WoRMS taxon details

Pycnophyes Zelinka, 1907

101089  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:101089)

accepted
Genus
Centrophyes Zelinka, 1907 (juvenile stage of Pycnophyidae)
Hyalophyes Zelinka, 1907 (juvenile stage of Pycnophyidae)
Species Pycnophyes alexandroi Pardos, Sánchez & Herranz, 2016
Species Pycnophyes almansae Sánchez, Herranz, Benito & Pardos, 2014
Species Pycnophyes ancalagon Sørensen & Grzelak, 2018
Species Pycnophyes apotomus (Higgins, 1983) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016
Species Pycnophyes aulacodes Sánchez, Pardos, Herranz & Benito, 2011
Species Pycnophyes beaufortensis Higgins, 1964
Species Pycnophyes communis Zelinka, 1908
Species Pycnophyes egyptensis Higgins, 1966
Species Pycnophyes frequens Blake, 1930
Species Pycnophyes giganteus (Zelinka, 1908) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016
Species Pycnophyes ilyocryptus (Higgins, 1961) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016
Species Pycnophyes kukulkan Sánchez & Martínez, 2019
Species Pycnophyes neuhausi Higgins, 2004 in Martorelli & Higgins, 2004
Species Pycnophyes newguiniensis Adrianov, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999
Species Pycnophyes newzealandiensis Adrianov, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999
Species Pycnophyes norenburgi Herranz, Sánchez, Pardos & Higgins, 2014
Species Pycnophyes oshoroensis Yamasaki, Kajihara & Mawatari, 2012
Species Pycnophyes paraneapolitanus (Sheremetevskij, 1974) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016
Species Pycnophyes parasanjuanensis Adrianov & Higgins, 1996
Species Pycnophyes robustus Zelinka, 1928
Species Pycnophyes sanjuanensis Higgins, 1961
Species Pycnophyes schornikovi Adrianov, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999
Species Pycnophyes stenopygus (Higgins, 1983) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016
Species Pycnophyes tubuliferus Adrianov, 1989
Species Pycnophyes zelinkaei Southern, 1914

Species Pycnophyes echinoderoides Zelinka, 1928 (taxon inquirendum)

Species Pycnophyes biserratus (Zelinka, 1928) (nomen dubium)
Species Pycnophyes conspicuus (Zelinka, 1928) (nomen dubium)
Species Pycnophyes curvatus (Zelinka, 1928) (nomen dubium)
Species Pycnophyes denticulatus (Zelinka, 1928) (nomen dubium)
Species Pycnophyes diffusus (Zelinka, 1928) (nomen dubium)
Species Pycnophyes longihastatus (Zelinka, 1928) (nomen dubium)
Species Pycnophyes longisetosus (Zelinka, 1928) (nomen dubium)
Species Pycnophyes moderatus (Zelinka, 1928) (nomen dubium)
Species Pycnophyes naviculus (Zelinka, 1928) (nomen dubium)
Species Pycnophyes rectilineatus (Zelinka, 1928) (nomen dubium)
Species Pycnophyes solidus (Zelinka, 1928) (nomen dubium)
Species Pycnophyes tenuis (Zelinka, 1928) (nomen dubium)
Species Pycnophyes validus (Zelinka, 1928) (nomen dubium)

