WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalacroma rotundatum (Claparéde & Lachmann) Kofoid & Michener, 1911

156505  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:156505)

accepted
Species
marine, terrestrial
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann, 1859) Claparède E. & Lachmann J. (1859). Etudes sur les Infusoires et les Rhizopodes. Mém. Inst. Genev. 5, 6: 489 pp. [details]   
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorDistribution North Sea  
Trusted: edited by a thematic editortype locality contained in North Sea [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:45000  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:45000 [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution cosmopolitan; warm and cold waters.  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution cosmopolitan; warm and cold waters. [details]
Guiry, Michael D. (2015). Phalacroma rotundatum. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=156505 on 2017-12-15

Date
action
by
2005-05-19 10:34:44Z
created
2007-10-17 15:07:21Z
changed
db_admin
2008-03-27 13:16:17Z
checked
2008-11-20 10:21:18Z
changed
2012-10-23 08:08:43Z
changed
2012-12-11 15:19:23Z
changed
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed

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original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann, 1859) Claparède E. & Lachmann J. (1859). Etudes sur les Infusoires et les Rhizopodes. Mém. Inst. Genev. 5, 6: 489 pp. [details]   

basis of record Horner, R.A. 2002. A taxonomic guide to some common marine phytoplankton. Biopress Ltd. Bristol. 195 p.  [details]   

additional source Martin, J.L., M.M. LeGresley and P.M. Strain. 2001. Phytoplankton monitoring in the Western Isles region of the Bay of Fundy during 1997-98. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2349. iv + 85 p. [details]   

additional source Scott, F.J.; Marchant, H.J. (Ed.). (2005). Antarctic marine protists. Australian Biological Resources Study: Canberra. ISBN 0-642-56835-9. 563 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Steidinger, K. A., M. A. Faust, and D. U. Hernández-Becerril. 2009. Dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 131–154 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College [details]   

additional source Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source Balech, E. (1962). Tintinnoinea y Dinoflagellata del Pacífico según material de las expediciones Norpac y Downwind del Instituto Scripps de Oceanografía. Rev. Mus. Arg. Cs. Nat. “B. Rivadavia”, C. Zool. 7(1): 1-253, 26 pl. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Chang, F.H.; Charleston, W.A.G.; McKenna, P.B.; Clowes, C.D.; Wilson, G.J.; Broady, P.A. (2012). Phylum Myzozoa: dinoflagellates, perkinsids, ellobiopsids, sporozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2012). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 3. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. pp. 175-216. [details]   

additional source Steidinger, K.A.; Tangen, K. (1997). Dinoflagellates. pp. 387-584. In: C.R. Tomas (ed.) (1997). Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780126930184500057 [details]   

