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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKarlodinium veneficum (D.Ballantine) J.Larsen, 2000 
AphiaID: 233037

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChromista (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarosa (Subkingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlveolata (Infrakingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyzozoa (Phylum) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDinozoa (Subphylum) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDinoflagellata (Infraphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophyceae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnodiniales (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKareniaceae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKarlodinium (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKarlodinium veneficum (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKarlodinium J.Larsen, 2000
Orig. name Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnodinium veneficum D.Ballantine, 1956
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnodinium galatheanum Braarud, 1957 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnodinium micrum (B.Leadbeater & J.D.Dodge) Loeblich III, 1970 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnodinium veneficum D.Ballantine, 1956 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGyrodinium galatheanum (Baarud) Taylor, 1992 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKarlodinium micrum (B.Leadbeater & J.D.Dodge) J.Larsen, 2000 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorWoloszynskia micra B.Leadbeater & J.D.Dodge, 1966 (synonym)
Sources  original description Ballantine D. 1956. Two new marine species of Gymnodinium isolated from the Plymouth area. J. mar.biol. Ass. U.K. 35: 467-474., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0025315400010316 [details]

redescription Bergholtz T., Daugbjerg N., Moestrup Ø. & Fernández-Tejedor M. 2005. On the identity of Karlodinium veneficum and the description of Karlodinium armiger sp. nov. (Dinophyceae), based on light and electron microscopy, nuclear-encoded LSU rDNA, and pigment composition. J. Phycol. 42: 170-193. [details]

new combination reference Daugbjerg N., Hansen G., Larsen J. & Moestrup Ø. 2000. Phylogeny of some of the major genera of dinoflagellates based on ultrastructure and partial LSU rDNA sequence data, including the erection of three new genera of unarmoured dinoflagellates. Phycologia 39: 302-317., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.2216/i0031-8884-39-4-302.1 [details]

[show all]
Environment marine
Distribution  Trusted: edited by a thematic editortype locality English Channel [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Trusted: edited by a thematic editortype locality Devonport (New Zealand) [details]
From regional or thematic species database
Norway
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorNorway (origin: origin unknown[details]
From other sources
Eastern China Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChinese part of the Eastern China Sea (origin: alien[details]
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [details]
Lebanon
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLebanese Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
New Zealand
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNew Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGerman part of the North Sea (origin: alien[details]
Sweden
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSwedish Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Tunisia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTunisian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPublished in AlgaeBase Logo AlgaeBase 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (4 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (1521 nucleotides; 561 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Information system on Aquatic Non-Indigenous and Cryptogenic Species (AquaNIS) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:50156 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorHarmful effect Toxic to a range of marine invertebrates and fish. Produces so-called karlotoxins that exhibit a broad-spectrum lytic effect on membranes from very diverse cell types [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Norway (Nation) : Shipping [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSynonymy Gómez (2005) is not sure whether or not Karlodinium veneficum is synonym of K. vitiligo [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:233037
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2006-07-26 09:25:08Z  created  Camba Reu, Cibran
2008-11-21 06:40:06Z  checked  Moestrup, Øjvind
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z  changed  Guiry, Michael D.
  
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  Citation: Moestrup, Ø. (2015). Karlodinium veneficum (D.Ballantine) J.Larsen, 2000. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2015). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=233037 on 2015-09-01
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