WoRMS taxon details

Gymnodinium Stein, 1878

109475  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:109475)

accepted
Genus
Species Gymnodinium abbreviatum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium absumens J.Schiller, 1955
Species Gymnodinium achromaticum Lebour, 1917
Species Gymnodinium achroum J.Schiller, 1955
Species Gymnodinium acutissimum Okolodkov, 1997
Species Gymnodinium acutiusclum Okolodkov, 1997
Species Gymnodinium acutiusculum Okolodkov, 1997
Species Gymnodinium adriaticum (Schmarda) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium aequatoriale Hasle, 1960
Species Gymnodinium aesculum Baumeister, 1943
Species Gymnodinium aestivale Skvortzov, 1968
Species Gymnodinium agaricoides P.H.Campbell, 1973
Species Gymnodinium agiliforme Schiller, 1928
Species Gymnodinium alaskense A.S.Bursa, 1963
Species Gymnodinium albidum J.B.Lackey & E.W.Lackey, 1970
Species Gymnodinium albulum Lindemann, 1928
Species Gymnodinium allophron J.Larsen, 1994
Species Gymnodinium amphiconicoides J.Schiller, 1955
Species Gymnodinium amphityphlum J.Larsen, 1994
Species Gymnodinium amphora Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium amplinucleum P.H.Campbell, 1973
Species Gymnodinium antarcticum A.E.Thessen, D.J.Patterson & S.A.Murray, 2012
Species Gymnodinium arcticum Wulff, 1919
Species Gymnodinium arcuatum Kofoid, 1931
Species Gymnodinium arenicola J.Dragesco, 1965
Species Gymnodinium atomatum J.Larsen, 1994
Species Gymnodinium attenuatum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium aurantium P.H.Campbell, 1973
Species Gymnodinium auratum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium aureolum (E.M.Hulburt) Gert Hansen, 2000
Species Gymnodinium aureum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium australe Playfair, 1919
Species Gymnodinium australense Ruiner, 1938
Species Gymnodinium austriacum J.Schiller, 1933
Species Gymnodinium baccatum Balech, 1965
Species Gymnodinium baicalense N.L.Antipova, 1955
Species Gymnodinium baumeisteri J.Schiller, 1955
Species Gymnodinium bicaudatum Pavillard, 1905
Species Gymnodinium biciliatum Ohno, 1911
Species Gymnodinium biconicum J.Schiller, 1928
Species Gymnodinium bicorne Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium bifurcatum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium bilobatum Van Meel, 1969
Species Gymnodinium birotundatum van Goor, 1925
Species Gymnodinium bisaetosum Lindemann, 1928
Species Gymnodinium bogoriense Klebs, 1912
Species Gymnodinium boguense P.H.Campbell, 1973
Species Gymnodinium boguensis P.H.Campbell, 1973
Species Gymnodinium bonaerense Akselman, 1985
Species Gymnodinium boreale Gaarder, 1953
Species Gymnodinium caerulescens J.Schiller, 1955
Species Gymnodinium canus Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium capitatum Conrad & Kufferath, 1954
Species Gymnodinium caput J.Schiller, 1928
Species Gymnodinium cassiei R.E.Norris, 1961
Species Gymnodinium catenatum H.W.Graham, 1943
Species Gymnodinium caudatum Prescott, 1944
Species Gymnodinium chiasmonetrium Norris, 1961
Species Gymnodinium chiastosporum (T.M.Harris) Cridland, 1958
Species Gymnodinium chinensis A.E.Thessen, D.J.Patterson & S.A.Murray, 2012
Species Gymnodinium chukwanii D.Ballantine, 1961
Species Gymnodinium cinctum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium cnecoides T.M.Harris, 1940
Species Gymnodinium cnodax Conrad & Kufferath, 1954
Species Gymnodinium colymbeticum T.M.Harris, 1940
Species Gymnodinium concavum Skvortzov, 1968
Species Gymnodinium contractum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium corii J.Schiller, 1928
Species Gymnodinium corollarium A.M.Sundström, Kremp & Daugbjerg, 2009
Species Gymnodinium corpusculum (Perty) W.S.Kent, 1881
Species Gymnodinium costatum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium cryophilum (G.J.Wedemayer, L.W.Wilcox & L.E.Graham) G.Hansen & Ø.Moestrup, 2000
Species Gymnodinium cucumis Schütt, 1895
Species Gymnodinium cyaneofungiforme Conrad & Kufferath, 1954
Species Gymnodinium cyaneum J.Schiller, 1955
Species Gymnodinium danicans P.H.Campbell, 1973
Species Gymnodinium danubiense J.Schiller, 1955
Species Gymnodinium deformabile J.Schiller, 1955
Species Gymnodinium dentatum J.Larsen, 1994
Species Gymnodinium depressum Skvortzov, 1968
Species Gymnodinium devorans J.Schiller, 1955
