WoRMS taxon details

Raspailiidae Nardo, 1833

131642  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131642)

accepted
Family
Subfamily Cyamoninae Hooper, 2002
  » Genus Cyamon Gray, 1867
    » Species Cyamon agnani (Boury-Esnault, 1973)
    » Species Cyamon amphipolyactinum van Soest, Carballo & Hooper, 2012
    » Species Cyamon argon Dickinson, 1945
    » Species Cyamon arguinense van Soest, Carballo & Hooper, 2012
    » Species Cyamon aruense Hentschel, 1912
    » Species Cyamon hamatum van Soest, Carballo & Hooper, 2012
    » Species Cyamon koltuni Sim & Bakus, 1986
    » Species Cyamon neon de Laubenfels, 1930
    » Species Cyamon quadriradiatum (Carter, 1880)
    » Species Cyamon quinqueradiatum (Carter, 1880)
    » Species Cyamon vickersii (Bowerbank, 1864)
      » Variety Cyamon vickersii var. toxifera Arndt, 1927 accepted as Cyamon agnani (Boury-Esnault, 1973) (junior synonym)
    » Species Cyamon catalina Sim & Bakus, 1986 accepted as Trikentrion catalina (Sim & Bakus, 1986) (genus transfer)
    » Species Cyamon dendyi Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Cyamon vickersii (Bowerbank, 1864) (junior synonym)
    » Species Cyamon spinispinosum (Topsent, 1904) accepted as Acantheurypon spinispinosum (Topsent, 1904) (genus transfer)
  » Genus Trikentrion Ehlers, 1870
    » Species Trikentrion africanum van Soest, Carballo & Hooper, 2012
    » Species Trikentrion catalina (Sim & Bakus, 1986)
    » Species Trikentrion flabelliforme Hentschel, 1912
    » Species Trikentrion helium Dickinson, 1945
    » Species Trikentrion laeve Carter, 1879
    » Species Trikentrion muricatum (Pallas, 1766)
    » Species Trikentrion flabelliforme Carter, 1882 accepted as Trikentrion flabelliforme Hentschel, 1912 (the combination does not exist)
    » Species Trikentrion wickersi (Bowerbank, 1864) accepted as Cyamon agnani (Boury-Esnault, 1973) (genus transfer and misspelling of misapplied species name)
  » Genus Waltherarndtia Laubenfels, 1936
  » Genus Plectronella Sollas, 1879 accepted as Trikentrion Ehlers, 1870 (junior synonym)
    » Species Plectronella papillosa Sollas, 1879 accepted as Trikentrion muricatum (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  » Genus Tricentrium Ridley, 1879 accepted as Trikentrion Ehlers, 1870 (unjustified emendation)
Subfamily Echinodictyinae Hooper, 2002
  » Genus Cantabrina Ferrer-Hernandez, 1914
  » Genus Echinodictyum Ridley, 1881
    » Species Echinodictyum antrodes (de Laubenfels, 1954)
    » Species Echinodictyum arenosum Dendy, 1896
    » Species Echinodictyum asperum Ridley & Dendy, 1886
    » Species Echinodictyum austrinum Hooper, 1991
    » Species Echinodictyum axinelloides Brøndsted, 1929
    » Species Echinodictyum cancellatum (Lamarck, 1814)
    » Species Echinodictyum carlinoides (Lamarck, 1814)
    » Species Echinodictyum cavernosum Thiele, 1899
    » Species Echinodictyum clathratum Dendy, 1905
    » Species Echinodictyum clathrioides Hentschel, 1911
    » Species Echinodictyum conulosum Kieschnick, 1900
    » Species Echinodictyum costiferum Ridley, 1884
    » Species Echinodictyum dendroides Hechtel, 1983
    » Species Echinodictyum flabellatum Topsent, 1906
    » Species Echinodictyum flabelliforme (Keller, 1889)
    » Species Echinodictyum fruticosum Hentschel, 1911
    » Species Echinodictyum jousseaumi Topsent, 1892
    » Species Echinodictyum lacunosum Kieschnick, 1900
    » Species Echinodictyum longistylum Thomas, 1968
    » Species Echinodictyum luteum Hooper, Sutcliffe & Schlacher-Hoenlinger, 2008
    » Species Echinodictyum macroxiphera Lévi, 1969
    » Species Echinodictyum marleyi Burton, 1931
    » Species Echinodictyum mesenterinum (Lamarck, 1814)
    » Species Echinodictyum nervosum (Lamarck, 1814)
    » Species Echinodictyum nidulus Hentschel, 1911
    » Species Echinodictyum pennatum (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
    » Species Echinodictyum pykii (Carter, 1879)
    » Species Echinodictyum rugosum Ridley & Dendy, 1886
    » Species Echinodictyum fibrillosum (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Spongia fibrillosa Pallas, 1766 (reverted genus transfer)
    » Species Echinodictyum glomeratum Ridley, 1884 accepted as Echinodictyum carlinoides (Lamarck, 1814) (junior synonym)
    » Species Echinodictyum gorgonioides Dendy, 1916 accepted as Clathria (Clathria) gorgonioides (Dendy, 1916) (genus transfer)
    » Species Echinodictyum lacazei Topsent, 1892 accepted as Endectyon (Endectyon) lacazei (Topsent, 1892) (genus transfer)
    » Species Echinodictyum lugubre (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Echinodictyum pennatum (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (junior synonym?)
