WoRMS name details

Pronax sensu Gray, 1867: 536

131956  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131956)

 unaccepted (Preoccupied and junior synonym)
Genus
Spongia plumosa Montagu, 1814 accepted as Phorbas plumosus (Montagu, 1814) (type by original designation)

Species Pronax anchorata Bergquist & Fromont, 1988 accepted as Myxilla (Styloptilon) anchorata (Bergquist & Fromont, 1988) (genus transfer)
Species Pronax benguelensis Uriz, 1984 accepted as Phorbas benguelensis (Uriz, 1984) (genus transfer)
Species Pronax clathrata Lévi, 1963 accepted as Phorbas clathratus (Lévi, 1963) (genus transfer)
Species Pronax dives (Topsent, 1891) accepted as Phorbas dives (Topsent, 1891) (genus transfer)
Species Pronax domini Boury-Esnault & van Beveren, 1982 accepted as Phorbas domini (Boury-Esnault & van Beveren, 1982) (genus transfer)
Species Pronax epizoaria Lévi, 1958 accepted as Phorbas epizoaria (Lévi, 1958) (genus transfer)
Species Pronax fibrosa Lévi, 1963 accepted as Phorbas fibrosus (Lévi, 1963) (genus transfer)
Species Pronax fibulatum (Topsent, 1893) accepted as Phorbas fibulatus (Topsent, 1893) (genus transfer)
Species Pronax fulva Bergquist & Fromont, 1988 accepted as Phorbas fulvus (Bergquist & Fromont, 1988) (genus transfer)
Species Pronax lamellata Lévi, 1963 accepted as Phorbas lamellatus (Lévi, 1963) (genus transfer)
Species Pronax lieberkuehni (Burton, 1930) accepted as Phorbas lieberkuehni (Burton, 1930) (genus transfer)
Species Pronax lobata (Hancock, 1849) accepted as Cliona lobata Hancock, 1849 (genus transfer)
Species Pronax microchelifer (Cabioch, 1968) accepted as Phorbas microchelifer (Cabioch, 1968) (genus transfer)
Species Pronax plumosa (Montagu, 1814) accepted as Phorbas plumosus (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer)
Species Pronax pustulosa (Carter, 1882) accepted as Phorbas pustulosus (Carter, 1882) (genus transfer)
Species Pronax repens (Topsent, 1904) accepted as Phorbas repens (Topsent, 1904) (genus transfer)
Species Pronax scabida sensu Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976 accepted as Phorbas scabida (sensu Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976) (genus transfer)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Gray, J.E. (1867). Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. <em>Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Taxonomy Pronax was erected twice by Gray, 1867. The senior one, by page priority, was erected for Cliona lobata Hancock and thus is...  
Taxonomy Pronax was erected twice by Gray, 1867. The senior one, by page priority, was erected for Cliona lobata Hancock and thus is a junior synonym of Cliona; the preoccupied second one was erected for Spongia plumosa Montagu, which is a Phorbas. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Pronax sensu Gray, 1867: 536. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131956 on 2018-12-18
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-01-12 10:37:48Z
changed
2006-01-16 12:24:33Z
changed
2007-05-04 10:22:59Z
changed
2017-06-21 19:04:12Z
changed

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original description Gray, J.E. (1867). Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. <em>Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Hymedesmiidae. <em>in: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds). Systema Porifera, a guide to the classification of sponges.</em> Pp 575-593. Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, New York. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Kelly, M.; Edwards, A.R.; Wilkinson, M.R.; Alvarez, B.; Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R.; Buckeridge, St J.; Campbell, H.J.; Reiswig, H.M.; Valentine, C.; Vacelet, J. (2009). Phylum Porifera: sponges. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 23-46. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
From editor or global species database
Taxonomy Pronax was erected twice by Gray, 1867. The senior one, by page priority, was erected for Cliona lobata Hancock and thus is a junior synonym of Cliona; the preoccupied second one was erected for Spongia plumosa Montagu, which is a Phorbas. [details]