WoRMS source details

Ridley, S.O. (1884). Spongiida. Report on the Zoological Collections made in the Indo-Pacific Ocean during the Voyage of H.M.S. ‘Alert’, 1881-2. (British Museum (Natural History): London). 366-482, pls 39-43; 582-630, pls 53-54.
8099
Ridley, S.O.
1884
Spongiida.
Report on the Zoological Collections made in the Indo-Pacific Ocean during the Voyage of H.M.S. ‘Alert’, 1881-2. (British Museum (Natural History): London).
366-482, pls 39-43; 582-630, pls 53-54
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Indian Ocean
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Acarnus carteri Ridley, 1884 accepted as Acarnus innominatus Gray, 1867 (original description)
Acarnus ternatus Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Acervochalina Ridley, 1884 accepted as Chalinula Schmidt, 1868 (original description)
Acervochalina finitima (Schmidt, 1870) accepted as Chalinula finitima (Schmidt, 1870) (misapplication)
Amorphina megalorrhapis Carter, 1881 accepted as Topsentia megalorrhapis (Carter, 1881) (additional source)
Amorphinopsis fenestrata (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Amphilectus hispidulus Ridley, 1884 accepted as Clathria (Clathria) hispidula (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Amphilectus tibiellifer Ridley, 1884 accepted as Megaciella tibiellifera (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Aplysina membranosa (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Dendrilla membranosa (Pallas, 1766) (basis of record)
Aplysina pallasi Ridley, 1884 accepted as Dictyodendrilla pallasi (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Axinella echidnaea sensu Ridley, 1884 accepted as Reniochalina stalagmitis Lendenfeld, 1888 (original description)
Axinella proliferans Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Cacospongia mollior sensu Ridley, 1884 accepted as Spongia (Spongia) hispida Lamarck, 1814 (basis of record)
Callyspongia (Toxochalina) Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Callyspongia (Toxochalina) murata (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Callyspongia diffusa (Ridley, 1884) represented as Callyspongia (Cladochalina) diffusa (Ridley, 1884) (additional source)
Callyspongia macrodactyla (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Callyspongia robusta (Ridley, 1884) represented as Callyspongia (Toxochalina) robusta (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Carteriospongia fissurata (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Carteriospongia foliascens (Pallas, 1766) (basis of record)
Carteriospongia lamellosa (Esper, 1794) accepted as Phyllospongia lamellosa (Esper, 1794) (basis of record)
Carteriospongia otahitica (Esper, 1794) accepted as Carteriospongia foliascens (Pallas, 1766) (additional source)
Carteriospongia pennatula sensu Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Carterispongia accepted as Carteriospongia Hyatt, 1877 (source of synonymy)
Carterispongia mantelli (Bowerbank, 1874) accepted as Carteriospongia foliascens (Pallas, 1766) (new combination reference)
Carterispongia otahitica (Esper, 1794) accepted as Carteriospongia foliascens (Pallas, 1766) (new combination reference)
Carterispongia pennatula sensu Ridley, 1884 accepted as Carteriospongia pennatula sensu Ridley, 1884 (source of synonymy)
Ceraochalina nuda (Ridley, 1884) accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) ramosa (Gray, 1843) (original description)
Chalina monilata Ridley, 1884 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) monilata (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Chalinula camerata (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Ciocalypta fenestrata (Ridley, 1884) accepted as Amorphinopsis fenestrata (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Cladochalina diffusa Ridley, 1884 represented as Callyspongia (Cladochalina) diffusa (Ridley, 1884) (additional source)
Cladochalina nuda Ridley, 1884 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) ramosa (Gray, 1843) (original description)
Cladochalina nuda var. abruptispicula Ridley, 1884 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) ramosa (Gray, 1843) (original description)
Cladochalina pergamentacea Ridley, 1881 accepted as Callyspongia (Cladochalina) pergamentacea (Ridley, 1881) (basis of record)
Cladochalina subarmigera Ridley, 1884 accepted as Callyspongia (Cladochalina) subarmigera (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Clathria (Clathria) hispidula (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Clathria (Clathria) maeandrina Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Clathria (Thalysias) arborescens (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Clathria aculeata Ridley, 1884 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) abietina (Lamarck, 1814) (original description)