Species Gymnodinium diamphidium R.E.Norris, 1961
Species Gymnodinium diploconus Schütt, 1895
Species Gymnodinium discoidale T.M.Harris, 1940
Species Gymnodinium dissimile Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium dodgei R.Sarma & Y.S.R.K.Shyam, 1974
Species Gymnodinium dogielii Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium doma Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium dorsalisulcum (E.M.Hulbert, J.J.A.McLaughlin & P.A.Zahl) Shauna Murray, M. de Salas & G. Hallegraeff, 2007
Species Gymnodinium elongatum Hope, 1954
Species Gymnodinium endofasciculum P.H.Campbell, 1973
Species Gymnodinium enorme Ballantine, 1964
Species Gymnodinium eucyaneum H.J.Hu, 1983
Species Gymnodinium eufrigidum J.Schiller, 1955
Species Gymnodinium excavatum Van Meel, 1969
Species Gymnodinium excavatum Nygaard, 1945
Species Gymnodinium exechegloutum R.E.Norris, 1961
Species Gymnodinium filum Lebour, 1917
Species Gymnodinium flavum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium fossarum Conrad & Kufferath, 1954
Species Gymnodinium frigidum Wolszynska, 1952
Species Gymnodinium fulgens Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium fuscum (Ehrenberg) Stein, 1878
Species Gymnodinium fusiforme Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium fusus Schütt, 1896
Species Gymnodinium galaeformis Matzenauer, 1933
Species Gymnodinium galeaeforme Matzenauer, 1933
Species Gymnodinium galeatum J.Larsen, 1994
Species Gymnodinium galeiforme Okolodkov, 1997
Species Gymnodinium galesianum P.H.Campbell, 1973
Species Gymnodinium gelbum Kofoid, 1931
Species Gymnodinium gibbera J.Schiller, 1928
Species Gymnodinium glandiforme Conrad & Kufferath, 1954
Species Gymnodinium glaucum J.Schiller, 1955
Species Gymnodinium gleba Schütt, 1895
Species Gymnodinium gracile Bergh, 1881
Species Gymnodinium gracilentum P.H.Campbell, 1973
Species Gymnodinium grammaticum (Pouchet) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium guttiforme J.Larsen, 1994
Species Gymnodinium guttula Balech, 1976
Species Gymnodinium hamulus Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium herbaceum Kofoid, 1921
Species Gymnodinium heterostriatum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium hiemale (Schiller) Popovsky, 1990
Species Gymnodinium hippocastanum Cridland, 1958
Species Gymnodinium hiroshimaense Hada, 1968
Species Gymnodinium huber-pestalozzii J.Schiller, 1955
Species Gymnodinium hulburtii P.H.Campbell, 1973
Species Gymnodinium impatiens Skuja, 1964
Species Gymnodinium impudicum (S.Fraga & I.Bravo) Gert Hansen & Ø.Moestrup, 2000
Species Gymnodinium incertum E.C.Herdman, 1924
Species Gymnodinium incisum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium incoloratum Conrad & Kufferath, 1954
Species Gymnodinium inconstans van Meel, 1969
Species Gymnodinium inerme (Schmarda) Kent, 1881
Species Gymnodinium intercalare A.S.Bursa, 1961
Species Gymnodinium inversum Nygaard, 1929
Species Gymnodinium irregulare B.Hope, 1954
Species Gymnodinium irregulare Conrad & Kufferath, 1954
Species Gymnodinium japonicum Hada, 1974
Species Gymnodinium katodiniforme Elbrachter, 1979
Species Gymnodinium klebsii Lindemann, 1928
Species Gymnodinium knollii J.Schiller, 1955
Species Gymnodinium kowalevskii Pitzik, 1967
Species Gymnodinium lachmannii Kent, 1881
Species Gymnodinium lackeyi Kiselev, 1954
Species Gymnodinium lacustre J.Schiller, 1933
Species Gymnodinium lanskoi Rouchijajnen, 1968
Species Gymnodinium lantzschii Utermöhl, 1925
Species Gymnodinium latum Skuja, 1948
Species Gymnodinium lazulum Hulburt, 1957
Species Gymnodinium legiconveniens J.Schiller, 1955
Species Gymnodinium leptum R.E.Norris, 1961
Species Gymnodinium lineatum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium lineopunicum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium lira Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium litoralis A.Reñé, 2011
Species Gymnodinium lobularis P.H.Campbell, 1973
Species Gymnodinium loburare P.H.Campbell, 1973
Species Gymnodinium lucidum D.Ballantine, 1964
Species Gymnodinium luteofaba Javornicky, 1965
Species Gymnodinium luteo-viride van Meel, 1969
Species Gymnodinium maguelonnense Biecheler, 1952
Species Gymnodinium mammosum van Meel, 1969
Species Gymnodinium manchuriensis A.E.Thessen, D.J.Patterson & S.A.Murray, 2012
Species Gymnodinium marinum Kent, 1880
