WoRMS source details

Londoño-Mesa, M.H. (2009). Terebellidae (Polychaeta: Terebellida) from the Grand Caribbean region. Zootaxa. 2320: 1-93.
141867
Londoño-Mesa, M.H.
2009
Terebellidae (Polychaeta: Terebellida) from the Grand Caribbean region
Zootaxa
2320: 1-93
Publication
Twenty-four genera of Terebellidae Grube, 1850, are described including one new genus and forty-four species recorded and characterized from the Grand Caribbean region. Six species are newly described: Lysilla caribe sp. nov., Polycirrus angeli sp. nov., Eupolymnia rullieri sp. nov., Euthelepus kritzleri sp. nov., Streblosoma tenhovei sp. nov., and Kritzlerius anomalus gen. nov. and sp. nov. Twenty-four formerly recorded species are regarded as valid: Biremis blandi Polloni, Rowe & Teal, 1973, Enoplobranchus sanguineus Verrill, 1873, Polycirrus holthei Londoño-Mesa & Carrera-Parra, 2005, P. pennulifera Verrill, 1900, P. purpureus Schmarda, 1861, Amphitritides bruneocomata (Ehlers, 1887), Eupolymnia crassicornis (Schmarda, 1861), Lanicola carus (Young & Kritzler, 1987), L. garciagomezi (Londoño-Mesa, 2006), Loimia minuta Treadwell, 1929, L. salazari Londoño-Mesa & Carrera-Parra, 2005, Neoamphitrite glasbyi Londoño- Mesa & Carrera-Parra, 2005, P. palmata (Verrill, 1873), P. sombreriana McIntosh, 1885, Polymniella aurantiaca Verrill, 1900, Scionides reticulata (Ehlers, 1887), Spinosphaera carrerai Londoño-Mesa, 2003, S. hutchingsae Londoño-Mesa, 2003, Terebella turgidula Ehlers, 1887, T. verrilli Holthe, 1986, Terebellobranchia mchughae Londoño-Mesa & Carrera- Parra, 2005, Streblosoma hartmanae Kritzler, 1971, S. polybranchia Verrill, 1900, Thelepus haitiensis Treadwell, 1931, and T. pascua (Fauchald, 1977). Two species are reinstated: Loimia bermudensis Verrill, 1900, and Thelepus crassibranchiatus Treadwell, 1901. One species is reinstated with a new combination: Eupolymnia magnifica (Webster, 1884). Five species names are new combinations: Pista cetrata (Ehlers, 1887), Pistella papillosa (Tourtellotte & Kritzler, 1988), Terebellobranchia hiata (Treadwell, 1931), Thelepus tenuis (Verrill, 1900), and T. verrilli (Treadwell, 1911). Finally, five species are regarded as distinct but remain undescribed because of the poor condition of the specimens: Amaeana sp. 1, Neoleprea sp. A Kritzler, 1984, Neoleprea sp. 1, Proclea sp. 1, and Thelepus sp. 1. All of the type and non-type material available for each species from the region is revised and compared with specimens of species previously regarded as junior synonyms of others species described from areas outsie of the region. A key to all species is provided.
Caribbean region
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Amphitritides Augener, 1922 (status source)
Amphitritides bruneocomata (Ehlers, 1887) (additional source)
Biremis Polloni, Rowe & Teal, 1973 (status source)
Biremis blandi Polloni, Rowe & Teal, 1973 (redescription)
Chaetobranchus Verrill, 1873 accepted as Enoplobranchus Verrill, 1879 (taxonomy source)
Chaetobranchus sanguineus Verrill, 1873 accepted as Enoplobranchus sanguineus (Verrill, 1873) (additional source)
Decathelepus Hutchings, 1977 accepted as Parathelepus Caullery, 1915 (additional source)
Dejoces Kinberg, 1867 accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (additional source)
Enoplobranchus Verrill, 1879 (taxonomy source)
Eupolymnia Verrill, 1900 (additional source)
Eupolymnia magnifica (Webster, 1884) (redescription)
Eupolymnia rullieri Londoño-Mesa, 2009 (original description)
Euthelepus kritzleri Londoño-Mesa, 2009 (original description)
Kritzlerius Londoño-Mesa, 2009 accepted as Parathelepus Caullery, 1915 (original description)
Kritzlerius anomalus Londoño-Mesa, 2009 accepted as Parathelepus anomalus (Londoño-Mesa, 2009) (original description)
Loimia minuta Treadwell, 1929 (redescription)
Loimia salazari Londoño-Mesa & Carrera-Parra, 2005 (additional source)
Lysilla caribe Londoño-Mesa, 2009 (original description)
Neoamphitrite glasbyi Londoño-Mesa & Carrera-Parra, 2005 (additional source)
Paraeupolymnia garciagomezi Londoño-Mesa, 2006 accepted as Lanicola garciagomezi (Londoño-Mesa, 2006) (additional source)
Pista cetrata (Ehlers, 1887) (redescription)
Pistella papillosa (Tourtellotte & Kritzler, 1988) (redescription)
Polycirrus angeli Londoño-Mesa, 2009 (original description)
Polycirrus holthei Londoño-Mesa & Carrera-Parra, 2005 (additional source)
Polymniella Verrill, 1900 (taxonomy source)
Protothelepus tenuis Verrill, 1900 accepted as Thelepus tenuis (Verrill, 1900) (new combination reference)
Rhinothelepus Hutchings, 1974 (additional source)
Scionella papillosa Tourtellotte & Kritzler, 1988 accepted as Pistella papillosa (Tourtellotte & Kritzler, 1988) (new combination reference)
Streblosoma M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872 (additional source)
Streblosoma hartmanae Kritzler, 1971 (additional source)
Streblosoma polybranchia (Verrill, 1900) (additional source)
Streblosoma tenhovei Londoño-Mesa, 2009 (original description)
Streblosoma verrilli Treadwell, 1911 accepted as Thelepus verrilli (Treadwell, 1911) (new combination reference)
Terebella cetrata Ehlers, 1887 accepted as Pista cetrata (Ehlers, 1887) (new combination reference)
Terebella hiata Treadwell, 1931 accepted as Terebellobranchia hiata (Treadwell, 1931) (new combination reference)
Terebella magnifica Webster, 1884 accepted as Eupolymnia magnifica (Webster, 1884) (new combination reference)
Terebellinae Johnston, 1846 (additional source)
Terebellobranchia hiata (Treadwell, 1931) (redescription)
Terebellobranchia mchughae Londoño-Mesa & Carrera-Parra, 2005 (additional source)
Thelepus crassibranchiatus Treadwell, 1901 (redescription)
Thelepus haitiensis Treadwell, 1931 (redescription)
Thelepus pascua (Fauchald, 1977) (redescription)
Thelepus tenuis (Verrill, 1900) (new combination reference)
Thelepus verrilli (Treadwell, 1911) (redescription)
Torquea Leidy, 1855 accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (source of synonymy)
Holotype ECOSUR 087, locality Mexican part of the Caribbean Sea, identified as Lysilla caribe Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Holotype ECOSUR 088, locality Caribbean Sea, identified as Eupolymnia rullieri Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Paratype UMML 22.1000, locality Crystal River, identified as Lysilla caribe Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Holotype USNM 43209, locality Florida, identified as Streblosoma hartmanae Kritzler, 1971
Paratype USNM 43210, locality Florida, identified as Streblosoma hartmanae Kritzler, 1971
Paratype USNM 56040, locality Gulf of Mexico, identified as Kritzlerius anomalus Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Holotype UANL 6490, locality Gulf of Mexico, identified as Polycirrus angeli Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Paratype UANL 6491, locality Gulf of Mexico, identified as Polycirrus angeli Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Holotype USNM 90513, locality Gulf of Mexico, identified as Kritzlerius anomalus Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Paratype USNM 90514, locality Gulf of Mexico, identified as Kritzlerius anomalus Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Paratype USNM 90515, locality Gulf of Mexico, identified as Kritzlerius anomalus Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Holotype USNM 90602, locality Gulf of Mexico, identified as Euthelepus kritzleri Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Nontype YPM 97587, locality Bermuda, identified as Protothelepus tenuis Verrill, 1900
Nontype AMNH AMNH 2634, locality Saba Bank, identified as Amphitritides bruneocomata (Ehlers, 1887)
Nontype AMNH AMNH 841, locality Puerto Rican Exclusive Economic Zone, identified as Amphitritides bruneocomata (Ehlers, 1887)
Nontype ECOSUR TERE-13, locality Panamanian part of the Caribbean Sea, identified as Polycirrus angeli Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Holotype ZMA V. Pol. 1642, locality Curaçao, identified as Streblosoma tenhovei Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Paratype ZMA V. Pol. 1642, locality Curaçao, identified as Streblosoma tenhovei Londoño-Mesa, 2009
 Additional information

