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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium Linnaeus, 1758 
AphiaID: 125284

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCnidaria (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthozoa (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOctocorallia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonacea (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyoniina (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyoniidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758 (type by subsequent designation)
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyoniidae Lamouroux, 1812
Orig. name Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium Linnaeus, 1758
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonidium auct. (misspelling)
Sources  original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 803 [details]

[show all]
Direct child
taxa (133)

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 Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium acaule Marion, 1878
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium adriaticum Kükenthal, 1909
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium altum Tixier-Durivault, 1955
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium antarcticum Wright & Studer, 1889
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium aspiculatum Tixier-Durivault, 1955
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium aurantiacum Quoy & Gaimard, 1834
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium bocagei (Saville-Kent, 1870)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium bosphorense Tixier-Durivault, 1961
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium brioniense Kükenthal, 1907
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium bursa Linnaeus, 1758
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium capitatum (Pfeffer, 1889)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium catalai Tixier-Durivault, 1970
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium ceylonense May, 1899
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium clavatum Studer, 1890
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium compactofestucum Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium confertum Boone, 1938
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium coralloides (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium cydonium Linnaeus, 1767 sensu Esper, 1829
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium dendroides Thomson & Dean, 1931
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium distinctum Williams, 1988
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium echinatum Tixier-Durivault, 1970
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium elegans (Kükenthal, 1902)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium etheridgei Thomson & Mackinnon, 1911
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium faura J. S. Thomson, 1910
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium fauri Studer, 1910
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium flabellum Quoy & Gaimard, 1834
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium foliatum J. S. Thomson, 1921
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium fulvum (Forskål, 1775)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium fungiforme Tixier-Durivault, 1954
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium glaciophilum van Ofwegen, Häussermann & Försterra, 2007
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium glomeratum (Hassall, 1843)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium grandiflorum Tixier-Durivault & d'Hondt, 1974
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium grandis Casas, Ramil & van Ofwegen, 1997
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium graniferum Tixier-Durivault & d'Hondt, 1974
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium haddoni Wright & Studer, 1889
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium hibernicum (Renouf, 1931)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium jorgei van Ofwegen, Häussermann & Försterra, 2007
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium luteum Tixier-Durivault, 1954
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium manusdiaboli Linnaeus, 1767
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium maristenebrosi Stiasny, 1937
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium megasclerum Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2006
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium muricatum Yamada, 1950
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium pacificum Yamada, 1950
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium palmatum Pallas, 1766
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium patagonicum (May, 1899)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium paucilobulatum Casas, Ramil & van Ofwegen, 1997
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium profundum Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2006
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium repens Stiasny, 1941
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium reptans Kükenthal, 1906
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium robustum Utinomi, 1976
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium roseum (Tixier-Durivault, 1954)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium rotiferum Thomson, 1910
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium rubrum Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2006
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium senegalense Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium sidereum Verrill, 1922
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium sollasi Wright & Studer, 1889
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium southgeorgiensis Casas, Ramil & van Ofwegen, 1997
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium spitzbergense Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium submurale Ridley, 1883
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium varum McFadden & van Ofwegen, 2013
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium verseveldti Benayahu, 1982
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium wilsoni (J.S. Thomson, 1921)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium yepayek van Ofwegen, Häussermann & Försterra, 2007

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium incrustans (taxon inquirendum)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium junceum Lamarck, 1815 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium tomentosum (taxon inquirendum)

