WoRMS taxon details

Phorbas Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864

131953  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131953)

accepted
Genus
Anchinoe Gray, 1867 (junior synonym)
Grayax Laubenfels, 1936 (junior synonym)
Pronax sensu Gray, 1867: 536 (Preoccupied and junior synonym)
Pronaxella Burton, 1931 (junior synonym)
Species Phorbas acanthochela (Koltun, 1964)
Species Phorbas amaranthus Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864
Species Phorbas arborescens (Ridley, 1884)
Species Phorbas arbuscula (Lendenfeld, 1888)
Species Phorbas areolatus (Thiele, 1905)
Species Phorbas armatus (Schmidt, 1868)
Species Phorbas aurantiacus Rützler, Piantoni, Van Soest & Diaz, 2014
Species Phorbas baffini (Brøndsted, 1933)
Species Phorbas bardajii (Uriz, 1988)
Species Phorbas benguelensis (Uriz, 1984)
Species Phorbas bergmontae Hajdu & Teixeira, 2011
Species Phorbas bihamiger (Waller, 1878)
Species Phorbas burtoni Hajdu & Teixeira, 2011
Species Phorbas caespitosus (Carter, 1885)
Species Phorbas californianus (Laubenfels, 1932)
Species Phorbas capixaba Hajdu & Teixeira, 2011
Species Phorbas clathratus (Lévi, 1963)
Species Phorbas clathrodes (Dendy, 1922)
Species Phorbas claviger (Levinsen, 1887)
Species Phorbas dayi (Lévi, 1963)
Species Phorbas demonstrans (Topsent, 1890)
Species Phorbas dendyi (Topsent, 1890)
Species Phorbas dives (Topsent, 1891)
Species Phorbas domini (Boury-Esnault & van Beveren, 1982)
Species Phorbas epizoaria (Lévi, 1958)
Species Phorbas equiosculatus (Pansini, 1987)
Species Phorbas erectus Lévi, 1993
Species Phorbas ferrerhernandezi van Soest, 2002
Species Phorbas ferrugineus Goodwin, Jones, Neely & Brickle, 2011
Species Phorbas fibrosus (Lévi, 1963)
Species Phorbas fibulatus (Topsent, 1893)
Species Phorbas fictitioides (Dendy & Frederick, 1924)
Species Phorbas fictitius (Bowerbank, 1866)
Species Phorbas frutex Pulitzer-Finali, 1993
Species Phorbas fulvus (Bergquist & Fromont, 1988)
Species Phorbas fusifer (Ridley & Dendy, 1887)
Species Phorbas glaberrimus (Topsent, 1917)
Species Phorbas gravidus (Dendy, 1896)
Species Phorbas gukhulensis Sim & Kim, 2004
Species Phorbas hechteli Hajdu & Teixeira, 2011
Species Phorbas hoffmani (Bakus, 1966)
Species Phorbas intermedius Bergquist, 1961
Species Phorbas kovdaicum (Rezvoi, 1925)
Species Phorbas lamellatus (Lévi, 1963)
Species Phorbas lieberkuehni (Burton, 1930)
Species Phorbas longurioides (Burton, 1932)
Species Phorbas megasigma Rios & Cristobo, 2007
Species Phorbas mercator (Schmidt, 1868)
Species Phorbas microchelifer (Cabioch, 1968)
Species Phorbas mollis (Kirkpatrick, 1903)
Species Phorbas nexus (Koltun, 1964)
Species Phorbas osculosus (Topsent, 1892)
Species Phorbas palmatus Pulitzer-Finali, 1993
Species Phorbas papillatus (Dendy, 1922)
Species Phorbas papillosus (Arnesen, 1903)
Species Phorbas paucistylifer Koltun, 1958
Species Phorbas perarmatus (Bowerbank, 1866)
Species Phorbas plumosus (Montagu, 1814)
Species Phorbas posidoni Voultsiadou-Koukoura & van Soest, 1991
Species Phorbas punctatus Picton & Goodwin, 2007
Species Phorbas purpureus (Carter, 1886)
Species Phorbas pustulosus (Carter, 1882)
Species Phorbas ramosus (Lendenfeld, 1888)
Species Phorbas reginae Aguilar-Camacho & Carballo, 2012
Species Phorbas repens (Topsent, 1904)
Species Phorbas roemeri (Hentschel, 1929)
Species Phorbas roxasi (de Laubenfels, 1935)
Species Phorbas salebrosus Koltun, 1958
Species Phorbas scabida (sensu Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976)
Species Phorbas shackletoni Goodwin, Jones, Neely & Brickle, 2011
Species Phorbas stylifer Burton, 1959
Species Phorbas tailliezi Vacelet & Perez, 2008
Species Phorbas tanitai Hajdu & Teixeira, 2011
Species Phorbas tenacior (Topsent, 1925)
Species Phorbas tenuis (Cuartas, 1992)
Species Phorbas tenuispiculatus (Dendy, 1896)
Species Phorbas thela (Vosmaer, 1880)
Species Phorbas tokushima (Tanita, 1970)
Species Phorbas topsenti Vacelet & Pérez, 2008
Species Phorbas uncifer (Dendy, 1896)
Species Phorbas viecquensis Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864

