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Hartman, O. (1942). A review of the types of polychaetous annelids at the Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University. Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection, Yale University. 8(1): 1-98.
50171
Hartman, O.
1942
A review of the types of polychaetous annelids at the Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University
Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection, Yale University
8(1): 1-98
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
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The polychaetous annelids of the east coast of North America remain largely unknown except through many early original descriptions. Verrill's checklist (1879) enumerated almost 200 species; the same list later annotated by R. Rathbun [unpublished] at the U. S. National Museum, lists a total of 263 species from this area; other names have been added between the years 1880 and 1910. Valuable contributions to the annelid literature of eastern America were made largely by Verrill (1873 to 1901), Webster (1879 to 1887), Webster and Benedict (1884 to 1887), Andrews (1891 to 1894), Moore (1894 to 1909), Bush (1904 to 1910), and others. Much of the older literature has been brought together in Verrill's "New England Annelida" (1882) and Sumner's "Biological Survey of the Woods Hole Area" (1913). Through these various studies, about 300 species have been described, or reported, from eastern North America; many, however, remain poorly known. Also, since 1900 the bulk of scientific literature on the polychaetous annelids has increased many fold; generic and specific refinements have been necessitated; many new species have been described from all parts of the world, and the affinities of faunas of widely scattered areas have been made the subject of intensive research. It has been greatly desired, therefore, to reidentify as many as possible of these older species, and to establish their affinities with those of other areas. In many instances this is now difficult without access to type specimens or authentically labelled materials. Most of such collections, if still extant, are believed to be stored in depositories in eastern America, largely in the National collections at Washington, D. C., the Peabody Museum of Natural History at New Haven, and the Academy of Natural Sciences at Philadelphia.
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Alentiana Hartman, 1942 (original description)
Ammotrypane aulogaster Rathke, 1843 accepted as Ophelina acuminata Örsted, 1843 (additional source)
Ammotrypane fimbriata Verrill, 1873 accepted as Ammotrypane aulogaster Rathke, 1843 accepted as Ophelina acuminata Örsted, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Amphitrite infundibulum Montagu, 1808 accepted as Myxicola infundibulum (Montagu, 1808) (source of synonymy)
Ancistria acuta Verrill, 1874 accepted as Capitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780) (source of synonymy)
Antinoe angusta Verrill in Smith & Harger, 1874 accepted as Bylgides groenlandicus (Malmgren, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Arabella iricolor (Montagu, 1804) (additional source)
Arabella maculosa Verrill, 1900 accepted as Arabella iricolor (Montagu, 1804) (source of synonymy)
Aricia setosa Verrill, 1900 accepted as Naineris setosa (Verrill, 1900) (new combination reference)
Aspeira (Bush, 1905) accepted as Potamilla Malmgren, 1866 (source of synonymy)
Aspeira modesta Bush, 1905 accepted as Potamilla neglecta (Sars, 1851) (source of synonymy)
Autolytus mirabilis Verrill, 1882 accepted as Myrianida brachycephala (Marenzeller, 1874) (source of synonymy)
Autolytus varians Verrill, 1881 (additional source)
Branchiosyllis lamellifera Verrill, 1900 (additional source)
Branchiosyllis oculata Ehlers, 1887 (additional source)
Capitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780) (additional source)
Chaetobranchus sanguineus Verrill, 1873 accepted as Enoplobranchus sanguineus (Verrill, 1873) (source of synonymy)
Chone mollis (Bush in Moore, 1904) (basis of record)
Cirratulus (Audouinia) capillaris Verrill, 1900 accepted as Cirriformia capillaris (Verrill, 1900) (source of synonymy)
Cirratulus (Audouinia) websteri Verrill, 1900 accepted as Cirriformia capillaris (Verrill, 1900) (source of synonymy)
Cirrhineris phosphorea Verrill, 1882 (basis of record)
Cirriformia capillaris (Verrill, 1900) (basis of record)
Enoplobranchus sanguineus (Verrill, 1873) (status source)
Eulalia bilineata (Johnston, 1840) (additional source)
Eulalia gracilis Verrill, 1873 accepted as Eulalia bilineata (Johnston, 1840) (source of synonymy)
Eulalia granulosa Verrill, 1873 accepted as Eumida sanguinea (Örsted, 1843) (source of synonymy)
Eulalia pistacia Verrill, 1873 accepted as Eumida sanguinea (Örsted, 1843) (source of synonymy)
Eumida sanguinea (Örsted, 1843) (additional source)
Eumidia papillosa Verrill, 1873 (basis of record)
Eunice benedicti (Verrill, 1885) (basis of record)
Eunice floridana (Pourtalès, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Eunice longicirrata Webster, 1884 accepted as Eunice websteri Fauchald, 1969 (additional source)
Eunice longicirrata (Kinberg, 1865) (source of synonymy)
Eunice vittata (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (source of synonymy)
Eupolymnia (Polymniella) aurantiaca Verrill, 1900 accepted as Polymniella aurantiaca (Verrill, 1900) (source of synonymy)
