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Ben Mustapha, K; Zarrouk, S.; Souissi, A.; El Abed, A. (2003). Diversité des Démosponges Tunisiennes. Bulletin Institut national des Sciences et Technologies de la mer de Salammbô. 30, 55-78.
9899
Ben Mustapha, K; Zarrouk, S.; Souissi, A.; El Abed, A.
2003
Diversité des Démosponges Tunisiennes.
Bulletin Institut national des Sciences et Technologies de la mer de Salammbô
30, 55-78
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
La revue des travaux réalisés jusqu’en 2003, relatifs à la systématique des spongiaires, à la bionomie benthique et aux inventaires de la biodiversité marine en Tunisie, ainsi que les nombreuses signalisations récentes, nous ont permis de dresser une liste de 143 espèces de démosponges en Tunisie. Elles se répartissent dans 65 genres, 37 familles et 13 ordres (dont 3 sous ordres), et sont représentées de façon non homogène dans les régions Nord, Sud et Est de la Tunisie. La région Sud est la plus riche aussi bien au niveau générique que spécifique. Ces espèces sont classées en trois groupes différents. Le premier groupe est composé de 33 espèces à large répartition géographique s’étalant du Nord au Sud de la Tunisie ; le second groupe est composé de 37 espèces qui ont été signalées dans deux régions à la fois (Nord et Sud, Nord et Est ou Est et Sud). Le troisième groupe, composé de 72 espèces, est le plus important et la répartition géographique des espèces qui le composent est restreinte à l’une des trois régions retenues (soit la région Nord, ou bien la région Est ou bien la région Sud). Par ailleurs l’étude de similarité entre ces trois régions (coefficient de Czekanowski), plutôt faible et assez proche pour les 3 régions, ne permet pas de tirer une conclusion satisfaisante quant à la présence d’un centre potentiel de diffusion régionale. Bien au contraire la présence du contingent de 72 espèces à occurrence régionale unique, renforce l’idée de l’existence de spécificités régionales des stocks des démosponges tunisiennes, notamment dans la région Nord et Sud de la Tunisie.
Mediterranean Sea in general
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Aaptos aaptos (Schmidt, 1864) (additional source)
Acanthella acuta Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Acarnus tortilis Topsent, 1892 (additional source)
Agelas oroides (Schmidt, 1864) (additional source)
Aka labyrinthica (Hancock, 1849) accepted as Siphonodictyon labyrinthicum (Hancock, 1849) (misapplication)
Ancorina radix Marenzeller, 1889 (additional source)
Aplysilla sulfurea Schulze, 1878 (additional source)
Aplysina aerophoba (Nardo, 1833) (additional source)
Axinella cannabina (Esper, 1794) (additional source)
Axinella damicornis (Esper, 1794) (additional source)
Axinella polypoides Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Axinella verrucosa (Esper, 1794) (additional source)
Axinyssa digitata (Cabioch, 1968) (additional source)
Batzella inops (Topsent, 1891) (additional source)
Cacospongia mollior Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Calyx nicaeensis (Risso, 1826) (additional source)
Chondrilla nucula Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Chondrosia reniformis Nardo, 1847 (additional source)
Cinachyrella kuekenthali (Uliczka, 1929) (misapplication)
Clathria coralloides (Scopoli, 1772) represented as Clathria (Clathria) coralloides (Scopoli, 1772) (additional source)
Clathria toxivaria (Sarà, 1959) represented as Clathria (Clathria) toxivaria (Sarà, 1959) (additional source)
Cliona celata Grant, 1826 (additional source)
Cliona janitrix Topsent, 1932 (additional source)
Cliona nigricans (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Cliona viridis (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Cliona rhodensis Rützler & Bromley, 1981 (additional source)
Cliona schmidtii (Ridley, 1881) (additional source)
Cliona vastifica Hancock, 1849 accepted as Pione vastifica (Hancock, 1849) (additional source)
Cliona viridis (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Cliothosa hancocki (Topsent, 1888) (additional source)
Crambe crambe (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Crambe tailliezi Vacelet & Boury-Esnault, 1982 (additional source)
Darwinella intermedia Topsent, 1893 (additional source)
Dendroxea lenis (Topsent, 1892) (additional source)
Dercitus plicatus (Schmidt, 1868) represented as Dercitus (Stoeba) plicatus (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Dictyonella Schmidt, 1868 (additional source)
Dictyonella obtusa (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Dysidea avara (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Dysidea fragilis (Montagu, 1814) (additional source)
Dysidea tupha (Martens, 1824) (additional source)
Fasciospongia cavernosa (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Geodia conchilega Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Geodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767) (additional source)
Haliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826) represented as Haliclona (Reniera) cinerea (Grant, 1826) (additional source)
Haliclona fistulosa (Bowerbank, 1866) represented as Haliclona (Halichoclona) fistulosa (Bowerbank, 1866) (additional source)
Haliclona flava (Nardo, 1847) (additional source)
Haliclona mediterranea Griessinger, 1971 represented as Haliclona (Reniera) mediterranea Griessinger, 1971 (additional source)
Haliclona microxifer (Topsent, 1925) accepted as Haliclona (Gellius) microxifera (Topsent, 1925) (basis of record)
Haliclona oculata (Linnaeus, 1759) represented as Haliclona (Haliclona) oculata (Linnaeus, 1759) (additional source)
Haliclona semitubulosa (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) semitubulosa (Lamarck, 1814) (additional source)
Haliclona simulans (Johnston, 1842) represented as Haliclona (Haliclona) simulans (Johnston, 1842) (additional source)
Haliclona subtilis Griessinger, 1971 represented as Haliclona (Reniera) subtilis Griessinger, 1971 (additional source)
Halisarca metschnikovi Lévi, 1953 (additional source)
Hamigera hamigera (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Hemimycale columella (Bowerbank, 1874) (additional source)
Hippospongia communis (Lamarck, 1814) (additional source)
Holoxea furtiva Topsent, 1892 (additional source)
