WoRMS taxon details

Echinodiscus Leske, 1778

205930  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:205930)

accepted
Genus
Echinodiscus bisperforatus Leske, 1778 (type by subsequent designation)
Lobophora L. Agassiz, 1841 (junior homonym of Lobophora Curtis, 1825 (Lepidoptera))
Tetrodiscus (misspelling)
Tretodiscus Pomel, 1883 (objective junior synonym)
Species Echinodiscus andamanensis Stara & Sanciu, 2014
Species Echinodiscus bisperforatus Leske, 1778
Species Echinodiscus chikuzenensis Nagao, 1928 †
Species Echinodiscus colchesterensis Smuts, 1988 †
Species Echinodiscus ellipticus Duncan & Sladen, 1883 †
Species Echinodiscus ginauensis Clegg, 1933 †
Species Echinodiscus hsianglanensis Wang, 1986 †
Species Echinodiscus pedemontanus (Airaghi, 1899) †
Species Echinodiscus placenta Duncan & Sladen, 1883 †
Species Echinodiscus tiliensis Wang, 1984b †
Species Echinodiscus transiens Nisiyama, 1968 †
Species Echinodiscus truncatus L. Agassiz, 1841
Species Echinodiscus yeliuensis Wang, 1982a †

Species Echinodiscus analis (de Meijere, 1904) accepted as Peronella analis (de Meijere, 1904) (transferred to Peronella)
Species Echinodiscus auritus Leske, 1778 accepted as Sculpsitechinus auritus (Leske, 1778) (transferred to Sculpsitechinus)
Species Echinodiscus bifora (Gmelin, 1778) accepted as Echinodiscus bisperforatus Leske, 1778 (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinodiscus biforis (Gmelin, 1778) accepted as Echinodiscus bisperforatus Leske, 1778 (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinodiscus decies digitatus Leske, 1778 accepted as Rotula deciesdigitatus (Leske, 1778) (incorrect original spelling (mandatory changed according to ICZN 4th ed., Art. 32.5.2.6.))
Species Echinodiscus deciesdigitata Leske, 1778 accepted as Rotula deciesdigitatus (Leske, 1778) (incorrect subsequent spelling (ICZN 4th ed., Art. 31.2.1.))
Species Echinodiscus deciesdigitatus Leske, 1778 accepted as Rotula deciesdigitatus (Leske, 1778) (transferred to Rotula)
Species Echinodiscus delicatus (Mazzetti, 1894) accepted as Jacksonaster depressum delicatum (Mazzetti, 1894) (transferred to Jacksonaster & reduced to subspecies rank)
Species Echinodiscus dentatus Leske, 1778 accepted as Heliophora orbiculus (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinodiscus emarginatus Leske, 1778 accepted as Encope emarginata (Leske, 1778) (transferred to Encope)
Species Echinodiscus hinemoae (Mortensen, 1921) accepted as Peronella hinemoae Mortensen, 1921 (unaccepted combination)
Species Echinodiscus inauritus Leske, 1778 accepted as Echinodiscus auritus Leske, 1778 accepted as Sculpsitechinus auritus (Leske, 1778) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinodiscus laevis A. Agassiz, 1872-74 accepted as Echinodiscus tenuissimus (L. Agassiz & Desor, 1847a) accepted as Sculpsitechinus tenuissimus (L. Agassiz & Desor, 1847a) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinodiscus laganum Leske, 1778 accepted as Laganum laganum (Leske, 1778) (transferred to Laganum)
Species Echinodiscus lesueuri (L. Agassiz, 1841) accepted as Peronella lesueuri (L. Agassiz, 1841) (transferred to Peronella)
Species Echinodiscus meijerei Lambert & Thiéry, 1914 accepted as Peronella lesueuri (L. Agassiz, 1841) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinodiscus minutus (de Meijere, 1904) accepted as Peronella minuta (de Meijere, 1904) (transferred to Peronella)
Species Echinodiscus octies digitatus Leske, 1778 accepted as Rotula deciesdigitatus (Leske, 1778) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinodiscus orbicularis Leske, 1778 accepted as Peronella orbicularis (Leske, 1778) (transferred to Peronella)
Species Echinodiscus parma (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Echinarachnius parma (Lamarck, 1816) (transferred to Echinarachnius)
Species Echinodiscus placunarius (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Clypeaster humilis (Leske, 1778) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinodiscus quinquies perforatus Leske, 1778 accepted as Echinodiscus quinquiesperforata Leske, 1778 accepted as Mellita quinquiesperforata (Leske, 1778) (incorrect original spelling (ICZN 4th ed. Art. 32.5.2.2., compound species-group name published as separate words))
Species Echinodiscus quinquiesperforata Leske, 1778 accepted as Mellita quinquiesperforata (Leske, 1778) (transferred to Mellita)
Species Echinodiscus reticulatus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Clypeaster reticulatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinodiscus sexies perforatus Leske, 1778 accepted as Leodia sexiesperforata (Leske, 1778) (incorrect original spelling (mandatory changed according to ICZN 4th Ed. Article 32.5.2.1.))
Species Echinodiscus sexiesperforatus Leske, 1778 accepted as Leodia sexiesperforata (Leske, 1778) (transferred to Leodia)
Species Echinodiscus tenuissima (L. Agassiz & Desor, 1847) accepted as Echinodiscus tenuissimus (L. Agassiz & Desor, 1847a) accepted as Sculpsitechinus tenuissimus (L. Agassiz & Desor, 1847a) (incorrect declination of species name)
Species Echinodiscus tenuissimus (L. Agassiz & Desor, 1847a) accepted as Sculpsitechinus tenuissimus (L. Agassiz & Desor, 1847a) (transferred to Sculpsitechinus)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Not documented
Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2018). World Echinoidea Database. Echinodiscus Leske, 1778. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=205930 on 2018-10-19
Date
action
by
1998-08-04 14:17:36Z
created
2000-09-22 07:17:05Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2010-09-06 12:28:48Z
changed
2015-01-08 09:32:37Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofTretodiscus Pomel, 1883) Pomel, A. 1883. Classification méthodique et Genera des Échinides vivantes et fossiles. Thèses présentées à la Faculté des Sciences de Paris pour obtenir le Grade de Docteur ès Sciences Naturelles 503, Adolphe Jourdan, Alger, 131 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/43038 [details]   

