WoRMS taxon details

Phallusia nigra Savigny, 1816

103725  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:103725)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Savigny, J. C. (1816). Memoires sur les animaux sans vertebres. <em>Paris.</em> 2: 1-239. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Shenkar, N.; Gittenberger, A.; Lambert, G.; Rius, M.; Moreira Da Rocha, R.; Swalla, B.J.; Turon, X. (2018). Ascidiacea World Database. Phallusia nigra Savigny, 1816. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=103725 on 2018-11-18
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-12-05 12:32:01Z
checked

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original description Savigny, J. C. (1816). Memoires sur les animaux sans vertebres. <em>Paris.</em> 2: 1-239. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofAscidia atra Lesueur, 1823) Lesueur, C. A. (1823). Descriptions of several new species of Ascidia. <em>Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia.</em> 3: 2-8. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofAscidia somaliensis Sluiter, 1905) Sluiter, C. P. (1905). Tuniciers recueillis en 1904 par Mr. Ch. Gravier dans le golfe de Tadjourah (Somalie française). Bull. Mus. Hist. nat.,Paris, 11 : 100-103. [details]   

original description  (ofPhallusia violacea Gould, 1852) Gould, A. A. (1852). Mollusca and shells. <em>In: United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842 under the command of Charles Wilkes. Boston.</em> 12: 1-510; atlas 1856: 1-16., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/41360#page/11/mode/1up [details]   

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. <em>BioInvasions Records.</em> 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Monniot, C. (2001). Ascidiacea & Sorberacea. <em>In: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: pp. 352-355. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Millar, R. H. (1975). Ascidians from the Indo-West-Pacific region in the zoological museum, Copenhagen (Tunicata, Ascidiacea). <em>Steenstrupia.</em> 3(20): 205-336. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Streftaris, N.; Zenetos, A.; Papathanassiou, E. (2005). Globalisation in marine ecosystems: the story of non-indigenous marine species across European seas. <em>Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev.</em> 43: 419-453. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Zenetos, A., M.E. Çinar, M.A. Pancucci-Papadopoulou, J.G. Harmelin, G. Furnari, F. Andaloro, N. Bellou, N. Streftaris & H. Zibrowius. (2005). Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species. Mediterranean Marine Science 6(2):63-118. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cole, L. and G. Lambert. 2009. Tunicata (Urochordata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1209–1216 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Bonnet, N. Y. K.; Rocha, R. M. (2011). The family Ascidiidae Herdman (Tunicata: Ascidiacea) in Bocas del Toro, Panama. Description of six new species. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 2864:1–33. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. <em>Mediterranean Marine Science.</em> 11(2): 381-493., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.87 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Bonnet, N. Y. K.; Rocha, R. M. (2011). The Ascidiidae (Ascidiacea: Tunicata) of coastal Brazil. <em>Zoological Studies.</em> 50, 809-825. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Rocha, R. M.; Bonnet, N. Y. K; Baptista, M. S.; Beltramin, F. S. (2012). Introduced and native Phlebobranch and Stolidobranch solitary ascidians (Tunicata: Ascidiacea) around Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. <em>Zoologia.</em> 29(1):39-53.
page(s): 43 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Izquierdo-Muñoz, A.; Díaz-Valdés, M.; Ramos-Esplá, A.A. (2009). Recent non-indigenous ascidians in the Mediterranean Sea. <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 4(1): 59-64., available online at http://www.aquaticinvasions.net/2009/AI_2009_4_1_IzquierdoMunoz_etal.pdf [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Galil, B. (2007). Seeing Red: Alien species along the Mediterranean coast of Israel. <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 2(4): 281-312., available online at https://doi.org/10.3391/ai.2007.2.4.2 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Vandepas, L. E.; Oliveira, L. M.; Lee, S. S.; Hirose, E.; Rocha, R. M.; Swalla, B.J. (2015). Biogeography of Phallusia nigra: Is it really black and white?. <em>The Biological Bulletin.</em> 228: 52-64. [details]   

additional source van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Genetic nomenclature abbreviation Phnigr [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species abundance in Hawaiian part of the North Pacific Ocean (Marine Region) : Rare [details]

Introduced species impact in Greek part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species impact in Greece (Nation) : Human health [details]

Introduced species impact in Israel (Nation) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Israeli part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Ships : General [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (IHO Sea Area) : Canals: natural range expansion through man-made canals
Phallusia nigra probably entered the Mediterranean from the Red Sea, through fouling on ships traversing the Suez Canal.  [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Israel (Nation) : Canals: natural range expansion through man-made canals
Phallusia nigra probably entered the Mediterranean from the Red Sea, through fouling on ships traversing the Suez Canal.  [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Greek part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Ships: accidental as attached or free-living fouling organisms [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Greek part of the Aegean Sea (Marine Region) : Shipping [details]