Hymedesmia campechiana Topsent, 1889 accepted as Tylosigma campechianum (Topsent, 1889) (misapplication)
Hymedesmia mollis Lundbeck, 1910 represented as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) mollis Lundbeck, 1910 (additional source)
Hymedesmia peachii Bowerbank, 1882 represented as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) peachii Bowerbank, 1882 (additional source)
Hymeniacidon sanguinea (Grant, 1826) accepted as Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) (additional source)
Hyrtios collectrix (Schulze, 1880) (additional source)
Ircinia chevreuxi (Topsent, 1894) (additional source)
Ircinia dendroides (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Ircinia fasciculata sensu Vacelet, 1959 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Ircinia foetida (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Sarcotragus foetidus Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Ircinia oros (Schmidt, 1864) (additional source)
Microciona duplex (Sarà, 1958) accepted as Clathria (Microciona) duplex Sarà, 1958 (additional source)
Microciona gradalis (Topsent, 1925) accepted as Clathria (Microciona) gradalis Topsent, 1925 (additional source)
Microciona haplotoxa (Topsent, 1928) accepted as Clathria (Microciona) haplotoxa (Topsent, 1928) (additional source)
Microciona strepsitoxa Hope, 1889 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) strepsitoxa (Hope, 1889) (additional source)
Mycale contareni (Lieberkühn, 1859) represented as Mycale (Aegogropila) contarenii (Lieberkühn, 1859) (additional source)
Mycale contarenii (Lieberkühn, 1859) accepted as Mycale (Aegogropila) contarenii (Lieberkühn, 1859) (additional source)
Mycale macilenta (Bowerbank, 1866) represented as Mycale (Carmia) macilenta (Bowerbank, 1866) (additional source)
Mycale massa (Schmidt, 1862) represented as Mycale (Mycale) massa (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Mycale rotalis (Bowerbank, 1874) represented as Mycale (Aegogropila) rotalis (Bowerbank, 1874) (additional source)
Myxilla rosacea (Lieberkühn, 1859) represented as Myxilla (Myxilla) rosacea (Lieberkühn, 1859) (additional source)
Petrosia ficiformis (Poiret, 1789) represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) ficiformis (Poiret, 1789) (additional source)
Phorbas dives (Topsent, 1891) (additional source)
Phorbas fictitius (Bowerbank, 1866) (additional source)
Phorbas paupertas sensu Boury-Esnault, 1971 accepted as Phorbas topsenti Vacelet & Perez, 2008 (additional source)
Phorbas tenacior (Topsent, 1925) (additional source)
Pione vastifica (Hancock, 1849) (additional source)
Plakina monolopha Schulze, 1880 (additional source)
Pleraplysilla spinifera (Schulze, 1879) (additional source)
Raspaciona aculeata (Johnston, 1842) (additional source)
Raspailia gracillima Topsent, 1894 (additional source)
Raspailia viminalis Schmidt, 1862 represented as Raspailia (Raspailia) viminalis Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Sarcotragus muscarum Schmidt, 1864 accepted as Sarcotragus foetidus Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Sarcotragus spinosula Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Sarcotragus spinosulus Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Scalarispongia scalaris (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Scopalina lophyropoda Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Siphonochalina coriacea Schmidt, 1868 (additional source)
Siphonochalina crassa Topsent, 1925 accepted as Haliclona (Haliclona) simulans (Johnston, 1842) (additional source)
Spirastrella cunctatrix Schmidt, 1868 (additional source)
Spiroxya corallophila (Calcinai, Cerrano & Bavestrello, 2002) (basis of record)
Spongia agaricina Pallas, 1766 represented as Spongia (Spongia) agaricina Pallas, 1766 (misapplication)
Spongia nitens (Schmidt, 1862) represented as Spongia (Spongia) nitens (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759 represented as Spongia (Spongia) officinalis Linnaeus, 1759 (additional source)
Spongia virgultosa (Schmidt, 1868) represented as Spongia (Spongia) virgultosa (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Spongia zimocca Schmidt, 1862 represented as Spongia (Spongia) zimocca Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Tunisia for Artemisina Vosmaer, 1885 
Tunisia for Callyspongia Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 
Tunisia for Chalinula Schmidt, 1868 
Tunisia for Dictyonella Schmidt, 1868 
Tunisia for Haliclona fistulosa (Pulitzer-Finali, 1993)  (inaccurate)
Tunisia for Hymeniacidon Bowerbank, 1858 
Tunisia for Tedania (Tedania) dieita 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Aaptos aaptos (Schmidt, 1864) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Aaptos aaptos (Schmidt, 1864) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Acanthella acuta Schmidt, 1862 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Acarnus tortilis Topsent, 1892 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Agelas oroides (Schmidt, 1864) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Ancorina radix Marenzeller, 1889 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Aplysilla sulfurea Schulze, 1878 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Aplysilla sulfurea Schulze, 1878 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Aplysina aerophoba (Nardo, 1833) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Aplysina aerophoba (Nardo, 1833) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Axinella damicornis (Esper, 1794) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Axinella polypoides Schmidt, 1862 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Axinella polypoides Schmidt, 1862 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Batzella inops (Topsent, 1891) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Cacospongia mollior Schmidt, 1862 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Cacospongia mollior Schmidt, 1862 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Calyx nicaeensis (Risso, 1826) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Chondrilla nucula Schmidt, 1862 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Chondrosia reniformis Nardo, 1847 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Cinachyrella kuekenthali (Uliczka, 1929)  (inaccurate)
