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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinarachnius parma (Lamarck, 1816) 
AphiaID: 158062

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodermata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinozoa (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoidea (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuechinoidea (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrregularia (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeognathostomata (Superorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClypeasteroida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScutellina (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScutelliformes (Infraorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinarachniidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinarachnius (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Typetaxon of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhelsumaster Lambert & Thiéry, 1914
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhelsumia Pomel, 1883
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinarachnius Gray, 1825
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinarachnius atlanticus L. Agassiz, 1841 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinarachnius australiae Michelin, 1859 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinarachnius rumphii L. Agassiz, 1841 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinarachnius undulatus Michelin, 1859 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodiscus parma (Lamarck, 1816) (transferred to Echinarachnius)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhelsumaster parma (Lamarck, 1816) (transferred to Echinarachnius)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhelsumia parma (Lamarck, 1816) (transferred to Echinarachnius)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScutella parma Lamarck, 1816 (transferred to Echinarachnius)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScutella trifara Say, 1826 (subjective junior synonym)
Sources  basis of record Brunel, P., Bosse, L. & Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcommon sand dollar  [details]
Direct child
taxa (6)

[show all]
[sort alpha..]
 Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinarachnius parma obesus H.L. Clark, 1914
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinarachnius parma parma (Lamarck, 1816)
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinarachnius parma sakhalinensis Argamakova, 1934 †
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinarachnius parma sakkalinensis Argamakowa, 1934

Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinarachnius parma obesa H.L. Clark, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinarachnius parma obesus H.L. Clark, 1914
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinarachnius parma var. sakhalinensis Argamakova, 1934 † accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinarachnius parma sakhalinensis Argamakova, 1934 †
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From other sources
Bay of Fundy
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCobscook Bay [details]
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of St. Lawrence [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorManicouagan [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSt. Lawrence Estuary [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGrand Banks [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (6 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (268 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (5 nucleotides; 5 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Echinodermata Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology The name derives from the latin name "parma", an oval or round shield of Roman auxiliaries troops. [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet Feed on fine particles of organic matter. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Labrador to Maryland; Alaska to Puget Sound [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat midlittoral, bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPredators flounder, cod, haddock, and other bottom-feeding fishes [details]
ImagesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Echinarachnius parma - sand dollar
Echinarachnius parma -...
Echinarachnius parma on sand
Echinarachnius parma o...
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:158062
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2005-05-25 08:24:16Z  created  Cuvelier, Daphne
2010-09-07 10:47:00Z  changed  Kroh, Andreas
2013-08-26 18:24:18Z  changed  Kroh, Andreas
  
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  Citation: Kroh, A. (2014). Echinarachnius parma (Lamarck, 1816). In: Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2014) World Echinoidea Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=158062 on 2014-09-18
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License