WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Thalysias) reinwardti Vosmaer, 1880

167774

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:167774

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Vosmaer, G.C.J. 1880. The Sponges of the Leyden Museum. 1. The family of the Desmacidinae. Notes from the Leyden Museum 2: 99-164. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhaphidophlus reinwardti (Vosmaer, 1880)) Vosmaer, G.C.J. 1880. The Sponges of the Leyden Museum. 1. The family of the Desmacidinae. Notes from the Leyden Museum 2: 99-164. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Shape. Typically simple digitate,...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Shape. Typically simple digitate, stoloniferous, cylindrical or occasionally laterally compressed branches (7-25mm diameter), forming meandering digits with multiple points of attachment to substrate; no differentiation between branches and stalk, with branches attaching directly to substrate; branches frequently anastomose with adjacent branches sometimes forming complex intertwined digits; free branches mostly simple, rarely bifurcate;
several thickly encrusting, bulbous specimens also collected, presumably immature growth stages.
Colour Very light orange, orange-brown, orange-red-brown, light brown, to grey-white pigmentation alive, and orange-brown to grey-white in ethanol; ectosomal membrane varies from colourless (opaque), to grey subectosomal and
choanosomal regions generally darker than periphery, usually clearly visible through ectosomal membrane when alive.
Oscules. Abundant, relatively large (560-2760um diameter), predominant on lateral sides of branches; oscules slightly raised with prominent membraneous lip (often orange pigmented) surrounding aperture; generally thicker specimens have larger oscules raised further above surface and more prominent subectosomal sculpturing; oscules collapse in air.
Texture and surface characteristics. Soft, compressible,
flexible, moderately easy to tear; surface smooth, pellucid, semi-translucent in life,with prominent stellate subectosomal channels radiating towards oscules, particularly in thicker specimens, more even surface ornamentation in thinner specimens; ectosomal membrane collapses upon dessication and preservation, becoming
roughened and pocked with ridges and cavities.
Ectosome and subectosome. Thin layer of smaller
ectosomal auxiliary subtylostyles form discrete brushes erect on surface, in a continuous palisade, supported by long or short subectosomal plumose tracts from peripheral fibre skeleton; ectosomal region generally poorly collagenous but variable in thicker specimens; subectosomal region cavernous with lacunae (120-660um diameter) supported
paucispicular plumose tracts of subectosomal auxiliary subtylostyles, no fibres,but moderate quantities of collagen between spicule tracts; plumose tracts of choanosomal principal styles also near periphery in some cases protruding through ectosomal skeleton.
Choanosotne. Skeletal architecture irregularly or
semi-regularly reticulate, with anastomosing spongin fibres (40-120um diameter) forming curved oval, straight triangular or rectangular meshes (50-470um diameter) in choanosome; fibre meshes generally more irregular near core
than periphery; no clear distinction between primary and secondary fibres; fibres light, always fully cored by choanosomal principal styles, with dense echinating acanthostyles on surface; abundant auxiliary spicules scattered between fibres; mesohyl matrix light, poorly pigmented, surrounding ovoid to eliptical choanocyte chambers (130-250um diameter); specimens from turbid,muddy intertidal habitats incorporate moderate amounts of inorganic detritus into mesohyl but not into fibres.
Megascleres. Choanosomal principal styles slightly curved at
centre, short, thick, invariably with smooth rounded bases, hastate or occasionally strongylote points (111-305 x 5-21um).
Subectosomal auxiliary styles straight or sometimes slightly curved near basal end, relatively thick, with fusiform, sharp points, sometimes telescoped or mucronate, and rounded or slightly subtylote, usually faintly microspined bases (113-337 x 3-16um).
Ectosomal auxiliary styles morphologically similar to subectosomal spicules, but markedly shorter, thinner, fusiform, sharply pointed or mucronate, straight, with slight subtylote basal swellings and profusely microspined bases (66-181 x 2=8um).
Echinating acanthostyles short, stout, with rounded, bluntened points, slightly subtylote bases, unevenly spined with aspinose 'neck' proximal to base; spines heaviest on base and points, spines broad at base, sharp, recurved ( [details]
Hooper, J. (2009). Clathria (Thalysias) reinwardti Vosmaer, 1880. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Rios, P.; Downey, R. (2017). World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=167774 on 2017-11-19