    » Species Echinodictyum pulchrum Brøndsted, 1934 accepted as Echinodictyum cancellatum (Lamarck, 1814) (junior synonym)
    » Species Echinodictyum ridleyi Dendy, 1896 accepted as Echinochalina (Echinochalina) ridleyi (Dendy, 1896) (genus transfer)
    » Species Echinodictyum spongiosum Dendy, 1896 accepted as Echinochalina (Echinochalina) spongiosa (Dendy, 1896) (genus transfer)
    » Species Echinodictyum topsenti Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Echinodictyum mesenterinum (Lamarck, 1814) (junior synonym)
    » Species Echinodictyum trunca (Bowerbank, 1882) accepted as Haliclona (Rhizoniera) indistincta (Bowerbank, 1866)
  » Genus Kalykenteron Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Echinodictyum Ridley, 1881 (junior synonym)
    » Species Kalykenteron elegans Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Echinodictyum mesenterinum (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
    » Species Kalykenteron silex Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Echinodictyum mesenterinum (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  » Genus Kieplitela de Laubenfels, 1954 accepted as Echinodictyum Ridley, 1881 (junior synonym)
Subfamily Plocamioninae subfam. nov. (Hooper)
  » Genus Janulum Laubenfels, 1936
  » Genus Lithoplocamia Dendy, 1922
  » Genus Plocamione Topsent, 1927
  » Genus Axoplocamia Burton, 1935 accepted as Plocamione Topsent, 1927 (junior synonym)
    » Species Axoplocamia ornata (Dendy, 1924) accepted as Plocamione ornata (Dendy, 1924) (genus transfer)
  » Genus Monectyon Lévi & Vacelet, 1958 accepted as Lithoplocamia Dendy, 1922 (junior synonym)
  » Genus Raspeloplocamia Burton, 1935 accepted as Plocamione Topsent, 1927 (junior synonym)
Subfamily Raspailiinae Nardo, 1833
  » Genus Acantheurypon Topsent, 1927
  » Genus Aulospongus Norman, 1878
    » Species Aulospongus aurantiacus Aguilar-Camacho & Carballo, 2013
    » Species Aulospongus californianus Aguilar-Camacho & Carballo, 2013
    » Species Aulospongus cerebella (Dickinson, 1945)
    » Species Aulospongus flabellum Pulitzer-Finali, 1993
    » Species Aulospongus gardineri (Dendy, 1922)
    » Species Aulospongus involutus (Kirkpatrick, 1903)
    » Species Aulospongus mandela Cavalcanti, Santos & Pinheiro, 2014
    » Species Aulospongus monticularis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
    » Species Aulospongus novaecaledoniensis Hooper, Lehnert & Zea, 1999
    » Species Aulospongus phakelloides Goodbody & Lehnert, 2004
    » Species Aulospongus samariensis Hooper, Lehnert & Zea, 1999
    » Species Aulospongus similiaustralis Hooper, Sutcliffe & Schlacher-Hoenlinger, 2008
    » Species Aulospongus spinosus (Topsent, 1927)
    » Species Aulospongus trirhabdostylus Cavalcanti, Santos & Pinheiro, 2014
    » Species Aulospongus tubulatus (Bowerbank, 1873)
    » Species Aulospongus villosus (Thiele, 1898)
    » Species Aulospongus clathrioides Lévi, 1967 accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) clathrioides (Lévi, 1967) (genus transfer)
    » Species Aulospongus encrusta (Thomas, 1881) accepted as Eurypon encrusta (Thomas, 1981) (genus transfer)
    » Species Aulospongus galapagensis Desqueyroux-Faúndez & van Soest, 1997 accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) galapagensis (Desqueyroux-Faúndez & van Soest, 1997) (genus transfer)
    » Species Aulospongus hyle (de Laubenfels, 1930) accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) hyle (de Laubenfels, 1930) (genus transfer)
    » Species Aulospongus hymani (Dickinson, 1945) accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) hymani (Dickinson, 1945) (genus transfer)
    » Species Aulospongus phakellioides Goodbody & Lehnert, 2004 accepted as Aulospongus phakelloides Goodbody & Lehnert, 2004 (misspelling of species name)
    » Species Aulospongus schoenus Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) curacaoensis Arndt, 1927 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
    » Species Aulospongus semota (Topsent, 1928) accepted as Trachostylea semota Topsent, 1928 (reverted genus transfer)
  » Genus Ectyoplasia Topsent, 1931
    » Species Ectyoplasia ferox (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
      » Subspecies Ectyoplasia ferox explicata Wiedenmayer, 1977 accepted as Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer and status change)
      » Subspecies Ectyoplasia ferox surgens Wiedenmayer, 1977 accepted as Ectyoplasia ferox (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (junior synonym)
    » Species Ectyoplasia frondosa (Lendenfeld, 1887)
    » Species Ectyoplasia tabula (Lamarck, 1814)
    » Species Ectyoplasia vannus Hooper, 1991
    » Species Ectyoplasia explicata Wiedenmayer, 1977 accepted as Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer and status change)
    » Species Ectyoplasia surgens Wiedenmayer, 1977 accepted as Ectyoplasia ferox (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (junior synonym)
  » Genus Endectyon Topsent, 1920
    » Subgenus Endectyon (Endectyon) Topsent, 1920
      » Species Endectyon (Endectyon) delaubenfelsi Burton, 1930
      » Species Endectyon (Endectyon) elyakovi Hooper, 1991
      » Species Endectyon (Endectyon) fruticosum (Dendy, 1887)
      » Species Endectyon (Endectyon) hornelli (Dendy, 1905)
      » Species Endectyon (Endectyon) lacazei (Topsent, 1892)
      » Species Endectyon (Endectyon) lamellosum Thomas, 1976
      » Species Endectyon (Endectyon) multidentatum (Burton, 1948)
      » Species Endectyon (Endectyon) pearsi (Wells, Wells & Gray, 1960)
      » Species Endectyon (Endectyon) pilosum (Vacelet, 1961)
      » Species Endectyon (Endectyon) tenax (Schmidt, 1870)
      » Species Endectyon (Endectyon) thurstoni (Dendy, 1887)
      » Species Endectyon (Endectyon) hyle (de Laubenfels, 1930) accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) hyle (de Laubenfels, 1930) (genus transfer)
      » Species Endectyon (Endectyon) hymani (Dickinson, 1945) accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) hymani (Dickinson, 1945) (genus transfer)
    » Subgenus Endectyon (Hemectyon) Topsent, 1920
    » Species Endectyon gorgonioides (Kirkpatrick, 1903)
    » Species Endectyon xerampelinum (Lamarck, 1814)
    » Species Endectyon delaubenfelsi Burton, 1930 represented as Endectyon (Endectyon) delaubenfelsi Burton, 1930 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Endectyon elyakovi Hooper, 1991 represented as Endectyon (Endectyon) elyakovi Hooper, 1991 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Endectyon fruticosum (Dendy, 1887) represented as Endectyon (Endectyon) fruticosum (Dendy, 1887)
    » Species Endectyon hamatum (Schmidt, 1870) represented as Endectyon (Hemectyon) hamatum (Schmidt, 1870) (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Endectyon lamellosum Thomas, 1976 represented as Endectyon (Endectyon) lamellosum Thomas, 1976 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Endectyon pilosus (Vacelet, 1961) represented as Endectyon (Endectyon) pilosum (Vacelet, 1961) (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Endectyon demonstrans (Topsent, 1890) accepted as Phorbas demonstrans (Topsent, 1890) (genus transfer)
    » Species Endectyon teissieri Cabioch, 1968 accepted as Endectyon (Endectyon) delaubenfelsi Burton, 1930 (junior synonym)
  » Genus Eurypon Gray, 1867
    » Species Eurypon brunum Aguilar-Camacho & Carballo, 2013
    » Species Eurypon cactoides (Burton & Rao, 1932)
    » Species Eurypon calypsoi Lévi, 1958
    » Species Eurypon cinctum Sarà, 1960
    » Species Eurypon clavatella Little, 1963
    » Species Eurypon clavatum (Bowerbank, 1866)
    » Species Eurypon clavigerum (Bowerbank, 1866)
    » Species Eurypon clavilectuarium Santos, França & Pinheiro, 2014
    » Species Eurypon coronula (Bowerbank, 1874)
    » Species Eurypon debrumi (Laubenfels, 1954)
    » Species Eurypon denisae Vacelet, 1969
