WoRMS taxon details

Axinellida

163084  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:163084)

Lévi, 1953
accepted
Order
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Lévi, C. (1953). Sur une nouvelle classification des Démosponges. <em>Compte rendu hebdomadaire des séances de l’Académie des sciences, Paris.</em> 236 (8): 853-855. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Taxonomy Axinellida were erected for sponges with axially strengthened skeletons and oviparous reproduction. These features are no...  
Taxonomy Axinellida were erected for sponges with axially strengthened skeletons and oviparous reproduction. These features are no longer considered markers for a monophyletic assemblage in the Systema Porifera. Families assigned to this order were distributed among three previously recognized orders, Halichondrida, Hadromerida and Poecilosclerida. However, recent molecular studies confirmed the existence of a monophyletic group largely similar in content to Lévi's original concept, including the type species of family Axinellidae. Thus, the order is reinstated. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Axinellida. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=163084 on 2018-10-21
Date
action
by
2005-07-05 09:59:09Z
created
2006-01-31 18:52:00Z
changed
2006-02-01 12:40:43Z
changed
2006-05-18 10:05:01Z
changed
2009-11-20 14:36:03Z
changed
2012-05-27 11:32:30Z
changed
2015-04-22 06:11:52Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Lévi, C. (1953). Sur une nouvelle classification des Démosponges. <em>Compte rendu hebdomadaire des séances de l’Académie des sciences, Paris.</em> 236 (8): 853-855. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (MSBIAS) MEDIN. (2011). UK checklist of marine species derived from the applications Marine Recorder and UNICORN. version 1.0. [details]   

basis of record Morrow, C.; Cárdenas, P. (2015). Proposal for a revised classification of the Demospongiae (Porifera). <em>Frontiers in Zoology.</em> 12: 7., available online at http://www.frontiersinzoology.com/content/12/1/7
page(s): 10 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Morrow, C.; Picton, B.; Erpenbeck, D.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Maggs, C.; Allcock, A. (2012). Congruence between nuclear and mitochondrial genes in Demospongiae: A new hypothesis for relationships within the G4 clade (Porifera: Demospongiae). <em>Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.</em> 62(1): 174-190., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2011.09.016 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Taxonomy Axinellida were erected for sponges with axially strengthened skeletons and oviparous reproduction. These features are no longer considered markers for a monophyletic assemblage in the Systema Porifera. Families assigned to this order were distributed among three previously recognized orders, Halichondrida, Hadromerida and Poecilosclerida. However, recent molecular studies confirmed the existence of a monophyletic group largely similar in content to Lévi's original concept, including the type species of family Axinellidae. Thus, the order is reinstated. [details]