Date
action
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2005-07-10 18:05:41Z
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2009-03-05 03:18:31Z
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original description Vosmaer, G.C.J. 1880. The Sponges of the Leyden Museum. 1. The family of the Desmacidinae. Notes from the Leyden Museum 2: 99-164. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhaphidophlus reinwardti (Vosmaer, 1880)) Vosmaer, G.C.J. 1880. The Sponges of the Leyden Museum. 1. The family of the Desmacidinae. Notes from the Leyden Museum 2: 99-164. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria reinwardti Vosmaer, 1880) Vosmaer, G.C.J. 1880. The Sponges of the Leyden Museum. 1. The family of the Desmacidinae. Notes from the Leyden Museum 2: 99-164. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhaphidophlus seriatus Thiele, 1899) Thiele, J. 1899. Studien über pazifische Spongien. II. Ueber einige Spongien von Celebes. Zoologica. Original-Abhandlungen aus dem Gesamtgebiete der Zoologie. Stuttgart 24(2): 1-33, pls I-V. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Thalysias) spiculosa var. macilenta Hentschel, 1912) Hentschel, E. 1912. Kiesel- und Hornschwämme der Aru- und Kei-Inseln. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 34(3): 293-448, pls 13-21.
page(s): 364 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria reinwardti var. subcylindrica Ridley, 1884) Ridley, S.O. 1884a. Spongiida. Pp. 366-482, pls 39-43; 582-630, pls 53-54. In: Report on the Zoological Collections made in the Indo-Pacific Ocean during the Voyage of H.M.S. ‘Alert’, 1881-2. (British Museum (Natural History): London). [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria typica var. porrecta Hentschel, 1912) Hentschel, E. 1912. Kiesel- und Hornschwämme der Aru- und Kei-Inseln. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 34(3): 293-448, pls 13-21.
page(s): 359 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Hooper, J.N.A. 1996a. Revision of Microcionidae (Porifera: Poecilosclerida: Demospongiae), with description of Australian species. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 40: 1-626. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Lim, S.C.; De Voogd, N.J.; Tan, K.S. 2008. A guide to sponges of Singapore. Science Centre Singapore, Pp. 1-173. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhaphidophlus reinwardti (Vosmaer, 1880)) Kelly-Borges, M.; Bergquist, P.R. 1988. Sponges from Motupore Island, Papua New Guinea. Indo-Malayan Zoology 5: 121-159. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyntype [from synonym] SMF 1514, 1661, locality Arafura Sea (Indonesia, Aru islands, Dobo Strait, calcareous rock, dredge) [view taxon]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyntype [from synonym] SMF 1653, locality Arafura Sea (Indonesia, Aru islands, Dobo Strait, coral rocks, dredge) [view taxon]
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Shape. Typically simple digitate, stoloniferous, cylindrical or occasionally laterally compressed branches (7-25mm diameter), forming meandering digits with multiple points of attachment to substrate; no differentiation between branches and stalk, with branches attaching directly to substrate; branches frequently anastomose with adjacent branches sometimes forming complex intertwined digits; free branches mostly simple, rarely bifurcate;
several thickly encrusting, bulbous specimens also collected, presumably immature growth stages.
Colour Very light orange, orange-brown, orange-red-brown, light brown, to grey-white pigmentation alive, and orange-brown to grey-white in ethanol; ectosomal membrane varies from colourless (opaque), to grey subectosomal and
choanosomal regions generally darker than periphery, usually clearly visible through ectosomal membrane when alive.
Oscules. Abundant, relatively large (560-2760um diameter), predominant on lateral sides of branches; oscules slightly raised with prominent membraneous lip (often orange pigmented) surrounding aperture; generally thicker specimens have larger oscules raised further above surface and more prominent subectosomal sculpturing; oscules collapse in air.
Texture and surface characteristics. Soft, compressible,
flexible, moderately easy to tear; surface smooth, pellucid, semi-translucent in life,with prominent stellate subectosomal channels radiating towards oscules, particularly in thicker specimens, more even surface ornamentation in thinner specimens; ectosomal membrane collapses upon dessication and preservation, becoming
roughened and pocked with ridges and cavities.
Ectosome and subectosome. Thin layer of smaller
ectosomal auxiliary subtylostyles form discrete brushes erect on surface, in a continuous palisade, supported by long or short subectosomal plumose tracts from peripheral fibre skeleton; ectosomal region generally poorly collagenous but variable in thicker specimens; subectosomal region cavernous with lacunae (120-660um diameter) supported
paucispicular plumose tracts of subectosomal auxiliary subtylostyles, no fibres,but moderate quantities of collagen between spicule tracts; plumose tracts of choanosomal principal styles also near periphery in some cases protruding through ectosomal skeleton.
Choanosotne. Skeletal architecture irregularly or
semi-regularly reticulate, with anastomosing spongin fibres (40-120um diameter) forming curved oval, straight triangular or rectangular meshes (50-470um diameter) in choanosome; fibre meshes generally more irregular near core
than periphery; no clear distinction between primary and secondary fibres; fibres light, always fully cored by choanosomal principal styles, with dense echinating acanthostyles on surface; abundant auxiliary spicules scattered between fibres; mesohyl matrix light, poorly pigmented, surrounding ovoid to eliptical choanocyte chambers (130-250um diameter); specimens from turbid,muddy intertidal habitats incorporate moderate amounts of inorganic detritus into mesohyl but not into fibres.
Megascleres. Choanosomal principal styles slightly curved at
centre, short, thick, invariably with smooth rounded bases, hastate or occasionally strongylote points (111-305 x 5-21um).
Subectosomal auxiliary styles straight or sometimes slightly curved near basal end, relatively thick, with fusiform, sharp points, sometimes telescoped or mucronate, and rounded or slightly subtylote, usually faintly microspined bases (113-337 x 3-16um).
Ectosomal auxiliary styles morphologically similar to subectosomal spicules, but markedly shorter, thinner, fusiform, sharply pointed or mucronate, straight, with slight subtylote basal swellings and profusely microspined bases (66-181 x 2=8um).
Echinating acanthostyles short, stout, with rounded, bluntened points, slightly subtylote bases, unevenly spined with aspinose 'neck' proximal to base; spines heaviest on base and points, spines broad at base, sharp, recurved ( [details]