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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxinellida 
AphiaID: 163084

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteroscleromorpha (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxinellida (Order)
Authority Lévi, 1953
Status accepted
Rank Order
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteroscleromorpha
Sources  original description Lévi, C. 1953a. Sur une nouvelle classification des Démosponges. Compte rendu hebdomadaire des séances de l’Académie des sciences. Paris 236(8): 853-855. [details]

redescription Morrow, C.C., Picton, B.E., Erpenbeck, D., Boury-Esnault, N., Maggs, C.A. & Allcock, A.L. (2012). Congruence between nuclear and mitochondrial genes in Demospongiae: A new hypothesis for relationships within the G4 clade (Porifera: Demospongiae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 62, 174-190, available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2011.09.016 [details]

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Direct child
taxa (7)

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 Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxinellidae Carter, 1875
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteroxyidae Dendy, 1905
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRaspailiidae Nardo, 1833
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStelligeridae Lendenfeld, 1898

Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDesmoxyidae Hallmann, 1917 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteroxyidae Dendy, 1905
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhakellidae Gray, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxinellidae Carter, 1875
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSollasellidae Lendenfeld, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRaspailiidae Nardo, 1833
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent + fossil
Note 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Axinellida were erected for sponges with axially strengthened skeletons and oviparous reproduction. These features are no longer considered markers for a monophyletic assemblage in the Systema Porifera. Families assigned to this order were distributed among three previously recognized orders, Halichondrida, Hadromerida and Poecilosclerida. However, recent molecular studies confirmed the existence of a monophyletic group largely similar in content to Lévi's original concept, including the type species of family Axinellidae. Thus, the order is reinstated. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:163084
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2005-07-05 09:59:09Z  created  Braeckman, Ulrike
2006-01-31 18:52:00Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2006-02-01 12:40:43Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2006-05-18 10:05:01Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2009-11-20 14:36:03Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2012-05-27 11:32:30Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2015-04-22 06:11:52Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
  
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  Citation: van Soest, R. (2015). Axinellida. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=163084 on 2015-09-05
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License