    » Species Eurypon distyli Santos, França & Pinheiro, 2014
    » Species Eurypon diversicolor Aguilar-Camacho & Carballo, 2013
    » Species Eurypon duoacanthostyla (Hoshino, 1981)
    » Species Eurypon encrusta (Thomas, 1981)
    » Species Eurypon fulvum Lévi, 1969
    » Species Eurypon gracile Bertolino, Calcinai & Pansini, 2013
    » Species Eurypon graphidiophora (Hentschel, 1911)
    » Species Eurypon hispidulum (Topsent, 1904)
    » Species Eurypon hispidum Bergquist, 1970
    » Species Eurypon incipiens Topsent, 1927
    » Species Eurypon inuisitatiacanthostyla (Hoshino, 1981)
    » Species Eurypon lacazei (Topsent, 1891)
    » Species Eurypon lamellatum (Lévi, 1993)
    » Species Eurypon lictor (Topsent, 1904)
    » Species Eurypon longispiculum (Carter, 1876)
    » Species Eurypon major Sarà & Siribelli, 1960
    » Species Eurypon miniaceum Thiele, 1905
    » Species Eurypon mixtum (Topsent, 1928)
    » Species Eurypon mucronale (Topsent, 1928)
    » Species Eurypon nigrum Bergquist, 1967
    » Species Eurypon obtusum Vacelet, 1969
    » Species Eurypon oxychaetum Cavalcanti, Santos & Pinheiro, 2018
    » Species Eurypon patriciae Aguilar-Camacho & Carballo, 2013
    » Species Eurypon polyplumosum (Lévi, 1958)
    » Species Eurypon potiguaris Cavalcanti, Santos & Pinheiro, 2018
    » Species Eurypon pulitzeri Cavalcanti, Santos & Pinheiro, 2018
    » Species Eurypon radiatum (Bowerbank, 1866)
    » Species Eurypon scabiosum (Topsent, 1927)
    » Species Eurypon sessile (Carter, 1880)
    » Species Eurypon simplex (Bowerbank, 1874)
    » Species Eurypon spinularia (Bowerbank, 1875)
    » Species Eurypon spitzbergense (Fristedt, 1887)
    » Species Eurypon suassunai Santos, França & Pinheiro, 2014
    » Species Eurypon topsenti (Burton, 1954)
    » Species Eurypon toureti (Topsent, 1894)
    » Species Eurypon tylospinosum Aguilar-Camacho & Carballo, 2013
    » Species Eurypon unispiculum (Carter, 1880)
    » Species Eurypon urizae (Hooper, 1996)
    » Species Eurypon verticillatum Cavalcanti, Santos & Pinheiro, 2018
    » Species Eurypon vescicularis Sarà & Siribelli, 1960
    » Species Eurypon viride (Topsent, 1889)
    » Subgenus Eurypon (Acantheurypon) Topsent, 1927 accepted as Eurypon Gray, 1867 (misapplied junior synonym)
    » Species Eurypon acanthotoxa Stephens, 1916 accepted as Clathria (Clathria) acanthotoxa (Stephens, 1916) (genus transfer)
    » Species Eurypon affine (Topsent, 1889) accepted as Clathria (Microciona) campecheae Hooper, 1996
    » Species Eurypon asodes de Laubenfels, 1930 accepted as Clathria (Clathria) asodes (de Laubenfels, 1930) (genus transfer)
    » Species Eurypon ditoxa Stephens, 1916 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) ditoxa (Stephens, 1916) (genus transfer)
    » Species Eurypon laughlini Díaz, Alvarez & van Soest, 1987 accepted as Prosuberites laughlini (Díaz, Alvarez & van Soest, 1987) (genus transfer)
    » Species Eurypon microchela Stephens, 1916 accepted as Clathria (Clathria) microchela (Stephens, 1916) (genus transfer)
    » Species Eurypon mucronatum (Topsent, 1904) accepted as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) mucronata (Topsent, 1904) (genus transfer)
    » Species Eurypon naikaiense Hoshino, 1981 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) naikaiensis (Hoshino, 1981) (genus transfer)
    » Species Eurypon nigra Bergquist, 1967 accepted as Eurypon nigrum Bergquist, 1967 (nomen imperfectum)
    » Species Eurypon pilosella (Topsent, 1904) accepted as Acantheurypon pilosella (Topsent, 1904) (reverted genus transfer)
    » Species Eurypon radiata (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Eurypon radiatum (Bowerbank, 1866) (Spelling variation)
    » Species Eurypon rhopalophora (Hentschel, 1912) accepted as Clathria (Microciona) rhopalophora (Hentschel, 1912) (genus transfer)
    » Species Eurypon similis sensu Uriz, 1988 accepted as Eurypon urizae (Hooper, 1996) (homonym)
    » Species Eurypon spitzbergensis (Fristedt, 1887) accepted as Eurypon spitzbergense (Fristedt, 1887) (Spelling variation)
    » Species Eurypon tenuissimum Stephens, 1916 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) tenuissima (Stephens, 1916) (genus transfer)
    » Species Eurypon topsenti Pulitzer-Finali, 1983 accepted as Eurypon pulitzeri Cavalcanti, Santos & Pinheiro, 2018 (junior homonym of Eurypon topsenti (Burton, 1954))
  » Genus Hymeraphia Bowerbank, 1864
    » Species Hymeraphia breeni Picton & Goodwin, 2007
    » Species Hymeraphia elongata Picton & Goodwin, 2007
    » Species Hymeraphia stellifera Bowerbank, 1864
    » Species Hymeraphia affinis Topsent, 1889 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) campecheae Hooper, 1996 (genus transfer & junior homonym)
      » Variety Hymeraphia affinis var. anancora Topsent, 1904 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) anancora (Topsent, 1904) (genus transfer and status change)
    » Species Hymeraphia anancora Topsent, 1904 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) anancora (Topsent, 1904) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia aruensis Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) aruensis (Hentschel, 1912) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia calochela Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) calochela (Hentschel, 1912) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia clavata Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Eurypon clavatum (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia coronula Bowerbank, 1874 accepted as Eurypon coronula (Bowerbank, 1874) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia derjugini Breitfuss, 1912 accepted as Lissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) derjugini (Breitfuss, 1912) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia distincta Thiele, 1903 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) distincta (Thiele, 1903) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia eruca Carter, 1880 accepted as Monocrepidium eruca (Carter, 1880) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia geniculata Topsent, 1892 accepted as Cerbaris curvispiculifer var. geniculatus (Topsent, 1892) (genus transfer and status change)
    » Species Hymeraphia graphidiophora Hentschel, 1911 accepted as Eurypon graphidiophora (Hentschel, 1911) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia hispidulum Topsent, 1904 accepted as Eurypon hispidulum (Topsent, 1904) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia lacazei Topsent, 1891 accepted as Eurypon lacazei (Topsent, 1891) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia lendenfeldi Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) hentscheli Hooper, 1996 (genus transfer & junior homonym)
    » Species Hymeraphia longitoxa Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) longitoxa (Hentschel, 1912) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia michaelseni Hentschel, 1911 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) michaelseni (Hentschel, 1911) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia microcionides Carter, 1876 accepted as Plocamionida microcionides (Carter, 1876) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia minax Topsent, 1888 accepted as Trachycladus minax (Topsent, 1888) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia minima Topsent, 1892 accepted as Hymenancora pecqueryi (Topsent, 1890) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
