WoRMS source details

Clark AH (1911) The recent crinoids of the coasts of Africa. Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum 40:1–51.
6325
Publication
The study of 'recent' crinoids inhabiting the coasts of Africa began in the early 19th century. This paper summarizes all work done by that moment, about crinoids around the African coasts. There is made a (short) list of species belonging to five well-marked districts and 'the annotated list of species' sums up the references to literature, the locality and depth of capture. In some cases a description of the species itself and/or any remarks are given.
Date
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActinometra multiradiata (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapillaster multiradiata (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlecto flagellata Müller, 1841 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDichrometra flagellata (Müller, 1841) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlecto parvicirra Müller, 1841 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComanthus parvicirrus (Müller, 1841) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphimetra africana AH Clark, 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterometra africana (AH Clark, 1911) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphimetra philiberti (Müller, 1849) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterometra philiberti (Müller, 1849) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntedon carinata (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropiometra carinata (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntedon emendatrix Bell, 1892 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCenometra emendatrix (Bell, 1892) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntedon flagellata (Müller, 1841) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDichrometra flagellata (Müller, 1841) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntedon marginata Chadwick, 1908 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStephanometra indica (Smith, 1876) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias multiradiata Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapillaster multiradiata (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapillaster coccodistoma (Carpenter, 1882) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapillaster multiradiata (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCenometra emendatrix (Bell, 1892) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColobometra chadwicki AH Clark, 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDecametra chadwicki (AH Clark, 1911) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComanthus wahlbergii (Müller, 1843) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComanthus wahlbergii (Müller, 1843) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComatula carinata Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropiometra carinata (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComissia ignota AH Clark, 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComanthus wahlbergii (Müller, 1843) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCosmiometra gardineri AH Clark, 1911 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCosmiometra gardineri AH Clark, 1911 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCraspedometra ater AH Clark, 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterometra ater (AH Clark, 1911) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCraspedometra madagascarensis AH Clark, 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterometra madagascarensis (AH Clark, 1911) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrotalometra flava (Koehler, 1895) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKoehlermetra porrecta (Carpenter, 1888) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrotalometra porrecta (Carpenter, 1888) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKoehlermetra porrecta (Carpenter, 1888) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDecametra AH Clark, 1911 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDecametra alaudae AH Clark, 1911 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDecametra informis (Carpenter, 1888) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDecametra möbiusi AH Clark, 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDecametra modica AH Clark, 1911 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDecametra modica AH Clark, 1911 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDecametra moebiusi AH Clark, 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDecametra modica AH Clark, 1911 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDichrometra flagellata (Müller, 1841) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDichrometra klunzingeri (Hartlaub, 1890) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLamprometra palmata (Müller, 1841) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDichrometra palmata (Müller, 1841) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLamprometra palmata (Müller, 1841) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDichrometra protectus (Carpenter, 1879) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLamprometra palmata (Müller, 1841) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlyptometra sclateri (Bell, 1905) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterometra gravieri AH Clark, 1911 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterometra joubini AH Clark, 1911 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIridometra Clark, 1908 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIridometra aegyptica AH Clark, 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDorometra aegyptica (AH Clark, 1911) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIridometra mauritiana AH Clark, 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDorometra mauritiana (AH Clark, 1911) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLamprometra palmata (Müller, 1841) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOligometra serripinna occidentalis AH Clark, 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOligometra serripinna (Carpenter, 1881) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachylometra (AH Clark, 1909) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlyptometra AH Clark, 1909 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerometra afra AH Clark, 1911 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhizocrinus chuni Döderlein, 1907 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemocrinus chuni (Döderlein, 1907) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStephanometra AH Clark, 1909 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStephanometra marginata AH Clark, 1909 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStephanometra indica (Smith, 1876) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThalassometra omissa (Koehler, 1909) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropiometra carinata (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropiometra encrinus AH Clark, 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropiometra carinata (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropiometra encrinus AH Clark, 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropiometra carinata (Lamarck, 1816) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropiometra picta (Gay, 1854) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropiometra carinata (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Cargados Carajos for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDecametra alaudae AH Clark, 1911 
Cargados Carajos for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOligometra serripinna occidentalis AH Clark, 1911 
Cargados Carajos for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOligometra serripinna occidentalis AH Clark, 1911 
Cargados Carajos for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropiometra carinata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Chagos for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComatella maculata (Carpenter, 1888) 
Indian Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlecto palmata Müller, 1841 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphimetra africana AH Clark, 1911 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDichrometra flagellata (Müller, 1841) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapillaster multiradiata (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComanthus parvicirrus (Müller, 1841)  (doubtful)
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCraspedometra madagascarensis AH Clark, 1911 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIridometra mauritiana AH Clark, 1911 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerometra afra AH Clark, 1911 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStephanometra indica (Smith, 1876) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropiometra carinata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mascarene Basin for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropiometra carinata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntedon emendatrix Bell, 1892 
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCenometra emendatrix (Bell, 1892) 
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComanthus parvicirrus (Müller, 1841)  (doubtful)
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDecametra moebiusi AH Clark, 1911 
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIridometra mauritiana AH Clark, 1911 
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOligometra serripinna occidentalis AH Clark, 1911 
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropiometra carinata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlecto palmata Müller, 1841 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlecto savignii Müller, 1841 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlecto savignii Müller, 1841 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntedon klunzingeri Hartlaub, 1890 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColobometra chadwicki AH Clark, 1911 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCraspedometra ater AH Clark, 1911 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDichrometra klunzingeri (Hartlaub, 1890) 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDichrometra palmata (Müller, 1841) 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDichrometra protectus (Carpenter, 1879) 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterometra savignii (Müller, 1841) 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIridometra aegyptica AH Clark, 1911 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOligometra serripinna electrae AH Clark, 1911 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStephanometra marginata AH Clark, 1909  (doubtful)
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropiometra encrinus AH Clark, 1911 
Rodriguez for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComatula indica Smith, 1876 
Rodriguez for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStephanometra indica (Smith, 1876) 
Seychelles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCenometra emendatrix (Bell, 1892) 
Seychelles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComanthus parvicirrus (Müller, 1841) 
Seychelles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCommissia ignota AH Clark, 1911 
Seychelles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCosmiometra gardineri AH Clark, 1911 
Seychelles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStephanometra indica (Smith, 1876) 
Seychelles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropiometra carinata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Socotra for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyclometra flavescens AH Clark, 1911 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhizocrinus chuni Döderlein, 1907 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComanthus wahlbergii (Müller, 1843) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachylometra sclateri (Bell, 1905) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropiometra carinata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphimetra africana AH Clark, 1911 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComatula indica Smith, 1876 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDecametra modica AH Clark, 1911 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDichrometra flagellata (Müller, 1841) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterometra gravieri AH Clark, 1911 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterometra joubini AH Clark, 1911 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropiometra carinata (Lamarck, 1816)  (doubtful)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Comatula carinata from East Africa varies very little, but specimens from the West Indies and Brazil are very ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Also distributed in Maldive area and Ceylon (Clark & Rowe (1971)), though the Maldive record need confirmation as ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Depth 10 fathoms (one record) in Clark (1911). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Depth 20 fathoms in Clark (1911). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Depth range 1644-1668 m. in Clark (1911). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Depth: 30 fathoms in Clark (1911). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Littoral and down to 30 fathoms in Clark (1911). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Littoral in Clark (1911). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in Ceylon, Singapore and Philippines (Clark, 1911). Littoral down to 30 fathoms in Clark (1911)). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in East London (Clark, 1911). Depth 250-300 fathoms in Clark (1911). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also recorded in Marie Louise Island and Isle des Neufs, Amirante group, depth 17 fathoms, coral (Clark, 1911). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

