WoRMS source details

Londoño-Mesa, M.H. (2009). Terebellidae (Polychaeta: Terebellida) from the Grand Caribbean region. Zootaxa. 2320: 1-93.
141867
Londoño-Mesa, M.H.
2009
Terebellidae (Polychaeta: Terebellida) from the Grand Caribbean region
Zootaxa
2320: 1-93
Publication
Twenty-four genera of Terebellidae Grube, 1850, are described including one new genus and forty-four species recorded and characterized from the Grand Caribbean region. Six species are newly described: Lysilla caribe sp. nov., Polycirrus angeli sp. nov., Eupolymnia rullieri sp. nov., Euthelepus kritzleri sp. nov., Streblosoma tenhovei sp. nov., and Kritzlerius anomalus gen. nov. and sp. nov. Twenty-four formerly recorded species are regarded as valid: Biremis blandi Polloni, Rowe & Teal, 1973, Enoplobranchus sanguineus Verrill, 1873, Polycirrus holthei Londoño-Mesa & Carrera-Parra, 2005, P. pennulifera Verrill, 1900, P. purpureus Schmarda, 1861, Amphitritides bruneocomata (Ehlers, 1887), Eupolymnia crassicornis (Schmarda, 1861), Lanicola carus (Young & Kritzler, 1987), L. garciagomezi (Londoño-Mesa, 2006), Loimia minuta Treadwell, 1929, L. salazari Londoño-Mesa & Carrera-Parra, 2005, Neoamphitrite glasbyi Londoño- Mesa & Carrera-Parra, 2005, P. palmata (Verrill, 1873), P. sombreriana McIntosh, 1885, Polymniella aurantiaca Verrill, 1900, Scionides reticulata (Ehlers, 1887), Spinosphaera carrerai Londoño-Mesa, 2003, S. hutchingsae Londoño-Mesa, 2003, Terebella turgidula Ehlers, 1887, T. verrilli Holthe, 1986, Terebellobranchia mchughae Londoño-Mesa & Carrera- Parra, 2005, Streblosoma hartmanae Kritzler, 1971, S. polybranchia Verrill, 1900, Thelepus haitiensis Treadwell, 1931, and T. pascua (Fauchald, 1977). Two species are reinstated: Loimia bermudensis Verrill, 1900, and Thelepus crassibranchiatus Treadwell, 1901. One species is reinstated with a new combination: Eupolymnia magnifica (Webster, 1884). Five species names are new combinations: Pista cetrata (Ehlers, 1887), Pistella papillosa (Tourtellotte & Kritzler, 1988), Terebellobranchia hiata (Treadwell, 1931), Thelepus tenuis (Verrill, 1900), and T. verrilli (Treadwell, 1911). Finally, five species are regarded as distinct but remain undescribed because of the poor condition of the specimens: Amaeana sp. 1, Neoleprea sp. A Kritzler, 1984, Neoleprea sp. 1, Proclea sp. 1, and Thelepus sp. 1. All of the type and non-type material available for each species from the region is revised and compared with specimens of species previously regarded as junior synonyms of others species described from areas outsie of the region. A key to all species is provided.
Caribbean region
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitritides Augener, 1922 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitritides bruneocomata (Ehlers, 1887) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiremis Polloni, Rowe & Teal, 1973 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiremis blandi Polloni, Rowe & Teal, 1973 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChaetobranchus Verrill, 1873 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEnoplobranchus Verrill, 1879 (taxonomy source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChaetobranchus sanguineus Verrill, 1873 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEnoplobranchus sanguineus (Verrill, 1873) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDecathelepus Hutchings, 1977 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParathelepus Caullery, 1915 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDejoces Kinberg, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycirrus Grube, 1850 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEnoplobranchus Verrill, 1879 (taxonomy source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEupolymnia Verrill, 1900 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEupolymnia magnifica (Webster, 1884) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEupolymnia rullieri Londoño-Mesa, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuthelepus kritzleri Londoño-Mesa, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKritzlerius Londoño-Mesa, 2009 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParathelepus Caullery, 1915 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKritzlerius anomalus Londoño-Mesa, 2009 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParathelepus anomalus (Londoño-Mesa, 2009) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeucariste Malmgren, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycirrus Grube, 1850 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLoimia minuta Treadwell, 1929 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLoimia salazari Londoño-Mesa & Carrera-Parra, 2005 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLysilla caribe Londoño-Mesa, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeoamphitrite glasbyi Londoño-Mesa & Carrera-Parra, 2005 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaeupolymnia garciagomezi Londoño-Mesa, 2006 