WoRMS taxon details

Phalacroma Stein, 1883

109466  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:109466)

accepted
Genus
Species Phalacroma acutum (F.Schütt) Pavillard, 1916
Species Phalacroma alata E.J.F.Wood, 1954
Species Phalacroma apicatum Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
Species Phalacroma biceps (Schiller) Schiller, 1933
Species Phalacroma bipartitum Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
Species Phalacroma blackmanii Murray & Whitting, 1899
Species Phalacroma braarudii O. Nordli, 1951
Species Phalacroma circumcinctum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
Species Phalacroma circumsutum Karsten, 1907
Species Phalacroma complanatum Gaarder, 1954
Species Phalacroma cuneolus Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
Species Phalacroma cuneus F.Schütt, 1895
Species Phalacroma dens Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
Species Phalacroma dolychopterygium G.Murray & Whitting, 1899
Species Phalacroma doryphorum Stein, 1883
Species Phalacroma elongatum Jörgensen
Species Phalacroma equalanti (E.Balech) Y.B.Okolodkov, 2014
Species Phalacroma expulsum (Kofoid & Michener) Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
Species Phalacroma favus Kofoid & Michener, 1911
Species Phalacroma fimbriatum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
Species Phalacroma giganteum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
Species Phalacroma globulus F.Schütt, 1895
Species Phalacroma groenlandicum Schiller
Species Phalacroma hindmarchii Murray & Whitting, 1899
Species Phalacroma jibbonense Wood, 1954
Species Phalacroma lativelatum Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
Species Phalacroma latum Gaarder, 1954
Species Phalacroma lens Kofoid & Skogsberg
Species Phalacroma lenticulum Kofoid, 1907
Species Phalacroma limbatum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
Species Phalacroma mawsonii Wood, 1954
Species Phalacroma minutum Cleve, 1900
Species Phalacroma mitra F.Schütt, 1895
Species Phalacroma modestum Böhm
Species Phalacroma monacanthum Gail, 1950
Species Phalacroma okamurai Pavillard
Species Phalacroma operculatum Stein, 1883
Species Phalacroma ovatum (Claparède & Lachmann) Jorgensen, 1923
Species Phalacroma ovum Schütt, 1895
Species Phalacroma oxytoxoides (Kofoid) F.Gomez, P.Lopez-Garcia & D.Moreira, 2011
Species Phalacroma paulseni Schiller, 1928
Species Phalacroma pirum Gaarder
Species Phalacroma porodictyum Stein, 1883
Species Phalacroma porosum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
Species Phalacroma praetextum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
Species Phalacroma protuberans Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
Species Phalacroma pugiunculus Jorgensen, 1923
Species Phalacroma pulchrum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
Species Phalacroma pyriforme Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
Species Phalacroma rapa Jorgensen, 1923
Species Phalacroma reticulatum Kofoid, 1907
Species Phalacroma richardii Pavillard
Species Phalacroma robustum Gaarder
Species Phalacroma rotundatum (Claparéde & Lachmann) Kofoid & Michener, 1911
Species Phalacroma rudgei Murray & Whitting, 1899
Species Phalacroma rugosum Gaarder, 1954
Species Phalacroma sphaericum (Stein) Zacharias
Species Phalacroma sphaeroideum J.Schiller, 1928
Species Phalacroma stenopterygium Jörgensen
Species Phalacroma striatum Kofoid, 1907
Species Phalacroma triangulare E.J.F.Wood
Species Phalacroma tuberculatum G.I. Gail, 1959
Species Phalacroma turbineum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
Species Phalacroma vastiforme Tai & Skogsberg, 1934
Species Phalacroma vastum Schutt, 1895
Species Phalacroma whiteleggei E.J.F.Wood, 1954