basis of record Rowe, F.W.E & Gates, J. (1995). Echinodermata. In ‘Zoological Catalogue of Australia’. 33 (Ed A. Wells.) pp xiii + 510 (CSIRO Australia, Melbourne.) [details]   

subsequent type designation Clark, H.L. (1911). The genera of recent clypeastroids. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 8.</em> 7/42: 593-605., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/53774#page/629/mode/2up
page(s): 597 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis 1. Test sometimes slightly indented laterally in ambulacra II and IV; thin and sharp margin;
2. Main visceral central hollow with floor reinforced by a network of thin trabeculae;
3. Petals sometimes open; the posterior pair shorter than the rest, the anterior odd sometime being the longest;
4. Posterior ambulacra with axial ellipsoidal lunules, long slit-like lunules or notches;
5. Periproct open next to the rear margin on inter. 5;
6. Food grooves branched distally;
7. Angle between the lunules from 70 to 110°;
8. Width at ambitus of interambulacrum 5 from 36 to 53% TL;
9. Tube-feet extending into interambulacral zones;
10. Post-basicoronal plates 2a/2b, 3a/3b on inter. 5 large and paired, forming an obtuse triangle;
11. Only 2–4 plates present between the lunules and the tips of respective petals. [details]

From other sources
Remark Type species: Echinodiscus bisperforatus Leske, 1778 by subsequent designation in H.L. Clark (1911) (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
In family Clypeasteridae in Ludwig (1899); in family Scutellidae in Clark & Courtman-Stock (1976). [details]
 



LanguageName 
Japanese フタツアナスカシカシパン  [details]
Echinodiscus bisperforatus
 Echinodiscus bisper...
[image from typetaxon]

Echinodiscus bisperforatus
 Echinodiscus bisper...
[image from typetaxon]

Echinodiscus bisperforatus naked test
 Echinodiscus bisper...
[image from typetaxon]