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium alta (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNidaliopsis alta (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium aurantium Pallas, 1766 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTethya aurantium (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium boletiforme Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolymastia boletiformis (Lamarck, 1815)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium boletus Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThorectandra boletus (Lamarck, 1815)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium bulbosum Esper, 1794 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSuberites domuncula (Olivi, 1792)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium caparti Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComplexum caparti (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium cidaris Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGeodia cidaris (Lamarck, 1815)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium compactum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSuberites domuncula (Olivi, 1792)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium complanatum (Verseveldt, 1977) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSkamnarium complanatum (Verseveldt, 1977)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium cranium Müller, 1776 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCraniella cranium (Müller, 1776)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium cuspidiferum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCervicornia cuspidifera (Lamarck, 1815)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium cydonium Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGeodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium cylindricum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopetrosia cylindrica (Lamarck, 1815)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium distortum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPetrosia (Petrosia) ficiformis (Poiret, 1789)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium domuncula Olivi, 1792 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSuberites domuncula (Olivi, 1792)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium echinatum (Tixier-Durivault, 1970) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKlyxum echinatum (Tixier-Durivault, 1970)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium echinatum Fleming, 1828 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydractinia echinata (Fleming, 1828)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium ensiferum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHomaxinella ensifera (Lamarck, 1815)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium epiphytum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtosuberites epiphytum (Lamarck, 1815)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium equisetiform (Luttschwager, 1922) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKlyxum equisetiform (Luttschwager, 1922)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium ficus sensu Pallas, 1766 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSuberites ficus (Johnston, 1842)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium ficus sensu Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSuberites ficus (Johnston, 1842)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium flaccidum Tixier-Durivault, 1966 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKlyxum flaccidum (Tixier-Durivault, 1966)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium globosum Müller, 1776 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCraniella cranium (Müller, 1776)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium globusum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComplexum globosum (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium gracillimum Kükenthal, 1906 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScleronephthya gracillimum (Kükenthal, 1906)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium granulatum Esper, 1794 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrmekioderma granulatum (Esper, 1794)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium gruveli Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComplexum gruveli (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium khoisanianum Williams, 1988 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPieterfaurea khoisaniana (Williams, 1988)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium laeve Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNidaliopsis leave (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium laxum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComplexum laxum (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium legitimum Tixier-Durivault, 1970 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKlyxum legitimum (Tixier-Durivault, 1970)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium lyncurium Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTethya aurantium (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium manusdiaboli sensu Esper, 1794 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium medullare Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium miniatum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComplexum miniatum (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium molle Thomson & Dean, 1931 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKlyxum molle (Thomson & Dean, 1931)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium monodi Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComplexum monodi (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium monticulum Verseveldt, 1982 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhytisma monticulum (Verseveldt, 1982)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium moriferum (Tixier-Durivault, 1954) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParasphaerasclera morifera (Tixier-Durivault, 1954)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium mutabiliforme Williams, 1988 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDimorphophyton mutabiliforme (Williams, 1988)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium okinawanum (Utinomi, 1976) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKlyxum okinawanum (Utinomi, 1976)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium opuntioides Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntho (Antho) opuntioides (Lamarck, 1815)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium paessleri May, 1899 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium antarcticum Wright & Studer, 1889
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium paniceum (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium papillosum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoriospongia papillosa (Lamarck, 1815)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium patulum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComplexum patulum (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium planiceps Williams, 1986 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLampophyton planiceps (Williams, 1986)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium pobeguini Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComplexum pobeguini (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium purpureum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpheciospongia purpurea (Lamarck, 1815)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium putridosum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOceanapia putridosa (Lamarck, 1815)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium pyrifera Delle Chiaje, 1828 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhizaxinella pyrifera (Delle Chiaje, 1828)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium roseum van Ofwegen, Häussermann & Försterra, 2007 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium varum McFadden & van Ofwegen, 2013
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium rotundum Thomson & Dean, 1931 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKlyxum rotundum (Thomson & Dean, 1931)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium rubiforme (Ehrenberg) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGersemia rubiformis (Ehrenberg, 1834)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium rubrotincta Thomson & Henderson, 1905 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudopterogorgia rubrotincta (Thomson & Henderson, 1905)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium rudyi Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiscophyton rudyi (Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium sceptrum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgelas sceptrum (Lamarck, 1815)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium simplex Thomson & Dean, 1931 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKlyxum simplex (Thomson & Dean, 1931)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium strictum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComplexum strictum (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium testudinarium Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXestospongia testudinaria (Lamarck, 1815)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium utinomii Verseveldt, 1971 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKlyxum utinomii (Verseveldt, 1971)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium valdiviae Kükenthal, 1906 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParasphaerasclera valdiviae (Kukenthal, 1906)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium variabile (J.S. Thomson, 1921) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEleutherobia variabile (Thomson, 1921)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium vesparium Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpheciospongia vesparium (Lamarck, 1815)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium violaceum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNidaliopsis violacea (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From other sources
Canada
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCanadian Exclusive Economic Zone [Arctic part] [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Feedingtype  suspension feeder [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEnalcyonium carrikeri Dudley, 1973 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPublished in AlgaeBase Logo AlgaeBase 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Note 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species The genus name Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758 has been used by various authors for a wide range of sessile invertebrates (a.o. sponges, ascidians and algae). The name is fixed as an Octocoral genus name by subsequent designation of Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758 as type species by Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850 (p. lxxvii). [details]
ImagesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
Alcyonium digitatum Li...
[image from typetaxon]
Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
Alcyonium digitatum Li...
[image from typetaxon]
Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
Alcyonium digitatum Li...
[image from typetaxon]
Pantopod feeding on Alcyonium 2
Pantopod feeding on Al...
Pantopod feeding on Alcyonium
Pantopod feeding on Al...
Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
Alcyonium digitatum Li...
[image from typetaxon]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show all]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125284
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van Ofwegen, Leen
2005-02-07 12:58:14Z  changed  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2005-03-10 11:39:19Z  changed  Claus, Simon
2010-09-17 06:17:46Z  checked  van Ofwegen, Leen
2016-10-20 06:37:02Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
  
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  Citation: van Soest, R.; van Ofwegen, L. (2016). Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125284 on 2016-12-08
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License