WoRMS taxon details

Phalacroma mitra F.Schütt, 1895

232491  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:232491)

accepted
Species
marine, terrestrial
(ofDinophysis mitra (F.Schütt) T.H.Abé, 1967) Schütt F. 1895. Peridineen der Plankton-Expedition. Ergebn. Plankt.-Exped. Humboldt Stiftung, IV (M. a. A.): 1-170. [details]   
Type locality contained in Atlantic Ocean  
type locality contained in Atlantic Ocean [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:42849  
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:42849 [details]

Distribution Widely distributed in warm temperate to tropical waters.
  
Distribution Widely distributed in warm temperate to tropical waters.
 [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Phalacroma mitra F.Schütt, 1895. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=232491 on 2018-04-25
Date
action
by
2006-07-24 10:32:07Z
created
Camba Reu, Cibran
2007-10-17 15:07:21Z
changed
db_admin
2008-09-08 11:43:08Z
changed
2008-11-20 10:21:18Z
changed
2010-10-12 11:37:52Z
changed
2011-07-18 07:02:06Z
checked
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed

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original description  (ofDinophysis mitra (F.Schütt) T.H.Abé, 1967) Schütt F. 1895. Peridineen der Plankton-Expedition. Ergebn. Plankt.-Exped. Humboldt Stiftung, IV (M. a. A.): 1-170. [details]   

basis of record Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Steidinger, K. A., M. A. Faust, and D. U. Hernández-Becerril. 2009. Dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 131–154 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College [details]   

additional source Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source Balech, E. (1962). Tintinnoinea y Dinoflagellata del Pacífico según material de las expediciones Norpac y Downwind del Instituto Scripps de Oceanografía. Rev. Mus. Arg. Cs. Nat. “B. Rivadavia”, C. Zool. 7(1): 1-253, 26 pl. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Abé, T.H. (1927). Report of the biological survey of Mutsu Bay. 3. Notes on the protozoan fauna of Mutsu Bay. I. Peridiniales. Science Reports of the Tohoku Imperial University, Series 4. 2: 383-438. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source  (ofDinophysis dolychopterygium (Murray & Whitting, 1899) Balech, 1967) Brandt, S. (2001). Dinoflagellates, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 47-53 (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofDinophysis dolychopterygium (Murray & Whitting, 1899) Balech, 1967) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofDinophysis mitra (F.Schütt) T.H.Abé, 1967) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofDinophysis mitra (F.Schütt) T.H.Abé, 1967) Brandt, S. (2001). Dinoflagellates, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 47-53 (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofDinophysis mitra (F.Schütt) T.H.Abé, 1967) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofPhalacroma dolichopterygium Jörgensen, 1923) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofDinophysis mitra (F.Schütt) Balech, 1967) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofProdinophysis mitra (Schütt) Balech) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofDinophysis mitra (F.Schütt) T.H.Abé, 1967) Abé, T.H. (1967). The armoured Dinoflagellata: II. Prorocentridae and Dinophysidae (B) - Dinophysis and its allied genera. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory. 2: 37-78. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

new combination reference  (ofDinophysis mitra (F.Schütt) T.H.Abé, 1967) Abé, T.H. (1967). The armoured Dinoflagellata: II. Prorocentridae and Dinophysidae (B) - Dinophysis and its allied genera. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory. 2: 37-78. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

toxicology source  (ofDinophysis mitra (F.Schütt) T.H.Abé, 1967) Lee J.S., lgarashi T., Fraga S., Dahl E., Hovgaard P. & Yasumoto T. (1989). Determination of diarrhetic shellfish toxins in various dinoflagellate species. J. Appl. Phycol. 1, 147-152. [details]   

additional source  (ofDinophysis mitra (F.Schütt) T.H.Abé, 1967) Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source  (ofDinophysis mitra (F.Schütt) T.H.Abé, 1967) Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofDinophysis mitra (F.Schütt) T.H.Abé, 1967) Lakkis, S. (2011). Le phytoplancton marin du Liban (Méditerranée orientale): biologie, biodiversité, biogéographie. Aracne: Roma. ISBN 978-88-548-4243-4. 293 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofDinophysis mitra (F.Schütt) T.H.Abé, 1967) Balech, E. (2002). Dinoflagelados tecados tóxicos en el Cono Sur Americano. En: SAR, E.A., FERRARIO, M.E. & REGUERA, B. (Eds.). Floraciones Algales Nocivas en el Cono Sur Americano. Instituto Español de Oceanografía. pp. 123-144. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:42849 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Distribution Widely distributed in warm temperate to tropical waters.
 [details]

Identification Principal characteristics

* 56-68 µm long
* broad wedge-shaped
* sulcus more or less straight

This species may be confused with Phalacroma rapa (see images below) which is non-toxic.
 [details]

Toxicology Neither blooms nor DSP outbreaks linked to the occurrence of Phalacroma mitra have ever been reported.

A single analysis of picked cells of Phalacroma mitra (as Dinophysis mitra) from Japan by HPLC-FD (Lee et al. 1989) reported 10 pg of DTX1 per cell.

 [details]