Clathria arborescens (Ridley, 1884) represented as Clathria (Thalysias) arborescens (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Clathria coppingeri Ridley, 1884 represented as Clathria (Thalysias) coppingeri Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Clathria decumbens Ridley, 1884 represented as Clathria (Clathria) decumbens Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Clathria maeandrina Ridley, 1884 represented as Clathria (Clathria) maeandrina Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Clathria reinwardti var. palmata Ridley, 1884 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina (Lamarck, 1814) (original description)
Clathria reinwardti var. subcylindrica Ridley, 1884 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) reinwardti Vosmaer, 1880 (original description)
Crella schmidti Ridley, 1884 accepted as Lissodendoryx (Waldoschmittia) schmidti (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Desmacidon rimosa Ridley, 1884 accepted as Echinoclathria rimosa (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Dictyodendrilla pallasi (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Dysidea digitifera Ridley, 1884 accepted as Psammoclema digitiferum (Lendenfeld, 1889) (original description)
Dysidea favosa Marshall, 1880 accepted as Chondropsis kirkii (Bowerbank, 1841) (additional source)
Dysidea fusca Ridley, 1884 accepted as Hyrtios erectus (Keller, 1889) (original description)
Dysidea gumminea Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Dysidea semicanalis Ridley, 1884 accepted as Euryspongia semicanalis (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Echinochalina (Echinochalina) australiensis (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Echinoclathria rimosa (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Echinodictyum costiferum Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Echinodictyum glomeratum Ridley, 1884 accepted as Echinodictyum carlinoides (Lamarck, 1814) (original description)
Echinodictyum glomeratum var. subglobosum Ridley, 1884 accepted as Echinodictyum carlinoides (Lamarck, 1814) (original description)
Echinodictyum nervosum (Lamarck, 1814) (additional source)
Echinonema gracilis Ridley, 1884 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) procera (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Erylus cylindriger Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Esperella pellucida (Ridley, 1884) accepted as Mycale (Aegogropila) pellucida (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Esperia gelatinosa Ridley, 1884 accepted as Mycale (Mycale) gelatinosa (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Esperia pellucida Ridley, 1884 accepted as Mycale (Aegogropila) pellucida (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Esperiopsis hispidula (Ridley, 1884) accepted as Clathria (Clathria) hispidula (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Euspongia foliacea Ridley, 1884 accepted as Lendenfeldia foliacea (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Euspongia officinalis var. cavernosa Ridley, 1884 accepted as Hippospongia fistulosa Lendenfeld, 1889 (original description)
Euspongia septosa (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Dysidea septosa (Lamarck, 1814) (additional source)
Gelliidae Gray, 1872 accepted as Chalinidae Gray, 1867 (source of synonymy)
Gelliodes Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Gelliodes fibulata sensu Ridley, 1884 accepted as Gelliodes fibulata (Carter, 1881) (original description)
Gellius ceratina Ridley, 1884 accepted as Haliclona (Gellius) ceratina (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Gellius couchii (Bowerbank, 1874) accepted as Haliclona (Gellius) fibulata (Schmidt, 1862) (new combination reference)
Gellius couchii var. ceratina Ridley, 1884 accepted as Haliclona (Gellius) ceratina (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Gellius cymiformis (Esper, 1794) accepted as Haliclona (Gellius) cymaeformis (Esper, 1794) (additional source)
Gellius fibulatus (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Haliclona (Gellius) fibulata (Schmidt, 1862) (misapplication)
Gellius varius (Bowerbank, 1875) accepted as Haliclona (Gellius) varia (Bowerbank, 1875) (additional source)
Haliclona (Gellius) ceratina (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Haliclona (Haliclona) cribriformis (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Haliclona camerata (Ridley, 1884) accepted as Chalinula camerata (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Haliclona ceratina (Ridley, 1884) represented as Haliclona (Gellius) ceratina (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Haliclona cribriformis (Ridley, 1884) represented as Haliclona (Haliclona) cribriformis (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Haliclona muricata (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Hippospongia derasa Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Hippospongia sinuosa (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Hyattella sinuosa (Pallas, 1766) (basis of record)
