WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872

129712

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129712

accepted
Genus
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrymaea Malmgren, 1866 (junior homonym replaced by synonym Streblosoma)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma (Eugrymaea) (Subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma abranchiata Day, 1963
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma acymatum Hutchings & Rainer, 1979
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma amboinense Caullery, 1944
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma atos Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma bairdi (Malmgren, 1866)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma bingarra Nogueira & Hutchings, 2007
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma cespitosa (Willey, 1905)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma chiguensis Hsueh & Li, 2016
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma chilensis (McIntosh, 1885)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma comatus (Grube, 1859)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma crassibranchia Treadwell, 1914
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma curvus Hutchings, Nogueira & Carrerette, 2015
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma duplicata Hutchings, 1990
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma dytikos Hutchings & Glasby, 1990
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma gracile Caullery, 1944
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma hartmanae Kritzler, 1971
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma hesslei Day, 1955
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma intestinale M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma japonica Hessle, 1917
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma kaia Reuscher, Fiege & Wehe, 2012
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma latitudinis Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma longifilis Rioja, 1962
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma longiremis Caullery, 1915
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma maligirrima Hutchings, 1997
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma minutum Hutchings & Glasby, 1987
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma oligobranchiatum Nogueira & Amaral, 2001
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma pacifica Hilbig, 2000
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma patriciae Santos, Nogueira, Fukuda & Christoffersen, 2010
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma persica (Fauvel, 1908)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma porchatensis Nogueira, Garraffoni & Alves, 2004
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma prora Hutchings & Glasby, 1987
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma quadridentatum Caullery, 1944
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma sinica Wu, Wu & Qian, 1987
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma spiralis (Verrill, 1874)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma tenhovei Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma toddae Hutchings & Smith, 1997
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma uncinatus Kudenov, 1975
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma variouncinatum Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1991
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma wuchiensis Hsueh & Li, 2016
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma xiangyanghong Wu, Wu & Qian, 1987

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma polybranchia (Verrill, 1900) (nomen dubium)

Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma (Eugrymaea) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872 (Subjective synonym)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma (Eugrymaea) polybranchia Verrill, 1900 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma polybranchia (Verrill, 1900) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma antarctica Monro, 1936 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma bairdi var. antarctica Monro, 1936 (Considered as a variety)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma cochleatum M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma bairdi (Malmgren, 1866) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma crassibranchiata Treadwell, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma crassibranchia Treadwell, 1914
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma intestinalis [auct. misspelling] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma intestinale M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872 (incorrect subsequent spelling (gender agreement))
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma longa Mohammad, 1973 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudostreblosoma longum (Mohammad, 1973) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma magna Treadwell, 1937 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThelepus crispus Johnson, 1901 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma verrilli Treadwell, 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThelepus verrilli (Treadwell, 1911) (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Sars, G. O. (1872). Diagnoser af nye Annelider fra Christianiaforden, efter Professor M. Sar's efterladte Manuskripter. Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-Selskabet i Christiania. 1871: 406-417., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/150966#page/410/mode/1up
page(s): 413 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNote Sars included two new species, S. cochleatum...  
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species Sars included two new species, S. cochleatum and S. intestinale, one of which must be the type, whereas the type species is given as Streblosoma bairdi (was Grymaea bairdi Malmgren 1866) in the Hartman catalogue (p.522), and this is followed by Fauchald, 1977 and modern authors, presumably because it is regarded as the senior synonym to Streblosoma cochleatum. However, only taxa as originally included in the genus can be type and the type species name is set by nomenclatural rules and is immutable, although the name (as later assigned by taxonomic opinion) may now be an unused synonym.
[further note added March 2017 - Hartman clearly was indirectly indicating Streblosoma cochleatum as the type of the genus as she records the type as S. bairdi and has S. cochleatum as its synonym. Verrill (1900: 661) had earlier pointed out that Grymaea was a junior homonym to a protozoan (Grymaea Fresenius, 1858) and replaced it with Streblosoma, and designated (thus by subsequent designation) the type of Streblosoma to be S. cochleatum. [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not stated in the original description. The...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not stated in the original description. The name Streblosoma is composed by the Greek root streblo, meaning 'crooked', and the Greek noun soma, meaning 'body', and seems to refer to the shape of the tubes of some specimens belonging to the new genus, described as being smooth or ''irregulariter flexuosus tortusque aut spiraliter in anfractus regulares convolutus'' (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872: 413). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species Sars included two new species, S. cochleatum...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species Sars included two new species, S. cochleatum and S. intestinale, one of which must be the type, whereas the type species is given as Streblosoma bairdi (was Grymaea bairdi Malmgren 1866) in the Hartman catalogue (p.522), and this is followed by Fauchald, 1977 and modern authors, presumably because it is regarded as the senior synonym to Streblosoma cochleatum. However, only taxa as originally included in the genus can be type and the type species name is set by nomenclatural rules and is immutable, although the name (as later assigned by taxonomic opinion) may now be an unused synonym.
[further note added March 2017 - Hartman clearly was indirectly indicating Streblosoma cochleatum as the type of the genus as she records the type as S. bairdi and has S. cochleatum as its synonym. Verrill (1900: 661) had earlier pointed out that Grymaea was a junior homonym to a protozoan (Grymaea Fresenius, 1858) and replaced it with Streblosoma, and designated (thus by subsequent designation) the type of Streblosoma to be S. cochleatum. [details]
Gil, J.; Read, G.; Bellan, G. (2017). Streblosoma. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129712 on 2017-11-20