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Clathria toxivaria (Sarà, 1959) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Cliona celata Grant, 1826 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Cliona celata Grant, 1826 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Cliona nigricans (Schmidt, 1862) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Cliona schmidtii (Ridley, 1881) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Cliona vastifica Hancock, 1849 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Cliona vastifica Hancock, 1849 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Cliona viridis (Schmidt, 1862) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Cliona viridis (Schmidt, 1862) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Cliothosa hancocki (Topsent, 1888) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Cliothosa hancocki (Topsent, 1888) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Cliothosa hancocki (Topsent, 1888) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Crambe crambe (Schmidt, 1862) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Crambe crambe (Schmidt, 1862) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Darwinella intermedia Topsent, 1893 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Dendroxea lenis (Topsent, 1892) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Dercitus plicatus (Schmidt, 1868) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Dictyonella obtusa (Schmidt, 1862) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Dysidea avara (Schmidt, 1862) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Dysidea avara (Schmidt, 1862) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Dysidea fragilis (Montagu, 1814) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Dysidea fragilis (Montagu, 1814) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Dysidea tupha (Martens, 1824) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Fasciospongia cavernosa (Schmidt, 1862) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Fasciospongia cavernosa (Schmidt, 1862) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Geodia conchilega Schmidt, 1862 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Geodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Haliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Haliclona fistulosa (Bowerbank, 1866) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Haliclona mediterranea Griessinger, 1971 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Haliclona mediterranea Griessinger, 1971 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Haliclona microxifer (Topsent, 1925) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Haliclona oculata (Linnaeus, 1759) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Haliclona simulans (Johnston, 1842) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Haliclona subtilis Griessinger, 1971 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Halisarca metschnikovi Lévi, 1953 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Hamigera hamigera (Schmidt, 1862) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Hamigera hamigera (Schmidt, 1862) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Hemimycale columella (Bowerbank, 1874) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Hippospongia communis (Lamarck, 1814) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Hippospongia communis (Lamarck, 1814) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Hippospongia communis (Lamarck, 1814) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Holoxea furtiva Topsent, 1892 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Hymedesmia campechiana Topsent, 1889  (inaccurate)
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Hymedesmia mollis Lundbeck, 1910 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Hymedesmia peachii Bowerbank, 1882 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Hymeniacidon sanguinea (Grant, 1826) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Hyrtios collectrix (Schulze, 1880) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Ircinia chevreuxi (Topsent, 1894) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Ircinia chevreuxi (Topsent, 1894) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Ircinia chevreuxi (Topsent, 1894) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Ircinia dendroides (Schmidt, 1862) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Ircinia dendroides (Schmidt, 1862) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Ircinia fasciculata sensu Vacelet, 1959 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Ircinia fasciculata sensu Vacelet, 1959 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Ircinia foetida (Schmidt, 1862) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Ircinia oros (Schmidt, 1864) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Microciona duplex (Sarà, 1958) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Microciona gradalis (Topsent, 1925) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Microciona haplotoxa (Topsent, 1928) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Microciona strepsitoxa Hope, 1889 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Mycale contarenii (Lieberkühn, 1859) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Mycale macilenta (Bowerbank, 1866) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Mycale massa (Schmidt, 1862) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Mycale rotalis (Bowerbank, 1874) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Myxilla rosacea (Lieberkühn, 1859) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Petrosia ficiformis (Poiret, 1789) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Petrosia ficiformis (Poiret, 1789) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Phorbas dives (Topsent, 1891) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Phorbas fictitius (Bowerbank, 1866) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Phorbas fictitius (Bowerbank, 1866) 
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Phorbas paupertas sensu Boury-Esnault, 1971  (inaccurate)
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra for Phorbas tenacior (Topsent, 1925)