Hippospongia sinuosa var. decidua Hyatt, 1877 accepted as Hyattella sinuosa (Pallas, 1766) (basis of record)
Hippospongia sinuosa var. mauritiana Hyatt, 1877 accepted as Hyattella sinuosa (Pallas, 1766) (basis of record)
Hircinia horrens (Selenka, 1867) accepted as Dysidea horrens (Selenka, 1867) (basis of record)
Hymeniacidon agminata Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Hymeniacidon proteus (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Ianthella flabelliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) (additional source)
Iotrochota Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Iotrochota baculifera Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Leucaltis bathybia var. australiensis Ridley, 1884 accepted as Leucandra bathybia (Haeckel, 1869) (original description)
Leucaltis bathybia var. mascarenica Ridley, 1884 accepted as Leucaltis nodusgordii (Poléjaeff, 1883) (original description)
Leucandra anguinea (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Leucophloeus fenestratus Ridley, 1884 accepted as Amorphinopsis fenestrata (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Leucophloeus proteus Ridley, 1884 accepted as Hymeniacidon proteus (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Leucortis anguinea Ridley, 1884 accepted as Leucandra anguinea (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Megaciella tibiellifera (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Carteriospongia fissurata (Lamarck, 1814) 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Carteriospongia otahitica (Esper, 1794) 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Dysidea fusca Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Raspailia (Syringella) clathrata Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Spirastrella vagabunda Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Stelletta purpurea Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Stelospongus excavatus Ridley, 1884 
Australia for Amphilectus hispidulus Ridley, 1884 
Australia for Clathria coppingeri Ridley, 1884 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Amorphina megalorrhapis Carter, 1881 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Gellius cymiformis (Esper, 1794) 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Gellius fibulatus (Schmidt, 1862)  (inaccurate)
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Ophlitaspongia rimosa (Ridley, 1884) 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Phoriospongia fibrosa Ridley, 1884 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Psammochela fibrosa (Ridley, 1884) 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Reniera aquaeductus Schmidt, 1862  (inaccurate)
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Reniera ferula (Bowerbank, 1866)  (inaccurate)
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Reniera indistincta (Bowerbank, 1866)  (inaccurate)
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Spongia scyphonoides (Ridley, 1884) 
Bight of Sofala/Swamp Coast for Dysidea gumminea Ridley, 1884 
Bonaparte Coast for Disyringa dissimilis (Ridley, 1884) 
Bonaparte Coast for Dysidea favosa Marshall, 1880 
Bonaparte Coast for Gellius varius (Bowerbank, 1875) 
Bonaparte Coast for Haliclona muricata (Ridley, 1884) 
Bonaparte Coast for Ianthella flabelliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) 
Bonaparte Coast for Oceanapia aliformis (Ridley, 1884) 
Bonaparte Coast for Oceanapia canalis (Ridley, 1884) 
Bonaparte Coast for Oceanapia eusiphonia (Ridley, 1884) 
Bonaparte Coast for Pachychalina lobata Ridley, 1884 
Bonaparte Coast for Raspailia (Syringella) australiensis Ridley, 1884 
Bonaparte Coast for Schmidtia variabilis Ridley, 1884 
Bonaparte Coast for Tedania digitata (Schmidt, 1862)  (inaccurate)
Bonaparte Coast for Tethyopsis dissimilis Ridley, 1884 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Carteriospongia lamellosa (Esper, 1794) 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Cladochalina diffusa Ridley, 1884 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Echinochalina (Echinochalina) australiensis (Ridley, 1884) 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Protosuberites epiphytum (Lamarck, 1815) 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Stelospongus excavatus Ridley, 1884 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Stelospongus implexus Ridley, 1884 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Suberites epiphytum (Lamarck, 1815) 
Delagoa for Echinoclathria rimosa (Ridley, 1884) 
Delagoa for Spirastrella punctulata Ridley, 1884 
Halmahera for Acarnus ternatus Ridley, 1884 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Acervochalina finitima (Schmidt, 1870)  (inaccurate)