    » Species Hymeraphia mucronata Topsent, 1904 accepted as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) mucronata (Topsent, 1904) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia mutabilis Topsent, 1904 accepted as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) mutabilis (Topsent, 1904) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia peachii (Bowerbank, 1882) accepted as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) peachii Bowerbank, 1882 (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia pellicula (Whitelegge, 1897) accepted as Clathria (Clathria) pellicula Whitelegge, 1897 (reverted genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia pilosella Topsent, 1904 accepted as Eurypon pilosella (Topsent, 1904) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia plicata Schmidt, 1873 accepted as Eurypon clavatum (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
    » Species Hymeraphia radiata (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Eurypon radiatum (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia rhopalophora Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) rhopalophora (Hentschel, 1912) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia similis Thiele, 1903 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) similis (Thiele, 1903) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia simplex Bowerbank, 1874 accepted as Eurypon simplex (Bowerbank, 1874) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia spiniglobata Carter, 1879 accepted as Diplastrella spiniglobata (Carter, 1879) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia spinispinosa Topsent, 1904 accepted as Acantheurypon spinispinosum (Topsent, 1904) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia spinularia Bowerbank, 1875 accepted as Eurypon spinularia (Bowerbank, 1875) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia spitzbergense Fristedt, 1887 accepted as Eurypon spitzbergense (Fristedt, 1887) (misspelling of species name)
    » Species Hymeraphia spitzbergensis Fristedt, 1887 accepted as Eurypon spitzbergense (Fristedt, 1887) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia tetrastyla Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) tetrastyla (Hentschel, 1912) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia thielei Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) thielei (Hentschel, 1912) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia toureti Topsent, 1894 accepted as Eurypon toureti (Topsent, 1894) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia toxifera Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) toxifera (Hentschel, 1912) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia tuberosocapitata Topsent, 1890 accepted as Discorhabdella tuberosocapitatum (Topsent, 1890) (genus transfer and spelling variation)
    » Species Hymeraphia tuberosocapitatum Topsent, 1892 accepted as Discorhabdella tuberosocapitatum (Topsent, 1890) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia unispiculum Carter, 1880 accepted as Eurypon unispiculum (Carter, 1880) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia vermicularis sensu Gray, 1867 accepted as Bubaris vermiculata (Bowerbank, 1866) (misspelling of species name)
    » Species Hymeraphia vermiculata Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Bubaris vermiculata (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
      » Variety Hymeraphia vermiculata var. erecta Carter, 1876 accepted as Acanthella erecta (Carter, 1876) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia verticillata Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Halicnemia verticillata (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hymeraphia viridis Topsent, 1889 accepted as Eurypon viride (Topsent, 1889) (genus transfer)
  » Genus Raspaciona Topsent, 1936
    » Species Raspaciona aculeata (Johnston, 1842)
    » Species Raspaciona calva Sarà, 1958
    » Species Raspaciona robusta Sarà, 1958
  » Genus Raspailia Nardo, 1833
    » Subgenus Raspailia (Clathriodendron) Lendenfeld, 1888
      » Species Raspailia (Clathriodendron) arbuscula (Lendenfeld, 1888)
      » Species Raspailia (Clathriodendron) bifurcata Ridley, 1884
      » Species Raspailia (Clathriodendron) cacticutis (Carter, 1885)
      » Species Raspailia (Clathriodendron) darwinensis Hooper, 1991
      » Species Raspailia (Clathriodendron) desmoxyiformis Hooper, 1991
      » Species Raspailia (Clathriodendron) fueguensis Cuartas, 1994
      » Species Raspailia (Clathriodendron) hispida (Montagu, 1814)
      » Species Raspailia (Clathriodendron) irregularis (Lendenfeld, 1888)
      » Species Raspailia (Clathriodendron) keriontria Hooper, 1991
      » Species Raspailia (Clathriodendron) levis Cuartas, 1994
      » Species Raspailia (Clathriodendron) melanorhops Hooper, 1991
      » Species Raspailia (Clathriodendron) paradoxa Hentschel, 1911
      » Species Raspailia (Clathriodendron) rubrum (Kirk, 1911)
    » Subgenus Raspailia (Hymeraphiopsis) Hooper, 1991
    » Subgenus Raspailia (Parasyringella) Topsent, 1928
      » Species Raspailia (Parasyringella) agnata (Topsent, 1896)
      » Species Raspailia (Parasyringella) australiensis Ridley, 1884
      » Species Raspailia (Parasyringella) cervicornis (Burton, 1948)
      » Species Raspailia (Parasyringella) clathrata Ridley, 1884
      » Species Raspailia (Parasyringella) elegans (Lendenfeld, 1887)
      » Species Raspailia (Parasyringella) falcifera Topsent, 1890
      » Species Raspailia (Parasyringella) humilis Topsent, 1892
      » Species Raspailia (Parasyringella) nuda Hentschel, 1911
      » Species Raspailia (Parasyringella) pacifica (Koltun, 1962)
      » Species Raspailia (Parasyringella) rubra Aguilar-Camacho & Carballo, 2013
      » Species Raspailia (Parasyringella) stelliderma (Carter, 1885)
      » Species Raspailia (Parasyringella) thamnopilosa Van Soest, 2017
    » Subgenus Raspailia (Raspailia) Nardo, 1833
      » Species Raspailia (Raspailia) anastomosa Kumar, 1925
      » Species Raspailia (Raspailia) atropurpurea (Carter, 1885)
      » Species Raspailia (Raspailia) bathyalis Boury-Esnault, Pansini & Uriz, 1994
      » Species Raspailia (Raspailia) echinata Whitelegge, 1907
      » Species Raspailia (Raspailia) gracilis (Lendenfeld, 1888)
      » Species Raspailia (Raspailia) johnhooperi Van Soest, 2017
      » Species Raspailia (Raspailia) kennedyi Hooper, Sutcliffe & Schlacher-Hoenlinger, 2008
      » Species Raspailia (Raspailia) muricyana Moraes, 2011
      » Species Raspailia (Raspailia) phakellopsis Hooper, 1991
      » Species Raspailia (Raspailia) pinnatifida (Carter, 1885)
      » Species Raspailia (Raspailia) radiosa (Bowerbank, 1866)
      » Species Raspailia (Raspailia) ramosa (Montagu, 1814)
      » Species Raspailia (Raspailia) scorpa Hooper, Sutcliffe & Schlacher-Hoenlinger, 2008
      » Species Raspailia (Raspailia) tenella (Lendenfeld, 1888)
      » Species Raspailia (Raspailia) urizae Hooper, 2012
      » Species Raspailia (Raspailia) ventilabrum (Bowerbank, 1866)
      » Species Raspailia (Raspailia) vestigifera Dendy, 1896
      » Species Raspailia (Raspailia) viminalis Schmidt, 1862
      » Species Raspailia (Raspailia) virgultosa (Bowerbank, 1866)
      » Species Raspailia (Raspailia) wilkinsoni Hooper, 1991
      » Species Raspailia (Raspailia) echinata Uriz, 1988 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) urizae Hooper, 2012 (junior homonym of Raspailia (Raspailia) echinata Whitelegge, 1907)
    » Subgenus Raspailia (Raspaxilla) Topsent, 1913
      » Species Raspailia (Raspaxilla) acanthifera (George & Wilson, 1919)
      » Species Raspailia (Raspaxilla) bouryesnaultae Lerner, Carraro & van Soest, 2006
      » Species Raspailia (Raspaxilla) clathrioides (Lévi, 1967)
      » Species Raspailia (Raspaxilla) compressa Bergquist, 1970
      » Species Raspailia (Raspaxilla) flaccida Bergquist, 1970
      » Species Raspailia (Raspaxilla) folium Thiele, 1898
      » Species Raspailia (Raspaxilla) frondosa Ekins, Debitus, Erpenbeck & Hooper, 2018
      » Species Raspailia (Raspaxilla) frondula (Whitelegge, 1907)
      » Species Raspailia (Raspaxilla) galapagensis (Desqueyroux-Faúndez & van Soest, 1997)
      » Species Raspailia (Raspaxilla) hirsuta Thiele, 1898
      » Species Raspailia (Raspaxilla) hyle (de Laubenfels, 1930)