Species Gymnodinium marylandicum R.H.Thompson, 1947
Species Gymnodinium massarti J.Schiller, 1932
Species Gymnodinium maximum Nordli, 1951
Species Gymnodinium meervallii Redeke, 1919
Species Gymnodinium metum Hulburt, 1957
Species Gymnodinium microreticulatum C.J.S.Bolch, Negri & G.M.Hallegraeff, 1999
Species Gymnodinium minor Lebour, 1917
Species Gymnodinium minus Lebour, 1917
Species Gymnodinium minutulum J.Larsen, 1994
Species Gymnodinium mirabile Penard, 1891
Species Gymnodinium mitratum J.Schiller, 1933
Species Gymnodinium modestum Balech, 1976
Species Gymnodinium multilineatum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium multistriatum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium najadeum J.Schiller, 1928
Species Gymnodinium nanum Schiller, 1928
Species Gymnodinium natalense Horiguchi & Pienaar, 1994
Species Gymnodinium neapolitanum J.Schiller, 1928
Species Gymnodinium nolleri M.Ellegaard & Ø.Moestrup, 1999
Species Gymnodinium nucaceum Okolodkov, 1997
Species Gymnodinium obesum Schiller, 1933
Species Gymnodinium obliquum Okolodkov, 1997
Species Gymnodinium oceanicum Hasle, 1960
Species Gymnodinium ochraceum Kofoid, 1931
Species Gymnodinium octo J.Larsen, 1994
Species Gymnodinium olivaceum Skvortzov, 1968
Species Gymnodinium oppressum Conrad, 1926
Species Gymnodinium opressum Conrad, 1926
Species Gymnodinium ostenfeldii J.Schiller, 1928
Species Gymnodinium ovatocapitatum Van Meel, 1969
Species Gymnodinium ovoideum Okolodkov, 1997
Species Gymnodinium ovulum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium pallidum Skuja, 1939
Species Gymnodinium palustre A.J.Schilling, 1891
Species Gymnodinium palustriforme Gert Hansen & G.Flaim, 2007
Species Gymnodinium paradoxiforme J.Schiller, 1955
Species Gymnodinium paradoxum A.J.Schilling, 1891
Species Gymnodinium parvum J.Larsen, 1994
Species Gymnodinium patagonicum Balech, 1971
Species Gymnodinium paulseinii Schiller
Species Gymnodinium pavlae J.Popovsky, 1990
Species Gymnodinium peisonis J.Schiller, 1955
Species Gymnodinium perplexum van Meel, 1969
Species Gymnodinium pingue van Meel, 1969
Species Gymnodinium placidum E.C.Herdman, 1922
Species Gymnodinium planctonicum Skvortzov, 1968
Species Gymnodinium polycomma J.Larsen, 1994
Species Gymnodinium posthiemale J.Schiller, 1955
Species Gymnodinium prolatum J.Larsen, 1994
Species Gymnodinium pseudomirabile Gert Hansen & G.Flaim, 2007
Species Gymnodinium pulchrum J.Schiller, 1928
Species Gymnodinium pumilum J.Larsen, 1994
Species Gymnodinium punctatum Pouchet, 1887
Species Gymnodinium puniceum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium purpureum Skuja, 1956
Species Gymnodinium pygmaeum Lebour, 1925
Species Gymnodinium pyrenoidosum T.Horiguchi & M.Chihara, 1988
Species Gymnodinium quadrilobatum T.Horiguchi & R.N.Pienaar, 1994
Species Gymnodinium radiatum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium ravenescens Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium regulare van Meel, 1969
Species Gymnodinium rete Schutt, 1895
Species Gymnodinium rhomboides Schütt, 1895
Species Gymnodinium roseostigma P.H.Campbell, 1973
Species Gymnodinium rubricauda Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium rubrocinctum Lebour, 1925
Species Gymnodinium rubrum Koifoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium saginatum T.M.Harris, 1940
Species Gymnodinium scaphium van Meel, 1969
Species Gymnodinium schaefferi S.Morris, 1937
Species Gymnodinium schuettii J.Schiller, 1955
Species Gymnodinium scopulosum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium semidivisum J.Schiller, 1928
Species Gymnodinium servatum W.Busch, 1927
Species Gymnodinium simplex (Lohmann) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium sinuatum Skvortzov, 1968
Species Gymnodinium situla Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium skvortzovii Schiller, 1933
Species Gymnodinium smaydae Lee et al., 2014
Species Gymnodinium soyai Hada, 1970
Species Gymnodinium sphaericum (Calkins) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium sphaeroideum Kofoid, 1931
Species Gymnodinium stellatum Hulburt, 1957
Species Gymnodinium striassimum Hulbert
Species Gymnodinium submontanum J.Schiller, 1955
Species Gymnodinium subroseum P.H.Campbell, 1973
Species Gymnodinium subrufescens G.W.Martin, 1929
Species Gymnodinium suffuscum van Meel, 1969
