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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbinaria mesenterina (Lamarck, 1816) 
AphiaID: 207511

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCnidaria (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthozoa (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexacorallia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScleractinia (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDendrophylliidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbinaria (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbinaria Oken, 1815
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorExplanaria mesenterina Lamarck, 1816 (original combination, basionym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGemmipora mesenterina (Lamarck, 1816) (previous combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbinaria crassa Bernard, 1896 (synonym ?)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbinaria speciosa Bernard, 1896 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbinaria tubifera Bernard, 1896 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTurbinaria venusta Bernard, 1896 (synonym)
Sources  original description Lamarck, J.B.d.1816. Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, présentant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; précédée d'une Introduction offrant la Détermination des caractères essentiels de l'Animal, sa distinction du Végétal et des autres corps naturels, enfin, l'exposition des principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie: Paris, Déterville & Verdière., available online at http://www.archive.org/stream/histoirenaturel02lama#page/n7/mode/2up [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordisc coral  [details]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From other sources
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChagos [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReunion [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRodriguez [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]
South Pacific Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIndo-West Pacific [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEast Africa [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (35 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (2 nucleotides; 0 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription This dendrophylliid coral is encrusting, forms thin walled, vase shaped coralla, or develops into large expanses of vertical and horizontal plates. Its corallites are conical (up to 5 mm wide at the base) to immersed, though calices of all corallites have a fairly constant diameter of 2 mm. It is very common in the Arabian region, where it is universally found in sedimented and sandy areas, where it forms large colonies of vertical, interlocking plates which are greenish yellow. Throughout its range it prefers shallow water, but is found deeper (to 45 m) on clear water reef slopes where its colony form is of much smaller, single plates (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are composed of unifacial laminae which are highly contorted and anastomosed in subtidal habitats, are upright or tiered fronds on upper reef slopes and are horizontal fronds in deeper water, according to light availability. Corallites are crowded, slightly exsert, with calices 1.3-2 mm in diameter. Colour: usually grey-green or grey-brown. Abundance: very common and may be dominant in shallow turbid-water habitats. Colonies are usually less than 1 m in diameter but may be much larger on fringing reefs (Veron, 1986).
Plate-like and foliaceous colonies, variable in presentation. Recognised by their vase-shaped plates which may form an elegant spiral. Corallites (2 mm across) are evenly spaced and protrude noticeably; present only on the upper surface. Colour: Colony usually beige to yellowish-brown with a paler perimeter. Habitat: diverse, especially in turbid waters and around reef bases (Richmond, 1997).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Type locality: "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986).
T. mesenterica in Kalk (1958). [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207511
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2000-09-13 07:19:12Z  changed  Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z  changed  van der Land, Jacob
2014-06-02 17:13:55Z  changed  Hoeksema, Bert
  
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  Citation: Hoeksema, B. (2014). Turbinaria mesenterina (Lamarck, 1816). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207511 on 2014-07-30
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License