      » Species Raspailia (Raspaxilla) hymani (Dickinson, 1945)
      » Species Raspailia (Raspaxilla) inaequalis Dendy, 1924
      » Species Raspailia (Raspaxilla) mariana (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
      » Species Raspailia (Raspaxilla) pearsei (Wells, Wells & Gray, 1960)
      » Species Raspailia (Raspaxilla) phakellina (Topsent, 1913)
      » Species Raspailia (Raspaxilla) reticulata Hooper, 1991
      » Species Raspailia (Raspaxilla) topsenti Dendy, 1924
      » Species Raspailia (Raspaxilla) wardi Hooper, 1991
      » Species Raspailia (Raspaxilla) elegans (Boury-Esnault, 1973) accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) bouryesnaultae Lerner, Carraro & van Soest, 2006 (preoccupied)
    » Species Raspailia acerata (Carter, 1887)
    » Species Raspailia alces Pick, 1905
    » Species Raspailia colorans Pulitzer-Finali, 1993
    » Species Raspailia gracillima Topsent, 1894
    » Species Raspailia howsei (Bowerbank, 1866)
    » Species Raspailia kasumiensis Tanita, 1965
    » Species Raspailia koreana Rho & Sim, 1979
    » Species Raspailia laciniata (Carter, 1879)
    » Species Raspailia longispicula Breitfuss, 1912
    » Species Raspailia microacanthoxea Hoshino, 1976
    » Species Raspailia rigida Ridley & Dendy, 1886
    » Species Raspailia simplicior Pick, 1905
    » Species Raspailia tenuis Ridley & Dendy, 1886
    » Species Raspailia trachystyla Tanita, 1968
    » Species Raspailia uncinata Pick, 1905
    » Species Raspailia formidabilis Hanitsch, 1895 (taxon inquirendum)
    » Species Raspailia rectangula (Bowerbank, 1874) (taxon inquirendum)
    » Species Raspailia acanthifera (George & Wilson, 1919) represented as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) acanthifera (George & Wilson, 1919) (subgenus allocation)
    » Species Raspailia agnata (Topsent, 1896) represented as Raspailia (Parasyringella) agnata (Topsent, 1896) (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia anastomosa Kumar, 1925 represented as Raspailia (Raspailia) anastomosa Kumar, 1925 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia arbuscula (Lendenfeld, 1888) represented as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) arbuscula (Lendenfeld, 1888) (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia atropurpurea (Carter, 1885) represented as Raspailia (Raspailia) atropurpurea (Carter, 1885) (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia australiensis Ridley, 1884 represented as Raspailia (Parasyringella) australiensis Ridley, 1884 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia bathyalis Boury-Esnault, Pansini & Uriz, 1994 represented as Raspailia (Raspailia) bathyalis Boury-Esnault, Pansini & Uriz, 1994 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia bifurcata Ridley, 1884 represented as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) bifurcata Ridley, 1884 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia cacticutis (Carter, 1885) represented as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) cacticutis (Carter, 1885) (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia cervicornis (Burton, 1948) represented as Raspailia (Parasyringella) cervicornis (Burton, 1948) (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia clathrata Ridley, 1884 represented as Raspailia (Parasyringella) clathrata Ridley, 1884 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia compressa Bergquist, 1970 represented as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) compressa Bergquist, 1970 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia darwinensis Hooper, 1991 represented as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) darwinensis Hooper, 1991 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia desmoxyiformis Hooper, 1991 represented as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) desmoxyiformis Hooper, 1991 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia echinata Whitelegge, 1907 represented as Raspailia (Raspailia) echinata Whitelegge, 1907 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia echinata Uriz, 1988 represented as Raspailia (Raspailia) urizae Hooper, 2012 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia elegans (Lendenfeld, 1887) represented as Raspailia (Parasyringella) elegans (Lendenfeld, 1887) (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia falcifera Topsent, 1890 represented as Raspailia (Parasyringella) falcifera Topsent, 1890 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia flaccida Bergquist, 1970 represented as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) flaccida Bergquist, 1970
    » Species Raspailia folium Thiele, 1898 represented as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) folium Thiele, 1898 (assigned to subgenus Raspaxilla)
    » Species Raspailia fueguensis Cuartas, 1994 represented as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) fueguensis Cuartas, 1994 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia gracilis (Lendenfeld, 1888) represented as Raspailia (Raspailia) gracilis (Lendenfeld, 1888) (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia hirsuta Thiele, 1898 represented as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) hirsuta Thiele, 1898
    » Species Raspailia hispida (Montagu, 1814) represented as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) hispida (Montagu, 1814) (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia humilis Topsent, 1892 represented as Raspailia (Parasyringella) humilis Topsent, 1892 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia inaequalis Dendy, 1924 represented as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) inaequalis Dendy, 1924
    » Species Raspailia irregularis (Lendenfeld, 1888) represented as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) irregularis (Lendenfeld, 1888) (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia irregularis Hentschel, 1914 represented as Raspailia (Hymeraphiopsis) irregularis Hentschel, 1914 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia keriontria Hooper, 1991 represented as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) keriontria Hooper, 1991 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia levis Cuartas, 1994 represented as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) levis Cuartas, 1994 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia melanorhops Hooper, 1991 represented as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) melanorhops Hooper, 1991 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia nuda Hentschel, 1911 represented as Raspailia (Parasyringella) nuda Hentschel, 1911 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia pacifica (Koltun, 1962) represented as Raspailia (Parasyringella) pacifica (Koltun, 1962) (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia paradoxa Hentschel, 1911 represented as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) paradoxa Hentschel, 1911 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia phakellina (Topsent, 1913) represented as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) phakellina (Topsent, 1913) (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia phakellopsis Hooper, 1991 represented as Raspailia (Raspailia) phakellopsis Hooper, 1991 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia pinnatifida (Carter, 1885) represented as Raspailia (Raspailia) pinnatifida (Carter, 1885) (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia radiosa (Bowerbank, 1866) represented as Raspailia (Raspailia) radiosa (Bowerbank, 1866) (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia ramosa (Montagu, 1814) represented as Raspailia (Raspailia) ramosa (Montagu, 1814) (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia reticulata Hooper, 1991 represented as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) reticulata Hooper, 1991 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia