WoRMS taxon details

Mnemiopsis leidyi A. Agassiz, 1865

106401  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:106401)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution Virginian, southside of Cape Cod to Cape Hatteras  
Distribution Virginian, southside of Cape Cod to Cape Hatteras [details]
Mills, C.E. Internet (1998-present). Phylum Ctenophora: list of all valid species names. Electronic internet document. Mnemiopsis leidyi A. Agassiz, 1865. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=106401 on 2018-04-24
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-09-20 08:42:16Z
changed
Martinez, Olga
2008-01-04 16:28:44Z
changed
2011-02-09 12:41:24Z
checked

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Ctenophora, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 122-123 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Pollock, L.W. (1998). A practical guide to the marine animals of northeastern North America. Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick, New Jersey & London. 367 pp., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=i1AmT31cuR4C  [details]   

additional source Streftaris, N.; Zenetos, A.; Papathanassiou, E. (2005). Globalisation in marine ecosystems: the story of non-indigenous marine species across European seas. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 43: 419-453. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Savini, D.; Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A. (2006). Consumption rates and prey preference of the invasive gastropod Rapana venosa in the Northern Adriatic Sea. Helgol. Mar. Res. 60(2): 153-159. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Zenetos, A., M.E. Çinar, M.A. Pancucci-Papadopoulou, J.G. Harmelin, G. Furnari, F. Andaloro, N. Bellou, N. Streftaris & H. Zibrowius. (2005). Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species. Mediterranean Marine Science 6(2):63-118. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Moss, A. G. 2009. Ctenophora of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 403–411 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Mills, C. E. (1998-present). Phylum Ctenophora: list of all valid species names. [Internet]., available online at http://faculty.washington.edu/cemills/Ctenolist.html [details]   

additional source Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A.; Marchini, A.; Cantone, G.; Castelli, A.; Chimenz, C.; Cormaci, M.; Froglia, C.; Furnari, G.; Gambi, M. C.; Giaccone, G.; Giangrande, A.; Gravili, C.; Mastrototaro, F.; Mazziotti, C.; Orsi-Relini, L.; Piraino, S. (2010). Alien species along the Italian coasts: an overview. Biological Invasions. 13(1): 215-237., available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-010-9803-y [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Mediterranean Marine Science. 11(2): 381-493., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.87 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]   

basis of record  (ofMnemiopsis mccradyi Mayer, 1900) Moss, A. G. 2009. Ctenophora of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 403–411 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. BioInvasions Records. 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Schelde) (2010). Bedreiging voor biodiversiteit. Indicatoren voor het Schelde-estuarium. Opgemaakt in opdracht van Afdeling Maritieme Toegang, projectgroep EcoWaMorSe, Vlaams Nederlandse Scheldecommissie. VLIZ Information Sheets, 200. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee (VLIZ): Oostende. 7 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species abundance in Israeli part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Common [details]

Introduced species abundance in Danish part of the Kattegat (Marine Region) : Common [details]

Introduced species abundance in Israeli part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Common [details]

Introduced species abundance in Baltic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Locally common [details]

Introduced species abundance in Baltic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Common [details]

Introduced species abundance in Spanish part of the Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin (Marine Region) : Locally common [details]

Introduced species impact in Israeli part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Alters trophic interactions [details]

Introduced species impact in Baltic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Consumes native species (predator or herbivore) [details]

Introduced species impact in Belgian part of the North Sea (Marine Region) : Consumes native species (predator or herbivore) [details]

Introduced species impact in Ukraine (Nation) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species impact in Aegean Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Alters trophic interactions [details]

Introduced species impact in Spanish part of the Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin (Marine Region) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Introduced species impact in Baltic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Consumes native species (predator or herbivore) [details]

Introduced species impact in Belgian part of the North Sea (Marine Region) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

Introduced species impact in Israeli part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Introduced species impact in Black Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Alters trophic interactions [details]

Introduced species population trend in Belgian part of the North Sea (Marine Region) : Increasing [details]

Introduced species remark in Baltic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Despite the low present predation impact by M. leidyi on zooplankton, the ctenophore may exert a significant predatory influence on Baltic cod eggs at relatively low abundances due to an overlap in their vertical distribution in the Bornholm Basin. [details]

Introduced species remark In Israeli part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Swarms of the species pose a threat to local coastal power and desalination plants. Plant engineers were forced to increase the frequency of backwash cycles in the pretreatment stage and consequently increasing the discharge of coagulants such as ferric s [details]

Introduced species remark In Baltic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : High potential for explosive population development and negative influences on fish stocks [details]

Introduced species remark In Slovenian part of the Adriatic Sea (Marine Region) : After the first record in 2005 of a swarm of M. leidyi the species was not reported again in the Gulf of Trieste or other areas of the Adriatic Sea (Lipej et al. 2012) [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Ukraine (Nation) : Shipping [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Israeli part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Ships: accidental with ballast water, sea water systems, live wells or other deck basins [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Slovenian part of the Adriatic Sea (Marine Region) : Ships: accidental with ballast water, sea water systems, live wells or other deck basins [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Baltic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Ships: accidental with ballast water, sea water systems, live wells or other deck basins [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Belgian part of the North Sea (Marine Region) : Ships: accidental with ballast water, sea water systems, live wells or other deck basins [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Israeli part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Ships: accidental with ballast water, sea water systems, live wells or other deck basins [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Belgian part of the North Sea: Ships: accidental with ballast water, sea water systems, live wells or other deck basins [details]

From other sources
Alien species The sea walnut Mnemiopsis leidyi is an infamous predator of zooplankton and fish eggs. The species’ natural area of distribution is along the Atlantic coast of North- and South-America. In the 1980's the sea walnut was accidently introduced in the Black Sea as a stowaway in ballast water of cargo ships. The introduction led to a collapse of the ecosystem. Since a couple of years, the sea walnut is also present in the North Sea, and we now have to wait and see what ecological consequences it will bring to the region. [details]

Distribution Virginian, southside of Cape Cod to Cape Hatteras [details]

Remark Introduced in Belgium since 2007. [details]
 

LanguageName 
Danish dræbergopleAmerikansk ribbegople  [details]
Dutch Leidy's ribkwalAmerikaanse ribkwalAmerikaanse langlob-ribkwal  [details]
English warty comb jellysea walnutAmerican comb jelly  [details]
Finnish amerikankampamaneetti  [details]
French cténophore américain  [details]
German Meereswallnuss  [details]
Italian noce di mare  [details]
Swedish amerikansk kammanet  [details]
JPG file
 

PlanktonNet Image
PlanktonNet Image
[hosted externally]