranean Sea; Indian Ocean; Caribbean Sea; Gulf of Mexico.  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editor Distribution

See note for Syllis truncata [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

South Africa; Argentina; Chile; Antarctic Ocean; Kerguelen; New Zealand; Australia; South China.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Taiwan.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Editor's comment

Day (1954) did not state explicitly which of the 46 stations where the new species was collected was the type ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Editor's comment

Licher (1999: 307-308) revised the type material deposited at the MPW, considering it to be a nomen dubium due to ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Editor's comment

The description of the species Syllis brevis Schmarda, 1861 seems to indicate a specimen belonging to the genus ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The species is dedicated to the wife of the author, Silke.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The species is dedicated to Dr. Jørgen Hylleberg, from the University of Århus, Denmark, who collected the type ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The specific epithet mauretanica refers to the type locality of the species, Mauritania.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The specific epithet nigricirris refers to the dorsal black cirri that characterizes the species.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The specific epithet lutea, feminine form of the Latin word luteus, meaning 'yellowish' or 'sallow', refers to the ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The specific epithet parteinopterona refers to the great length of the blades, being composed by the old Greek ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The specific epithet hawaiiensis refers to the type locality of the species, the Hawaiian Islands.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

AEulittoral, among seagrasses.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Among eulittoral algae.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Continental shelf and slope. Further information lacking.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Eulittoral, in sand with coral rubble.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Eulittoral.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Homonymy

New name for Langerhansia anoculata Hartman & Fauchald, 1971 nec Hartmann-Schroder, 1962. With the move of ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Homonymy

With the move of the species to the genus Typosyllis performed by Licher (1999) the species became a secondary ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Neotype

Dorsey & Phillips (1987) searched unsuccessfully for the holotype of Syllis (Ehlersia) heterochaeta at the ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Nomenclature

According to Licher (1999: 264, footnote) the correct latinization of the specific epithet is heterocirrata, ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Nomenclature

According to Licher (1999: 264, footnote) the correct latinization of the specific epithet is heterocirrata, ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Nomenclature

Licher (1999: 205, footnote) corrects the specific epithet from krohnii to krohni, evoking article 31.1.2. of the ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Nomenclature

Licher (1999: 54-57) revised the type material of Syllis gracilis Schmarda, 1861, and determined that it was a ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Nomenclature

Licher (1999: 54-57) revised the type material of Syllis gracilis Schmarda, 1861, and determined that it was a ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Nomenclature

The specific epithet was corrected by Licher (1999: 131) from the original hawaiensis to the current hawaiiensis.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Nomenclature

The specific epithet was corrected by Licher (1999: 131) from hawaiensis to hawaiiensis.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Status

Hartman (1959: 225) considered that the species belonged to the genus Syllis, being however indeterminable to ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Status

The species was considered to be a nomen dubium by Licher (1999: 304).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Status

The species was considered to be a nomen dubium by Licher (1999: 304).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

The species was synonymized with Syllis variegata Grube, 1860 (as Typosyllis) by Licher (1999: 108).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomic remark

According to Licher et al. (1995) and Licher (1999), the paratypes USNM 75308 and USNM 75312 of Syllis ortizi San ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomic remark

According to Licher et al. (1995) and Licher (1999), the paratypes USNM 75308 and USNM 75312 of Syllis ortizi San ... [details]

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According to Licher (1999: 307) the species is not a syllid, being the holotype an epitoke form with hypertrophied ... [details]

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Current taxon junior synonym of species listed. According to Licher (1999: 306) the species should be considered as ... [details]

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Current taxon was considered as a junior synonym of Syllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 by Carus (1885: 228), Soulier ... [details]

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Current taxon was generally considered as a junior synonym of Haplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855), but was ... [details]

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Hartman (1959: 227), considered Syllis macroura as being possibly Opisthosyllis australis Augener, 1913. In the ... [details]

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In the absence of type material Licher (1999: 304) considered the species to be a nomen dubium.  [details]

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Licher (1999) and San Martín (2003) erroneously considered Syllis cirropunctata as a synonym of Branchiosyllis ... [details]