rubrum (Kirk, 1911) represented as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) rubrum (Kirk, 1911) (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia stelliderma (Carter, 1885) represented as Raspailia (Parasyringella) stelliderma (Carter, 1885) (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia tenella (Lendenfeld, 1888) represented as Raspailia (Raspailia) tenella (Lendenfeld, 1888) (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia topsenti Dendy, 1924 represented as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) topsenti Dendy, 1924 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia ventilabrum (Bowerbank, 1866) represented as Raspailia (Raspailia) ventilabrum (Bowerbank, 1866) (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia vestigifera Dendy, 1896 represented as Raspailia (Raspailia) vestigifera Dendy, 1896 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia viminalis Schmidt, 1862 represented as Raspailia (Raspailia) viminalis Schmidt, 1862 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia virgultosa (Bowerbank, 1866) represented as Raspailia (Raspailia) virgultosa (Bowerbank, 1866) (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia wardi Hooper, 1991 represented as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) wardi Hooper, 1991 (subgenus assignment)
    » Species Raspailia wilkinsoni Hooper, 1991 represented as Raspailia (Raspailia) wilkinsoni Hooper, 1991 (subgenus assignment)
    » Subgenus Raspailia (Syringella) sensu Schmidt, 1868 accepted as Suberites Nardo, 1833 (genus transfer)
    » Subgenus Raspailia (Syringella) sensu Ridley, 1884 accepted as Raspailia (Parasyringella) Topsent, 1928 (misinterpretation of genus character)
      » Species Raspailia (Syringella) australiensis Ridley, 1884 accepted as Raspailia (Parasyringella) australiensis Ridley, 1884
      » Species Raspailia (Syringella) clathrata Ridley, 1884 accepted as Raspailia (Parasyringella) clathrata Ridley, 1884
      » Species Raspailia (Syringella) falcifera Topsent, 1890 accepted as Raspailia (Parasyringella) falcifera Topsent, 1890 (subgenus transfer)
      » Species Raspailia (Syringella) humilis Topsent, 1892 accepted as Raspailia (Parasyringella) humilis Topsent, 1892 (subgenus transfer)
      » Species Raspailia (Syringella) nuda Hentschel, 1911 accepted as Raspailia (Parasyringella) nuda Hentschel, 1911
      » Species Raspailia (Syringella) rhaphidophora Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Thrinacophora rhaphidophora (Hentschel, 1912) (genus transfer)
      » Species Raspailia (Syringella) stelliderma (Carter, 1885) accepted as Raspailia (Parasyringella) stelliderma (Carter, 1885) (subgenus transfer)
    » Species Raspailia abyssorum (Carter, 1876) accepted as Antho (Antho) dichotoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
    » Species Raspailia aculeata (Johnston, 1842) accepted as Raspaciona aculeata (Johnston, 1842) (genus transfer)
    » Species Raspailia agminata Hallmann, 1914 accepted as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) arbuscula (Lendenfeld, 1888) (junior synonym)
    » Species Raspailia dichotoma (Linnaeus, 1767) accepted as Antho (Antho) dichotoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (genus transfer)
    » Species Raspailia dichotoma Whitelegge, 1907 accepted as Ceratopsion dichotoma (Whitelegge, 1907) (genus transfer)
    » Species Raspailia fascicularis (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Adreus fascicularis (Bowerbank, 1866)
    » Species Raspailia flagelliformis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Homaxinella flagelliformis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
    » Species Raspailia freyerii Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) viminalis Schmidt, 1862 (junior synonym)
    » Species Raspailia fruticosa Dendy, 1887 accepted as Endectyon (Endectyon) fruticosum (Dendy, 1887) (genus transfer)
    » Species Raspailia fruticosum Dendy, 1887 accepted as Endectyon (Endectyon) fruticosum (Dendy, 1887) (genus transfer)
    » Species Raspailia hamata Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Endectyon (Hemectyon) hamatum (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer)
    » Species Raspailia hornelli Dendy, 1905 accepted as Endectyon (Endectyon) hornelli (Dendy, 1905) (genus transfer)
    » Species Raspailia incrustans Swartschewsky, 1905 accepted as Antho (Antho) involvens (Schmidt, 1864) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
    » Species Raspailia moebii Schmidt, 1875 accepted as Antho (Antho) dichotoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
    » Species Raspailia nigra Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) arbuscula (Lendenfeld, 1888) (junior synonym)
    » Species Raspailia pachysclera Lévi & Lévi, 1983 accepted as Plocamione pachysclera (Lévi & Lévi, 1983) (genus transfer)
    » Species Raspailia pumila (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) ramosa (Montagu, 1814) (junior synonym)
    » Species Raspailia pykei (Carter, 1879) accepted as Echinodictyum pykii (Carter, 1879) (genus transfer)
    » Species Raspailia rhaphidophora Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Thrinacophora rhaphidophora (Hentschel, 1912) (genus transfer)
    » Species Raspailia rigida (Montagu, 1814) accepted as Stelligera rigida (Montagu, 1814)
    » Species Raspailia salix Schmidt, 1868 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) viminalis Schmidt, 1862 (junior synonym)
    » Species Raspailia setosa (Bowerbank, 1873) accepted as Phycopsis setosa (Bowerbank, 1873) (genus transfer)
    » Species Raspailia stelligera Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Stelligera stuposa (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
    » Species Raspailia stuposa (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Stelligera stuposa (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (genus transfer)
    » Species Raspailia syringella Schmidt, 1868 accepted as Suberites syringella (Schmidt, 1868) (genus transfer)
    » Species Raspailia thurstoni Dendy, 1887 accepted as Endectyon (Endectyon) thurstoni (Dendy, 1887) (genus transfer)
    » Species Raspailia typica Nardo, 1833 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) viminalis Schmidt, 1862 (nomen nudum)
    » Species Raspailia villosa Thiele, 1898 accepted as Aulospongus villosus (Thiele, 1898) (genus transfer)
  » Genus Rhabdeurypon Vacelet, 1969
  » Genus Sollasella Lendenfeld, 1888
  » Genus Trachostylea Topsent, 1928
    » Species Trachostylea semota Topsent, 1928
    » Species Trachostylea lamellata Lévi, 1993 accepted as Eurypon lamellatum (Lévi, 1993) (genus transfer)
  » Genus Abila Gray, 1867 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) Nardo, 1833 (preoccupied)
    » Species Abila freyerii (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) viminalis Schmidt, 1862 (reverted genus transfer)
  » Genus Aulospongiella Burton, 1956 accepted as Aulospongus Norman, 1878 (junior synonym)
  » Genus Axinectya Hallmann, 1917 accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) Topsent, 1913 (junior synonym)
  » Genus Basiectyon Vacelet, 1961 accepted as Endectyon (Endectyon) Topsent, 1920 (junior synonym)
  » Genus Bethia Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Raspailia Nardo, 1833
  » Genus Clathriodendron Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) Lendenfeld, 1888 (rank devaluation)