The number of pairs of branchiae (4-5 pairs for Eugrymaea), as well as the form of uncini and the number and ... [details]

 Depth range

4-395 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 183 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 205 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 47 m. [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in the original description, probably shallow water. [details]

 Depth range

Not stated in the original description, probably shallow water. [details]

 Depth range

Not stated, unknown. [details]

 Depth range

Shallow water. [details]

 Diagnosis

Branchiae on segments 2–3; eyespots present or absent; lateral lappets absent; ventral shields from segment 2; ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Londoño-Mesa (2009) "Tentacular membrane enlarged; eyespots absent; ventral shields absent, but two longitudinal ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Londoño-Mesa (2009: 71): "Tentacles of two types, each type in different group; short and ... [details]

 Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of Mexico. [details]

 Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of Mexico; Caribbean Sea. [details]

 Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of Mexico. [details]

 Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: Caribbean Sea (Curaçao); Gulf of Mexico (Florida). [details]

 Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: Caribbean Sea; Gulf of Mexico (Dry Tortugas). [details]

 Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: Caribbean Sea; Gulf of Mexico. [details]

 Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of Mexico; Caribbean Sea. [details]

 Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: Bermuda. [details]

 Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: Bermuda; northern Caribbean Sea; Gulf of Mexico (Dry Tortugas). [details]

 Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: lower Gulf of Mexico; Caribbean Panamanian coast. [details]

 Distribution

Western Atlantic Ocean: Caribbean Sea (Quintana Roo, Mexico). Gulf of Mexico (Florida, USA). [details]

 Etymology

"The species is named caribe since this is the unique species described from this genus present in the Grand ... [details]

 Etymology

"This genus is dedicated to Dr. Henry Kritzler, a passionate taxonomist of terebellids from the Caribbean region." ... [details]

 Etymology

"This species is dedicated to the late François Rullier, a great French polychaete specialist, especially because ... [details]

 Etymology

"This species is dedicated to Jesus Angel de Leon-Gonzalez, for his great contribution to the knowledge of Mexican ... [details]

 Etymology

"This species is dedicated to Dr. Harry ten Hove, because of his many publications involving Caribbean polychaetes ... [details]

 Etymology

The "new species is dedicated to Dr. Henry Kritzler, due to his excellent work describing species of terebellids ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet anomalus is a Latin adjective meaning 'irregular', 'abnormal' or 'exceptional', and "refers to ... [details]

 Habitat

Amongst sponges, and under stones, in shallow water reefs and other substrates. [details]

 Habitat

Coarse sand, at shelf depths. [details]

 Habitat

Not stated, unknown. [details]

 Habitat

Not stated, unknown. [details]

 Habitat

Sand and clayey sand, at shelf depths. [details]

 Habitat

Sand, probably at shallow water. [details]

 Habitat

Sandy, rock debris, and Thalassia, probably at shallow water. [details]

 Habitat

Single reference to habitat as being Thalassia, between 0.6-0.7 m. [details]

 Habitat

Single reference to habitat is under coralline rocks at shallow water. [details]

 Habitat

Type of sediment unknown, at slope and bathyal depths. [details]

 Holotype

Deposited at the American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA (AMNH 3550). [details]

 New combination

This new combination was erected by Londoño-Mesa (2009) based on the absence of lateral lappets in Euthelepus. ... [details]

 New combination

This new combination was erected by Londoño-Mesa (2009) based on the absence of lateral lappets in Euthelepus. ... [details]

 Specimen

Holotype USNM 16114 (1) Mayaguez Harbor, Off Custom Harbor, Puerto Rico, 21.VI.1899. Sta. (142) 6070; 402–411m [details]

 Status

Hartman (1956; 1959) followed by Holthe (1986b) indicated that Thelepus haitiensis belongs to T. setosus (de ... [details]

 Status

Hutchings and Glasby (1986) and Londoño-Mesa (2009) suggest that this species belongs to Thelepus because of the ... [details]

 Status

Hutchings and Glasby (1986) regarded both Euthelepus pascua Fauchald, 1977, from Panama, and Euthelepus tenuis ... [details]

 Status

The number of pairs of branchiae (4-5 pairs for Eugrymaea), as well as the form of uncini and the number and ... [details]

 Status

Thelepus crassibranchiatus was synonymized by Hartman (1959) with Thelepus cincinnatus. Holthe (1986b) followed ... [details]

 Type locality

Galera Reef, Panamá [details]

 Type locality

Hornos, Veracruz, Mexico, Gulf of Mexico (provided geocoordinates 19°18'N, 91°11'W seem to be misplaced, possible ... [details]

 Type locality

Lamentin Reefs, near shore, 5.6 km West of Bizoton reefs, southern region of Bay of Port-au-Prince, Gulf of ... [details]

 Type locality

Majahual, Quintana Roo, Mexico, Caribbean Sea (18.7169°, -87.7064°). [details]

 Type locality

Off Custom House, Mayagüez Harbor, Puerto Rico, Caribbean Sea (gazetteer estimate 18.242°, -67.351°). [details]

 Type locality

Off Port Isabel, Texas, USA, Gulf of Mexico (20.1667°, -96.4°). [details]

 Type locality

Off St. Petersburg, Florida, USA, Gulf of Mexico (27.9417°, 83.8833°). [details]

 Type locality

Possibly Sand Cay, north of Bizoton Reefs, Southern region of Bay of Port-au-Prince, Gulf of Gonâve, Haiti, ... [details]

 Type locality

Punta Gavilan, Quintana Roo, Mexico, Caribbean Sea, R/V Edwin Link Sta. 2785 (18.35°, -87.7833°). [details]

 Type locality

Sint Joris Baai, Curaçao, Lesser Antilles, Caribbean Sea (gazetteer estimate 12.113°, -68.809°). [details]

 Type material

According to Londoño-Mesa (2009) the type material is missing [details]

 Type material

Holotype AMNH 3554 (1) Lamentin Reefs, near shore, 5.6km West of Bizoton reefs, Haiti, Sta [details]

 Type material

Holotype ECOSUR 087 (1) Gavilan Point (18°21'N 87°47'W), Mexican Caribbean, R/V “Edwin Link” Sta. 2785; ... [details]

 Type material

Holotype UANL 6490 [details]

 Type material

Holotype USNM 43209 and Paratype USNM 43210 [details]

 Type material

Holotype USNM 53093 [details]