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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Thalysias) reinwardti Vosmaer, 1880 
AphiaID: 167774

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPoecilosclerida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicrocionina (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicrocionidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicrocioninae (Subfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Thalysias) (Subgenus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Thalysias) Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Thalysias) spiculosa var. macilenta Hentschel, 1912 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria reinwardti Vosmaer, 1880 (subgenus assignment)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria reinwardti var. subcylindrica Ridley, 1884 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria typica var. porrecta Hentschel, 1912 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhaphidophlus reinwardti (Vosmaer, 1880) (genus transfer)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhaphidophlus seriatus Thiele, 1899 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Sources  original description Vosmaer, G.C.J. 1880. The Sponges of the Leyden Museum. 1. The family of the Desmacidinae. Notes from the Leyden Museum 2: 99-164. [details] [full text]

[show all]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Arafura Sea [details]
From editor or global species database
Singapore Strait
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSingaporean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
(no group)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArafura Sea [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustralian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBanda Sea [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBonaparte Coast [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEast Caroline Islands [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEastern Philippines [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorExmouth to Broome [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIndonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLesser Sunda [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalacca Strait [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPapua New Guinean Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSolomon Archipelago [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSoutheast Papua New Guinea [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSouthern Vietnam [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSulawesi Sea/Makassar Strait [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTorres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef [details]
From other sources
India
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMuttom [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIndonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Specimens  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyntype [from synonym] SMF 1514, 1661, locality Arafura Sea (Indonesia, Aru islands, Dobo Strait, calcareous rock, dredge) [view taxon]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyntype [from synonym] SMF 1653, locality Arafura Sea (Indonesia, Aru islands, Dobo Strait, coral rocks, dredge) [view taxon]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAustralian Faunal Directory 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorQueensland Museum identification sheet Document hosted within WoRMS 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (1 publication) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Sponge Barcoding Database (Clathria (Thalysias) reinwardti) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Sponge Barcoding Database (Clathria (Thalysias) reinwardti) 
Note 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Shape. Typically simple digitate, stoloniferous, cylindrical or occasionally laterally compressed branches (7-25mm diameter), forming meandering digits with multiple points of attachment to substrate; no differentiation between branches and stalk, with branches attaching directly to substrate; branches frequently anastomose with adjacent branches sometimes forming complex intertwined digits; free branches mostly simple, rarely bifurcate;
several thickly encrusting, bulbous specimens also collected, presumably immature growth stages.
Colour Very light orange, orange-brown, orange-red-brown, light brown, to grey-white pigmentation alive, and orange-brown to grey-white in ethanol; ectosomal membrane varies from colourless (opaque), to grey subectosomal and
choanosomal regions generally darker than periphery, usually clearly visible through ectosomal membrane when alive.
Oscules. Abundant, relatively large (560-2760um diameter), predominant on lateral sides of branches; oscules slightly raised with prominent membraneous lip (often orange pigmented) surrounding aperture; generally thicker specimens have larger oscules raised further above surface and more prominent subectosomal sculpturing; oscules collapse in air.
Texture and surface characteristics. Soft, compressible,
flexible, moderately easy to tear; surface smooth, pellucid, semi-translucent in life,with prominent stellate subectosomal channels radiating towards oscules, particularly in thicker specimens, more even surface ornamentation in thinner specimens; ectosomal membrane collapses upon dessication and preservation, becoming
roughened and pocked with ridges and cavities.
Ectosome and subectosome. Thin layer of smaller
ectosomal auxiliary subtylostyles form discrete brushes erect on surface, in a continuous palisade, supported by long or short subectosomal plumose tracts from peripheral fibre skeleton; ectosomal region generally poorly collagenous but variable in thicker specimens; subectosomal region cavernous with lacunae (120-660um diameter) supported
paucispicular plumose tracts of subectosomal auxiliary subtylostyles, no fibres,but moderate quantities of collagen between spicule tracts; plumose tracts of choanosomal principal styles also near periphery in some cases protruding through ectosomal skeleton.
Choanosotne. Skeletal architecture irregularly or
semi-regularly reticulate, with anastomosing spongin fibres (40-120um diameter) forming curved oval, straight triangular or rectangular meshes (50-470um diameter) in choanosome; fibre meshes generally more irregular near core
than periphery; no clear distinction between primary and secondary fibres; fibres light, always fully cored by choanosomal principal styles, with dense echinating acanthostyles on surface; abundant auxiliary spicules scattered between fibres; mesohyl matrix light, poorly pigmented, surrounding ovoid to eliptical choanocyte chambers (130-250um diameter); specimens from turbid,muddy intertidal habitats incorporate moderate amounts of inorganic detritus into mesohyl but not into fibres.
Megascleres. Choanosomal principal styles slightly curved at
centre, short, thick, invariably with smooth rounded bases, hastate or occasionally strongylote points (111-305 x 5-21um).
Subectosomal auxiliary styles straight or sometimes slightly curved near basal end, relatively thick, with fusiform, sharp points, sometimes telescoped or mucronate, and rounded or slightly subtylote, usually faintly microspined bases (113-337 x 3-16um).
Ectosomal auxiliary styles morphologically similar to subectosomal spicules, but markedly shorter, thinner, fusiform, sharply pointed or mucronate, straight, with slight subtylote basal swellings and profusely microspined bases (66-181 x 2=8um).
Echinating acanthostyles short, stout, with rounded, bluntened points, slightly subtylote bases, unevenly spined with aspinose 'neck' proximal to base; spines heaviest on base and points, spines broad at base, sharp, recurved ( [details]
ImagesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Rhaphidophlus seriatus, type specimen NHMB 16 (=Clathria (Thalysias) reinwardti)
Rhaphidophlus seriatus...
[image from synonym]
Clathria reinwardti
Clathria reinwardti
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:167774
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2005-07-10 18:05:41Z  created  db_admin
2009-03-05 03:18:31Z  checked  Hooper, John
  
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  Citation: Hooper, J. (2014). Clathria (Thalysias) reinwardti Vosmaer, 1880. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=167774 on 2014-09-30
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