Manning-Hawkesbury for Callyspongia (Toxochalina) murata (Ridley, 1884) 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Chalina monilata Ridley, 1884 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Crella schmidti Ridley, 1884 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Lissodendoryx (Waldoschmittia) schmidti (Ridley, 1884) 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Phorbas arborescens (Ridley, 1884) 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Stelospongus intertextus Hyatt, 1877 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Toxochalina robusta Ridley, 1884 
North Australia for Geodia globostellifera Carter, 1880 
Seychelles for Aplysina pallasi Ridley, 1884 
Seychelles for Axinella proliferans Ridley, 1884 
Seychelles for Chalinula camerata (Ridley, 1884) 
Seychelles for Clathria (Clathria) maeandrina Ridley, 1884 
Seychelles for Clathria decumbens Ridley, 1884 
Seychelles for Dictyodendrilla pallasi (Ridley, 1884) 
Seychelles for Dysidea gumminea Ridley, 1884 
Seychelles for Echinonema gracilis Ridley, 1884 
Seychelles for Erylus cylindriger Ridley, 1884 
Seychelles for Esperia gelatinosa Ridley, 1884 
Seychelles for Haliclona (Haliclona) cribriformis (Ridley, 1884) 
Seychelles for Hippospongia sinuosa var. decidua Hyatt, 1877 
Seychelles for Hippospongia sinuosa var. mauritiana Hyatt, 1877 
Seychelles for Hyattella sinuosa (Pallas, 1766) 
Seychelles for Hymeniacidon proteus (Ridley, 1884) 
Seychelles for Leucandra anguinea (Ridley, 1884) 
Seychelles for Oceanapia pellucida (Ridley, 1884) 
Seychelles for Phyllospongia madagascarensis var. supraoculata Ridley, 1884 
Seychelles for Rhizochalina pellucida Ridley, 1884 
Seychelles for Spheciospongia transitoria (Ridley, 1884) 
Seychelles for Stelletta purpurea var. parvistella Ridley, 1884 
Seychellois Exclusive Economic Zone for Leucaltis bathybia var. mascarenica Ridley, 1884 
South India and Sri Lanka for Spheciospongia vagabunda var. trincomaliensis (Ridley, 1884) 
Torres Strait for Reniera scyphonoides Ridley, 1884 
Torres Strait for Stellettinopsis carteri Ridley, 1884 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Acarnus ternatus Ridley, 1884 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Amorphinopsis fenestrata (Ridley, 1884) 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Aplysina membranosa (Pallas, 1766) 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Cacospongia mollior sensu Ridley, 1884 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Callyspongia (Cladochalina) subarmigera (Ridley, 1884) 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Callyspongia macrodactyla (Ridley, 1884) 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Carteriospongia otahitica (Esper, 1794) 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Cladochalina pergamentacea Ridley, 1881 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Clathria (Clathria) hispidula (Ridley, 1884) 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Clathria (Thalysias) arborescens (Ridley, 1884) 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Clathria (Thalysias) coppingeri Ridley, 1884 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Clathria aculeata Ridley, 1884 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Disyringa dissimilis (Ridley, 1884) 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Dysidea digitifera Ridley, 1884 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Dysidea semicanalis Ridley, 1884 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Echinodictyum carlinoides (Lamarck, 1814) 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Euspongia foliacea Ridley, 1884 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Euspongia officinalis var. cavernosa Ridley, 1884 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Euspongia septosa (Lamarck, 1814) 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Gelliodes fibulata sensu Ridley, 1884 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Haliclona (Gellius) ceratina (Ridley, 1884) 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Haliclona scyphonoides (Ridley, 1884) 
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef for Hippospongia derasa Ridley, 1884 
Holotype BMNH 1882.10.17.35, locality Seychelles, identified as Axinella proliferans Ridley, 1884
Holotype BMNH 1882.2.2.23.258, locality Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef, identified as Clathria aculeata Ridley, 1884
Holotype BMNH 1882.2.20.210, locality Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef, identified as Euspongia officinalis var. cavernosa Ridley, 1884
Holotype BMNH 1882.2.23.220, locality Bonaparte Coast, identified as Tethyopsis dissimilis Ridley, 1884
Lectotype BMNH 1882.2.23.269, locality Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef, identified as Phoriospongia fibrosa Ridley, 1884
 Identification

Topsent's (1892, 1904) use of the combination Petrosia variabilis is based on his misapplied concept of the North ... [details]

 Taxonomy

This species, although claimed as a new species by Carter, is in fact a junior synonym of Spheciospongia vagabunda ... [details]