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLanicola garciagomezi (Londoño-Mesa, 2006) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPista cetrata (Ehlers, 1887) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPistella papillosa (Tourtellotte & Kritzler, 1988) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycirrus angeli Londoño-Mesa, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycirrus holthei Londoño-Mesa & Carrera-Parra, 2005 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolymniella Verrill, 1900 (taxonomy source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtothelepus tenuis Verrill, 1900 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThelepus tenuis (Verrill, 1900) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhinothelepus Hutchings, 1974 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScionella papillosa Tourtellotte & Kritzler, 1988 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPistella papillosa (Tourtellotte & Kritzler, 1988) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma hartmanae Kritzler, 1971 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma polybranchia (Verrill, 1900) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma tenhovei Londoño-Mesa, 2009 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreblosoma verrilli Treadwell, 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThelepus verrilli (Treadwell, 1911) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella cetrata Ehlers, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPista cetrata (Ehlers, 1887) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella hiata Treadwell, 1931 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebellobranchia hiata (Treadwell, 1931) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella magnifica Webster, 1884 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEupolymnia magnifica (Webster, 1884) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebellinae Johnston, 1846 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebellobranchia hiata (Treadwell, 1931) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebellobranchia mchughae Londoño-Mesa & Carrera-Parra, 2005 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThelepus crassibranchiatus Treadwell, 1901 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThelepus haitiensis Treadwell, 1931 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThelepus pascua (Fauchald, 1977) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThelepus tenuis (Verrill, 1900) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThelepus verrilli (Treadwell, 1911) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTorquea Leidy, 1855 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycirrus Grube, 1850 (source of synonymy)
Holotype ECOSUR 087, locality Mexican part of the Caribbean Sea, identified as Lysilla caribe Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Holotype ECOSUR 088, locality Caribbean Sea, identified as Eupolymnia rullieri Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Paratype UMML 22.1000, locality Crystal River, identified as Lysilla caribe Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Holotype USNM 43209, locality Florida, identified as Streblosoma hartmanae Kritzler, 1971
Paratype USNM 43210, locality Florida, identified as Streblosoma hartmanae Kritzler, 1971
Paratype USNM 56040, locality Gulf of Mexico, identified as Kritzlerius anomalus Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Holotype UANL 6490, locality Gulf of Mexico, identified as Polycirrus angeli Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Paratype UANL 6491, locality Gulf of Mexico, identified as Polycirrus angeli Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Holotype USNM 90513, locality Gulf of Mexico, identified as Kritzlerius anomalus Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Paratype USNM 90514, locality Gulf of Mexico, identified as Kritzlerius anomalus Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Paratype USNM 90515, locality Gulf of Mexico, identified as Kritzlerius anomalus Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Holotype USNM 90602, locality Gulf of Mexico, identified as Euthelepus kritzleri Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Nontype YPM 97587, locality Bermuda, identified as Protothelepus tenuis Verrill, 1900
Nontype AMNH AMNH 2634, locality Saba Bank, identified as Amphitritides bruneocomata (Ehlers, 1887)
Nontype AMNH AMNH 841, locality Puerto Rican Exclusive Economic Zone, identified as Amphitritides bruneocomata (Ehlers, 1887)
Nontype ECOSUR TERE-13, locality Panamanian part of the Caribbean Sea, identified as Polycirrus angeli Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Holotype ZMA V. Pol. 1642, locality Curaçao, identified as Streblosoma tenhovei Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Paratype ZMA V. Pol. 1642, locality Curaçao, identified as Streblosoma tenhovei Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Additional information

