WoRMS taxon details

Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758

125333  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125333)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 803 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Distribution Cape Hatteras to Bay of Fundy  
Distribution Cape Hatteras to Bay of Fundy [details]
Cordeiro, R.; van Ofwegen, L.; Williams, G. (2018). World List of Octocorallia. Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125333 on 2018-10-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created

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original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 803 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record van Ofwegen, L.; Grasshoff, M.; van der Land, J. (2001). Octocorallia (excl. Pennatulacea), <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 104-105 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Gosner, K. L. (1971). Guide to identification of marine and estuarine invertebrates: Cape Hatteras to the Bay of Fundy. <em>John Wiley & Sons, Inc.</em> 693 p. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. <em>Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B.</em> 68: p. [details]   

additional source Watling, L.; Auster, P. (2005). Distribution of deep-water Alcyonacea off the Northeast Coast of the United States. In: Freiwald, A., R.J. Murray, editors. Cold-Water Corals and Ecosystems. <em>Proceedings of the Second Deep-Sea Coral Symposium, Erlangen, Germany, September 2003.</em> Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, pp 279-296. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. <em>Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France.</em> 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 803 [details]   

subsequent type designation Mantell, G. 1822. The Fossils of the South Downs; or Illustrations of the Geology of Sussex. (Lupton Relfe: London): 1-328, pls I-XLII.
page(s): 161 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From other sources
Diet Generally, anthozoans are primarly carnivorous which prey on sea urchins, gastropods, bivalves, or crustaceans that crawl or swim into their grasp. [details]

Distribution Cape Hatteras to Bay of Fundy [details]

Habitat sandy, muddy, or rocky habitats; also may attached themselves to hard parts or products of other organisms (shells) [details]

Reproduction sexes are separate, but protogynous hermaphroditism also occurs (female gametes are matured before male elements in the same individual) [details]
 

LanguageName 
Dutch doomansduimdodemansduim  [details]
English dead man's fingers soft coraldead man's fingers  [details]
French corail digitéalcyon jaunealcyon commum  [details]
German tote Manneshand  [details]