  » Genus Dictyocylindrus Bowerbank, 1862 accepted as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) Lendenfeld, 1888 (junior synonym)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus reticulatus Carter, 1881 (taxon inquirendum)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus abyssorum Carter, 1876 accepted as Antho (Antho) dichotoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus aceratus Carter, 1887 accepted as Raspailia acerata (Carter, 1887) (genus transfer)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus aculeatus (Johnston, 1842) accepted as Raspaciona aculeata (Johnston, 1842) (genus transfer)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus anchorata Carter, 1874 accepted as Clathria (Paresperia) anchorata (Carter, 1874) (genus transfer)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus cacticutis Carter, 1885 accepted as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) cacticutis (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus dentatus Bowerbank, 1873 accepted as Axos cliftoni Gray, 1867 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus fascicularis Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Adreus fascicularis (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus hispidus (Montagu, 1814) accepted as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) hispida (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus howsei Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Raspailia howsei (Bowerbank, 1866) (Basionym)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus laciniatus Carter, 1879 accepted as Raspailia laciniata (Carter, 1879) (genus transfer)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus manaarensis Carter, 1880 accepted as Antho (Plocamia) manaarensis (Carter, 1880) (genus transfer)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus piniformis Carter, 1885 accepted as Clathria (Clathria) piniformis (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus pinnatifidus Carter, 1885 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) pinnatifida (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus pumilus Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) ramosa (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus pykii Carter, 1879 accepted as Echinodictyum pykii (Carter, 1879) (genus transfer)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus radiosus Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) radiosa (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus ramosus (Montagu, 1814) accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) ramosa (Montagu, 1814)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus rectangula Bowerbank, 1874 accepted as Raspailia rectangula (Bowerbank, 1874) (genus transfer)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus rugosus Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Axinella rugosa (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus sessile Carter, 1880 accepted as Eurypon sessile (Carter, 1880) (genus transfer)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus setosus Bowerbank, 1873 accepted as Phycopsis setosa (Bowerbank, 1873) (genus transfer)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus simplex Carter, 1876 accepted as Antho (Antho) dichotoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus stuposus (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Stelligera stuposa (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus subdola (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Homaxinella subdola (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus ventilabrum Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) ventilabrum (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus vickersii Bowerbank, 1864 accepted as Cyamon vickersii (Bowerbank, 1864) (genus transfer)
    » Species Dictyocylindrus virgultosus Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) virgultosa (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
  » Genus Dragmatyle Topsent, 1904 accepted as Eurypon Gray, 1867 (junior synonym)
    » Species Dragmatyle lictor Topsent, 1904 accepted as Eurypon lictor (Topsent, 1904) (genus transfer)
    » Species Dragmatyle topsenti Burton, 1954 accepted as Eurypon topsenti (Burton, 1954) (genus transfer)
  » Genus Echinaxia Hallmann, 1916 accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) Topsent, 1913 (junior synonym)
  » Genus Epicles Gray, 1867 accepted as Eurypon Gray, 1867 (junior synonym)
    » Species Epicles coronula (Bowerbank, 1874) accepted as Eurypon coronula (Bowerbank, 1874) (genus transfer)
    » Species Epicles radiatus (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Eurypon radiatum (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
  » Genus Haliphysema sensu Bowerbank, 1873 accepted as Aulospongus Norman, 1878 (preoccupied by Foraminiferan and misspelling)
    » Species Haliphysema confertum Norman, 1878 accepted as Normanina conferta (Norman, 1878) (genus and phylum transfer)
    » Species Haliphysema tubulatum Bowerbank, 1873 accepted as Aulospongus tubulatus (Bowerbank, 1873) (genus transfer)
  » Genus Hemectyon Topsent, 1920 accepted as Endectyon (Hemectyon) Topsent, 1920 (subgenus transfer)
    » Species Hemectyon atlanticus (Lévi & Vacelet, 1958) accepted as Lithoplocamia atlantica (Lévi & Vacelet, 1958) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hemectyon ferox (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Ectyoplasia ferox (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
    » Species Hemectyon hamatum (Schmidt, 1870) accepted as Endectyon (Hemectyon) hamatum (Schmidt, 1870) (subgenus transfer)
    » Species Hemectyon hyle de Laubenfels, 1930 accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) hyle (de Laubenfels, 1930) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hemectyon hymani Dickinson, 1945 accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) hymani (Dickinson, 1945) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hemectyon multidentata Burton, 1948 accepted as Endectyon (Endectyon) multidentatum (Burton, 1948) (genus transfer)
    » Species Hemectyon pearsei Wells, Wells & Gray, 1960 accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) pearsei (Wells, Wells & Gray, 1960) (genus transfer)
  » Genus Hemectyonilla Burton, 1959 accepted as Aulospongus Norman, 1878 (junior synonym)
  » Genus Heterectya Hallmann, 1917 accepted as Aulospongus Norman, 1878 (junior synonym)
    » Species Heterectya cerebella Dickinson, 1945 accepted as Aulospongus cerebella (Dickinson, 1945) (genus transfer)
    » Species Heterectya villosa (Thiele, 1898) accepted as Aulospongus villosus (Thiele, 1898) (genus transfer)
    » Species Heterectya villosus (Thiele, 1898) accepted as Aulospongus villosus (Thiele, 1898) (genus transfer and misspelling)
  » Genus Hymerhaphia sensu Carter, 1880 accepted as Hymeraphia Bowerbank, 1864 (misspelling)
    » Species Hymerhaphia rufa Kirkpatrick, 1907 accepted as Hymenancora rufa (Kirkpatrick, 1907) (genus transfer and misspelling of genus name)
  » Genus Laonaenia Hallmann, 1917 accepted as Halicnemia Bowerbank, 1864 (junior synonym)
  » Genus Laothoe Gray, 1867 accepted as Hymeraphia Bowerbank, 1864 (junior synonym and preoccupied)
  » Genus Leptochelastra Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Eurypon Gray, 1867 (junior synonym)
    » Species Leptochelastra toureti (Topsent, 1894) accepted as Eurypon toureti (Topsent, 1894) (genus transfer)
  » Genus Mesapos Gray, 1867 accepted as Hymeraphia Bowerbank, 1864 (junior synonym)
    » Species Mesapos stellifera (Bowerbank, 1864) accepted as Hymeraphia stellifera Bowerbank, 1864 (reverted genus transfer)
  » Genus Naenia Gray, 1867 accepted as Halicnemia Bowerbank, 1864 (junior synonym and preoccupied)
    » Species Naenia gallica (Topsent, 1893) accepted as Halicnemia patera Bowerbank, 1864 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
    » Species Naenia verticillata (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Halicnemia verticillata (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
  » Genus Parasyringella Topsent, 1928 accepted as Raspailia (Parasyringella) Topsent, 1928 (status change)
  » Genus Proraspailia Lévi, 1958 accepted as Eurypon Gray, 1867 (junior synonym)