The number of pairs of branchiae (4-5 pairs for Eugrymaea), as well as the form of uncini and the number and ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

4-395 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

Intertidal to 183 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

Intertidal to 205 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

Intertidal to 47 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

Not stated in the original description, probably shallow water. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

Not stated in the original description, probably shallow water. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

Not stated, unknown. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

Shallow water. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Diagnosis

Branchiae on segments 2–3; eyespots present or absent; lateral lappets absent; ventral shields from segment 2; ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Diagnosis

Londoño-Mesa (2009) "Tentacular membrane enlarged; eyespots absent; ventral shields absent, but two longitudinal ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Londoño-Mesa (2009: 71): "Tentacles of two types, each type in different group; short and ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of Mexico. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of Mexico; Caribbean Sea. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of Mexico. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: Caribbean Sea (Curaçao); Gulf of Mexico (Florida). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: Caribbean Sea; Gulf of Mexico (Dry Tortugas). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: Caribbean Sea; Gulf of Mexico. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of Mexico; Caribbean Sea. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: Bermuda. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: Bermuda; northern Caribbean Sea; Gulf of Mexico (Dry Tortugas). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: lower Gulf of Mexico; Caribbean Panamanian coast. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: Caribbean Sea (Quintana Roo, Mexico). Gulf of Mexico (Florida, USA). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

"The species is named caribe since this is the unique species described from this genus present in the Grand ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

"This genus is dedicated to Dr. Henry Kritzler, a passionate taxonomist of terebellids from the Caribbean region." ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

"This species is dedicated to the late François Rullier, a great French polychaete specialist, especially because ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

"This species is dedicated to Jesus Angel de Leon-Gonzalez, for his great contribution to the knowledge of Mexican ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

"This species is dedicated to Dr. Harry ten Hove, because of his many publications involving Caribbean polychaetes ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The "new species is dedicated to Dr. Henry Kritzler, due to his excellent work describing species of terebellids ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The specific epithet anomalus is a Latin adjective meaning 'irregular', 'abnormal' or 'exceptional', and "refers to ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Amongst sponges, and under stones, in shallow water reefs and other substrates. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Coarse sand, at shelf depths. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Not stated, unknown. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Not stated, unknown. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Sand and clayey sand, at shelf depths. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Sand, probably at shallow water. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Sandy, rock debris, and Thalassia, probably at shallow water. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Single reference to habitat as being Thalassia, between 0.6-0.7 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Single reference to habitat is under coralline rocks at shallow water. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Type of sediment unknown, at slope and bathyal depths. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Deposited at the American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA (AMNH 3550). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor New combination

This new combination was erected by Londoño-Mesa (2009) based on the absence of lateral lappets in Euthelepus. ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor New combination

This new combination was erected by Londoño-Mesa (2009) based on the absence of lateral lappets in Euthelepus. ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Specimen

Holotype USNM 16114 (1) Mayaguez Harbor, Off Custom Harbor, Puerto Rico, 21.VI.1899. Sta. (142) 6070; 402–411m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Status

Hartman (1956; 1959) followed by Holthe (1986b) indicated that Thelepus haitiensis belongs to T. setosus (de ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Status

Hutchings and Glasby (1986) and Londoño-Mesa (2009) suggest that this species belongs to Thelepus because of the ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Status

Hutchings and Glasby (1986) regarded both Euthelepus pascua Fauchald, 1977, from Panama, and Euthelepus tenuis ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Status

The number of pairs of branchiae (4-5 pairs for Eugrymaea), as well as the form of uncini and the number and ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Status

Thelepus crassibranchiatus was synonymized by Hartman (1959) with Thelepus cincinnatus. Holthe (1986b) followed ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Galera Reef, Panamá [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Hornos, Veracruz, Mexico, Gulf of Mexico (provided geocoordinates 19°18'N, 91°11'W seem to be misplaced, possible ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Lamentin Reefs, near shore, 5.6 km West of Bizoton reefs, southern region of Bay of Port-au-Prince, Gulf of ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Majahual, Quintana Roo, Mexico, Caribbean Sea (18.7169°, -87.7064°). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Off Custom House, Mayagüez Harbor, Puerto Rico, Caribbean Sea (gazetteer estimate 18.242°, -67.351°). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Off Port Isabel, Texas, USA, Gulf of Mexico (20.1667°, -96.4°). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Off St. Petersburg, Florida, USA, Gulf of Mexico (27.9417°, 83.8833°). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Possibly Sand Cay, north of Bizoton Reefs, Southern region of Bay of Port-au-Prince, Gulf of Gonâve, Haiti, ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Punta Gavilan, Quintana Roo, Mexico, Caribbean Sea, R/V Edwin Link Sta. 2785 (18.35°, -87.7833°). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Sint Joris Baai, Curaçao, Lesser Antilles, Caribbean Sea (gazetteer estimate 12.113°, -68.809°). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type material

According to Londoño-Mesa (2009) the type material is missing [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type material

Holotype AMNH 3554 (1) Lamentin Reefs, near shore, 5.6km West of Bizoton reefs, Haiti, Sta [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type material

Holotype ECOSUR 087 (1) Gavilan Point (18°21'N 87°47'W), Mexican Caribbean, R/V “Edwin Link” Sta. 2785; ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type material

Holotype UANL 6490 [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type material

Holotype USNM 43209 and Paratype USNM 43210 [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type material

Holotype USNM 53093 [details]