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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma mitra F.Schütt, 1895 
AphiaID: 232491

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChromista (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarosa (Subkingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlveolata (Infrakingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyzozoa (Phylum) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDinozoa (Subphylum) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDinoflagellata (Infraphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophyceae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysiales (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysiaceae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma mitra (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma Stein, 1883
Orig. name Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma mitra F.Schütt, 1895
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis dolychopterygium (Murray & Whitting, 1899) Balech, 1967
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis mitra (F.Schütt) T.H.Abé, 1967
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis mitra (F.Schütt) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma dolichopterygium Jörgensen, 1923 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProdinophysis mitra (Schütt) Balech (synonym)
Sources  basis of record Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details] [full text]

[show all]
Environment marine, terrestrial
Distribution  Trusted: edited by a thematic editortype locality Atlantic Ocean [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
From regional or thematic species database
Mexico
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorMexico (origin: alien[details]
From other sources
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Lebanon
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLebanese Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPublished in AlgaeBase Logo AlgaeBase 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (17 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (12 nucleotides; 0 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:42849 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorDistribution Widely distributed in warm temperate to tropical waters.
 [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIdentification Principal characteristics

* 56-68 µm long
* broad wedge-shaped
* sulcus more or less straight

This species may be confused with Phalacroma rapa (see images below) which is non-toxic.
 [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorToxicology Neither blooms nor DSP outbreaks linked to the occurrence of Phalacroma mitra have ever been reported.

A single analysis of picked cells of Phalacroma mitra (as Dinophysis mitra) from Japan by HPLC-FD (Lee et al. 1989) reported 10 pg of DTX1 per cell.

 [details]
ImagesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Phalacroma mitra
Phalacroma mitra
Phalacroma rapa
Phalacroma rapa
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:232491
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2006-07-24 10:32:07Z  created  Camba Reu, Cibran
2007-10-17 15:07:21Z  changed  db_admin
2008-09-08 11:43:08Z  changed  Decock, Wim
2008-11-20 10:21:18Z  changed  Moestrup, Øjvind
2010-10-12 11:37:52Z  changed  Larsen, Jacob
2011-07-18 07:02:06Z  checked  Guiry, Michael D.
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z  changed  Guiry, Michael D.
  
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  Citation: Guiry, Michael D. (2015). Phalacroma mitra F.Schütt, 1895. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2016). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/traits/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=232491 on 2016-12-10
  Copyright notice: the information originating from AlgaeBase may not be downloaded or replicated by any means, without the written permission of the copyright owner (generally AlgaeBase). Fair usage of data in scientific publications is permitted.