WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlerogyra sinuosa (Dana, 1846)

207498  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207498)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuphyllia sinuosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNote "East Indies" (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality "East Indies" (Veron, 1986). [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription This forms sub-massive to massive colonies,...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription This forms sub-massive to massive colonies, usually not exceeding 40 cm across in this region. Series are meandroid and large, with some monocentric calices. Series are not joined laterally to adjacent ones. The latter feature distinguishes the genus from Physogyra which is otherwise very similar. Septa are very large (up to 10 mm radius above the wall), separated by up to 5 mm from adjacent septa in the valley, have smooth edges and curve sideways. Valleys are about 15 - 25 mm wide, and there is no columella. When young, single calices or series appear stalked, reaching 5 or 6 cm tall. The adult form is massive. Meandroid valleys are mostly laterally unattached to other valleys, though these meandroid calices fuse with and part from each other at frequent intervals along their length. In many small colonies, series are attached by very broad, flaky coenosteum. However, they remain distinct from the genus Physogyra whose series are more closely united. Living colonies are covered with grape sized vesicles which have a photosynthetic function. At night these retract and tentacles are extended. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)

Colonies are phaceloid to flabello-meandroid with valleys more or less connected by a light blistery coenosteum. Septa are large, imperforate, smooth-edged, very exsert and widely spaced. Walls are imperforate. Columellae are absent. Polyps are extended only at night. During the day, polyps extend clusters of grey vesicles the size and shape of large grapes, These retract slowly, if at all, when disturbed. Colour: bluish-grey. Abundance: restricted to protected caves or crevices where it grows on vertical faces or under overhangs. Large colonies are sometimes found on flat substrates in partly turbid water. Usually uncommon. (Veron, 1986 <57>)

Unusual coral in which the large polyps extend enlarged, grape-like vesicles (not tentacles) during the day, but these are retracted at night when the tentacles are extended. Although the polyps are large, the colonies are small with a light skeleton which has elaborate, petal-like septa. Colour: vesicles have faint, irregular stripes. Habitat: sheltered reefs. (Richmond, 1997) [details]
Hoeksema, B. (2014). Plerogyra sinuosa (Dana, 1846). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207498 on 2017-12-14

Date
action
by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-03-15 10:57:36Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlerogyra laxa Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1849) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 12: 95-197. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuphyllia cultrifera Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuphyllia sinuosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlerogyra excavata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1849) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 12: 95-197. [details]   

basis of record Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuphyllia cultrifera Dana, 1846) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlerogyra laxa Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlerogyra excavata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuphyllia sinuosa Dana, 1846) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription This forms sub-massive to massive colonies, usually not exceeding 40 cm across in this region. Series are meandroid and large, with some monocentric calices. Series are not joined laterally to adjacent ones. The latter feature distinguishes the genus from Physogyra which is otherwise very similar. Septa are very large (up to 10 mm radius above the wall), separated by up to 5 mm from adjacent septa in the valley, have smooth edges and curve sideways. Valleys are about 15 - 25 mm wide, and there is no columella. When young, single calices or series appear stalked, reaching 5 or 6 cm tall. The adult form is massive. Meandroid valleys are mostly laterally unattached to other valleys, though these meandroid calices fuse with and part from each other at frequent intervals along their length. In many small colonies, series are attached by very broad, flaky coenosteum. However, they remain distinct from the genus Physogyra whose series are more closely united. Living colonies are covered with grape sized vesicles which have a photosynthetic function. At night these retract and tentacles are extended. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)

Colonies are phaceloid to flabello-meandroid with valleys more or less connected by a light blistery coenosteum. Septa are large, imperforate, smooth-edged, very exsert and widely spaced. Walls are imperforate. Columellae are absent. Polyps are extended only at night. During the day, polyps extend clusters of grey vesicles the size and shape of large grapes, These retract slowly, if at all, when disturbed. Colour: bluish-grey. Abundance: restricted to protected caves or crevices where it grows on vertical faces or under overhangs. Large colonies are sometimes found on flat substrates in partly turbid water. Usually uncommon. (Veron, 1986 <57>)

Unusual coral in which the large polyps extend enlarged, grape-like vesicles (not tentacles) during the day, but these are retracted at night when the tentacles are extended. Although the polyps are large, the colonies are small with a light skeleton which has elaborate, petal-like septa. Colour: vesicles have faint, irregular stripes. Habitat: sheltered reefs. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality "East Indies" (Veron, 1986). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrounded bubblegum coral  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorミズタマサンゴ  [details]