Species Pycnophyes abyssorum Adrianov & Maiorova, 2015 accepted as Cristaphyes abyssorum (Adrianov & Maiorova, 2015) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes acercus (Reinhard, 1885) Bacescu, 1968 accepted as Kinorhynchus acercus (Reinhard, 1885) (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes arctous Adrianov, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999 accepted as Cristaphyes arctous (Adrianov, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes argentinensis Martorelli & Higgins, 2004 accepted as Krakenella argentinensis (Martorelli & Higgins, 2004) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes australensis Lemburg, 2002 accepted as Setaphyes australensis (Lemburg, 2002) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes barentsi Adrianov, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999 accepted as Krakenella barentsi (Adrianov, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes borealis Higgins & Korczynski, 1989 accepted as Krakenella borealis (Higgins & Korczynski, 1989) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes calmani Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Pycnophyes communis Zelinka, 1908 (junior synonym)
Species Pycnophyes canadensis Higgins & Korczynski, 1989 accepted as Krakenella canadensis (Higgins & Korczynski, 1989) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes carinata Zelinka, 1912 accepted as Pycnophyes carinatus Zelinka, 1912 accepted as Cristaphyes carinatus (Zelinka, 1912) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (erroneus spelling)
Species Pycnophyes carinatus Zelinka, 1912 accepted as Cristaphyes carinatus (Zelinka, 1912) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes chalgap Sánchez, Rho, Min, Kim & Sørensen, 2013 accepted as Leiocanthus chalgap (Sánchez, Rho, Min, Kim & Sørensen, 2013) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes chilensis Lang, 1953 accepted as Cristaphyes chilensis (Lang, 1953) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes chukchiensis Higgins, 1991 accepted as Cristaphyes chukchiensis (Higgins, 1991) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes corrugatus Higgins, 1983 accepted as Leiocanthus corrugatus (Higgins, 1983) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes cristatus Sánchez, Rho, Min, Ki & Sørensen, 2013 accepted as Cristaphyes cristatus (Sánchez, Rho, Min, Kim & Sørensen, 2013) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes cryopygus Higgins & Kristensen, 1988 accepted as Cristaphyes cryopygus (Higgins & Kristensen, 1988) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes dentatus (Reinhard, 1881) accepted as Setaphyes dentatus (Reinhard, 1881) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes dolichurus Sánchez, Pardos, Herranz & Benito, 2011 accepted as Higginsium dolichurum (Sánchez, Pardos, Herranz & Benito, 2011) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes dubius (Reinhard, 1885) accepted as Kinorhynchus dubius (Reinhard, 1885) (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes ecphantor Higgins, 1983 accepted as Leiocanthus ecphantor (Higgins, 1983) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes emarginatus Higgins, 1983 accepted as Leiocanthus emarginatus (Higgins, 1983) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes farinellii Sánchez, Pardos & Sørensen, 2014 accepted as Krakenella farinellii (Sánchez, Pardos & Sørensen, 2014) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes faveolus Brown, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999 accepted as Leiocanthus faveolus (Brown, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes flagellatus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Paracentrophyes quadridentatus (Zelinka, 1928) (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes flaveolata Zelinka, 1908 accepted as Pycnophyes flaveolatus Zelinka, 1908 accepted as Setaphyes flaveolatus (Zelinka, 1908) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (erroneous spelling)
Species Pycnophyes flaveolatus Zelinka, 1908 accepted as Setaphyes flaveolatus (Zelinka, 1908) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes furugelmi Adrianov, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999 accepted as Cristaphyes furugelmi (Adrianov, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes galtsovae Adrianov, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999 accepted as Krakenella galtsovae (Adrianov, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes greenlandicus Higgins & Kristensen, 1988 accepted as Krakenella greenlandica (Higgins & Kristensen, 1988) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes iniorhaptus Higgins, 1983 accepted as Setaphyes iniorhaptus (Higgins, 1983) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes kielensis Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Setaphyes kielensis (Zelinka, 1928) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes lageria Sánchez, Herranz, Benito & Pardos, 2014 accepted as Leiocanthus lageria (Sánchez, Herranz, Benito & Pardos, 2014) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes longicornis Higgins, 1983 accepted as Cristaphyes longicornis (Higgins, 1983) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes maximus Reimer, 1963 accepted as Krakenella maxima (Reimer, 1963) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes metschnikoffi (Reinhard, 1885) accepted as Kinorhynchus metschnikowii (Reinhard, 1885) (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes mokievskii Adrianov, 1995 accepted as Krakenella mokievskii (Adrianov, 1995) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes neapolitanus Bacescu, 1968 accepted as Pycnophyes ponticus (Reinhard, 1881) accepted as Fujuriphyes ponticus (Reinhard, 1881) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016
Species Pycnophyes nubilis Sánchez, Pardos & Sørensen, 2014 accepted as Cristaphyes nubilis (Sánchez, Pardos & Sørensen, 2014) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes odhneri Lang, 1949 accepted as Cristaphyes odhneri (Lang, 1949) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes pardosi Sánchez, Rho, Min, Kim & Sørensen, 2013 accepted as Leiocanthus pardosi (Sánchez, Rho, Min, Kim & Sørensen, 2013) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes parvulus (Reinhard, 1881) accepted as Kinorhynchus parvulus (Reinhard, 1881) (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes pellucidus (Reinhard, 1881) Bacescu, 1968 accepted as Pycnophyes kielensis Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Setaphyes kielensis (Zelinka, 1928) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (juvenile stage)
Species Pycnophyes ponticus (Reinhard, 1881) accepted as Fujuriphyes ponticus (Reinhard, 1881) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes quadridentatus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Paracentrophyes quadridentatus (Zelinka, 1928) (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes rugosus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Fujuriphyes rugosus (Zelinka, 1928) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes sculptus Lang, 1949 accepted as Leiocanthus sculptus (Lang, 1949) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes smaug Sánchez, Rho, Min, Kim & Sørensen, 2013 accepted as Krakenella smaug (Sánchez, Rho, Min, Kim & Sørensen, 2013) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
Species Pycnophyes spitsbergensis Adrianov, 1995 accepted as Krakenella spitsbergensis (Adrianov, 1995) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (new combination)
marine
Zelinka, C. (1907). Zur Kenntnis der Echinoderen. <em>Zoologischer Anzeiger.</em> 32(5): 130-136. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Etymology The genus name was derived from Greek πυκνός pyknos, dense, sturdy, and from Greek phyo, let develop, made by nature,...  
Etymology The genus name was derived from Greek πυκνός pyknos, dense, sturdy, and from Greek phyo, let develop, made by nature, a common suffix of homalorhagid genera, and referred to the remotely rectanguar outline, which was opposite to the more slender, cigar-shaped habitus of Echinoderes, one of the few genera known in 19th century. [details]
Neuhaus, B. (2021). World Kinorhyncha Database. Pycnophyes Zelinka, 1907. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=101089 on 2021-04-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2013-05-30 10:32:22Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Zelinka, C. (1907). Zur Kenntnis der Echinoderen. <em>Zoologischer Anzeiger.</em> 32(5): 130-136. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Hyalophyes Zelinka, 1907) Zelinka, C. (1907). Zur Kenntnis der Echinoderen. <em>Zoologischer Anzeiger.</em> 32(5): 130-136. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Centrophyes Zelinka, 1907) Zelinka, C. (1907). Zur Kenntnis der Echinoderen. <em>Zoologischer Anzeiger.</em> 32(5): 130-136. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Neuhaus, B.; van der Land, J. (2001). Cephalorhyncha (=Loricifera, Priapulida, Kinorhyncha, Nematomorpha), <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 159-160 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Howson, C.M.; Picton, B.E. (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. <em>Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8.</em> vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Neuhaus, B.; Higgins, R. P.; Paavo, B. (2010). Phylum Kinorhyncha: mud dragons, New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 2 Kingdom Animalia: Chaetognatha, Ecdysozoa, Ichnofossils. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch. pp. 468-471. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