Species Phorbas anchorata (Bergquist & Fromont, 1988) accepted as Myxilla (Styloptilon) anchorata (Bergquist & Fromont, 1988) (genus transfer)
Species Phorbas arborescens (Burton, 1956) accepted as Phorbas burtoni Hajdu & Teixeira, 2011
Species Phorbas arenacea (Carter, 1885) accepted as Crella incrustans var. arenacea (Carter, 1885) (Junior synonym)
Species Phorbas areolata Bergquist & Fromont, 1988 accepted as Phorbas areolatus Bergquist & Fromont, 1988 accepted as Phorbas bergmontae Hajdu & Teixeira, 2011 (spelling variation)
Species Phorbas areolatus Bergquist & Fromont, 1988 accepted as Phorbas bergmontae Hajdu & Teixeira, 2011 (junior homonym of Phorbas areolatus (Thiele, 1905))
Species Phorbas arneseni (Topsent, 1913) accepted as Phorbas perarmatus (Bowerbank, 1866) (junior synonym)
Species Phorbas bihamigerum (Waller, 1878) accepted as Phorbas bihamiger (Waller, 1878) (gender adaptation)
Species Phorbas californiana (Laubenfels, 1932) accepted as Phorbas californianus (Laubenfels, 1932) (correction of species name to match gender of genus name)
Species Phorbas conulosus (Whitelegge, 1907) accepted as Phorbas caespitosus (Carter, 1885) (junior synonym)
Species Phorbas coriaceus (Fristedt, 1885) accepted as Phorbas tailliezi Vacelet & Perez, 2008
Species Phorbas fibulatum (Topsent, 1893) accepted as Phorbas fibulatus (Topsent, 1893) (misspelling of species name)
Species Phorbas intermedia Bergquist, 1961 accepted as Phorbas intermedius Bergquist, 1961 (correction of species name to match gender of genus name)
Species Phorbas leptochela (Hentschel, 1914) accepted as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) leptochela Hentschel, 1914 (reverted genus transfer)
Species Phorbas microcionides (Carter, 1876) accepted as Phorbas perarmatus (Bowerbank, 1866) (junior synonym)
Species Phorbas neptuni (Schmidt, 1875) accepted as Phorbas perarmatus (Bowerbank, 1866) (junior synonym)
Species Phorbas papillatus (Arnesen, 1903) accepted as Phorbas papillosus (Arnesen, 1903) (misspelling of species name)
Species Phorbas paupertas sensu Boury-Esnault, 1971 accepted as Phorbas topsenti Vacelet & Pérez, 2008 (incorrect identification by Topsent)
Species Phorbas purpureus (Tanita, 1961) accepted as Phorbas tanitai Hajdu & Teixeira, 2011 (junior secondary homonymy with Phorbas purpureus (Carter, 1886))
Species Phorbas ramosus (Hechtel, 1983) accepted as Phorbas hechteli Hajdu & Teixeira, 2011 (Junior homonym of P. ramosus (Lendenfeld, 1888))
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Duchassaing de Fonbressin, P.; Michelotti, G. (1864). Spongiaires de la mer Caraibe. Natuurkundige verhandelingen van de Hollandsche maatschappij der wetenschappen te Haarlem. 21(2): 1-124, pls I-XXV.
page(s): 91 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Phorbas Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131953 on 2018-08-15
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-07-15 06:59:14Z
changed
2007-12-31 13:20:57Z
checked
2010-07-02 11:01:14Z
changed