Species Phalacroma argus Stein, 1883 accepted as Dinophysis argus (Stein) Abé (synonym)
Species Phalacroma contractum Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928 accepted as Dinophysis contracta (Kofoid & Skogsberg) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Species Phalacroma cornuta N.Peters, 1928 accepted as Dinophysis cornuta (N.Peters) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Species Phalacroma dolichopterygium Jörgensen, 1923 accepted as Phalacroma mitra F.Schütt, 1895 (synonym)
Species Phalacroma dolichopterygium Murray & Whitting, 1899 accepted as Phalacroma dolychopterygium G.Murray & Whitting, 1899 (synonym)
Species Phalacroma ebriola E.C.Herdman, 1924 accepted as Sinophysis ebriolus (E.C.Herdman) Balech, 1956 (synonym)
Species Phalacroma ebriolum Lebour, 1925 accepted as Sinophysis ebriolus (E.C.Herdman) Balech, 1956 (synonym)
Species Phalacroma hastatum Pavillard accepted as Dinophysis hastata Stein, 1883
Species Phalacroma irregulare Lebour, 1925 accepted as Dinophysis irregularis (Lebour) Balech, 1967 (basionym)
Species Phalacroma kofoidii Herdman, 1922 accepted as Thecadinium kofoidii (Herdman) Schiller, 1931 (synonym)
Species Phalacroma lacrima Gaarder, 1954 accepted as Dinophysis lacrima (Gaarder) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Species Phalacroma mucronatum Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928 accepted as Dinophysis mucronata (Kofoid & Skogsberg) Sournia, 1973 (synonym)
Species Phalacroma nasutum Stein, 1883 accepted as Dinophysis nasuta (Stein) Parke & Dixon, 1968
Species Phalacroma odiosum Pavillard, 1930 accepted as Dinophysis odiosa (Pavillard) Tai & Skogsberg, 1934 (synonym)
Species Phalacroma operculoides F.Schütt, 1895 accepted as Dinophysis operculoides (Schütt) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Species Phalacroma parvulum (Schütt) Jörgensen, 1923 accepted as Dinophysis parvula (Schütt) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Species Phalacroma paulsenii Schiller, 1928 accepted as Dinophysis mucronata (Kofoid & Skogsberg) Sournia, 1973 (synonym)
Species Phalacroma pulchellum Lebour, 1922 accepted as Dinophysis pulchella (Lebour) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Species Phalacroma ruudii Braarud, 1935 accepted as Dinophysis contracta (Kofoid & Skogsberg) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Species Phalacroma spinata N. Peters, 1928 accepted as Dinophysis cornuta (N.Peters) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Species Phalacroma symmetricum Gaarder, 1954 accepted as Dinophysis symmetrica (Gaarder) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Species Phalacroma thompsonii E.J.F.Wood, 1954 accepted as Dinophysis thompsonii (E.J.F.Wood) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Species Phalacroma ultima Kofoid, 1907 accepted as Dinofurcula ultima (Kofoid) Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928 (synonym)
marine
Not documented
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:6125  
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:6125 [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Phalacroma Stein, 1883. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=109466 on 2018-07-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-07-07 08:49:35Z
changed
Camba Reu, Cibran
2010-01-16 23:07:31Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


basis of record Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Kofoid, C.A.; Skogsberg, T. (1928). Reports on the scientific results of the expedition to the Eastern Tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer "Albatross" from October 1904 to March 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garrett, U.S.N., Commanding. [No.] XXXV. The Dinoflagellata: the Dinophysoidae. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy, at Harvard College, Cambridge, Mass. 51: 1-766., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/25654#page/1/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source Brandt, S. (2001). Dinoflagellates, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 47-53 (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofOxyphysis Kofoid, 1926) Parker, S.P. (Ed.) (1982). Synopsis and classification of living organisms. McGraw Hill Book Company: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-07-079031-0. 1166, 1232 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofOxyphysis Kofoid, 1926) Hansson, H. G. (1991-1997). South Scandinavian Marine Protoctista. , available online at http://www.tmbl.gu.se/libdb/taxon/neat_pdf/NEAT*Protista.pdf [details]   

additional source  (ofOxyphysis Kofoid, 1926) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofOxyphysis Kofoid, 1926) Abé, T.H. (1967). The armoured Dinoflagellata: II. Prorocentridae and Dinophysidae (C) - Ornithocercus, Histioneis, Amphisolenia and others. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory. 15(2): 79-116. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:6125 [details]

From other sources
Synonymy Gómez (2005) says that Phalacromahas been considered a synonym of Dinophysis but the genus is maintained on the basis of the larger height of the epitheca and the prevailing heterotrophic behaviour. This is still a matter of debate [details]
 



LanguageName 
Japanese オキシフィシス [from synonym]  [details]