NE of Madagascar in 228 m. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Ranges eastward to Holg Kong, Philippines, Fiji and Tonga (Clark, 1911). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Ranges eastward to the Tonga Islands (Clark, 1911). Littoral in Clark (1911). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Ranges eastward to the South Sea Islands and the east coast of Asia; common in Ceylon (Clark, 1911). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype in Museum für Naturkunde an der Universität zu Berlin, Berllin (Germany) No. 4616. Type locality: ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype in Museum für Naturkunde an der Universität Humbolt zu Berlin, Berlin (Germany) No. 1055. Type locality: ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype in Museum für Naturkunde an der universität Humbolt zu Berlin, Berlin (Germany). Type locality: ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype in Museum für Naturkunde an der Universität Humbolt zu Berlin, Berlin (Germany) No. 5349 (part). Type ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype in Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (France). Type locality: Zanzibar (Clark, 1911). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype in Natural History Museum, London (England) (A.H. Clark, 1911), not found there by Marshall & Rowe (1981). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype in U.S. National Museum, Washington, D.C. (USA) No. 27509. Type locality: Suez Bay (Red Sea), 10 fathoms ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

No holotype or type locality designated by A.H. Clark. Syntypes (2 specimens) in Natural History Museum, London ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In family Himerometridae in A.H. Clark, 1911 [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In family Himerometridae in A.H. Clark, 1911 [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In family Himerometridae in A.H. Clark, 1911. Type species: Antedon monacantha Hartlaub, 1890 by original ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In family Thalassometridae in A.H. Clark, 1911. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

No type designated in Clark (1911), only locality cited is Suez Bay, Gulf of Suez. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

No type or type locality designated in Clark (1911), only locality cited: Bagamoyo, German East Africa. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

This is possibly the same species as that called by Dr. Leach Alecto carinata in the previous year (A.H. Clark, 1908). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species: Antedon distincta Carpenter, 1888 by original designation (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species: Comatula (Alecto) milberti Müller, 1846 (=Alecto tessellata Müller, 1841) by original designation ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type specimen at Lund, without references (A.H. Clark, 1911). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Cargados Carajos, 55 m. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

'Eastern Africa'. Holotype in Museum für Naturkunde an der Universität Humbolt zu Berlin, Berlin (Germany) No. ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

India (A.H. Clark, 1911). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Manila. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Mauritius (A.H. Clark, 1911). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Red Sea. Type species in the Berlin Museum. This name has been very generally emended to 'savignyi' (A.H. Clark, 1908). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

unknown (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type material

Cat. no. 1907.7.1.84-86 (3 specimens) Natural History Museum, London, England. Type locality: Providence Island, NE ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type specimen

Type: No. 5348, Berlin Museum. Type locality: Madagascar (Clark, 1911). [details]