2017-10-11 09:55:04Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Duchassaing de Fonbressin, P.; Michelotti, G. (1864). Spongiaires de la mer Caraibe. Natuurkundige verhandelingen van de Hollandsche maatschappij der wetenschappen te Haarlem. 21(2): 1-124, pls I-XXV.
page(s): 91 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofPlumohalichondria Carter, 1876) Carter, H.J. (1876). Descriptions and Figures of Deep-Sea Sponges and their Spicules, from the Atlantic Ocean, dredged up on board H.M.S.‘Porcupine’, chiefly in 1869 (concluded). Annals and Magazine of Natural History. (4) 18(105): 226-240; (106): 307-324; (107): 388-410;(108): 458-479, pls XII-XVI. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofAnchinoe Gray, 1867) Gray, J.E. (1867). Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofPronax sensu Gray, 1867: 536) Gray, J.E. (1867). Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofSuberotelites Schmidt, 1868) Schmidt, O. (1868). Die Spongien der Küste von Algier. Mit Nachträgen zu den Spongien des Adriatischen Meeres (Drittes Supplement). (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-iv, 1-44, pls I-V.  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofStylostichon Topsent, 1892) Topsent, E. (1892). Contribution à l’étude des Spongiaires de l’Atlantique Nord (Golfe de Gascogne, Terre-Neuve, Açores). Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies par le Prince Albert I. Monaco. 2: 1-165, pls I-XI.
page(s): 111-112 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofBipocillopsis Koltun, 1964) Koltun, V.M. (1964). Sponges of the Antarctic. 1 Tetraxonida and Cornacuspongida. Pp. 6-133, 443-448. In: Pavlovskii, E.P., Andriyashev,A.P. & Ushakov, P.V. (Eds), Biological Reports of the Soviet Antarctic Expedition (1955-1958). Akademya Nauk SSSR [English translation,1966, Israel Program for Scientific Translation]. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (ofClathrissa Lendenfeld, 1888) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1888). Descriptive Catalogue of the Sponges in the Australian Museum, Sidney. (Taylor & Francis: London): i-xiv, 1-260, pls 1-12.  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofLissopocillon Ferrer-Hernandez, 1916) Ferrer Hernández, F. (1916). Fauna del Mediterráneo occidental. Esponjas españolas. Trabajos del Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (Zoológica). 27: 1-52. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofMerriamium Laubenfels, 1936) Laubenfels, M.W. de. (1936). A Discussion of the Sponge Fauna of the Dry Tortugas in Particular and the West Indies in General, with Material for a Revision of the Families and Orders of the Porifera. Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication. 467 (Tortugas Laboratory Paper 30) 1-225, pls 1-22.
page(s): 83 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (ofPodotuberculum Bakus, 1966) Bakus, G. J. (1966). Marine poeciloscleridan sponges of the San Juan Archipelago, Washington. Journal of Zoology. 149: 415-531, pls I-II. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (ofPronaxella Burton, 1931) Burton, M. (1931 [1932]). The Porifera of the Isle of Man. Lancashire Sea Fisheries Laboratory Reports. 1931: 167-169. [details]   

