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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydractinia echinata (Fleming, 1828) 
AphiaID: 117644

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCnidaria (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydrozoa (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydroidolina (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthoathecata (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFilifera (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydractiniidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydractinia (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydractinia Van Beneden, 1841
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium echinatum Fleming, 1828 (basionym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClava capitata Thompson, 1844
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoryne Hassalli Forbes, 1843
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinochorium clavigerum Hassall, 1841 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydractinia grisea Leuckart, 1847
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydractinia lactea Van Beneden, 1841
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydractinia rosea Van Beneden, 1844
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSynhydra parasites Quatrefages, 1843 (synonym)
Sources  original description Fleming, J. 1828. A History of British Animals, Exhibiting the Descriptive Characters and Systematical Arrangement of the Genera and Species of Quadrupeds, Birds, Reptiles, Fishes, Mollusca, and Radiata of the United Kingdom; including the Indigenous, Extirpated, and Extinct Kinds, together with Periodical and Occasional Visitants. Bell and Bradfute, Edinburgh: i-xxiii, 1-565., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18569
page(s): 517 [details]

redescription Schuchert, P. 2008a. The European athecate hydroids and their medusae (Hydrozoa, Cnidaria): Filifera part 3. Revue suisse de Zoologie 115: 221-302., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/128347#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 259 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzeeraspUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorruwe zeerasp  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsnailfurUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrough hydroid  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhydraire encroûtantUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordrap marin  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorStachelpolyp  [details]
Environment marine, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From editor or global species database
Mediterranean Sea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea (inaccurate[details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
North Sea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea [details]
United Kingdom
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
From other sources
Arctic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorArctic Ocean [details]
Bay of Fundy
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCobscook Bay [details]
Belgium
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDe Panne [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostende [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorVillefranche-Sur-Mer [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [details]
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSt. Lawrence Estuary [details]
Netherlands
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorZeeland [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEast North Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBirkenfels (shipwreck) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Wadden Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWadden Sea [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEncyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (310 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (9564 nucleotides; 94 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Northeastern Atlantic from the Arctic Seas south to NW Africa Includes also the North Sea and parts of the Baltic Sea.
Hydractinia echinata has also been recorded in the Mediterranean a few times. However, these records give no figures and no voucher material is known. Goette (1916) thinks that Lo Bianco's H. echinata from Naples were in fact H. inermis [more likely H. fucicola, as Goette misidentified his H. fucicola as H. inermis]. Therefore, there remain some doubts on the correct identification and the presence of H. echinata in the Mediterranean needs confirmation.
The species has also been recorded from the western Atlantic, but these records refer to other species as has been shown by Buss & Yund (1989). Type locality: British Isles.
 [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology colonial [details]
ImagesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Hydractinia echinata Fleming, 1823 and Pagurus bernhardus
Hydractinia echinata F...
Van Beneden (1844, pl. 6)
Van Beneden (1844, pl. 6)
[image from synonym]
Hydractinia echinata (Fleming, 1818)
Hydractinia echinata (...

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show all]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:117644
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van der Land, Jacob
2010-03-15 06:28:26Z  changed  Schuchert, Peter
2010-05-14 05:28:49Z  changed  Schuchert, Peter
  
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  Citation: Schuchert, P. (2014). Hydractinia echinata (Fleming, 1828). In: Schuchert, P. (2014) World Hydrozoa database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=117644 on 2014-04-24
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License