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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma mitra F.Schütt, 1895 
AphiaID: 232491

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChromista (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarosa (Subkingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlveolata (Infrakingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyzozoa (Phylum) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDinozoa (Subphylum) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDinoflagellata (Infraphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophyceae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysiales (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysiaceae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma Stein, 1883
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis dolichopterygium (Murray & Whitting) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis dolychopterygium (Murray & Whitting, 1899) Balech, 1967
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis mitra (F.Schütt) T.H.Abé, 1967
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis mitra (F.Schütt) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma dolichopterygium Murray & Whitting, 1899 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma dolichopterygium Jörgensen, 1923 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProdinophysis mitra (Schütt) Balech (synonym)
Sources  basis of record Gómez, F., 2005. A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64 (1), 129-212. [details] [full text]

[show all]
Environment marine
Distribution  Trusted: edited by a thematic editortype locality Atlantic [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
From other sources
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLebanese Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPublished in AlgaeBase Logo AlgaeBase 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (17 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (12 nucleotides; 0 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:42849 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorDistribution Widely distributed in warm temperate to tropical waters.
 [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIdentification Principal characteristics

* 56-68 µm long
* broad wedge-shaped
* sulcus more or less straight

This species may be confused with Phalacroma rapa (see images below) which is non-toxic.
 [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorToxicology Neither blooms nor DSP outbreaks linked to the occurrence of Phalacroma mitra have ever been reported.

A single analysis of picked cells of Phalacroma mitra (as Dinophysis mitra) from Japan by HPLC-FD (Lee et al. 1989) reported 10 pg of DTX1 per cell.

 [details]
ImagesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Phalacroma mitra
Phalacroma mitra
Phalacroma rapa
Phalacroma rapa
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:232491
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2006-07-24 10:32:07Z  created  Camba Reu, Cibran
2007-10-17 15:07:21Z  changed  db_admin
2008-09-08 11:43:08Z  changed  Decock, Wim
2008-11-20 10:21:18Z  changed  Moestrup, Øjvind
2010-10-12 11:37:52Z  changed  Larsen, Jacob
2011-07-18 07:02:06Z  checked  Guiry, Michael D.
  
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  Citation: Guiry, Michael D. (2014). Phalacroma mitra F.Schütt, 1895. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2014). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=232491 on 2014-10-21
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License