Species Gymnodinium sulcatum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium telma van Meel, 1969
Species Gymnodinium terrum Baumeister, 1943
Species Gymnodinium thomasi H.R.Christen, 1959
Species Gymnodinium thompsonii Kiselev, 1954
Species Gymnodinium translucens Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium translucens P.H.Campbell, 1973
Species Gymnodinium trapeziforme Attaran-Fariman & Bolch, 2007
Species Gymnodinium triangularis Lebour, 1917
Species Gymnodinium triceratium Skuja, 1939
Species Gymnodinium tylotum H.Mapletoft, M.Montgomery, J.Waters & P.Wells, 1966
Species Gymnodinium uberrimum (G.J.Allman) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium undulatum Woloszynska, 1925
Species Gymnodinium valdecompressum P.H.Campbell, 1973
Species Gymnodinium variabile E.C.Herdman, 1924
Species Gymnodinium varians Maskell, 1887
Species Gymnodinium vas Van Meel, 1969
Species Gymnodinium venator Flo Jørgensen & Murray, 2004
Species Gymnodinium vernale Skvortzov, 1968
Species Gymnodinium verruculosum P.H.Campbell, 1973
Species Gymnodinium vestificii Schütt, 1895
Species Gymnodinium violescens Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium virescens Wood, 1963
Species Gymnodinium viridaliut J.Schiller, 1955
Species Gymnodinium viridans van Meel, 1969
Species Gymnodinium viride Penard, 1891
Species Gymnodinium viridescens Kofoid, 1931
Species Gymnodinium voukii J.Schiller, 1928
Species Gymnodinium wawrikae Schiller, 1955
Species Gymnodinium wilczekii Pouchet, 1894
Species Gymnodinium wulffii J.Schiller, 1933
Species Gymnodinium zachariasi Lemmermann, 1900

Species Gymnodinium acidotum Nygaard, 1950 accepted as Nusuttodinium acidotum (Nygaard) Y.Takano & T.Horiguchi, 2014 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium aeruginosum F.Stein, 1883 accepted as Nusuttodinium aeruginosum (F.Stein) Y.Takano & T.Horiguchi, 2014
Species Gymnodinium affine Dogiel, 1906 accepted as Chytriodinium affine (Dogiel) Chatton, 1912
Species Gymnodinium agile Kofoid & Swezy, 1921 accepted as Durinskia agilis (Kofoid & Swezy) Saburova, Chomérat & Hoppenrath, 2012 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium agile Herdman, 1922 accepted as Herdmania litoralis J.D.Dodge, 1981 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium alatum Litvienko, 1963 accepted as Peridiniopsis berolinense (Lemmermann) Bourrelly, 1968 accepted as Tyrannodinium edax (A.J.Schilling) Calado, 2011 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium alsiophyllum Skuja, 1964 accepted as Gymnodinium latum Skuja, 1948 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium amphidinioides Geitler, 1924 accepted as Nusuttodinium amphidinioides (Geitler) Y.Takano & T.Horiguchi, 2014 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium archimedes Pouchet accepted as Gymnodinium archimedis Pouchet, 1883 accepted as Cochlodinium archimedes (Pouchet) Lemmermann, 1899 (misspelling)
Species Gymnodinium archimedis Pouchet, 1883 accepted as Cochlodinium archimedes (Pouchet) Lemmermann, 1899 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium arenicolum Dragesco, 1965 accepted as Gymnodinium arenicola J.Dragesco, 1965
Species Gymnodinium asymmetricum Massart, 1920 accepted as Katodinium asymmetricum (Massart) A.R.Loeblich, III, 1965 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium autumnale H.R.Christen, 1959 accepted as Gymnodinium austriacum J.Schiller, 1933 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium autumnale Skvortzov, 1968 accepted as Gymnodinium manchuriensis A.E.Thessen, D.J.Patterson & S.A.Murray, 2012
Species Gymnodinium béii H.J.Spero, 1987 accepted as Pelagodinium bei (H.J.Spero) Siano, Montresor, Probert & Vargas, 2010
Species Gymnodinium blax T.M.Harris, 1939 accepted as Katodinium fungiforme (Anissimova) Fott, 1957 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium bohemicum Fott, 1938 accepted as Katodinium bohemicum (Fott) Litvinenko, 1977 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium breve C.C.Davis, 1948 accepted as Karenia brevis (C.C.Davis) Gert Hansen & Ø.Moestrup, 2000 (basionym)
Species Gymnodinium brevis Davis, 1948 accepted as Karenia brevis (C.C.Davis) Gert Hansen & Ø.Moestrup, 2000 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium brevisulcatum F.H.Chang, 1999 accepted as Karenia brevisulcata (F.H.Chang) G.Hansen & Ø.Moestrup, 2000 (basionym)
