WoRMS taxon details

Streblosoma M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872

129712  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129712)

accepted
Genus
Grymaea Malmgren, 1866 (junior homonym replaced by synonym Streblosoma)
Streblosoma (Eugrymaea) (Subjective synonym)
Species Streblosoma abranchiata Day, 1963
Species Streblosoma acymatum Hutchings & Rainer, 1979
Species Streblosoma amboinense Caullery, 1944
Species Streblosoma atos Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Species Streblosoma bairdi (Malmgren, 1866)
Species Streblosoma bingarra Nogueira & Hutchings, 2007
Species Streblosoma cespitosa (Willey, 1905)
Species Streblosoma chiguensis Hsueh & Li, 2016
Species Streblosoma chilensis (McIntosh, 1885)
Species Streblosoma comatus (Grube, 1859)
Species Streblosoma crassibranchia Treadwell, 1914
Species Streblosoma curvus Hutchings, Nogueira & Carrerette, 2015
Species Streblosoma duplicata Hutchings, 1990
Species Streblosoma dytikos Hutchings & Glasby, 1990
Species Streblosoma gracile Caullery, 1944
Species Streblosoma hartmanae Kritzler, 1971
Species Streblosoma hesslei Day, 1955
Species Streblosoma intestinale M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872
Species Streblosoma japonica Hessle, 1917
Species Streblosoma kaia Reuscher, Fiege & Wehe, 2012
Species Streblosoma latitudinis Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Species Streblosoma longifilis Rioja, 1962
Species Streblosoma longiremis Caullery, 1915
Species Streblosoma maligirrima Hutchings, 1997
Species Streblosoma minutum Hutchings & Glasby, 1987
Species Streblosoma oligobranchiatum Nogueira & Amaral, 2001
Species Streblosoma pacifica Hilbig, 2000
Species Streblosoma patriciae Santos, Nogueira, Fukuda & Christoffersen, 2010
Species Streblosoma persica (Fauvel, 1908)
Species Streblosoma porchatensis Nogueira, Garraffoni & Alves, 2004
Species Streblosoma prora Hutchings & Glasby, 1987
Species Streblosoma quadridentatum Caullery, 1944
Species Streblosoma sinica Wu, Wu & Qian, 1987
Species Streblosoma spiralis (Verrill, 1874)
Species Streblosoma tenhovei Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Species Streblosoma toddae Hutchings & Smith, 1997
Species Streblosoma uncinatus Kudenov, 1975
Species Streblosoma variouncinatum Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1991
Species Streblosoma wuchiensis Hsueh & Li, 2016
Species Streblosoma xiangyanghong Wu, Wu & Qian, 1987

Species Streblosoma polybranchia (Verrill, 1900) (nomen dubium)

Subgenus Streblosoma (Eugrymaea) accepted as Streblosoma M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872 (Subjective synonym)
  » Species Streblosoma (Eugrymaea) polybranchia Verrill, 1900 accepted as Streblosoma polybranchia (Verrill, 1900) (superseded original combination)
Species Streblosoma antarctica Monro, 1936 accepted as Streblosoma bairdi var. antarctica Monro, 1936 (Considered as a variety)
Species Streblosoma cochleatum M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872 accepted as Streblosoma bairdi (Malmgren, 1866) (subjective synonym)
Species Streblosoma crassibranchiata Treadwell, 1914 accepted as Streblosoma crassibranchia Treadwell, 1914
Species Streblosoma intestinalis [auct. misspelling] accepted as Streblosoma intestinale M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872 (incorrect subsequent spelling (gender agreement))
Species Streblosoma longa Mohammad, 1973 accepted as Pseudostreblosoma longum (Mohammad, 1973) (superseded original combination)
Species Streblosoma magna Treadwell, 1937 accepted as Thelepus crispus Johnson, 1901 (subjective synonym)
Species Streblosoma verrilli Treadwell, 1911 accepted as Thelepus verrilli (Treadwell, 1911) (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Sars, G. O. (1872). Diagnoser af nye Annelider fra Christianiaforden, efter Professor M. Sar's efterladte Manuskripter. Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-Selskabet i Christiania. 1871: 406-417., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/150966#page/410/mode/1up
page(s): 413 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Note Sars included two new species, S. cochleatum...  
From editor or global species database
Type species Sars included two new species, S. cochleatum and S. intestinale, one of which must be the type, whereas the type species is given as Streblosoma bairdi (was Grymaea bairdi Malmgren 1866) in the Hartman catalogue (p.522), and this is followed by Fauchald, 1977 and modern authors, presumably because it is regarded as the senior synonym to Streblosoma cochleatum. However, only taxa as originally included in the genus can be type and the type species name is set by nomenclatural rules and is immutable, although the name (as later assigned by taxonomic opinion) may now be an unused synonym.
[further note added March 2017 - Hartman clearly was indirectly indicating Streblosoma cochleatum as the type of the genus as she records the type as S. bairdi and has S. cochleatum as its synonym. Verrill (1900: 661) had earlier pointed out that Grymaea was a junior homonym to a protozoan (Grymaea Fresenius, 1858) and replaced it with Streblosoma, and designated (thus by subsequent designation) the type of Streblosoma to be S. cochleatum. [details]
Etymology Not stated in the original description. The name Streblosoma is composed by the Greek root streblo, meaning 'crooked', and...  
Etymology Not stated in the original description. The name Streblosoma is composed by the Greek root streblo, meaning 'crooked', and the Greek noun soma, meaning 'body', and seems to refer to the shape of the tubes of some specimens belonging to the new genus, described as being smooth or ''irregulariter flexuosus tortusque aut spiraliter in anfractus regulares convolutus'' (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872: 413). [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Streblosoma M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129712 on 2018-05-24
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-03 06:51:11Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2011-09-21 23:47:57Z
changed
2016-01-28 02:19:35Z
changed
2017-03-06 13:17:11Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Sars, G. O. (1872). Diagnoser af nye Annelider fra Christianiaforden, efter Professor M. Sar's efterladte Manuskripter. Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-Selskabet i Christiania. 1871: 406-417., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/150966#page/410/mode/1up
page(s): 413 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofGrymaea Malmgren, 1866) Malmgren, A. J. (1866). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm. 22(5): 355-410., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/369/mode/1up
page(s): 388 [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