original description  (ofGrayax Laubenfels, 1936) Laubenfels, M.W. de. (1936). A Discussion of the Sponge Fauna of the Dry Tortugas in Particular and the West Indies in General, with Material for a Revision of the Families and Orders of the Porifera. Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication. 467 (Tortugas Laboratory Paper 30) 1-225, pls 1-22.
page(s): 63; note: The name is not certainly available as it is intended to replace Pronax Gray, 1867 in case this name is judged to be a junior primary homonym of Pronax Gray, 1867  [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

taxonomy source  (ofStylostichon Topsent, 1892) Lundbeck, W. 1909. The Porifera of East Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland 29: 423-464, pl. XIV
page(s): 445; note: designation of Plumohalichondria dendyi Topsent, 1890 as type species of the genus Stylostichon Topsent, 1892 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Clarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review. 41: 47-114. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofAnchinoe Gray, 1867) Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofAnchinoe Gray, 1867) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofAnchinoe Gray, 1867) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Hymedesmiidae. in: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds). Systema Porifera, a guide to the classification of sponges. Pp 575-593. Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, New York. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofPronax sensu Gray, 1867: 536) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofPronax sensu Gray, 1867: 536) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Hymedesmiidae. in: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds). Systema Porifera, a guide to the classification of sponges. Pp 575-593. Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, New York. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofPlumohalichondria Carter, 1876) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofSuberotelites Schmidt, 1868) Topsent, E. (1892). Contribution à l’étude des Spongiaires de l’Atlantique Nord (Golfe de Gascogne, Terre-Neuve, Açores). Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies par le Prince Albert I. Monaco. 2: 1-165, pls I-XI.
page(s): 118 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofBipocillopsis Koltun, 1964) Clarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review. 41: 47-114. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofBipocillopsis Koltun, 1964) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Hymedesmiidae. in: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds). Systema Porifera, a guide to the classification of sponges. Pp 575-593. Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, New York. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofPronax sensu Gray, 1867: 536) Kelly, M.; Edwards, A.R.; Wilkinson, M.R.; Alvarez, B.; Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R.; Buckeridge, St J.; Campbell, H.J.; Reiswig, H.M.; Valentine, C.; Vacelet, J. (2009). Phylum Porifera: sponges. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 23-46. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofStylostichon Topsent, 1892) Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofStylostichon Topsent, 1892) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofStylostichon Topsent, 1892) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Hymedesmiidae. in: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds). Systema Porifera, a guide to the classification of sponges. Pp 575-593. Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, New York. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofPronaxella Burton, 1931) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Hymedesmiidae. in: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds). Systema Porifera, a guide to the classification of sponges. Pp 575-593. Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, New York. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofPodotuberculum Bakus, 1966) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Hymedesmiidae. in: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds). Systema Porifera, a guide to the classification of sponges. Pp 575-593. Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, New York. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofMerriamium Laubenfels, 1936) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Hymedesmiidae. in: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds). Systema Porifera, a guide to the classification of sponges. Pp 575-593. Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, New York. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofLissopocillon Ferrer-Hernandez, 1916) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Hymedesmiidae. in: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds). Systema Porifera, a guide to the classification of sponges. Pp 575-593. Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, New York. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofClathrissa Lendenfeld, 1888) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Hymedesmiidae. in: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds). Systema Porifera, a guide to the classification of sponges. Pp 575-593. Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, New York. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofSuberotelites Schmidt, 1868) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofSuberotelites Schmidt, 1868) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Hymedesmiidae. in: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds). Systema Porifera, a guide to the classification of sponges. Pp 575-593. Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, New York. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Grammatical gender Phorbas, a name from Greek mythology, may have various male origins, a.o. the King of Argos or one of the sons of Poseidon (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phorbas). [details]

From other sources
identification Phorbas spec.aff.stylata Burton,1930 [details]