WoRMS taxon details

Plerogyra sinuosa (Dana, 1846)

207498  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207498)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

(ofEuphyllia sinuosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   
Note "East Indies" (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality "East Indies" (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description This forms sub-massive to massive colonies, usually not exceeding 40 cm across in this region. Series are meandroid and...  
Description This forms sub-massive to massive colonies, usually not exceeding 40 cm across in this region. Series are meandroid and large, with some monocentric calices. Series are not joined laterally to adjacent ones. The latter feature distinguishes the genus from Physogyra which is otherwise very similar. Septa are very large (up to 10 mm radius above the wall), separated by up to 5 mm from adjacent septa in the valley, have smooth edges and curve sideways. Valleys are about 15 - 25 mm wide, and there is no columella. When young, single calices or series appear stalked, reaching 5 or 6 cm tall. The adult form is massive. Meandroid valleys are mostly laterally unattached to other valleys, though these meandroid calices fuse with and part from each other at frequent intervals along their length. In many small colonies, series are attached by very broad, flaky coenosteum. However, they remain distinct from the genus Physogyra whose series are more closely united. Living colonies are covered with grape sized vesicles which have a photosynthetic function. At night these retract and tentacles are extended. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)

Colonies are phaceloid to flabello-meandroid with valleys more or less connected by a light blistery coenosteum. Septa are large, imperforate, smooth-edged, very exsert and widely spaced. Walls are imperforate. Columellae are absent. Polyps are extended only at night. During the day, polyps extend clusters of grey vesicles the size and shape of large grapes, These retract slowly, if at all, when disturbed. Colour: bluish-grey. Abundance: restricted to protected caves or crevices where it grows on vertical faces or under overhangs. Large colonies are sometimes found on flat substrates in partly turbid water. Usually uncommon. (Veron, 1986 <57>)

Unusual coral in which the large polyps extend enlarged, grape-like vesicles (not tentacles) during the day, but these are retracted at night when the tentacles are extended. Although the polyps are large, the colonies are small with a light skeleton which has elaborate, petal-like septa. Colour: vesicles have faint, irregular stripes. Habitat: sheltered reefs. (Richmond, 1997) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Plerogyra sinuosa (Dana, 1846). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207498 on 2018-12-17
Date
action
by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-03-15 10:57:36Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofPlerogyra laxa Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1849) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 12: 95-197. [details]   

original description  (ofEuphyllia cultrifera Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofEuphyllia sinuosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofPlerogyra excavata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1849) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 12: 95-197. [details]   

basis of record Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description This forms sub-massive to massive colonies, usually not exceeding 40 cm across in this region. Series are meandroid and large, with some monocentric calices. Series are not joined laterally to adjacent ones. The latter feature distinguishes the genus from Physogyra which is otherwise very similar. Septa are very large (up to 10 mm radius above the wall), separated by up to 5 mm from adjacent septa in the valley, have smooth edges and curve sideways. Valleys are about 15 - 25 mm wide, and there is no columella. When young, single calices or series appear stalked, reaching 5 or 6 cm tall. The adult form is massive. Meandroid valleys are mostly laterally unattached to other valleys, though these meandroid calices fuse with and part from each other at frequent intervals along their length. In many small colonies, series are attached by very broad, flaky coenosteum. However, they remain distinct from the genus Physogyra whose series are more closely united. Living colonies are covered with grape sized vesicles which have a photosynthetic function. At night these retract and tentacles are extended. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)

Colonies are phaceloid to flabello-meandroid with valleys more or less connected by a light blistery coenosteum. Septa are large, imperforate, smooth-edged, very exsert and widely spaced. Walls are imperforate. Columellae are absent. Polyps are extended only at night. During the day, polyps extend clusters of grey vesicles the size and shape of large grapes, These retract slowly, if at all, when disturbed. Colour: bluish-grey. Abundance: restricted to protected caves or crevices where it grows on vertical faces or under overhangs. Large colonies are sometimes found on flat substrates in partly turbid water. Usually uncommon. (Veron, 1986 <57>)

Unusual coral in which the large polyps extend enlarged, grape-like vesicles (not tentacles) during the day, but these are retracted at night when the tentacles are extended. Although the polyps are large, the colonies are small with a light skeleton which has elaborate, petal-like septa. Colour: vesicles have faint, irregular stripes. Habitat: sheltered reefs. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Type locality "East Indies" (Veron, 1986). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English rounded bubblegum coralbubble coral  [details]
German Blasenkoralle  [details]
Japanese ミズタマサンゴ  [details]