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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlerogyra sinuosa (Dana, 1846) 
AphiaID: 207498

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCnidaria (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthozoa (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexacorallia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScleractinia (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScleractinia incertae sedis (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlerogyra (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlerogyra sinuosa (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlerogyra Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuphyllia cultrifera Dana, 1846 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuphyllia sinuosa Dana, 1846 (original combination, basionym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlerogyra excavata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlerogyra laxa Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (synonym)
Sources  original description Dana, J.D. 1846-1849. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740, 61 pls. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrounded bubblegum coral  [details]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution  Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortype locality East Indies [details]
From other sources
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChagos [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
South Pacific Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIndo-West Pacific [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEast Africa [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (21 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (5 nucleotides; 2 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription This forms sub-massive to massive colonies, usually not exceeding 40 cm across in this region. Series are meandroid and large, with some monocentric calices. Series are not joined laterally to adjacent ones. The latter feature distinguishes the genus from Physogyra which is otherwise very similar. Septa are very large (up to 10 mm radius above the wall), separated by up to 5 mm from adjacent septa in the valley, have smooth edges and curve sideways. Valleys are about 15 - 25 mm wide, and there is no columella. When young, single calices or series appear stalked, reaching 5 or 6 cm tall. The adult form is massive. Meandroid valleys are mostly laterally unattached to other valleys, though these meandroid calices fuse with and part from each other at frequent intervals along their length. In many small colonies, series are attached by very broad, flaky coenosteum. However, they remain distinct from the genus Physogyra whose series are more closely united. Living colonies are covered with grape sized vesicles which have a photosynthetic function. At night these retract and tentacles are extended. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)

Colonies are phaceloid to flabello-meandroid with valleys more or less connected by a light blistery coenosteum. Septa are large, imperforate, smooth-edged, very exsert and widely spaced. Walls are imperforate. Columellae are absent. Polyps are extended only at night. During the day, polyps extend clusters of grey vesicles the size and shape of large grapes, These retract slowly, if at all, when disturbed. Colour: bluish-grey. Abundance: restricted to protected caves or crevices where it grows on vertical faces or under overhangs. Large colonies are sometimes found on flat substrates in partly turbid water. Usually uncommon. (Veron, 1986 <57>)

Unusual coral in which the large polyps extend enlarged, grape-like vesicles (not tentacles) during the day, but these are retracted at night when the tentacles are extended. Although the polyps are large, the colonies are small with a light skeleton which has elaborate, petal-like septa. Colour: vesicles have faint, irregular stripes. Habitat: sheltered reefs. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Type locality: "East Indies" (Veron, 1986). [details]
ImageChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Plerogyra sinuosa
Plerogyra sinuosa
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207498
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z  changed  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z  changed  van der Land, Jacob
2014-03-15 10:57:36Z  changed  Hoeksema, Bert
  
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  Citation: Hoeksema, B. (2014). Plerogyra sinuosa (Dana, 1846). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207498 on 2014-12-19
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License