additional source Londoño-Mesa, M.H. (2009). Terebellidae (Polychaeta: Terebellida) from the Grand Caribbean region. Zootaxa. 2320: 1-93., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2009/f/z02320p093f.pdf [details]   

subsequent type designation Verrill, A.E. 1900. Additions to the Turbellaria, Nemertina, and Annelida of the Bermudas, with revisions of some New England genera and species. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 10(2): 595-671., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/88425#page/305/mode/1up
page(s): 661 [details]   

status source  (ofGrymaea Malmgren, 1866) Verrill, A.E. 1900. Additions to the Turbellaria, Nemertina, and Annelida of the Bermudas, with revisions of some New England genera and species. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 10(2): 595-671., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/88425#page/305/mode/1up
page(s): 661; note: points out that Grymaea is preoccupied by the protist genus Grymaea Fresenius, 1858, and replaces the name with the supposed junior synonym Streblosoma [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofStreblosoma (Eugrymaea)) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

basis of record  (ofStreblosoma (Eugrymaea)) Fauchald, K. (2007). World Register of Polychaeta. , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofStreblosoma (Eugrymaea)) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofGrymaea Malmgren, 1866) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf
note: lists Grymaea as invalid but does not state why (it is a junior homonym) [details]   
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Original diagnosis by M. Sars in G.O. Sars (1872: 413): ''Corpus vermiforme, subteres, postice paulo sensim attenuatum. Lobus cephalicus brevis truncatus, antice tentaculis numerosis elongatis canaliculatis, postice punctis ocularibus nullis. Segmentum buccale, primum, orem subtus circumdans, nudum. Branchiae filiformes dorso segmenti secundi, tertii et qvarti affixae, haud ramosae, utrinqve in serie contigua transversa dispositae. Fasciculi setarum capillarium modo in anteriore corporis parte, in segmentis 28—34 obvii, in segmento secundo (primo branchifero) incipientes, e tuberculis elongatis pinnulaeformibus prodeuntes. Tori uncinigeri in segmento qvinto (i. e. qvarto setigero) incipientes, breves, ovales, pone ultimum segmentum setigerum in pinnulas mutati. Setae capillares leviter curvatae, anguste limbatae, acuminatae. Uncini breves aviculares, vertice uni — vel indistincte bidentato, uniseriales. Scuta ventralia in segmentis anticis conspicua, latissima. Tubus liber, teres, arenulis aut limo obductus, aut irregulariter flexuosus tortusqve aut spiraliter in anfractus regulares convolutus.'' [details]

Etymology Not stated in the original description. The name Streblosoma is composed by the Greek root streblo, meaning 'crooked', and the Greek noun soma, meaning 'body', and seems to refer to the shape of the tubes of some specimens belonging to the new genus, described as being smooth or ''irregulariter flexuosus tortusque aut spiraliter in anfractus regulares convolutus'' (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872: 413). [details]

Grammatical gender Streblosoma seems to be neuter, as 'soma' is neuter, and Sars used a neuter-ending to cochleatum as epithet, but not all authors have contributed neuter species names since. [details]

Type species Sars included two new species, S. cochleatum and S. intestinale, one of which must be the type, whereas the type species is given as Streblosoma bairdi (was Grymaea bairdi Malmgren 1866) in the Hartman catalogue (p.522), and this is followed by Fauchald, 1977 and modern authors, presumably because it is regarded as the senior synonym to Streblosoma cochleatum. However, only taxa as originally included in the genus can be type and the type species name is set by nomenclatural rules and is immutable, although the name (as later assigned by taxonomic opinion) may now be an unused synonym.
[further note added March 2017 - Hartman clearly was indirectly indicating Streblosoma cochleatum as the type of the genus as she records the type as S. bairdi and has S. cochleatum as its synonym. Verrill (1900: 661) had earlier pointed out that Grymaea was a junior homonym to a protozoan (Grymaea Fresenius, 1858) and replaced it with Streblosoma, and designated (thus by subsequent designation) the type of Streblosoma to be S. cochleatum. [details]