identification resource Adrianov, A. V.; Higgins, R. P. (1996). Pycnophyes parasanjuanensis, a new kinorhynch (Kinorhyncha: Homalorhagida: Pycnophyidae) from San Juan Island. <em>Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington.</em> 109 (2): 236-247., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/itempdf/107744 [details]   

identification resource Adrianov, A. V. (1995). The first description of kinorhynchs from the Spitsbergen Archipelago (Greenland Sea), with a key to the genus Pycnophyes (Homalorhagida, Kinorhyncha). <em>Canadian Journal of Zoology.</em> 73(8): 1554-1566., available online at https://doi.org/10.1139/z95-184 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

identification resource Sánchez, N.; Pardos, F.; Sørensen, M. V. (2014). Deep-sea Kinorhyncha: two new species from the Guinea Basin, with evaluation of an unusual male feature. <em>Organisms Diversity & Evolution.</em> 14(4): 349-361., available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/s13127-014-0182-6
note: Identification key for species of Pycnophyes without ventral tubes on segment 2 in males. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

identification resource Higgins, R. P. (1983). The Atlantic barrier reef ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, II. Kinorhyncha. <em>Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences.</em> (18): 1-131., available online at https://doi.org/10.5479/si.01960768.18.1 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Etymology The genus name was derived from Greek πυκνός pyknos, dense, sturdy, and from Greek phyo, let develop, made by nature, a common suffix of homalorhagid genera, and referred to the remotely rectanguar outline, which was opposite to the more slender, cigar-shaped habitus of Echinoderes, one of the few genera known in 19th century. [details]