WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma Stein, 1883

109466  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:109466)

accepted
Genus
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma acutum (F.Schütt) Pavillard, 1916
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma alata E.J.F.Wood, 1954
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma apicatum Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma biceps (Schiller) Schiller, 1933
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma bipartitum Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma blackmanii Murray & Whitting, 1899
Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma braarudii O. Nordli, 1951
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma circumcinctum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma circumsutum Karsten, 1907
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma complanatum Gaarder, 1954
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma cuneolus Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma cuneus F.Schütt, 1895
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma dens Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma dolychopterygium G.Murray & Whitting, 1899
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma doryphorum Stein, 1883
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma elongatum Jörgensen
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma equalanti (E.Balech) Y.B.Okolodkov, 2014
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma expulsum (Kofoid & Michener) Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma favus Kofoid & Michener, 1911
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma fimbriatum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma giganteum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma globulus F.Schütt, 1895
Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma groenlandicum Schiller
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma hindmarchii Murray & Whitting, 1899
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma jibbonense Wood, 1954
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma lativelatum Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma latum Gaarder, 1954
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma lens Kofoid & Skogsberg
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma lenticulum Kofoid, 1907
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma limbatum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma mawsonii Wood, 1954
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma minutum Cleve, 1900
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma mitra F.Schütt, 1895
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma modestum Böhm
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma monacanthum Gail, 1950
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma okamurai Pavillard
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma operculatum Stein, 1883
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma ovatum (Claparède & Lachmann) Jorgensen, 1923
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma ovum Schütt, 1895
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma oxytoxoides (Kofoid) F.Gomez, P.Lopez-Garcia & D.Moreira, 2011
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma paulseni Schiller, 1928
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma pirum Gaarder
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma porodictyum Stein, 1883
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma porosum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma praetextum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma protuberans Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma pugiunculus Jorgensen, 1923
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma pulchrum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma pyriforme Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma rapa Jorgensen, 1923
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma reticulatum Kofoid, 1907
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma richardii Pavillard
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma robustum Gaarder
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma rotundatum (Claparéde & Lachmann) Kofoid & Michener, 1911
Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma rudgei Murray & Whitting, 1899
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma rugosum Gaarder, 1954
Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma sphaericum (Stein) Zacharias
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma sphaeroideum J.Schiller, 1928
Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma stenopterygium Jörgensen
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma striatum Kofoid, 1907
Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma triangulare E.J.F.Wood
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma tuberculatum G.I. Gail, 1959
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma turbineum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma vastiforme Tai & Skogsberg, 1934
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma vastum Schutt, 1895
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma whiteleggei E.J.F.Wood, 1954

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma argus Stein, 1883 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis argus (Stein) Abé (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma contractum Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis contracta (Kofoid & Skogsberg) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma cornuta N.Peters, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis cornuta (N.Peters) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma dolichopterygium Jörgensen, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma mitra F.Schütt, 1895 (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma dolichopterygium Murray & Whitting, 1899 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma dolychopterygium G.Murray & Whitting, 1899 (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma ebriola E.C.Herdman, 1924 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSinophysis ebriolus (E.C.Herdman) Balech, 1956 (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma ebriolum Lebour, 1925 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSinophysis ebriolus (E.C.Herdman) Balech, 1956 (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma hastatum Pavillard accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis hastata Stein, 1883
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma irregulare Lebour, 1925 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis irregularis (Lebour) Balech, 1967 (basionym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma kofoidii Herdman, 1922 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThecadinium kofoidii (Herdman) Schiller, 1931 (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma lacrima Gaarder, 1954 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis lacrima (Gaarder) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma mucronatum Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis mucronata (Kofoid & Skogsberg) Sournia, 1973 (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma nasutum Stein, 1883 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis nasuta (Stein) Parke & Dixon, 1968
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma odiosum Pavillard, 1930 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis odiosa (Pavillard) Tai & Skogsberg, 1934 (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma operculoides F.Schütt, 1895 accepted as Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis operculoides (Schütt) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma parvulum (Schütt) Jörgensen, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis parvula (Schütt) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma paulsenii Schiller, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis mucronata (Kofoid & Skogsberg) Sournia, 1973 (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma pulchellum Lebour, 1922 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis pulchella (Lebour) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma ruudii Braarud, 1935 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis contracta (Kofoid & Skogsberg) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma spinata N. Peters, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis cornuta (N.Peters) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma symmetricum Gaarder, 1954 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis symmetrica (Gaarder) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma thompsonii E.J.F.Wood, 1954 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis thompsonii (E.J.F.Wood) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma ultima Kofoid, 1907 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinofurcula ultima (Kofoid) Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928 (synonym)
marine
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:6125  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:6125 [details]
WoRMS (2010). Phalacroma Stein, 1883. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=109466 on 2018-01-23

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-07-07 08:49:35Z
changed
Camba Reu, Cibran
2010-01-16 23:07:31Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


basis of record Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Kofoid, C.A.; Skogsberg, T. (1928). Reports on the scientific results of the expedition to the Eastern Tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer "Albatross" from October 1904 to March 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garrett, U.S.N., Commanding. [No.] XXXV. The Dinoflagellata: the Dinophysoidae. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy, at Harvard College, Cambridge, Mass. 51: 1-766., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/25654#page/1/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source Brandt, S. (2001). Dinoflagellates, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 47-53 (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOxyphysis Kofoid, 1926) Parker, S.P. (Ed.) (1982). Synopsis and classification of living organisms. McGraw Hill Book Company: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-07-079031-0. 1166, 1232 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOxyphysis Kofoid, 1926) Hansson, H. G. (1991-1997). South Scandinavian Marine Protoctista. , available online at http://www.tmbl.gu.se/libdb/taxon/neat_pdf/NEAT*Protista.pdf [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOxyphysis Kofoid, 1926) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOxyphysis Kofoid, 1926) Abé, T.H. (1967). The armoured Dinoflagellata: II. Prorocentridae and Dinophysidae (C) - Ornithocercus, Histioneis, Amphisolenia and others. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory. 15(2): 79-116. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:6125 [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSynonymy Gómez (2005) says that Phalacromahas been considered a synonym of Dinophysis but the genus is maintained on the basis of the larger height of the epitheca and the prevailing heterotrophic behaviour. This is still a matter of debate [details]
 



LanguageName 
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorオキシフィシス [from synonym]  [details]