Eusyllis (Synsyllis) longigularis Verrill, 1900 accepted as Synsyllis longigularis (Verrill, 1900) (source of synonymy)
Eusyllis (Synsyllis) viridula Verrill, 1900 accepted as Synsyllis longigularis (Verrill, 1900) (source of synonymy)
Eusyllis phosphorea Verrill in Smith & Harger, 1874 (basis of record)
Genetyllis bermudae (Verrill, 1900) (basis of record)
Haplosyllis cephalata Verrill, 1900 (source of synonymy)
Haplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (additional source)
Hemisyllis dispar Verrill, 1900 accepted as Haplosyllis spongicola (Grube, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Heteromastus filiformis (Claparède, 1864) (additional source)
Leodice benedicti Verrill, 1885 accepted as Eunice benedicti (Verrill, 1885) (source of synonymy)
Loimia montagui (Grube, 1878) (basis of record)
Lumbrinereis nasuta Verrill, 1900 accepted as Lumbrinerides nasuta (Verrill, 1900) (additional source)
Metachone mollis Bush, 1905 accepted as Chone mollis (Bush in Moore, 1904) (source of synonymy)
Myxicola affinis Bush, 1905 accepted as Myxicola infundibulum (Montagu, 1808) (source of synonymy)
Myxicola conjuncta Bush, 1905 accepted as Myxicola infundibulum (Montagu, 1808) (source of synonymy)
Myxicola infundibulum (Montagu, 1808) (additional source)
Naineris setosa (Verrill, 1900) (basis of record)
Nicolea simplex Verrill, 1873 (source of synonymy)
Notomastus filiformis Verrill, 1873 accepted as Heteromastus filiformis (Claparède, 1864) (source of synonymy)
Orbinia ornata (Verrill, 1873) accepted as Phylo ornatus (Verrill, 1873) (additional source)
Orbiniidae Hartman, 1942 (original description)
Orbiniinae Hartman, 1942 (original description)
Parasabella maculata Bush, 1905 accepted as Parasabella media Bush, 1905 (source of synonymy)
Parasabella media Bush, 1905 (source of synonymy)
Paravermilia amblia Bush, 1907 accepted as Vermiliopsis annulata (Schmarda, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Paravermilia bermudensis Bush, 1907 accepted as Vermiliopsis annulata (Schmarda, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Paravermilia ehlersiana Bush, 1910 accepted as Vermiliopsis annulata (Schmarda, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Paravermilia intermedia Bush, 1907 accepted as Vermiliopsis annulata (Schmarda, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Paravermilia mediterranea Bush, 1907 accepted as Vermiliopsis infundibulum (Philippi, 1844) (source of synonymy)
Phyllodoce bermudae Verrill, 1900 accepted as Genetyllis bermudae (Verrill, 1900) (source of synonymy)
Polymniella aurantiaca (Verrill, 1900) (new combination reference)
Potamilla neglecta (Sars, 1851) (additional source)
Sabella crassicornis Sars, 1851 accepted as Bispira crassicornis (Sars, 1851) (basis of record)
Sabella elegans Bush, 1905 accepted as Bispira elegans (Bush, 1905) (source of synonymy)
Sabella formosa Bush, 1905 accepted as Bispira elegans (Bush, 1905) (source of synonymy)
Sabella humilis Bush, 1905 accepted as Bispira elegans (Bush, 1905) (source of synonymy)
Sabella leptalea Bush, 1905 accepted as Bispira elegans (Bush, 1905) (source of synonymy)
Sabella media (Bush, 1905) accepted as Parasabella media Bush, 1905 (basis of record)
Schizobranchia affinis Bush, 1905 (status source)
Schizobranchia concinna Bush, 1905 accepted as Schizobranchia insignis Bush, 1905 (source of synonymy)
Schizobranchia dubia Bush, 1905 (status source)
Schizobranchia insignis Bush, 1905 (status source)
Schizobranchia nobilis Bush, 1905 accepted as Schizobranchia insignis Bush, 1905 (source of synonymy)
Scolecolepis viridis Verrill, 1873 accepted as Marenzelleria viridis (Verrill, 1873) (new combination reference)
Serpula splendens Bush, 1905 accepted as Serpula columbiana Johnson, 1901 (additional source)
Serpula vermicularis Linnaeus, 1767 (additional source)
Spio limicola Verrill, 1879 (source of synonymy)
Spio setosa Verrill, 1873 (additional source)
Sthenelais emertoni Verrill, 1879 accepted as Sthenelais gracilis Verrill, 1880 (source of synonymy)
Sthenelais gracilis Verrill, 1880 (basis of record)
Sthenelais leidyi Quatrefages, 1866 (basis of record)
Sthenelais picta Verrill, 1873 accepted as Sthenelais leidyi Quatrefages, 1866 (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Ehlersia) nitida Verrill, 1900 accepted as Branchiosyllis exilis (Gravier, 1900) (source of synonymy)
Syllis (Typosyllis) catenula Verrill, 1900 accepted as Syllis corallicola Verrill, 1900 (source of synonymy)
Syllis jugularis Verrill, 1900 accepted as Syllis corallicola Verrill, 1900 (source of synonymy)
Synsyllis longigularis (Verrill, 1900) (basis of record)
Terebella montagui Grube, 1878 accepted as Loimia montagui (Grube, 1878) (additional source)
Trypanosyllis fertilis Verill, 1900 accepted as Syllis corallicola Verrill, 1900 (source of synonymy)
Typosyllis corallicola (Verrill, 1900) accepted as Syllis corallicola Verrill, 1900 (additional source)
Typosyllis grandigularis (Verrill, 1900) (basis of record)
Vermiliopsis amblia (Bush, 1907) accepted as Vermiliopsis annulata (Schmarda, 1861) (basis of record)
Vermiliopsis annulata (Schmarda, 1861) (basis of record)
Vermiliopsis bermudensis (Bush, 1907) accepted as Vermiliopsis annulata (Schmarda, 1861) (basis of record)
Vermiliopsis infundibulum (Philippi, 1844) (additional source)
Holotype PMNH PMNH C-8, locality Bermuda, identified as Lumbrinereis nasuta Verrill, 1900
 Editor's comment