Species Gymnodinium campaniforme Popovsky, 1971 accepted as Gymnodinium aeruginosum F.Stein, 1883 accepted as Nusuttodinium aeruginosum (F.Stein) Y.Takano & T.Horiguchi, 2014 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium carinatum A.J.Schilling, 1891 accepted as Gymnodinium palustre A.J.Schilling, 1891 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium cestocoetes R.H.Thompson, 1947 accepted as Woloszynskia cestocoetes (R.H.Thompson) R.H.Thompson, 1951 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium chlorophorum Elbrächter & Schnepf, 1996 accepted as Lepidodinium chlorophorum (M.Elbrächter & E.Schnepf) Gert Hansen, L.Botes & M.de Salas, 2007 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium cladochromum J. Larsen, 1996 accepted as Takayama cladochroma (Larsen) de Salas, Bolch & Hallegraeff, 2003 (basionym)
Species Gymnodinium coeruleum Dogiel, 1906 accepted as Balechina coerulea (Dogiel) F.J.R.Taylor, 1976 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium conicum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921 accepted as Spatulodinium pseudonoctiluca (Pouchet) J.Cachon & M.Cachon, 1968 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium constrictum Schütt accepted as Cochlodinium constrictum (Schütt) Lemmennann, 1899 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium cornutum Schütt, 1895 accepted as Gyrodinium schuettii (Lemmermann) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium coronatum Woloszynska, 1917 accepted as Tovellia coronata (Woloszynska) Moestrup, Lindberg & Daugbjerg, 2005 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium crassum Pouchet, 1885 accepted as Gyrodinium crassum (Pouchet) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium cruciatum R.H.Thompson, 1950 accepted as Gymnodinium thompsonii Kiselev, 1954 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium eurytopum Skuja, 1948 accepted as Gymnodinium mitratum J.Schiller, 1933 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium fissum Levander, 1894 accepted as Levanderina fissa (Levander) Ø.Moestrup, P.Hakanen, G.Hansen, N.Daugbjerg & M.Ellegaard, 2014 (basionym)
Species Gymnodinium frigidum Balech, 1965 accepted as Gymnodinium antarcticum A.E.Thessen, D.J.Patterson & S.A.Murray, 2012
Species Gymnodinium frigidum Skvortzov, 1968 accepted as Gymnodinium chinensis A.E.Thessen, D.J.Patterson & S.A.Murray, 2012
Species Gymnodinium fucorum Kuster, 1908 accepted as Crypthecodinium cohnii (Seligo) Javornicky, 1962 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium fungiforme Schiller, 1933 accepted as Katodinium fungiforme (Anissimova) Fott, 1957 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium fungiforme Anisimova [Anissimowa], 1926 accepted as Katodinium fungiforme (Anissimova) Fott, 1957 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium galatheanum Braarud, 1957 accepted as Karlodinium veneficum (D.Ballantine) J.Larsen, 2000 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium geminatum Schütt, 1895 accepted as Cochlodinium geminatum (Schütt) Schütt, 1896 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium glandula Lebour, 1925 accepted as Katodinium glandulum (Herdman) Loeblich III, 1965 accepted as Aduncodinium glandula (E.C.Herdman) N.S.Kang, H.J.Jeong & Ø.Moestrup, 2014 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium glandula Herdman, 1924 accepted as Katodinium glandulum (Herdman) Loeblich III, 1965 accepted as Aduncodinium glandula (E.C.Herdman) N.S.Kang, H.J.Jeong & Ø.Moestrup, 2014 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium glaucum Conrad, 1926 accepted as Amphidinium conradii J.Schiller (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium halophilum Biecheler, 1952 accepted as Biecheleria halophila (Biecheler) Moestrup, Lindberg & Daugbjerg, 2009
Species Gymnodinium helix Pouchet, 1887 accepted as Cochlodinium helix (Pouchet) Lemmermann, 1899 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium helix Schütt, 1895 accepted as Cochlodinium helix (Pouchet) Lemmermann, 1899 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium helveticum Penard, 1891 accepted as Gyrodinium helveticum (Penard) Y.Takano & T.Horiguchi, 2004