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann, 1859) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann, 1859) Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann, 1859) Brandt, S. (2001). Dinoflagellates, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 47-53 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann, 1859) Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann, 1859) Meunier, A. (1919). Microplankton de la Mer Flamande: 3. Les Péridiniens. Mémoires du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique = Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Natuurhistorisch Museum van België, VIII(1). Hayez, imprimeur de l'Académie royale de Belgique: Bruxelles. 111, 7 plates pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann, 1859) Abé, T.H. (1967). The armoured Dinoflagellata: II. Prorocentridae and Dinophysidae (B) - Dinophysis and its allied genera. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory. 2: 37-78. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann, 1859) Cembella A. 1989. Occurrence of okadaic acid, a major diarrheic shellfish toxin, in natural populations of Dinophysis spp. from the eastern coast of North America. J. Appl. Phycol. 1: 307-310. [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann, 1859) Lee J.S., lgarashi T., Fraga S., Dahl E., Hovgaard P. & Yasumoto T. (1989). Determination of diarrhetic shellfish toxins in various dinoflagellate species. J. Appl. Phycol. 1, 147-152. [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann, 1859) Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann, 1859) Lakkis, S. (2011). Le phytoplancton marin du Liban (Méditerranée orientale): biologie, biodiversité, biogéographie. Aracne: Roma. ISBN 978-88-548-4243-4. 293 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann, 1859) Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann, 1859) Meunier, A. (1910). Microplankton des Mers de Barents et de Kara. Duc d'Orléans. Campagne arctique de 1907. Imprimerie scientifique Charles Bulens: Bruxelles, Belgium. 355 + atlas (XXXVII plates) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann, 1859) Abé, T.H. (1927). Report of the biological survey of Mutsu Bay. 3. Notes on the protozoan fauna of Mutsu Bay. I. Peridiniales. Science Reports of the Tohoku Imperial University, Series 4. 2: 383-438. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann, 1859) Balech, E. (2002). Dinoflagelados tecados tóxicos en el Cono Sur Americano. En: SAR, E.A., FERRARIO, M.E. & REGUERA, B. (Eds.). Floraciones Algales Nocivas en el Cono Sur Americano. Instituto Español de Oceanografía. pp. 123-144. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis rotundata Levander, 1894) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis rotundata Levander, 1894) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis whittingae Balech, 1971) Balech, E. (1978). Microplancton de la campaña Productividad IV. Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia" (Hidrobiología). 5(7): 137-201, 9 pl. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis whittingae Balech, 1971) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis whittingae Balech, 1971) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis whittingiae Balech, 1971) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorProdinophysis rotundatum (Claparéde & Lachmann) Balech, 1944) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorProdinophysis rotundata (Claparède & Lachmann) Balech) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophysis whittingae Balech, 1971) Steidinger, K. A., M. A. Faust, and D. U. Hernández-Becerril. 2009. Dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 131–154 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Lam CWY. & Ho KC. (1988). Phytoplankton characteristics of Tolo Harbour. In: Morton B, editor. Asian Marine Biology 6. pp 5-18. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:45000 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorHarmful effect HPLC-FD analysis of one sample of picked cells of Japanese strains of D. rotundata found it containing DTX1 (101 pg/cell)(Lee et al. 1989).
No toxins detected in HPLC-FD analyses of dense blooms of P. rotundatum (as Dinophysis rotundata) from eastern Canada (Cembella 1989) and Italy (Caroppo et al. 1999).
No toxins in picked cells analyzed by LC-MS in Japan (Suzuki et al. 2009).
When P. rotundatum was found co-occurring with toxic species of Dinophysis (D. acuminata, D. acuta, D. norvegica, D. caudata), LC-MS analyses of picked cells showed either small amounts of the same toxins (OA, DTXs, PTXs) present in the co-occurring Dinophysis species or no toxins at all (Miles et al. 2004; González-Gil et al. 2011).
Miles et al. (2004) found the same toxins in 3 heterotrophic species of Protoperidinium co-occurring with the same multispecific bloom (D. acuminata, D. acuta, D. norvegica and P. rotundatum).
There is growing suspicion that P. rotundatum is not a toxin-producer de novo, but may contain DSP toxins and act as a vector after feeding on tintinnids who preyed on toxic Dinophysis (reviewed in González-Gil et al. 2011).

 [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet general for group: both heterotrophic (eat other organisms) and autotrophic (photosynthetic) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution cosmopolitan; warm and cold waters. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat pelagic [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorImportance General: known for producing dangerous toxins, particularly when in large numbers, called "red tides" because the cells are so abundant they make water change color. Also they can produce non-fatal or fatal amounts of toxins in predators (particularly shellfish) that may be eaten by humans. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPredators marine microorganisms and animal larvae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction general for group: both sexual and asexual [details]
 

Dinophysis rotundata
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Dinophysis rotundata
[image from synonym]

Dinophysis rotundata
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Dinophysis rotundata
[image from synonym]

JPG file
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor 
[image from synonym]

PlanktonNet Image
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPlanktonNet Image
[hosted externally]

PlanktonNet Image
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPlanktonNet Image
[hosted externally; from synonym]