    » Species Proraspailia polyplumosa Lévi, 1958 accepted as Eurypon polyplumosum (Lévi, 1958) (genus transfer)
  » Genus Protoraspailia Burton & Rao, 1932 accepted as Eurypon Gray, 1867 (junior synonym)
  » Genus Quizilla Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Eurypon Gray, 1867 (junior synonym)
    » Species Quizilla lacazei (Topsent, 1891) accepted as Eurypon lacazei (Topsent, 1891) (genus transfer)
  » Genus Rasalia Gray, 1867 accepted as Raspailia Nardo, 1833 (misspelling)
  » Genus Raspailopsis Burton, 1959 accepted as Sollasella Lendenfeld, 1888 (junior synonym)
    » Species Raspailopsis cervicornis Burton, 1959 accepted as Sollasella cervicornis (Burton, 1959) (genus transfer)
  » Genus Raspalia Nardo, 1833 accepted as Raspailia Nardo, 1833 (misspelling)
  » Genus Raspaxilla Topsent, 1913 accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) Topsent, 1913 (genus transfer)
  » Genus Raspelia Nardo, 1833 accepted as Raspailia Nardo, 1833 (nomen imperfectum)
  » Genus Rhaphidectyon Topsent, 1927 accepted as Aulospongus Norman, 1878 (junior synonym)
    » Species Rhaphidectyon encrusta Thomas, 1981 accepted as Eurypon encrusta (Thomas, 1981) (genus transfer)
    » Species Rhaphidectyon spinosum Topsent, 1927 accepted as Aulospongus spinosus (Topsent, 1927) (genus transfer)
  » Genus Tricheurypon Topsent, 1928 accepted as Eurypon Gray, 1867 (genus transfer)
    » Species Tricheurypon viride (Topsent, 1889) accepted as Eurypon viride (Topsent, 1889) (reverted genus transfer)
  » Genus Valedictyum Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) Nardo, 1833 (junior synonym)
Subfamily Thrinacophorinae Hooper, 2002
  » Genus Axechina Hentschel, 1912
  » Genus Ceratopsion Strand, 1928
    » Species Ceratopsion aurantiacum (Lendenfeld, 1888)
    » Species Ceratopsion axiferum (Hentschel, 1912)
    » Species Ceratopsion clavatum (Thiele, 1898)
    » Species Ceratopsion cuneiforme Bergquist, 1970
    » Species Ceratopsion dichotoma (Whitelegge, 1907)
    » Species Ceratopsion erectum (Thiele, 1898)
    » Species Ceratopsion expansum (Thiele, 1898)
    » Species Ceratopsion incrustans (Burton, 1932)
    » Species Ceratopsion microxephora (Kirkpatrick, 1903)
    » Species Ceratopsion minor Pulitzer-Finali, 1983
    » Species Ceratopsion montebelloensis Hooper, 1991
    » Species Ceratopsion palmatum Hooper, 1991
    » Species Ceratopsion ramosum (Thiele, 1898)
    » Species Ceratopsion rugosum (Schmidt, 1870)
    » Species Ceratopsion crustosum Alvarez & van Soest, 1993 accepted as Ceratopsion rugosum (Schmidt, 1870) (junior synonym)
  » Genus Thrinacophora Ridley, 1885
    » Species Thrinacophora cervicornis Ridley & Dendy, 1886
    » Species Thrinacophora dubia Brøndsted, 1924
    » Species Thrinacophora funiformis Ridley & Dendy, 1886
    » Species Thrinacophora incrustans Kieschnick, 1896
    » Species Thrinacophora murrayi Arnesen, 1920
    » Species Thrinacophora rhaphidophora (Hentschel, 1912)
    » Species Thrinacophora spinosa Wilson, 1902
    » Species Thrinacophora agariciformis Dendy, 1905 accepted as Dragmacidon agariciforme (Dendy, 1905) (genus transfer)
    » Species Thrinacophora durissima Dendy, 1905 accepted as Dragmacidon durissimum (Dendy, 1905) (genus transfer)
    » Species Thrinacophora microdragma Lendenfeld, 1897 accepted as Axinella infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
    » Species Thrinacophora simplex Topsent, 1916 accepted as Microxina simplex (Topsent, 1916) (genus transfer)
    » Species Thrinacophora spissa Topsent, 1892 accepted as Epipolasis spissa (Topsent, 1892) (genus transfer)
  » Genus Ceratopsis Thiele, 1898 accepted as Ceratopsion Strand, 1928 (preoccupied)
    » Species Ceratopsis clavata Thiele, 1898 accepted as Ceratopsion clavatum (Thiele, 1898) (genus transfer)
    » Species Ceratopsis erecta Thiele, 1898 accepted as Ceratopsion erectum (Thiele, 1898) (genus transfer)
    » Species Ceratopsis expansa Thiele, 1898 accepted as Ceratopsion expansum (Thiele, 1898) (genus transfer)
    » Species Ceratopsis incrustans Burton, 1932 accepted as Ceratopsion incrustans (Burton, 1932) (genus transfer)
    » Species Ceratopsis ramosa Thiele, 1898 accepted as Ceratopsion ramosum (Thiele, 1898) (genus transfer)
  » Genus Ommatosa Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Ceratopsion Strand, 1928 (junior synonym)
    » Species Ommatosa rugosa (Schmidt, 1870) accepted as Ceratopsion rugosum (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer)

Genus Rasailia accepted as Raspailia Nardo, 1833 (misspelling of genus name)
  » Species Rasailia hirsuta Thiele, 1898 accepted as Raspailia hirsuta Thiele, 1898 (misspelling of genus name)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Nardo, G.D. (1833). Auszug aus einem neuen System der Spongiarien,wonach bereits die Aufstellung in der Universitäts-Sammlung zu Padua gemacht ist. Pp. 519-523. In: Isis, oder Encyclopädische Zeitung Coll. (Oken: Jena).  [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Raspailiidae Nardo, 1833. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131642 on 2018-05-25
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-01-18 19:06:18Z
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2015-04-22 06:11:52Z
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Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Nardo, G.D. (1833). Auszug aus einem neuen System der Spongiarien,wonach bereits die Aufstellung in der Universitäts-Sammlung zu Padua gemacht ist. Pp. 519-523. In: Isis, oder Encyclopädische Zeitung Coll. (Oken: Jena).  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofSollasellidae Lendenfeld, 1887) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1888). Descriptive Catalogue of the Sponges in the Australian Museum, Sidney. (Taylor & Francis: London): i-xiv, 1-260, pls 1-12.  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Morrow, C.; Cárdenas, P. (2015). Proposal for a revised classification of the Demospongiae (Porifera). Frontiers in Zoology. 12: 7., available online at http://www.frontiersinzoology.com/content/12/1/7
page(s): 10 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

identification resource Hooper, J.N.A. (2002). Family Raspailiidae Hentschel, 1923. Pp. 469-510. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. Guide to the classification of sponges. 1. (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofSollasellidae Lendenfeld, 1887) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2002. Family Sollasellidae Lendenfeld, 1887. Pp. 279-280. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofSollasellidae Lendenfeld, 1887) Van Soest, R.W.M.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Beglinger, E.J.; Erpenbeck, D. 2006. Affinities of the family Sollasellidae (Porifera, Demospongiae). I. Morphological evidence. Contributions to Zoology 75 (3/4): 133-144. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofSollasellidae Lendenfeld, 1887) Erpenbeck, D.; Hooper, J.N.A.; List-Armitage, S.E.; Degnan, B.M.; Wörheide, G.; van Soest, R.W.M. (2007). Affinities of the family Sollasellidae (Porifera, Demospongiae). II. Molecular evidence. Contributions to Zoology. 76 (2): 95-102. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
From editor or global species database
Classification Raspailiidae has had a chequered history. The family was variously considered related to microcionid and axinellid groups. The latest verdict is that Raspailiidae, Axinellidae and Stelligeridae together form a monophyletic group (order Axinellida) based on 18S and 28S gene sequences. Not all genera assigned to Raspailiidae in the Systema Porifera (and maintained here) are expected to belong to this reassigned group, but additional research is necessary to establish this. Until it has been made clear, we will maintain the content of Raspailiidae as presented in the Systema Porifera (Hooper, 2002) [details]
 



LanguageName 
Japanese ヤスリカイメン  [details]