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-03 06:51:11Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2011-09-21 23:47:57Z
changed
2016-01-28 02:19:35Z
changed
2017-03-06 13:17:11Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Sars, G. O. (1872). Diagnoser af nye Annelider fra Christianiaforden, efter Professor M. Sar's efterladte Manuskripter. Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-Selskabet i Christiania. 1871: 406-417., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/150966#page/410/mode/1up
page(s): 413 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrymaea Malmgren, 1866) Malmgren, A. J. (1866). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm. 22(5): 355-410., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/369/mode/1up
page(s): 388 [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

additional source Londoño-Mesa, M.H. (2009). Terebellidae (Polychaeta: Terebellida) from the Grand Caribbean region. Zootaxa. 2320: 1-93., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2009/f/z02320p093f.pdf [details]   

subsequent type designation Verrill, A.E. 1900. Additions to the Turbellaria, Nemertina, and Annelida of the Bermudas, with revisions of some New England genera and species. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 10(2): 595-671., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/88425#page/305/mode/1up
page(s): 661 [details]   

status source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrymaea Malmgren, 1866) Verrill, A.E. 1900. Additions to the Turbellaria, Nemertina, and Annelida of the Bermudas, with revisions of some New England genera and species. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 10(2): 595-671., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/88425#page/305/mode/1up
page(s): 661; note: points out that Grymaea is preoccupied by the protist genus Grymaea Fresenius, 1858, and replaces the name with the supposed junior synonym Streblosoma [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma (Eugrymaea)) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma (Eugrymaea)) Fauchald, K. (2007). World Register of Polychaeta. , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma (Eugrymaea)) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrymaea Malmgren, 1866) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf
note: lists Grymaea as invalid but does not state why (it is a junior homonym) [details]   
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis Original diagnosis by M. Sars in G.O. Sars (1872: 413): ''Corpus vermiforme, subteres, postice paulo sensim attenuatum. Lobus cephalicus brevis truncatus, antice tentaculis numerosis elongatis canaliculatis, postice punctis ocularibus nullis. Segmentum buccale, primum, orem subtus circumdans, nudum. Branchiae filiformes dorso segmenti secundi, tertii et qvarti affixae, haud ramosae, utrinqve in serie contigua transversa dispositae. Fasciculi setarum capillarium modo in anteriore corporis parte, in segmentis 28—34 obvii, in segmento secundo (primo branchifero) incipientes, e tuberculis elongatis pinnulaeformibus prodeuntes. Tori uncinigeri in segmento qvinto (i. e. qvarto setigero) incipientes, breves, ovales, pone ultimum segmentum setigerum in pinnulas mutati. Setae capillares leviter curvatae, anguste limbatae, acuminatae. Uncini breves aviculares, vertice uni — vel indistincte bidentato, uniseriales. Scuta ventralia in segmentis anticis conspicua, latissima. Tubus liber, teres, arenulis aut limo obductus, aut irregulariter flexuosus tortusqve aut spiraliter in anfractus regulares convolutus.'' [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not stated in the original description. The name Streblosoma is composed by the Greek root streblo, meaning 'crooked', and the Greek noun soma, meaning 'body', and seems to refer to the shape of the tubes of some specimens belonging to the new genus, described as being smooth or ''irregulariter flexuosus tortusque aut spiraliter in anfractus regulares convolutus'' (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872: 413). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrammatical gender Streblosoma seems to be neuter, as 'soma' is neuter, and Sars used a neuter-ending to cochleatum as epithet, but not all authors have contributed neuter species names since. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species Sars included two new species, S. cochleatum and S. intestinale, one of which must be the type, whereas the type species is given as Streblosoma bairdi (was Grymaea bairdi Malmgren 1866) in the Hartman catalogue (p.522), and this is followed by Fauchald, 1977 and modern authors, presumably because it is regarded as the senior synonym to Streblosoma cochleatum. However, only taxa as originally included in the genus can be type and the type species name is set by nomenclatural rules and is immutable, although the name (as later assigned by taxonomic opinion) may now be an unused synonym.
[further note added March 2017 - Hartman clearly was indirectly indicating Streblosoma cochleatum as the type of the genus as she records the type as S. bairdi and has S. cochleatum as its synonym. Verrill (1900: 661) had earlier pointed out that Grymaea was a junior homonym to a protozoan (Grymaea Fresenius, 1858) and replaced it with Streblosoma, and designated (thus by subsequent designation) the type of Streblosoma to be S. cochleatum. [details]
 



Feeding Type
deposit feeder: surface [details]
interface feeder [details]
suspension feeder: facultative [details]