Check 'Editor's comment' under Orbiniidae concerning the utility of past Orbiniidae subfamilies.  [details]

 Editor's comment

Check 'Editor's comment' under Orbiniidae concerning the utility of past Orbiniidae subfamilies.  [details]

 Nomenclature

Chaetobranchus Verrill, 1873 is a junior homonym to Chaetobranchus Heckel, 1840 (Pisces, Cichlidae). Thus Verrill ... [details]

 Nomenclature

Enoplobranchus is a replacement name for Chaetobranchus which is a junior homonym (Chaetobranchus in Pisces). ... [details]

 Nomenclature

recombination use (eg by Hartman - there are other usages) of an unreplaced primary homonym, therefore this name is ... [details]

 Specimen

PMNH C-8, Peabody Museum, Yale University. Hartman (1942: 9) reports this is a slide, labelled as type, containing ... [details]

 Synonymy

San Martín (1992) revised the type material and considered the species to be a synonym of Branchiosyllis exilis ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Current taxon was considered to be synonym with Branchiosyllis oculata Ehlers, 1887 by Hartman (1942), but it was ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Zibrowius (1969) discussed H. serratus [sic for H. serrata] in passing as a synonym of H. diramapha, along with H. ... [details]

 Type material

The type material of the species seems to be lost or it was never deposited. It is not at the Smithsonian ... [details]

 Type material

The type material of the species seems to be lost or it was never deposited. It is not at the Smithsonian ... [details]