Species Gymnodinium hiemale Skvortzov, 1927 accepted as Woloszynskia pascheri (Suchlandt) Stosch, 1973 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium hiemale Woloszynska, 1917 accepted as Woloszynskia pascheri (Suchlandt) Stosch, 1973
Species Gymnodinium hyalinum A.J.Schilling, 1891 accepted as Gyrodinium hyalinum (A.J.Schilling) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium impar Harris, 1939 accepted as Gymnodinium triceratium Skuja, 1939 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium instriatum (Freudenthal & J.J.Lee) D.W.Coats, 2002 accepted as Levanderina fissa (Levander) Ø.Moestrup, P.Hakanen, G.Hansen, N.Daugbjerg & M.Ellegaard, 2014
Species Gymnodinium irregulare H.R.Christen, 1959 accepted as Gymnodinium uberrimum (G.J.Allman) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium lebourae Pavillard, 1921 accepted as Gymnodinium lebouriae Pavillard, 1921 accepted as Spatulodinium pseudonoctiluca (Pouchet) J.Cachon & M.Cachon, 1968 (misspelling)
Species Gymnodinium lebouriae Pavillard, 1921 accepted as Spatulodinium pseudonoctiluca (Pouchet) J.Cachon & M.Cachon, 1968
Species Gymnodinium lens Fott, 1957 accepted as Woloszynskia tenuissima (Lauterborn) R.H.Thompson, 1950 accepted as Borghiella tenuissima (Lauterborn) Moestrup, Gert Hansen & Daugberg, 2008 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium leopoliense Woloszynska, 1917 accepted as Tovellia leopoliensis (Wolosz.) Moestrup, Lindberg & Daugbjerg, 2005 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium leopoliensis Woloszynska, 1917 accepted as Woloszynskia leopoliensis (Woloszynska) R.H.Thompson, 1951 accepted as Woloszynskia tenuissima (Lauterborn) R.H.Thompson, 1950 accepted as Borghiella tenuissima (Lauterborn) Moestrup, Gert Hansen & Daugberg, 2008 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium limitatium Skuja, 1956 accepted as Gymnodinium uberrimum (G.J.Allman) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium limneticum Woloszynska, 1935 accepted as Gymnodinium uberrimum (G.J.Allman) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium limneticum J.B.Lackey, 1936 accepted as Gymnodinium lackeyi Kiselev, 1954
Species Gymnodinium linucheae R.V.Trench & L.-V.Thinh, 1995 accepted as Symbiodinium linucheae (Trench & Thinh) T.C.LaJenesse, 2001
Species Gymnodinium lohmannii Paulsen, 1908 accepted as Gymnodinium gracile Bergh, 1881 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium lunula Schütt, 1895 accepted as Pyrocystis lunula (Schütt) Schütt, 1896 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium macronucleum Litvinenko, 1963 accepted as Gymnodinium lantzschii Utermöhl, 1925 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium microadriaticum (Freudenthal) F.J.R.Taylor, 1971 accepted as Symbiodinium microadriaticum Freudenthal, 1962 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium micrum (B.Leadbeater & J.D.Dodge) Loeblich III, 1970 accepted as Karlodinium veneficum (D.Ballantine) J.Larsen, 2000 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium mikimotoi Miyake & Kominami ex Oda, 1935 accepted as Karenia mikimotoi (Miyake & Kominami ex Oda) Gert Hansen & Ø.Moestrup, 2000 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium minimum Klebs, 1912 accepted as Gymnodinium varians Maskell, 1887 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium minutum Lebour, 1925 accepted as Heterocapsa rotundata (Lohmann) G.Hansen, 1995 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium mirum Utermöhl, 1923 accepted as Woloszynskia pascheri (Suchlandt) Stosch, 1973 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium monadicum (Perty) Saville-Kent, 1880 accepted as Katodinium monadicum (Perty) Javornicky, 1970
Species Gymnodinium musei Danysz, 1886 accepted as Opisthoaulax musei (Danysz) Calado, 2011 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium musei Danysz, 1887 accepted as Katodinium musei (Danysz) Fott, 1957 accepted as Opisthoaulax musei (Danysz) Calado, 2011 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium myriopyrenoides H.Yamaguchi, T.Nakayama, A.Kai & I.Inouye, 2011 accepted as Nusuttodinium myriopyrenoides (H.Yamaguchi, T.Nakayama, A.Kai & I.Inouye) Y.Takano & H.Yamaguichi, 2014