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Licher (1999) considered the species as a nomen dubium, as the type material did not enable a redescription.  [details]

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Licher (1999) considered the species as nomen dubium. The holotype is in poor condition, with the soft tissues ... [details]

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Licher (1999: 305) in the absence of type material considered the species to be a nomen dubium.  [details]

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Moved to genus Typosyllis by Licher (1999), and Syllis in Amaral & Rossi-Wongtschowski (2004).  [details]

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Moved to genus Typosyllis by Hartman (1959: 217, 234). Considered as a nomen dubium by Licher (1999: 304)  [details]

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Moved to genus Typosyllis by Licher (1999) but considered nowadays to belong to Syllis.  [details]

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Moved to genus Typosyllis by Hartman (1959: 235).
Licher (1999: 307) considered the species as nomen dubium, due ... [details]

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San Martín (1992) first and Licher (1999) later revised the type material and considered the species to be synonym ... [details]

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San Martín (1992) first and Licher (1999) later revised the type material and considered the species to be synonym ... [details]

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Species uncertain. Augener (1913) stated that Syllis solida was very similar to Branchiosyllis exilis (Gravier, ... [details]

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The species was considered as a possible synonym of Syllis variegata Grube, 1860 by Augener (1913: 190-192; 1922: ... [details]

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The species was moved to genus Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879 by Hartman (1959: 230, 234), in spite of the fact that ... [details]

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Atlantic Ocean, northwestern section, deep slope off New England, Atlantic coast of the USA (39º43.6'N, 70º37.4'W).  [details]

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Egypt (marine), Dahab, El Kura Bay (geocoordinates not provided, but estimated with gazetteer to be approximately ... [details]

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Mauritania (marine), Banc d' Arguin, about 100 km south of the city of Nouadhibou (geocoordinates not provided, but ... [details]

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Pacific Ocean, Japan. The species was described with base on specimens from several different localities in Japan. ... [details]

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Pacific Ocean: Tern Island, French Frigate Shoals (Northwestern Hawaiian Islands).  [details]

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Philippine Islands. Grube (1878: VII) comments that probably Syllis nigrescens was collected in Singapore, but ... [details]

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Taiwan (marine), Liu-chiu-yu (22º20'30"N, 120º22'00"E).  [details]

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Grube (1878) refers the collection of 4 specimens from Aibuhit (maybe Aimellik?; Palau Islands) and Camiguin ... [details]

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Holotype (CASIZ 019427) incomplete.  [details]

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Holotype deposited at the MPW (No. 397), in two fragments.  [details]

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Holotype deposited at the MPW (No. 393). The specimen dried (Wiktor, 1980), and Licher (1999) considered the ... [details]

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Licher (1999) did not find the type material, it might have been lost.  [details]

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Licher (1999) was not able to locate the type material.  [details]

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Not found by Licher (1999), probably lost.  [details]

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Paratypes USNM 75308 and USNM 75312 of Syllis ortizi San Martín, 1992 were considered as being Typosyllis ... [details]

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Syntype deposited at the MPW (No. 398), in two fragments.  [details]

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Syntypes (2) deposited at the Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien, Austria: NHMW 618.  [details]

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The species was described with base on specimens from 3 different locations: Veli Lošinj (Lussin Grande), Nerezine ... [details]

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The type material includes only the holotype, mounted in a slide. It was initially deposited at the collections of ... [details]

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The type material was not studied or located by Licher (1999: 300).  [details]

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The type material was not located by Licher (1999: 45). However, the NHM, Wien, holds 6 specimens (NHMW 668) ... [details]

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The type material was not found by Licher (1999: 304).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type material

Type material not found by Licher (1999: 305), who considered it to be probably lost. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type material

Type material not found by Licher (1999: 304), who considered it to be probably lost.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type material

Type material not found by Licher (1999: 306).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type material

Type material unavailable, probably lost, not located by Licher (1999: 304). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editor Validity

Nomen nudum et dubium (Possibly synonym of S. hyalina). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editor Validity

Nomen nudum et dubium (Possibly synonym of S. variegata) [details]