WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlitta virens (M. Sars, 1835)

234851  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:234851)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Sars, M. (1835). Beskrivelser og Iagttagelser over nogle moerkelige eller nye i Havet ved den Bergenske Kyst levende Dyr af Polypernes, Acalephernes, Radiaternes, Annelidernes og Molluskernes classer, med en kort Oversigt over de hidtil af Forfatteren sammesteds fundne Arter og deres Forekommen. Bergen, Thorstein Hallagers Forlag hos Chr. Dahl, R.S., xii + 81 pp., 15 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/46907 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone, New...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in New York [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in New England (USA) [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature An explanation to non-taxonomists that if you...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature An explanation to non-taxonomists that if you want to indicate a replaced old genus/species combination you say “Alitta virens (formerly Nereis virens)". It is wrong to use the construction of "Alitta (Nereis) virens". This is because “Nereis” is the name of a very well-known valid genus with hundreds of species, whereas Alitta is a more recent obscure genus which has a only a handful of species. If you put Nereis in parenthesis between the genus name Alitta and the species name it means that you think that Nereis is a subgenus of Alitta. That is the way a subgenus is indicated. Every biologist knows this simple convention (or should know it). However, it is impossible to have Nereis as a subgenus of Alitta since Nereis is the senior name by over a century. A senior name has priority as the genus name and cannot be a subgenus of a junior one. So Alitta can be (and once was) a subgenus of Nereis, but Nereis can never be a subgenus of Alitta. In any case they are today regarded as very different genera. [details]
Glasby, C. (2017). Alitta virens (M. Sars, 1835). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=234851 on 2017-12-18

Date
action
by
2006-11-26 16:18:18Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Sars, M. (1835). Beskrivelser og Iagttagelser over nogle moerkelige eller nye i Havet ved den Bergenske Kyst levende Dyr af Polypernes, Acalephernes, Radiaternes, Annelidernes og Molluskernes classer, med en kort Oversigt over de hidtil af Forfatteren sammesteds fundne Arter og deres Forekommen. Bergen, Thorstein Hallagers Forlag hos Chr. Dahl, R.S., xii + 81 pp., 15 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/46907 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis virens Sars, 1835) Sars, M. (1835). Beskrivelser og Iagttagelser over nogle moerkelige eller nye i Havet ved den Bergenske Kyst levende Dyr af Polypernes, Acalephernes, Radiaternes, Annelidernes og Molluskernes classer, med en kort Oversigt over de hidtil af Forfatteren sammesteds fundne Arter og deres Forekommen. Bergen, Thorstein Hallagers Forlag hos Chr. Dahl, R.S., xii + 81 pp., 15 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/46907
page(s): 58-60, plate 10 figs. 27 a, b, c [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis yankiana Quatrefages, 1866) Quatrefages, Armand de. (1866 [imprint date 1865]). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d’eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. Volume 1. 1-588. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris. [some vol.2 species are also linked here but see also source id 51472]., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=FV9IAAAAYAAJ [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis dyamushi Izuka, 1912) Izuka, A. (1912). The errantiate Polychaeta of Japan. Journal of the College of Science, Imperial University of Tokyo. 30(2): 1-262, plates I-XXIV., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/121156#page/491/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis (Neanthes) paucidentata Treadwell, 1939) Treadwell, Aaron L. 1939. New polychaetous annelids from New England, Texas and Puerto Rico. American Museum Novitates, 1023: 1-7., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/2246/4821 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis (Neanthes) varia Treadwell, 1941) Treadwell, Aaron L. 1941. Polychaetous annelids from the New England region, Porto Rico and Brazil. American Museum Novitates, 1138: 1-4., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/2246/4787 [details]   

redescription Bakken, T.; Wilson, R.S. (2005). Phylogeny of nereidids (Polychaeta, Nereididae) with paragnaths. Zoologica Scripta. 34(5): 507-547., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2005.00200.x [details]   