Species Gymnodinium nagasakiense Takayama & Adachi, 1985 accepted as Karenia mikimotoi (Miyake & Kominami ex Oda) Gert Hansen & Ø.Moestrup, 2000 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium neglectum (Schilling) Lindemann, 1928 accepted as Woloszynskia neglecta (Schilling) R.H.Thompson, 1951 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium nelsonii Martin, 1929 accepted as Gymnodinium sanguineum K.Hirasaka, 1922 accepted as Akashiwo sanguinea (K.Hirasaka) G.Hansen & Ø.Moestrup, 2000 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium nygaardii Christen, 1958 accepted as Tovellia nygaardii (Christen) Moestrup, Lindberg & Daugbjerg, 2005 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium oligoplacatum Skuja, 1956 accepted as Peridinium umbonatum Stein, 1883 accepted as Parvodinium umbonatum (Stein) S.Carty, 2008 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium opimum Schütt, 1895 accepted as Gyrodinium opimum (Schütt) Lebour, 1925 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium ordinatum Skuja, 1939 accepted as Woloszynskia ordinata (Skuja) R.H.Thompson, 1950 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium ovato-capitatum van Meel, 1969 accepted as Gymnodinium ovatocapitatum Van Meel, 1969
Species Gymnodinium ovatum Gourret accepted as Gyrodinium ovatum (Gourret) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium ovum Schütt accepted as Gyrodinium ovum (Schütt) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium pachydermatum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921 accepted as Balechina pachydermata (Kofoid & Swezy) A.R.Loeblich Jr. & A.R.Loeblich III, 1968
Species Gymnodinium parvulum Schütt, 1895 accepted as Gyrodinium parvulum (Schütt) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921
Species Gymnodinium pascheri (Suchlandt) Schiller, 1954 accepted as Woloszynskia pascheri (Suchlandt) Stosch, 1973 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium pellucidum Wulff, 1916 accepted as Gyrodinium pellucidum (Wulff) Schiller, 1933 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium pellucidum (E.C.Herdman) Flø Jørgensen & Shauna Murray, 2004 accepted as Gymnodinium venator Flo Jørgensen & Murray, 2004 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium pigmentosum (Dodge) Loeblich, 1970 accepted as Aureodinium pigmentosum Dodge, 1967 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium pirum Schütt accepted as Cochlodinium pirum (Schütt) Lemmermann, 1921 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium poculiferum Skuja, 1956 accepted as Gymnodinium uberrimum (G.J.Allman) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium polonicum (Woloszynska) Woloszynska, 1917 accepted as Woloszynskia pascheri (Suchlandt) Stosch, 1973 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium polyphemus Pouchet accepted as Warnowia polyphemus (Pouchet) J.Schiller, 1933 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium pouchetii Lemmermann, 1899 accepted as Oodinium pouchetii (Lemmermann) Chatton, 1912
Species Gymnodinium profundum Schiller, 1933 accepted as Gymnodinium lacustre J.Schiller, 1933 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium pseudonoctiluca Pouchet, 1885 accepted as Spatulodinium pseudonoctiluca (Pouchet) J.Cachon & M.Cachon, 1968 (synonym)
Species Gymnodinium pseudopalustre J.Schiller, 1932 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium pulchellum J.Larsen, 1994 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium pulvisculus Klebs, 1912 (unaccepted)
Species Gymnodinium pulvisculus Pouchet, 1885 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium pusillum A.J.Schilling, 1891 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium pyrocystis Jørgensen, 1912 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium rarum Litvinenko, 1963 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium rhinophoron (Javornicky) Litvinenko, 1977 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium roseolum (Schmarda) Stein, 1878 (unaccepted)
Species Gymnodinium roseum Lohmann, 1908 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium rotundatum Klebs, 1912 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gymnodinium rufescens Lemmermann, 1910 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium sangineum Hirasaka, 1924 (unaccepted)
Species Gymnodinium sanguineum K.Hirasaka, 1922 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium simile Skuja, 1956 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium spirale Bergh, 1881 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium splendens Lebour, 1925 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gymnodinium stagnale J.Schiller, 1955 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium stigmaticum Lindemann, 1928 (unaccepted)
Species Gymnodinium strangulatum Schütt, 1895 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium striatissimum E.M.Hulburt, 1957 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium sugashimanii J.Cachon, H.Saton, M.Cachon & S.Sato, 1989 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium tatricum Woloszynska, 1919 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium tenuissimum Lauterborn, 1894 (unaccepted)
Species Gymnodinium teredo Pouchet, 1885 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium titubans Christen, 1958 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium tridentatum Schiller, 1933 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium uncatenatum (Hulburt) Hallegraeff, 2002 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium veneficum D.Ballantine, 1956 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium veris E.Lindemann, 1925 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium viridis Lebour, 1917 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium vitiligo D.Ballantine, 1956 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium vorticella F.Stein, 1883 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium waltzii Baumeister, 1957 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gymnodinium wigrense Woloszynska, 1925 (unaccepted, synonym)
marine
Not documented
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:6790  
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:6790 [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Gymnodinium Stein, 1878. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=109475 on 2018-10-17
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2006-07-12 06:39:56Z
changed
Camba Reu, Cibran
2010-08-12 12:41:00Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


basis of record Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. <em>Acta Bot. Croat.</em> 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Kofoid, C.A.; Swezy, O. (1921). The free-living unarmored Dinoflagellata. <em>Memoirs of the University of California.</em> 5: i-viii, 1-562., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/66471#page/1/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Steidinger, K.A.; Tangen, K. (1997). Dinoflagellates. pp. 387-584. In: C.R. Tomas (ed.) (1997). Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780126930184500057 [details]   

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. <em>World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.</em> , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Nelson-Smith, A.; Shields, C. (1996). Collins pocket guide: sea shore of Britain and Europe. <i>Collins pocket guides</i>. Harper-Collins Publishers: London, UK. ISBN 0-00-219955-6. 352 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Parker, S.P. (Ed.) (1982). Synopsis and classification of living organisms. McGraw Hill Book Company: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-07-079031-0. 1166, 1232 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:6790 [details]

From other sources
Classification This genus was originally placed under the family Gymnodiniidae as proposed by Hayward and Ryland (1990). [details]

Diet general for group: both heterotrophic (eat other organisms) and autotrophic (photosynthetic) [details]

Ecology Blooms of this genus were recorded as early as 1937 in the Oslo Fjord (Braarud, 1945) an have occured more recently as G. sanguinum with concentrations up to 35 106 ind/l. [details]

Habitat pelagic [details]

Importance General: known for producing dangerous toxins, particularly when in large numbers, called "red tides" because the cells are so abundant they make water change color. Also they can produce non-fatal or fatal amounts of toxins in predators (particularly shellfish) that may be eaten by humans. [details]

Predators marine microorganisms and animal larvae [details]

Reproduction general for group: both sexual and asexual [details]
 



LanguageName 
Japanese ギムノディニウム  [details]
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