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis virens Sars, 1835) Ehlers, Ernst. (1868). Die Borstenwürmer (Annelida Chaetopoda) nach systematischen und anatomischen Untersuchungen dargestellt. Volume 2: i-xx, 269-748, plates XII-XXIV. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1985162 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis virens Sars, 1835) Hartman, O. 1944. New England Annelida. Part 2. Including the unpublished plates by Verrill with reconstructed captions. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 82(7): 331-343., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/2246/1052 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis dyamushi Izuka, 1912) Imajima, Minoru & Hartman, Olga. (1964). The polychaetous annelids of Japan. Occasional Papers of the Allan Hancock Foundation. 26(1-2): 1-452 [issued in 2 parts]., available online at http://digitallibrary.usc.edu/cdm/ref/collection/p15799coll82/id/18946 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis (Alitta) virens M Sars, 1835) Fauchald, K. (2007). World Register of Polychaeta. , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis yankiana Quatrefages, 1866) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeanthes virens (M. Sars, 1835)) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeanthes virens (M. Sars, 1835)) Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1996). Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta [Annelida, bristleworms, Polychaeta]. 2nd revised ed. The fauna of Germany and adjacent seas with their characteristics and ecology, 58. Gustav Fischer: Jena, Germany. ISBN 3-437-35038-2. 648 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeanthes virens (M. Sars, 1835)) Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeanthes virens (M. Sars, 1835)) Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeanthes virens (M. Sars, 1835)) Pettibone, M.H. 1952 MS. Checklist of Polychaeta of New England region. 32 p. [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeanthes virens (M. Sars, 1835)) Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeanthes virens (M. Sars, 1835)) Bakken, T.; Wilson, R.S. (2005). Phylogeny of nereidids (Polychaeta, Nereididae) with paragnaths. Zoologica Scripta. 34(5): 507-547., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2005.00200.x [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeanthes virens (M. Sars, 1835)) Hartman, O. 1944. New England Annelida. Part 2. Including the unpublished plates by Verrill with reconstructed captions. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 82(7): 331-343., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/2246/1052 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeanthes virens (M. Sars, 1835)) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeanthes virens (M. Sars, 1835)) Imajima, Minoru & Hartman, Olga. (1964). The polychaetous annelids of Japan. Occasional Papers of the Allan Hancock Foundation. 26(1-2): 1-452 [issued in 2 parts]., available online at http://digitallibrary.usc.edu/cdm/ref/collection/p15799coll82/id/18946 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeanthes virens (M. Sars, 1835)) Pettibone, Marian H. (1963). Marine polychaete worms of the New England region. I. Aphroditidae through Trochochaetidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. 227(1): 1-356., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/33229#page/7/mode/1up [details]   

redescription  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeanthes virens (M. Sars, 1835)) Vieitez, J.M.; M.A.; Alós, C.; Parapar, J.; Besteiro, C.; Moreira, J.; Nunez, J.; Laborda, J.; and San Martin, G. (2004). Annelida Polychaeta I. Fauna Iberica. Ramos, M.A. et al (Eds.). Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Madrid, Vol. 25:1-530 [sections separate authorship not recognised here]. [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeanthes virens (M. Sars, 1835)) Fauchald, K.; Granados-Barba, A.; Solís-Weiss, V. (2009). Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 751–788 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas., available online at http://goo.gl/auMxy9 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeanthes virens (M. Sars, 1835)) Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis (Neanthes) virens Sars, 1835) Harms, J. (1993). Check list of species (algae, invertebrates and vertebrates) found in the vicinity of the island of Helgoland (North Sea, German Bight): a review of recent records. Helgoländer Meeresunters. 47: 1-34. [p. 25, tab. 3: Gastrosaccus spinifer, Mysis relicta, Praunus inermis, Schistomysis kervillei, Schistomysis spiritus. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis (Neanthes) varia Treadwell, 1941) Pettibone, Marian H. (1963). Marine polychaete worms of the New England region. I. Aphroditidae through Trochochaetidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. 227(1): 1-356., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/33229#page/7/mode/1up [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis (Neanthes) paucidentata Treadwell, 1939) Pettibone, Marian H. (1963). Marine polychaete worms of the New England region. I. Aphroditidae through Trochochaetidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. 227(1): 1-356., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/33229#page/7/mode/1up [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Wang, J. J. & Huang, Z. G. (1994). Fouling polychaetes of Hong Kong and adjacent waters. In Asian Marine Biology 10 (ed. Morton, B.), PP1-12. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature An explanation to non-taxonomists that if you want to indicate a replaced old genus/species combination you say “Alitta virens (formerly Nereis virens)". It is wrong to use the construction of "Alitta (Nereis) virens". This is because “Nereis” is the name of a very well-known valid genus with hundreds of species, whereas Alitta is a more recent obscure genus which has a only a handful of species. If you put Nereis in parenthesis between the genus name Alitta and the species name it means that you think that Nereis is a subgenus of Alitta. That is the way a subgenus is indicated. Every biologist knows this simple convention (or should know it). However, it is impossible to have Nereis as a subgenus of Alitta since Nereis is the senior name by over a century. A senior name has priority as the genus name and cannot be a subgenus of a junior one. So Alitta can be (and once was) a subgenus of Nereis, but Nereis can never be a subgenus of Alitta. In any case they are today regarded as very different genera. [details]
 

LanguageName 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzager  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorking ragwormUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorking rag worm [from synonym]  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoririsierende Seeringelwurm [from synonym]  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorジャムシ  [details]
Nereis (Alitta) virens
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Nereis (Alitta) virens
[image from synonym]

Nereis (Alitta) virens
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Nereis (Alitta) virens
[image from synonym]

Picture of Nereis (Alitta) virens
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Picture of Nereis (...
[image from synonym]